River basin management plans and results of public consultation in Lithuania


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Conference Sustainable Wastewater Management in River Basin Management Plans in Baltic Sea Region
River basin management plans and results of public consultation in Lithuania

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River basin management plans and results of public consultation in Lithuania

  1. 1. River basin management plans and results of public consultation in Lithuania Bernardas Pauk štys , GWP-Lithuania
  2. 2. 4 River Basin Districts in Lithuania Polska
  3. 3. 20 g roundwater bodies Polska
  4. 4. Types and classes <ul><li>5 types of rivers (slope and catchment area) </li></ul><ul><li>3 types of lakes (depth and size) have been classified according to their ecological status into five classes of very good, good, satisfactory, bad and very bad </li></ul><ul><li>a) criteria of good status for rivers </li></ul><ul><li>BOD7 ≤ 3,3 mgO/l </li></ul><ul><li>Total P ≤0,14 mg/l </li></ul><ul><li>Total N ≤3,0 mg/l </li></ul><ul><li>N-NH4 ≤0,2 mg/l </li></ul><ul><li>N-NO3 ≤2,3 mg/l </li></ul><ul><li>O2, mg/l≥6,5 (in river type 2) ≥7,5 (in other river types) </li></ul><ul><li>b) for lakes: total P ≤0,06 mg/l; total N ≤1,8 mg/l </li></ul>
  5. 5. Human impact influencing water body status <ul><li>Non-point pollution: agriculture and non-sewered population; </li></ul><ul><li>Point sources: domestic, industrial wastewater and storm water discharges; </li></ul><ul><li>Morphological alterations: river straightening, ponds and hydropower; </li></ul><ul><li>Transboundary pollution ; </li></ul><ul><li>Pollution with dangerous substances . </li></ul>
  6. 6. WB at risk due human impact <ul><li>590 river category water bodies (total length 10200 km), </li></ul><ul><li>234 lake category water bodies (area > 50 ha) and </li></ul><ul><li>42 ponds (reservoir) category water bodies (total area 11559 ha) have been delineated in the Nemunas RBD . </li></ul><ul><li>Of them 320 river water bodies and 64 lakes are categorized as water bodies at risk. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Non-point pollution impact Polska
  8. 8. Impact of point sources Polska
  9. 9. Straightened rivers (1) <ul><li>Of 10 200 km rivers in the Nemunas RBD 3 109 km have been straightened </li></ul>
  10. 10. Straightened rivers Polska
  11. 11. Significant hydropower impact Polska
  12. 12. Pollution with dangerous substances Polska
  13. 13. Ecological status of WB
  14. 14. WB at risk Polska
  15. 15. WATER BODIES AT RISK AFTER THE UNCERTAINTY ANALYSIS Group of water bodies Number of WB in the Nem u n as RBD Certain pollution source and impact Number of WB % Rivers 320 69 22 % Lakes 64 1 1,6 % Ponds and reservoirs 26 0 0 %
  16. 16. Programme of measures <ul><ul><li>Urban Waste water </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nitrat e </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Drinking water </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Birds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Habitats </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bathing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sludge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plant protection (biocides) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Environmental impact assessment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IPPC </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Large accidents (SEVESO) </li></ul></ul>Baseline measures Supplementary measusres <ul><ul><li>Reduction of point pollution (urban and industrial waste) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduction of point pollution (agriculture & non-sewered population) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improvement of hydromorphological status </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduction of transboundary pollution </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Polska Supplementary measures for reduction of agricultural impact
  18. 18. Supplementary waste water treatment needed Polska
  19. 19. COST OF BASIC AND SUPPLEMENTARY MEASURES Baseline Supplementary Without restoration of rivers
  20. 20. Exemptions <ul><li>Time exemptions or less stringhent environmental objectives ? </li></ul><ul><li> - Time exemptions </li></ul><ul><li>Where - </li></ul><ul><li>WB with uncertain pollution source, uncertain status and/or effect of measure </li></ul><ul><li>WB where measures are not affordable ( e.g. renat u rali sation of straightened rivers) </li></ul><ul><li>Due to socio-economic reasons . </li></ul>
  21. 21. WFD art. 14 addresses public information and consultation requirements <ul><li>For public consultations shall be presented: </li></ul><ul><li>(a) a timetable and work programme for the development of the RB management plans of each RBD; </li></ul><ul><li>(b) overview of the significant water management issues identified in the river basins; </li></ul><ul><li>(c) draft copies of the river basin management plans. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Public consultation process -1 <ul><li>In 2005 river basin district Coordination Boards have been established and consultation process started : </li></ul><ul><li>seminars for the main stakeholders groups – municipalities, NGOs, REPDs, other related state institutions as well as Coordination boards. </li></ul><ul><li>EPA has signed agreements with 6 NGOs working in water sector, who became information centres for implementation of the WFD and RBM plans. </li></ul><ul><li>information campaigns on RBM have been implemented in four main Lithuanian cities: Kaunas Alytus, Kedainiai and Vilnius. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Public consultation process -2 <ul><li>Educational film on water issues h as prepared and demonstrated as well as leaflets about water were distributed. Interviews for different national and regional newspapers and TV, radio have been given by water experts. </li></ul><ul><li>Main environmental problems in the RBD have been described and uploaded onto EPA web site in 2007 m. </li></ul><ul><li>Preliminary RBD management plan s and programme s of measures have also been uploaded onto web site of EPA in 2008- 2009. </li></ul><ul><li>Only few institutions commented plans and programmes. </li></ul>
  24. 24. Why society is not interested in RB management plans? <ul><li>Despite all work mentioned above society is not actively involved in the river basin management process. Main reasons of this are: </li></ul><ul><li>People do not feel responsibility for water resources; </li></ul><ul><li>“ This is not happening in my yard”; </li></ul><ul><li>Heavy technical language of management plans and programme of measures makes these documents difficult to understand for public; </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of public participation culture in general. </li></ul><ul><li>Consultation process on the river basin management issues has to be continued in order to improve public participation and increase awareness of society. GWP-Lithuania is an active actor in this process. </li></ul>
  25. 25. Diękuja bardzo