How to SEO a Terrific - and Profitable - User Experience


Published on

Tune in for Portent SEO Marianne Sweeny’s January webinar: “How to SEO a Terrific – and Profitable – User Experience.” Learn how search engine algorithms are now incorporating IA, UX and content strategy, as well as methods for directing Google, Bing & Co. to perform better for your users.

Published in: Self Improvement
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • IR’s locked in legacies are centered on text deconstructionthe capacity for sequential instructions to derive meaning,its reliance on systems that do not scale well and while incorporating human behavior, do not fully understand it“Whenever a computer is imagined to be intelliget, what is really happening is that humans have abandoned aspects of the subject at hand in order to remove from consideration whatever the computer is blind to.” You Are Not A Gadget – Jaron Lanier
  • Slide from LIS 544 IMT 542 INSC 544 by Jeff Huang and Shawn Walker The document with the highest proportion of terms which are part of the query is most relevantDocuments containing more of the term(s) scored higher Longer documents discounted Rare terms weighted higher
  • PageRank: based on Citation modelBased on Random Surfer modelLinks to page must be votes for quality (surf-worthy)PageRank is a pre-query valuationBased on number of links to the page 1 link=1 voteMost votes wins top placementHas no relationship to the subject of the queryFailings soon uncoveredLink farmsGooglehacks
  • Computes PR based on a set of representational topics [augments PR with content analysis]Topic derived from the Open Source directoryUses a set of ranking vectors: Pre-query selection of topics + at-query comparison of the similarity of query to topics
  • Using the Internet: Skill Related Problems in User Online Behavior; van Deursen & van Dijk; 2009Pew Internet Trust Study of Search engine behavior constructed poor queries55% selected irrelevant results 1 or more times38% overwhelmed by amount of information in results34% found critical information missing from results
  • Panda update: started rolling out in February 2011Rumored to be response to JC Penney and Overstock incidentsClick throughBounce RateConversion
  • February 2011: algorithm focused on content quality - originally thought to be aimed at content farms June 2011: update to identify scraped or duplicated contentOctober 2011: unannounced update to rectify site “unfairly impacted” by original updatesJanuary 2012: sites with too much ad space above the fold are devaluedThe slide lists approximately 10% of the changes that Google told us about and what they tell us about likely represents .10% of the changes that they actually make. (source: freshness bug fix: “This change turns off a freshness algorithm component in certain cases when it should be affecting the search results.”Will serve up the newer document when choosing between two (from a given site)
  • then, we’ve received a lot of requests for a more deliberate way to tell Google to search using your exact terms. We’ve been listening, and starting today you’ll be able to do just that through verbatim search. With the verbatim tool on, we’ll use the literal words you entered without making normal improvements such asmaking automatic spelling correctionspersonalizing your search by using information such as sites you’ve visited beforeincluding synonyms of your search terms (matching “car” when you search [automotive])finding results that match similar terms to those in your query (finding results related to “floral delivery” when you search [flower shops])searching for words with the same stem like “running” when you’ve typed [run]making some of your terms optional, like “circa” in [the scarecrow circa 1963]
  • Overly repetitive anchor text (“manipulative repetitive anchor text”)Blog comments filled with spam (reviews/comments that contain links to “spam”) – Google’s definition of spam similar to Supreme Court for porn…cannot articulate, just knows it when it sees itObscene contentWeb “clusters” – multiple Web sites on the same host, from same domain owner, linking to article in artificial way
  • Targets “exact match” keyword-ed links or aggressive anchor text to googlesites penalized had “moneyed keywords” in 65% of their incoming linksObviously aimed at the long standing practice of outsourcing link building to 3rd world countries and the weed-like growth of useless directories (i.e. link farms)Too many links from “related sitesSame nicheSame domain hostSame domain ownerStandard signalsStuffed <title> and metaDescriptionHidden textUnrelated links on and pointing to the pageComputer generated text (i.e. dynamically rendered product pages)
  • We move from trying to optimize search engine behavior to optimizing what the search engines consumeMove from search engine optimization to information optimizationFocusCollaborativeConnectedCurrent
  • Where am I?What is here?Where do I go next?
