Common pronunciation mistakes & false cognates

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Common pronunciation mistakes & false cognates

  1. 1. Common Pronunciation Mistakes and False Cognates Dafne Delgado Moisés A. Bittner Valeria Palma ENGLISH 7 Copyright ©
  2. 2.  <ul><li>1) What are Homonyms ?  - Words which have the same pronunciation and spelling but different meanings . </li></ul><ul><li>2) What are Homophones ?  - Words which have the same pronunciation but different meanings and ( sometimes ) spellings . </li></ul><ul><li>  3) What are Homographs ?  - Words which have the same spellings but different meaning and ( sometimes ) pronunciation . </li></ul>
  3. 3.  <ul><li>1) Homonyms: </li></ul><ul><li> Book : ( noun ) a number of printed sheets of paper fastened together in a cover. </li></ul><ul><li>Book : ( verb ) order ( eg tickets) in advance; reserve. </li></ul><ul><li> Table : ( noun ) piece of furniture with a flat top on legs. </li></ul><ul><li> Table : ( verb ) present a topic officially for discussion. </li></ul>Go Back
  4. 4.  <ul><li>2) Homophones: </li></ul><ul><li> Ad : ( noun ) An advertisement. </li></ul><ul><li>Add : ( verb ) to combine, join, unite or to find a sum. </li></ul><ul><li> Buy : ( verb ) - to purchase. </li></ul><ul><li>By : ( prep/adv ) next to something, by way of something. </li></ul><ul><li>Bye : ( noun ) Used to express farewell. Short for [goodbye]. </li></ul>Go Back
  5. 5.  <ul><li>3) Homographs: </li></ul><ul><li> Desert : ( noun ) waterless land with no vegetation and covered with sand. </li></ul><ul><li> Desert  : ( verb ) to leave or abandon.  Dessert  : ( noun ) sweet food served after the meal. </li></ul><ul><li> Live : ( verb ) be alive. </li></ul><ul><li> Live : ( adj ) (of a broadcast) happening while it is heard or seen. </li></ul>Go Back
  6. 6. Exercises <ul><li>Complete the following sentences using the phonetic transcriptions: </li></ul><ul><li>Let me give you a piece of _______  . </li></ul><ul><li>What’s the ______  like in Pto. Montt? </li></ul><ul><li>This is a brand ______  car. </li></ul><ul><li>The restaurant is open every day _______  on Monday. </li></ul><ul><li>Get out of my _______!  . </li></ul>
  7. 7. Cognates & False Cognates <ul><li>Cognates are words that have common linguistic roots. These words sometimes look the same too. False cognates , on the other hand, are pairs of words in different languages that are similar in form/meaning but have different  etymological origin s. </li></ul><ul><li>Many people confuse false cognates with false friends ( faux amis ) which, on the other hand, are pairs of words or phrases in two languages that look or sound similar, but differ in meaning. To summarize, whereas false cognates mean roughly the same thing in two languages, false friends bear two distinct ( sometimes even opposite ) meanings. </li></ul><ul><li>In Arabic ( and Hebrew ) akh means brother and in Mongolian akh is also the word for brother, but these false cognates have no etymological relationship. </li></ul><ul><li>Next, consider the French word   magasin , which you might think means magazine, that is, a periodical publication. But it doesn’t.  Magasin  is the French word for shop. Faux amis! </li></ul>
  8. 8. Examples <ul><li>Actually: En realidad, de hecho, la verdad es que (&quot;actualmente&quot; es today, nowadays, currently, etc). </li></ul><ul><li>American: Estadounidense (NO &quot;AMERICANO&quot; Americano es el habitante del continente América... en Chile se solía hablar de &quot;norteamericano&quot;). </li></ul><ul><li>Assist, to: Ayudar (asistir es &quot;attend&quot;... asistir a una reunión, por ejemplo). </li></ul><ul><li>Carpet: Alfombra (carpeta es &quot;folder&quot;). </li></ul><ul><li>Conductor: Revisor, cobrador, director de orquesta (conductor es &quot;driver&quot;). </li></ul><ul><li>Lecture: Conferencia (lectura es &quot;reading&quot;). </li></ul><ul><li>Library: Biblioteca (Librería sería &quot;book shop&quot;). </li></ul><ul><li>Petrol: Bencina/Gasolina. </li></ul><ul><li>Qualifications: Títulos (académicos), requisitos. </li></ul><ul><li>to Realise: Darse cuenta, comprender, hacerse cargo de. </li></ul><ul><li>Report: Informe. Por ende, to report es infomar y no reportar. </li></ul><ul><li>Sensible: Sensato. </li></ul><ul><li>Sensitive: Sensible. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Bibliography <ul><li>Cognitive English Grammar </li></ul><ul><li>English Grammar in Use </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.firstschoolyears.com/literacy/word/other/homonyms/homonyms.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.bifroest.demon.co.uk/misc/homophones-list.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_English_homographs </li></ul>

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