The Rise and Fall of Social Assistance Use in Canada

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A presentation by Ronald Kneebone, Director of Economic and Social Policy at The School of Public Policy, on his report The Rise and Fall of Social Assistance Use in Canada, which was published February 13, 2014.

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The Rise and Fall of Social Assistance Use in Canada

  1. 1. The Rise and Fall of Social Assistance Use in Canada 1969-2012 Ronald Kneebone and Katherine White February 13, 2014
  2. 2. 5% 6% 7% 8% 9% 10% 11% 12% 13% SocialAssistanceRate The Social Assistance Rate in Canada, 1969-2012
  3. 3. The Social Assistance Rate in Ontario, Quebec and the Rest of Canada, 1969-2012 3% 5% 7% 9% 11% 13% 15% SocialAssistanceRate Ontario
  4. 4. The Social Assistance Rate in Ontario, Quebec and the Rest of Canada, 1969-2012 3% 5% 7% 9% 11% 13% 15% SocialAssistanceRate Ontario Quebec
  5. 5. The Social Assistance Rate in Ontario, Quebec and the Rest of Canada, 1969-2012 3% 5% 7% 9% 11% 13% 15% SocialAssistanceRate Ontario Quebec Rest of Canada
  6. 6. The Social Assistance Rate in Alberta vs. Ontario, 1969-2012 2% 4% 6% 8% 10% 12% 14% SocialAssistanceRate Alberta Ontario
  7. 7. The Social Assistance Rate in Alberta vs. Ontario, 1969-2012 2% 4% 6% 8% 10% 12% 14% SocialAssistanceRate Alberta Ontario 7.6% vs. 3.2%
  8. 8. The Social Assistance Rate in Nova Scotia vs. Ontario 1969-2012 3% 5% 7% 9% 11% 13% 15% SocialAssistanceRate Ontario Nova Scotia
  9. 9. Puzzles and Questions • The fraction of non-elderly population relying on Social Assistance varies widely by province • This reflects differences in economic conditions but would appear to mainly be due to differences in provincial program rules and regulations • What has happened to cause Ontario to move from having the lowest SA rate in 1969 (4%) to having the second highest (7.6%) in 2012? • Why is the SA rate at the lowest level since 1969 in every province but Ontario? • where it is 3.6 percentage points higher (7.6% v. 4.0%)

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