  • What the user wants is RelevanceNo recriminationsA starting point
  • Let the user driveEmpower explorationToolsFacetsFiltersMore Like This…Jared Spool did a site search study some time ago that found users successful 37% of the time when using site search and 50+% of the time when navigatingUsers don’t like navigation at the outset but will use it if contextual and in a form that they can influence
  • Users gravitate towards search boxSearch suggest takes them where you know is bestToolsSuggestions as query is enteredAt page search boxOn search pageSpell check/correctionBest BetsAugmented Search resultsAwardsDisplay PageRank scoreSharingUser Ratings
  • Distance reflects relevanceURL Depth: the further from the homepage, the less important it must beClick Distance: the further from an authority page, the less important it must bePage Structure Now a FactorGoogle Page Segmentation Patent: Determining Semantically Distinct Regions of a DocumentBased on eye-tracking studies and user behaviorSimilar Yahoo patentURLsKeywords found in URLs are weighted for relevanceHyphens as separators is bestToolsFlat structure within CMSAnalyticsCross linking
  • Distance reflects relevanceURL Depth: the further from the homepage, the less important it must beClick Distance: the further from an authority page, the less important it must bePage Structure Now a FactorGoogle Page Segmentation Patent: Determining Semantically Distinct Regions of a DocumentBased on eye-tracking studies and user behaviorSimilar Yahoo patentURLsKeywords found in URLs are weighted for relevanceHyphens as separators is bestToolsFlat structure within CMSAnalyticsCross linking
  • Stuart Brand in his book “How Buildings Learn” advised waiting to put in walkways around the building so that you can see where the pathways form on the grass and groundUsers will tell you how they want to get to contentUsers suffer “navigational blindness”They are not going to be there that longSearch crackFish-eyed viewUsers lose orientation on the siteHelp them to stay grounded without using Back ButtonTry not to be too clever with labeling – clear, common sense labels for sectionsDo not give them too much (Paradox of Choice)Entice them to exploreToolsGoogle Analytics visitor flowGoogle Insights for SearchBreadcrumbsHTML site map
  • Tools:Core Metadata: 20-30 terms that represent intersection between client objectives and how their customers search for the product/serviceContent analytics: top pages, bounce rate, visitor flowContent audit: keep/kill/revise Relational content model: Next Steps as well as More Information using: guided tours, Best Bets, produced view, etc
  • Not all links are created equal. Links between pages that share context are worth more (Hilltop and HITS algorithms)DMOZ feeds the Google Directory and is rumored to be the ontology of the Web
  • Be realistic about what you can place visibly forKeyword researchSearch behavior researchNo thing can be every thing to every oneLet every page be about some “thing”Focus the user attentionThey don’t really notice the sidebars. Do not put important stuff thereNewspaper model – broad topic lead paragraph to more detailInclude important links inline (including navigation)Maximize the real estate to maximize user focus
  • Not all social channels are equalWhat is the intrinsic value to share, comment, like, engage…
  • If it barks, sings, dances, plays, changes whatever, annotate with something the search engine can crawl, deconstruct, associate with surrogate and store in the index
  • We’re smart, search engines are a toolThe agenda is about money from advertising and local taggingStructured things are easier to find and the Web is not structuredAnalytics tell us what, not why – user research tells us whyNeed is an experience – need to know is a state of being
  • How to SEO a Terrific - and Profitable - User Experience

    1. 1. How to SEO a Terrific &Profitable User Experience The Portent Webinar Series Marianne Sweeny @msweeny
    2. 2. #PORTENTU
    3. 3. PORTENT.CO/WUDS77 (Yes, use .co, not .com)
    4. 4. What We’ll Cover TodayLocked in Technology • Information Retrieval model • Term frequencySearch Engine Optimization • Algorithms • User dependencySearch engine retaliation • Panda • PenguinUser Experience and SEO • Interaction Design • Site Structure • Navigation • Content • LinksBs of New SEOKey takeaways
    5. 5. Locked in Technology
    6. 6. IR is Locked-in TechnologyDigital Maoism: Pandafocuses on abstractionmore than real peopleComputational-ism:Penguin sees a world thatcan be understood bycomputer processes withhumans as sub-processes 6
    7. 7. Traditional IR Model System User Acquisition Problem documents, objects information need Representation Representation indexing, ... question File organization Queryindexed documents search formulation feedba Matching ck searching Retrieved objects 7
    8. 8. Search Engine Optimization
    9. 9. Term Frequency/Document Frequencyt = how many times the query appears in a documentT = total number of terms in a documentD = set of all documentsd = number of documents with that termPick the document with the highest
    10. 10. All Time Algorithm Hits The sounds ofcrying and teethgrinding inspire me… 10
    11. 11. Hilltop Algorithm• Quality of links more important than quantity of links• Segmentation of corpus into broad topics• Selection of authority sources within these topic areas
    12. 12. Topic-Sensitive PageRankPre-query calculation of factors based onsubset of corpus • Context of term use in document • Context of term use in history of queries • Context of term use by user submitting queryConsolidation of Hypertext Induced TopicSelection [HITS] and PageRank
    13. 13. WE HAVE A NEW& BETTER WAY 13
    14. 14. Search Engine Dependency
    15. 15. Search Engine Retaliation
    16. 16. No one manipulatessearch results but US!!!!
