about IoT evolution and its trends in upcoming years.
Name: POOJA G N
E-mail Id: firstname.lastname@example.org
Twitter Id: @Pooja_GN
University: Visvesvaraya Technical University, Belgaum
Branch: Information Science and Engineering
An IoT is the ability of things(whether that be beings or objects) to be set up to
communicate with each other and transfer data without human prompting.
IoT requires an integrated fabric of devices, data, connections, processes, and
people and it is challenging to integrate digital Internet technologies with physical
The concept of IoT first became popular in 1999, through the Auto-ID Center at
MIT and related market-analysis publications.
Radio-frequency identification(RFID) was seen as a prerequisite for the IoT in the
IoT is beginning to grow significantly, as customers and businesses realize the benefits
of connecting devices to Internet.
According to a survey, IoT, will grow to 26 billion units installed in 2020 representing an
almost 30-fold increase from 0.9 billion in 2009. By 2020, IoT product and service
suppliers are expected to generate incremental revenue exceeding $300 billion,
mostly in services. 86% of 1,400 business leaders think that industrial IoT will be a net
creator of jobs.
With IoT adaption extending across different verticals of businesses in 2015,
cloud deployment, big data management, application development, new database
models, networking architecture, data security and privacy are some of the factors
that will be crucial for enterprise growth.
Security and privacy: trust and authentication become critical across all elements
of the IoT, including devices, the networks, the cloud and software apps.
Hardware & Software: advanced microcontrollers, systems on chips and sensor
technologies are enabling new types of IoT devices. Software developers increase their
focus on developing IoT platforms and solutions that upload data from sensors.
Machine-to-machine(M2M) automation: in the future, sensors, devices, &
whole IoT systems will be talking to each other, providing insights & making decisions
without human intervention.
Platform-to-platform integration: open IoT platforms support multiple
applications, devices, and networks.
Wearables: watch development in systems on chips, sensor hubs, sensor fusion, low-
power wireless connectivity, battery life & specialized software development to support
Network Bandwidth: as more devices come online, networks will clog and service
providers will be in a never-ending battle to increase network capacity.
Big data: “things” will produce even more data than we have now, taxing our already
complex enterprise information management.
Business processes transformation: IoT enables new automated sense-and-respond
systems, disrupting traditional processes and requiring new skills.
Vertical clouds: aggregating all the big data and finding them will best be achieved by
capturing, analyzing, and responding from the cloud.
In the upcoming years, I expect the great evolution in security issues, M2M
automation, Big data, clouds and in business process transformation. Even we can get
to see the demand for education and skills training to IoT systems.
I’m interested in “SECURITY ISSUES and SOFTWARES DEVELOPMENT” areas of IoT.
As IoT will create millions of data points, enterprises need to consider risks of data thefts.
As per IDC, 90% of IT networks bear risks of security breaches in 2015. Service providers
should take up IoT-focused security measures to ensure privacy of data shared via
smartphones, tablets, and other smart devices.
The software developers focus on developing IoT platforms and solutions that upload data
from sensors and perform the analytics necessary to deliver the insights required for
Since smart cities are on the rise, there will be more necessity of security and if I get
an opportunity to work on IoT, I would like to go with ”Security issues”, the most
wanted and challenging area in upcoming years.