11 June 2013 NIGERIAN LIBRARYASSOCIATION (NLA), CalabarLibraries in PolandTwo Decades of ModernizationEwa Kobierska-MaciuszkoPolish Librarians’ AssociationUniversity of Warsaw Library
Poland in Europe:• 49o- 55oN and 14o- 25oE• 312,679 sq km• 38.5 million people• Parliamentary Republic• Member of EU since 2004source: http://commons.wikimedia.org/
Poland• Geographical diversity:from Carpathian Mountains toBaltic seacoast• Climate: moderate• Etnic groups: Polish 93.72%,most of them declare themselvesas Roman Catholics• Official language: Polish• Biggest Cities:– Warsaw (capital), 2.5 mlnpeople– Cracow (capital XI-XVI cent.)• 16 provinces• GDP (per capita): $13,540
Famous people• Nicolaus Copernicus (1473-1543),astronomer who formulated a heliocentricmodel of the universe• Frideric Chopin (1810-1849), composerand virtuoso pianist• Pope John Paul II (1920-2005)• Lech Wałęsa (1949- ), „SOLIDARITY”trade union leader
Very short book’s history• 10-15 c. (Middle Ages) – manuscripts gathered bychurch libraries and Jagiellonian University (Cracow, 1364)• 16 c. - 18 c. – prints deluge, Enlightment Age and firstidea of National Library in Poland• 19 c. – Poland participated between three power(Russia, Prussia and Austria), lost of governement,battle for keeping Polish language and culture• 20 c. – very hard and long century:– I world war – independent Poland once again– II world war – lost of 60% library collections– 1945-1989 – communistic Poland (it was time for industry, notfor libraries:-)• after 1989 and 21 c. - new ICT and digital libraries
Why so great change in 1989 ?• Policy transformation from communism towestern style democracy• The end of ‚Cold War’ in Europe• Economic transformation from ‚sovietstyle’ economy to free market• Openess for new technologies• Access to European Union (EU) in 2004
Libraries in Poland• 12,000 libraries of all types• They store over 150 million volumes• They serve about 8 million users a year• They employ approximately 70,000librarians and other staff
Library policy in PolandThe libraries in Poland are currently governed bythree ministries:• the Ministry of Culture and National Heritage– matters relating to the National Library andpublic library network;• the Ministry of Science and Higher Education– matters relating to academic and researchlibraries;• the Ministry of Education – matters relating toschool and pedagogical libraries.
The National Library of Poland:• 9 mln vol.• Legal deposit (two copies of eachpublication issued in Poland)• Two research institutes:– National Bibliography Institute– Institute of Books and Reading• Digital full-text library: POLONA (since 2006)>> EUROPEANA (www.europeana.eu/portal/ )• Supervising 16 provincial public libraries
Public Libraries • 16 provincial public libraries financed by regionalgovernments• Each regional library supervises a network ofsmaller provincial libraries in their region(district, urban and rural municipalities)• 8,500 such local libraries in Poland• They record about 6.5 million visits a year, withone reader borrowing 18.4 volumes a year onaverage.
Public Libraries • In 2011 degree of computerizationreached 91 % for urban libraries and 79 %for rural libraries.• This was possible thanks to, among othersources, EU structural funds and in thelast five years – support from theBill&Mel. Gates Foundation
School libraries• 14,500 primary schools,• 7,000 lower secondary schools• 12,000 upper secondary schools• By law all of these are obliged to keep aschool library as an integral part of theirfacilities
Pedagogical libraries for teachers• The network of school libraries activelycooperates with pedagogical libraries, which aredesigned to support the training andprofessional development of teachers at alllevels.• Pedagogical libraries are located in provincialcapitals and additionally have branch libraries insmall towns.• In 2011 there were 350 pedagogical libraries inPoland.
Academic and research libraries• ~ 370 academic institutions various type126 public18 universities (classic)• ~ 1,9 mln students (360% increase through last 20 years)• ~ 96,7 thousands academic staf29,8 thousands university academic staff• Library budget as a part of University budget: 4,14%• Library staff as a part of University staff: 4.97%Certified librarians: 74,15%
European environment• Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in theSciences and Humanities:http://oa.mpg.de/openaccess-berlin/berlindeclaration.html• IFLAs three pillars & World Summit on the InformationSociety Declaration of Principles:http://www.ifla.org/III/ThreePillars-compact.pdf• LIBER: http://www.libereurope.eu/
OPAC – library catalogues on-line in Polishacad.&research libraries• Access to catalogues via internet:100%• Library collection in OPAC as a % of all holdings:54,49%• Circulation on-line (booking, reservation etc.):90,71%
University of Warsaw Library (BUW)- the ‘old’ and ‘new’ building1895 1999
University of Warsaw Library andInformation System – basic information• The main library (BUW) and 47 faculty libraries• 6 mln printed volumes (BUW + faculty libr.)• 1.8 mln volumes circulated per year(BUW + faculty libr.)• 1.2 mln visits per year (BUW)• Integrated library system VTLS/Virtua (BUW & 33 facultylibr.)• E-resources accessible via internet for students & acad.staff
New Library Building• The new edifice of the Warsaw University Library islocated on the Vistula river bank within a ten minute walkfrom the old Campus; this part of the city is meant by themunicipal authorities to become a new university districtin future, as the direction to the river is the onlypossibility for the expansion of the University
