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A NEW INDICATOR OF SOCIAL WELFARE:
A CITIZEN CENTERED AND OPEN DATA
ORIENTEDAPPROACH
Emmanouil Fragkoulis
Panagiotis Kokki...
• Concept of prosperity indicators in general and the
characteristics these ought to have in order to be
considered as fai...
Issues with GDP - Prosperity (1/2)
• GDP utilized to indicate prosperity at a national level.
• Criticism – prosperity can...
Issues with GDP - Prosperity (2/2)
• Conferences take place-Committees are created-New
indicators are suggested in order t...
Definitions of wellbeing
Multiple definitions of wellbeing:
 ‘“Wellbeing is no less than what a group or groups of peopl...
A new definition of Wellbeing
Rachel Dodge 2012
Indicators
• Compound index–Combine individual indicators
• Prosperity = individual affair->subjective concept-
>Subjectiv...
Importance of Subjective Wellbeing
Good feelings
e.g. happiness, joy,
contentment,
satisfaction
Improved
personal and
mate...
Selection of pillars
• World Bank
• World Economic
Forum
• OECD
• United Nations
• European
Commission
• New Economics
Fou...
Steps calculating the new index
Definition of
wellbeing
Analysis of
current
situation
Pillars
selection
Calculation
Verifi...
Index of Social Welfare
10 Pillars - 17 sub-indices
• 2/3 subjective indices – Quality of services provided
• 1/3 objectiv...
Index of Social Welfare structure
Index of Social Welfare
Health System
Health expenditure %GDP
Health care quality % sati...
Data sources
• Trusted sources
World Bank
Gallup World Poll
United Nations
OECD
World Competitiveness Yearbook
Freed...
Calculation for 4 countries
37.7
53.8
57.8
43.5
0.0
10.0
20.0
30.0
40.0
50.0
60.0
70.0
80.0
90.0
100.0
Index of Social Wel...
Results of 4 well-known indicators compared to
Index of Social Welfare
Human Development
Index
Happy Planet Index Social P...
Diachronic analysis for Greece
35.0
36.0
37.0
38.0
39.0
40.0
41.0
42.0
43.0
44.0
45.0
2012 2013 2014 2015
Index of Social ...
Conclusions
• New indicator of Social Welfare (quantitative and qualitative
aspects)
• Calculated for 4 countries (2015) a...
Thank you for your attention
Questions?
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A New Indicator Of Social Welfare: A Citizen Centered and Open Data Oriented Approach

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A New Indicator Of Social Welfare: A Citizen Centered and Open Data Oriented Approach

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A New Indicator Of Social Welfare: A Citizen Centered and Open Data Oriented Approach

