Computer Science, Sport Science and Interdisciplinarity

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Computer Science, Sport Science and Interdisciplinarity: A View from Philosophy of Science

Daniel Link

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  • 21. September 2009 | |
  • Computer Science, Sport Science and Interdisciplinarity

    1. 1. Computer Science, Sport Science and Interdisciplinarity: A View from Philosophy of Science Daniel Link Darmstadt University of Technology, Germany Department of Sport Science International Symposium on Computer Science in Sport 22-25 September, 2009
    2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>Computer science has become an important part for sport science </li></ul><ul><li>Many publications on applications of computer technology, software tools and informatic methods and paradigms in sport </li></ul><ul><li>Only a very few publications deal metatheoretical questions (Perl & Lames, 1995; Fischer, 1998, Baca, 2006) </li></ul><ul><li>Goal: to take the philosophy of science perspective in order to discuss interdisciplinarity in sport informatics. </li></ul>22-25 September, 2009 | Department of Sport Science | Dr. D. Link |
    3. 3. Programm <ul><ul><li>Introduction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Self definition of computer science and sport science </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Relationship between Computer Science and Sport Science </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mission statement – Self definition of sport informatics </li></ul></ul>22-25 September, 2009 | Department of Sport Science | Dr. D. Link |
    4. 4. 22-25 September, 2009 | Department of Sport Science | Dr. D. Link | <ul><ul><li>2. Self definition of computer science and sport science </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. Self definition of Computer Science 22-25 September, 2009 | Department of Sport Science | Dr. D. Link | Science of systematic study of algorithmic processes that describe and transform information using computers. (Brauers, 1986) „ Informatics is the science that has as its domain information processes and related phenomena in artifacts, society and nature.&quot; (Nygaard , 1986) engineering science mathematics human science autonomous research fields No common set of methods, terms ans theories inform. inform. inform. inform.
    6. 6. Self definition of sport science <ul><li>goal: beeing an integrative science </li></ul><ul><li>inter-disciplinarity exists only in a sporadic and theme centred way </li></ul>22-25 September, 2009 | Department of Sport Science | Dr. D. Link | (Ries & Kriesi, 1974) 1. separation sport- sociology sport- medicin sport- psychology … 2. additive aggregation multidisciplinary sport science 3. integration interdisciplinary sport science No common set of methods, terms ans theories medicin psychology sport sport sociology sport … sport
    7. 7. 22-25 September, 2009 | Department of Sport Science | Dr. D. Link | <ul><ul><li>3. Relationship between Computer Science and Sport Science </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. Cooperation interests 22-25 September, 2009 | Department of Sport Science | Dr. D. Link | <ul><li>being an auxiliary discipline </li></ul><ul><li>attractive testing bet for ideas </li></ul><ul><li>close contact to mass media </li></ul><ul><li>political expectations </li></ul><ul><li>use of service features </li></ul><ul><li>search for technological innovations </li></ul><ul><li>different view on phenomena in sport </li></ul><ul><li>political expectations </li></ul>computer science (with sport science) cooperation interests sport science (with computer science)
    9. 9. Cooporation types - general 22-25 September, 2009 | Department of Sport Science | Dr. D. Link | ( White , 1968; OECD, 1972) interdisciplinarity multidisciplinarity transdisciplinarity <ul><li>common set of terms, methods and concepts </li></ul><ul><li>comprehensive axiomatic </li></ul><ul><li>high bandwidth: communication of ideas up to the integration of methodo-logies and epistemologies </li></ul><ul><li>no apparent connections </li></ul><ul><li>result are additive, not integrative </li></ul>
    10. 10. Cooporation types – sport & computer science 22-25 September, 2009 | Department of Sport Science | Dr. D. Link | application Integration type a application of existing tools/methods in sport and sport science integration of methods/ approaches in sport and sport science integration utilisation of integration results in computer science utilisation integration integration of sport scientific knowledge in computer science type b type d type c computer science sport- science
    11. 11. 22-25 September, 2009 | Department of Sport Science | Dr. D. Link | <ul><ul><li>4. Mission statement – Self definition of sport informatics </li></ul></ul>
    12. 12. Self definition of sport informatics 22-25 September, 2009 | Department of Sport Science | Dr. D. Link | Sport informatics is a set of multi- and interdisciplinary research programs at the interface of sport science and computer science. The materiel field is the application of tools, methods and paradigms from computer science on questions of sport science as well as the integration of sport scientific knowledge in computer science.
    13. 13. Structural model 22-25 September, 2009 | Department of Sport Science | Dr. D. Link | with potential for sport and sport science application fields for sport science with potential for computer science application fields for computer science integration of sport scientific knowledge into computer science application of tools, methods and paradigms from computer science on questions of sport science subjects of sport and sport science subjects of computer science sport informatics (set of research programs)
    14. 14. Structural model - refinement 22-25 September, 2009 | Department of Sport Science | Dr. D. Link |
    15. 15. References <ul><li>Baca, A. (2006). Computer science in sport: An overview of history, present fields and future applications (Part I). International Journal of Computer Science in Sport, 5 (Special edition 2), 25-35. </li></ul><ul><li>Fischer, G. (1998). Transcending Cultures - Creating a Shared Understanding between Computer Science and Sport. In J. Mester & J. Perl (Eds.), Sport und Informatik V (pp. 43-52). Köln: Strauss. </li></ul><ul><li>OECD (Ed.) (1972). Interdisciplinarity. Problems of Teaching and Research in Universities . Centre for Educational Research and Innovation (CERI). Paris: OECD Publications. </li></ul><ul><li>Perl, J. & Lames, M. (1995). Sportinformatik: Gegenstandsbereich und Perspektiven einer sportwissenschaftlichen Teildisziplin (Sport informatics subject matters and persepctives of a sport scientific sub discipline). Leistungssport , 25 (3), 26-30. </li></ul><ul><li>Ries, H. & Kriese, H. (1974). Scientific model for a theory of physical education and sport sciences. In U. Simri (Ed.), Concepts of physical education and sport sciences (pp. 175-198). Natanya. </li></ul>22-25 September, 2009 | Department of Sport Science | Dr. D. Link |

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