All routes meet inthe central point, i.e.the main entrance tothe library under anopen book with theLatin inscription”HINC OMNIA”
Basic Information• Investor Warsaw University Foundation• General design prof.. Marek Budzyński,Zbigniew Badowski• General contractor PORR International GmbH• Total surface 61,000 square meters• Technical space 12,300 square meters• Library surface 41,510 square meters• Cubic content 260,300 cubic meters• Overground levels 4• Underground levels 2
Basic Information... continued• Storage capacity 4,000,000 volume• Readers seats 1,000• Library staff 275• Computer network Windows 2003/XP/NT, LINUX• Library system VTLS/VIRTUA• Library system server cluster server DELL_INTEL x86(4*CPU, 128 GB RAM, 2*FC)• Annual budget  ~5,000,000 EUR
Level Zero:• the entrance complex witha restaurant, an exhibitionhall and cloakrooms;• closed compact storage(45.000 running metres ofshelves, 1.5 million ofvolumes );• staff entrance with thecentral dispatcher’s officesupervising all technicalinstallations;• conservation andpreservation labs;
Level 1:The main catalogue hallwith the main informationstand;Open stacks area for thefollowing branchesaccording to the Library ofCongress Classification:1) Philosophy,Psychology, Education,Religion2) History3) Linguistics, Literature4)Geography,Mathematics, Natural andapplied Sciences
Level 2• main reading room (A-Zclasses – generalreference collection)• open stacks area for thefollowing branchesaccording Library ofCongress Classification:1) Social Sciences.Anthropology2) Law. Political Science3) Music. Architecture. FineArts• open stacks area forcurrent periodicals
Main reading room (general referencecollection)
Level 3• special collection areawith a separatestoreroom for eachcollection and smallreading rooms• stacks area for the19thcentury collection• single studies on themezzanine over themain reading room
Computers in the Library• Reader’s interface of VTLS/Virtua: on-line catalogue,login, circulation;• Access to National Union Catalogue: www.nukat.edu.pl• Access to e-resources subscribed by the University;• Access to www (on selected computers)• Microsoft Office, e-mail (on selected computers)• Wi-fi at public area
History…last 20 years• 90. – local OPACs development• After 2000:– E-journals and database subscription– NUKAT: the Union Catalog of Polish ResearchLibraries• After 2005 r. – digital libraries (historicalcollection)• Next step: fulltext academic repositoria withopen access to current research and papers
After 2000 – NUKATUnion Catalog of Polish Research Libraries• 80 academic and research libraries including alluniversity ones• More than 1 mln biliographic records with item recordsand their location in libraries• NUKAT Center – a department in University of WarsawLibrary for managment, coordnation and supervising thework about 800 librarians all over Poland• Common funds: A. Mellon Foundation, Ministry ofScience special donation, BUW budget
Library and Information Science Education• Staff training for librarians takes place on professionaland academic levels and meets the standards andprocedures of the Bologna Process:http://www.ehea.info/.• LIS Institutes at 8 universities• Librarians’ mobility has increased with the opening ofEuropean borders. Librarians participate in life-longtraining available under various EU programmes with theparticipation of libraries from other European countries.
Polish Librarians Association - PLA(Stowarzyszenie Bibliotekarzy Polskich – SBP)www.sbp.pl• Est. 1917• The biggest self-governed non-profitorganization at the book, library &information brand• Gates’ Foundation partner with GlobalLibraries Program
MissionActing for librarianship development,building professional identity, communityintegration and creating positive socialimage of our profession.
Strategy 2013-2021: strategic objectives• Getting real impact for library policy-making andlibrary practice in Poland• Being partner for other gov. and non-gov.organizations and institutions with building theinformation society• Increasing of librarian’s profession socialprestige• Increasing role of PLA for LIS communityintegration• Increasing access to all forms of moderneducation for every librarian
References• Books in Poland : past and present / by Barbara Bieńkowska and Halina Chamerska ; ed. andtransl. by Wojciech Zalewski and Eleanor R. Payne. Wiesbaden : Otto Harrassowitz, 1990• Library automation in transitional societies: lessons from Eastern Europe/ ed. By AndrewLass&Richard E. Quandt. New York; Oxford 2000• Dżurak, E., Kasprzyk, A. Metamorphosis of academic libraries in post-communist Poland:focusing on access. “Journal of Academic Librarianship”, 2010, Vol. 36 Issue 4, s. 354-358• All the figures in this presentation after: http://www.stat.gov.pl/gus/index_ENG_HTML.htm;http://ssk2.bu.amu.edu.pl/standaryzacja/; http://biurose.sejm.gov.pl/teksty_pdf_01/i-797.pdf• The success story of Digital Libraries in Poland [e-document] : from a software to a nationalfederated system : case study / Matylda Filas, Karolina Mnich, Zuzanna Wiorogórska.Warszawa : Biblioteka Uniwersytecka, 2010: http://ebuw.uw.edu.pl/dlibra/docmetadata?id=16094• Public Libraries in figures, 2010: http://www.bn.org.pl/download/document/1314087448.pdf• Polish Libraries Today: http://www.bn.org.pl/wydawnictwa/czasopisma-bn/polish-libraries-today• EBIB - Electronic Library – portal for librarians: http://www.nowyebib.info/en/bulletin-ebib-abstracts• The Act of Sept. 7, 1991 on the System of Education:http://bip.men.gov.pl/men_bip/akty_pr_1997-2006/ustawa_o_systemie_%20oswiaty.pdf
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