    17. 17. A Year in the Life of Panda UpdatesFebruary 2012 June/ July 2012 • Expanded image results (ALT text) • New improved ranking function (NS) • More accurate detection “official • Improved image search (on topic) pages” • Improved safe search (NS) • Improved safe search (NS) • Find more high quality content from • Freshness (3) trusted sources (2) • Non-custom 404 detection • Freshness improvements • Use of Web history for refinement • Data refresh for Panda high quality • Demote link analysis (NS) sites algorithm • Page quality: help finding high qualityMarch 2012 pages with unique content • Panda launch Japan/Korea• Symbol indexing • Freshness bug fix• Google+ profile indexing• Speed up offline Panda processing• High quality sites algorithm update (NS)• IMG search refinements• Anchor text refinement (Penguin preview)• Freshness (video, “stale results”• Synonyms update• Site quality detection update (Panda)
    18. 18. More Search Updates 2012August/September 2012 October/November 2012• Find more high quality content from • Related query refinements trusted sources • Parked domain detection algorithm• Term proximity scoring • Deeper indexing (more “long-tail”• Handling stale content – more granular documents) based on document age • Wider auto-complete suggestions• <title> and content semantic match (search suggest) improvement • Fresher, more complete blog search• Bug fix to way links are used in ranking results (Penguin) • Duplicate content detection• Panda high quality sites data refresh refinement (better original content (2) signals)• Improved video indexing (NS) • Better image freshness determination• Improved cursor aware predictions (CN, (news queries) JPN, KO) • Top Results code refinements: not too• PDF optimization many from same site, e.g. host• Results based on document freshness crowding, easier to maintain (and quicker to change)
    19. 19. Shut up and stop thinking kid. Talk like that can get you de- indexed. Sarge, this link war doesn’t make sense? Hey, how comeyou’re not wearing pants?
    20. 20. Penguin BasicsSpam detection update/algorithmTargets “over optimization” • Anchor text distribution • Inbound link distribution • Cluster analysisGood links are (according to Google) • From respected sites/brands/people • Exist on popular pages • Provide value to user • Are contained in the page text (not sidebar components) • Are not duplicated too many times throughout linking site
    21. 21. So, what areyou going todo about it? 21
    23. 23. Interaction Design: Orientation
    24. 24. Interaction Design: Site Search
    25. 25. Interaction Design: User Controls
    26. 26. Interaction Design: User Assistance
    27. 27. Site Structure• Distance reflects relevance• Page structure now a factor• URLs are guides
    28. 28. Navigation• Users lose orientation on the site• They suffer “navigational blindness”
    29. 29. Content• Intersection of what you have/do with how customers look for what you have/do• Use online tools to mine customer search behavior around offerings• Check to see if you have relevant content and fill gaps
    30. 30. Content: Relational Content Modeling• Guided Tours: built on analysis of other user pathways and knowledge of corpus• Produced Views: page of assembled content items focused on a single subject• Task List Drop Downs: “I Want To…” links to pages of assembled content focused on single common task
    31. 31. Content: Relational Content Modeling• Related Links: related as in “next steps” not what Marketing wants to be a next step• Best Bets: editorially assigned result that may not be chosen by the search engine
    32. 32. LinksLinks are intended as a human-mediatedrelationship between sites (not a one night stand)Source and destination must share contextualrelationshipCreate a positive experience with links toinformation users may not find, may not knowthey needBuild link-based relationship model of relevance • Create or find Authority resources (on and off site) • Connect to HUBS
    33. 33. Bs of NEW SEO
    34. 34. Be Focused• Be realistic about where you can place visibly• Let every page be about some “thing”• Focus the user attention• Maximize the real estate to maximize user focus
    35. 35. Be SocialGoogle+ & Google LocalOther Social channels (FB, Twitter, Linkedin)
    36. 36. Be Connected• Connect to related content on and off the site• Make it easy for users to connect to you • RSS feed/subscription • Alerts • Social channels• Link building is out, link “earning” is in• Keep them engaged and on the site• Make sure site search works
    37. 37. Be AwareSearch engine Webmaster accounts to look at • Indexing profile • link to the siteCompetitive Landscape • Review competitors placement for certain phrases • Use SEMrush or Majestic SEO to review key pages against yoursEmerging Authorities • Look at the SERP for your phrases, who holds the top spots, those are the authorities to the search engineCustomer behavior • Site analytics • Google Trends & Yahoo Clues
    38. 38. Key Takeaways• Search engines are not smart• Search engine companies have an agenda• User Experience was an early influencer of relevance• User Experience is a recent influencer of relevance• Search is a user experience• Creating an optimal user experience is the new SEO
    39. 39. PORTENT.CO/WUDS77 (Yes, use .co, not .com)
    40. 40. Q&A#PORTENTU
    41. 41. Me:@msweeny
    42. 42. February Webinar
    43. 43. 30 Tricks forPresentationsThat Don’t Suck
    44. 44. Ian Lurie, CEO