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The Talent Identification Process


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An exploration in talent identification issues presented at a workshop in London, UK 2002

Published in: Sports, Business, Technology

The Talent Identification Process

  1. 1. The Talent Identification and Development Process Keith Lyons Running Sport Seminar London, February 2002
  2. 2. The Challenge that Faces Us
  3. 3. Age Profile Trends in the UK Males 1999-2026 25 20 15 10 % of Population 5 0 1999 2011 2026 Under 16 16-24
  4. 4. Female Trends 1999-2026 25 20 15 10 % of Population 5 0 1999 2011 2026 Under 16 16-24
  5. 5. In Numbers! Age Group 2000 2010 2020 5 to 9 3.85m 3.7m 3.25m 10 – 14 3.9m 3.6m 3.25m 15 – 19 3.7m 3.9m 3.4m 20 - 24 3.5m 3.95m 3.65m Total 14.95m 15.15m 13.55m As % of 25% 25% 22% Population
  6. 6. Introduction ♦ Clarification of terminology ♦ Contexts ♦ Measurement Issues ♦ Talent Development ♦ Long-term vision and sport system building
  7. 7. There is no one correct model for talent identification and selection. It is dependent on the complexity of the sport (from a predictive perspective) and the infrastructure of the sport at a local, regional and national level. Debbie Hoare (2001)
  8. 8. Clarification Screening using selected tests to IDENTIFICATION identify potential for success. Previous involvement NOT a prerequisite. Screening of athletes currently participating in a SELECTION sport using experienced coaches and/or selected tests to identify those most likely to succeed.
  9. 9. Clarification DEVELOPMENT Infrastructure to enable identified/selected athlete to develop full potential. TARGETED Programmes that recruit talented athletes from RECRUITMENT locations where infrastructure already in place.
  10. 10. Contexts: Demand Nature (Genetics) Cyclical, repetitive: physical/physiological Individual sports: physical/ physiological/skill Racket sports Physical, physiological, skill and decision making Skill Nurture (Environment)
  11. 11. Contexts: Sports Nature (Genetics) Athletics, cycling, triathlon, rowing Swimming, gymnastics, boxing Racket sports Team ball sports Shooting, archery Nurture (Environment)
  12. 12. How much of an athlete’s performance potential can you measure in your sport?
  13. 13. Measurement (Generic) ♦ Performance ♦ Anthropomorphic ♦ Psycho-social ♦ Genetic
  14. 14. Measurement? ♦ Physical ♦ Yes ♦ Physiological ♦ Yes ♦ Psychological ♦ Yes … but … ♦ Perceptual ♦ Yes … but … ♦ Technique/skill ♦ Yes ♦ Sociological ♦ Yes ♦ Maturational ♦ Yes
  15. 15. The dynamic of these performance factors changes over the maturational cycle. Performance monitoring will enable us to understand more about interactions.
  16. 16. Istvan Balyi’s Development Model EARLY Gymnastics, figure skating, SPECIALISATION swimming, diving, table tennis. SPORTS LATE Athletics, combative sports, cycling, rowing, SPECIALISATION team sports. SPORTS
  17. 17. It is difficult to envisage a system of selection that is not linked to subsequent programmes of development. Borms (1994)
  18. 18. Pathways? ♦ Sampling ♦ FUNdamentals ♦ Specialisation ♦ Training to train ♦ Training to compete ♦ Investment ♦ Training to win ♦ Retirement/Retaining
  19. 19. Long-Term Athlete Development A specific and well-planned training, competition and recovery regime will ensure optimum development throughout an athlete’s career. Ultimately success comes from training and performing well over the long-term rather than winning in the short- term. There is no short cut to success in athletic preparation. Balyi (2001)
  20. 20. Sport System Building Can we develop a sport system that will encourage co-operation within and between sports? Can we develop a comprehensive curriculum of sport education for athletes, coaches and parents?
  21. 21. NGB INTEGRATED PLANNING MODEL A comprehensive, integrated and athlete-centred approach to Talent development focused on LTAD Athlete Needs FUNDAMENTALS T to T T to C T to W Activity design Teacher/coach Competition Horizontal and Vertical Club/venue Integration Facility/equip. Resources NGB Delivery (National to Local) Active Schools Active Sp./ WCS WC Pot. WC Perf.
  22. 22. Around 80% of this year’s young racing pigeons have disappeared in a zone bordered by three motorways: the M1, M62 and M621 and owners have no idea why. “When we get in the pub With me only having a small on a Saturday night and team to compete with the big get a pint, we start coming lofts, I’ve got to have a team of up with answers for what yearlings and two-year-olds might be happening. which I’ve not been able to get We’ve come up with in the last year through losing mobile phone masts and youngsters. So I can’t compete we know hawks get with the top men.” them…”