IMPACT OF GST ON THE LOGISTICS SECTOR
29th August, 2014
• Stands for Goods & Service Tax
• Broad based, single, comprehensive tax levied on goods & services
consumed in an economy
• Seen as the panacea for removing the ill-effects of the tax-on-tax regime
LOGISTICS IN INDIA
• Interplay of infrastructure, technology & new types of service providers
• Rapidly Evolving
• Backbone for some key sectors like retail ,automobiles, pharmaceuticals etc.
• Contributes to around 13% of Indian GDP
• Top 10 Players in FY15:
DHL, Bluedart, UPS, FedEx,
DTDC ,Gati, Aegis, DelEx
GROWTH OF LOGISTICS OVER THE NEXT 5 YEARS
Lets assume the same CAGR rate of 9.9%
2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
In Billion US$
1) CHANGING FOR THE GOOD
• Indirect taxes played a major role in deciding the supply chain structure of
each business as some of the tax cost had no input credit option.
• The GST precisely addresses this anomaly & therefore, going forward,
tax may not be a factor for deciding on the supply chain /distribution
channel of an organization
• Any large LSP, manufacturer or CPG player maintains warehouses in all
the states of operations
• With 33 states in India, that accounts to 25-40 small warehouses
(depending of regions & scale of operations) instead of 6-8 large
warehouses which would be needed for geography of this size
• Adding to this inefficiency is the fragmented structure in Indian Logistics
industry which results in extreme competition
• Demand for warehousing is expected to grow at a CAGR of 18% in
the next 4 years - thanks to the incoming investment in the retail
sector & increasing import-export activity in India.
• So, warehouses have a lot to do with the growth of logistics sector.
• With the advent of GST & Zero CST :
The necessity of having a warehouse in each state to avoid CST &
paperwork will be eliminated in a GST regime & network decisions would
become purely cost & service driven.
• So now, we can revisit the supply chain network & identify opportunities
for consolidation of warehouses to gain from scale & save costs of double
• We can club many of the small warehouses & have bigger + fewer
• The larger warehouses can benefit from technological sophistication by
deploying state-of-art planning & warehousing systems which are not
feasible in smaller, scattered warehouses
• IT costs of having ERPs deployed at many small warehouses can be
• Transportation lot sizes will automatically increase, making way for more
efficient bigger trucks
• Lesser numbers of stocking points
3)TRUE “HUB-&-SPOKE” SYSTEM
• Organizations will now be able to explore different distribution
models such as setting up mother warehouse & regional distribution
• Thus, it can possibly step away from traditional C&F & distributor
based models currently adopted
4) REDUCTION IN COST
I believe, with the introduction of GST,
logistics & distribution costs in India
could go down by 10% -15%.
• Cost drop will increase Profit Before tax by 10-15 % in turn
increasing the PAT by around 7-11% .
• (Assuming tax to be around 30%)
• This means that GST will strengthen the bottom line for all the
logistic companies & thus, better margins.
• This also helps the company with better cash flows .
5) TRANSIT TIME
• GST would also improve our transit & consequently, delivery times
because state border crossings would likely be uncomplicated.
• Less of paperwork is also a big benefit.
6)FAIR PLAYING FIELD
• As a result of reduced tax liability, GST will reduce the share of the
unorganized sector in warehousing.
• Prices charged by the organized players will come down & reduce
the price advantage that the unorganized warehouses currently
• Thus, GST will level the playing field & create an equitable
development of the industry across India.
HOW CAN LOGISTICS ADAPT THIS NEW CHANGE
• This can be done in various ways –
• Designing a multi tiered distribution network where there is specialization
in certain functions (storage + inventory mgmt) & some functions
(software services, packaging, labelling) are outsourced.
• Another will be to partner with a 3PL logistics provider to ensure optimal
utilization of resources.
• They will need to take a fresh look at their supply chain to cater to existing
geography & should also look at the new business areas that this
impending legislation is due to bring.
HOW CAN LOGISTICS ADAPT THIS NEW CHANGE
• ERP System Changes
• Pricing Revision
• Revisiting Warehousing & Distribution Strategies
• Revisiting Purchasing & Marketing Strategy
• The impact or rather the opportunity is huge for both the logistic
companies & their customers to completely relook at their supply
• This essentially means a significant opportunity for Logistics
companies in India to revise their infrastructure to deliver as well as
reverse logistics for spares & replacements.