  1. 1. A NEW INDICATOR OF SOCIAL WELFARE: A CITIZEN CENTERED AND OPEN DATA ORIENTEDAPPROACH Emmanouil Fragkoulis Panagiotis Kokkinakos Ourania Markaki Sotirios Koussouris John Psarras Central and Eastern European e|Dem and e|Gov Days 2016 - Budapest, May 2016
  2. 2. • Concept of prosperity indicators in general and the characteristics these ought to have in order to be considered as fair and effective. • Distinction between subjective and objective indicators, highlighting the importance of subjectivity towards effectively measuring prosperity and well-being in general. • Blending the best aspects and structural elements of existing indicators and further utilising open data, come up with a new indicator. Scope and Objective of this paper
  3. 3. Issues with GDP - Prosperity (1/2) • GDP utilized to indicate prosperity at a national level. • Criticism – prosperity cannot be expressed with financial terms only • ‘’Gross National Product – if we judge the United States of America by that – that Gross National Product counts air pollution and cigarette advertising, and ambulances to clear our highways of carnage. It counts special locks for our doors and the jails for the people who break them. It counts the destruction of the redwood and the loss of our natural wonder in chaotic sprawl. It counts napalm and counts nuclear warheads and armored cars for the police to fight the riots in our cities.....Yet the gross national product does not allow for the health of our children, the quality of their education or the joy of their play. It does not include the beauty of our poetry or the strength of our marriages, the intelligence of our public debate or the integrity of our public officials. It measures neither our wit nor our courage, neither our wisdom nor our learning, neither our compassion nor our devotion to our country, it measures everything in short, except that which makes life worthwhile.’’ (JFK’s speech at the University of Kansas 18/3/1968)
  4. 4. Issues with GDP - Prosperity (2/2) • Conferences take place-Committees are created-New indicators are suggested in order to include every single aspect of it • Attempt GDP replacement - No one has succeed it so far • All problems start from the definition - Absence universally accepted definition of prosperity
  5. 5. Definitions of wellbeing Multiple definitions of wellbeing:  ‘“Wellbeing is no less than what a group or groups of people collectively agree makes ‘a good life’’’. (Whiting and Ereaut 2008)  “Wellbeing is more than just happiness. As well as feeling satisfied and happy, well-being means developing as a person, being fulfilled, and making a contribution to the community’’. (Shah and Marks) • “This is a dynamic state, in which the individual is able to develop their potential, work productively and creatively, build strong and positive relationships with others, and contribute to their community’’. (Foresight Mental Capital and Wellbeing 2008) Vast majority of them describe rather than define the concept of Wellbeing.
  6. 6. A new definition of Wellbeing Rachel Dodge 2012
  7. 7. Indicators • Compound index–Combine individual indicators • Prosperity = individual affair->subjective concept- >Subjective Indicators • Financial status information->Objective Indicators • Emphasis on subjective indicators
  8. 8. Importance of Subjective Wellbeing Good feelings e.g. happiness, joy, contentment, satisfaction Improved personal and material conditions e.g. Good health, income, resilience, personal support networks Stronger society and economy e.g. Social cohesion, high productivity, reduced spending on poor health
  9. 9. Selection of pillars • World Bank • World Economic Forum • OECD • United Nations • European Commission • New Economics Foundation • Sustainable Society Foundation • Freedom House • IMD 19 entities 18 indicators • Corruption • Governance • Civil rights • Education • Health • Social security etc.
  10. 10. Steps calculating the new index Definition of wellbeing Analysis of current situation Pillars selection Calculation Verification
  11. 11. Index of Social Welfare 10 Pillars - 17 sub-indices • 2/3 subjective indices – Quality of services provided • 1/3 objective indices – Percentage of GDP a country devotes to social welfare benefits • Equal weighting for pillars and sub-indices levels (all have the same importance) • Measurement scale=0-100 for both the overall index and its pillars. Better comparisons and highlight differences over time/states. It is the original measurement scale of most sub-indices.
  12. 12. Index of Social Welfare structure Index of Social Welfare Health System Health expenditure %GDP Health care quality % satisfied Education Education expenditure % GDP Education quality % satisfied Environmental Care Municipal waste treatment (recycling + composting) Satisfied with government efforts to preserve environment Security Personal security and private property rights are adequately protected Benefits for vulnerable groups Social expenditure % GDP Satisfaction with government efforts to deal with the poor Freedom and Social Rights Freedom in the world Index Labor and Entrepreneurship Business Freedom Labor Freedom Governance and Corruption Prevention Corruption Perceptions Index Government effectiveness Culture General government expenditure on recreation, culture and religion % GDP Infrastructures Quality of overall infrastructure Investment in inland transport infrastructure % GDP
  13. 13. Data sources • Trusted sources World Bank Gallup World Poll United Nations OECD World Competitiveness Yearbook Freedom House Transparency International Eurostat World Economic Forum
  14. 14. Calculation for 4 countries 37.7 53.8 57.8 43.5 0.0 10.0 20.0 30.0 40.0 50.0 60.0 70.0 80.0 90.0 100.0 Index of Social Welfare Greece France Germany Italy
  15. 15. Results of 4 well-known indicators compared to Index of Social Welfare Human Development Index Happy Planet Index Social Progress Index Prosperity Index Germany 0,911 47,2 84,04 2,658 France 0,884 46,5 80,82 2,065 Italy 0,872 46,4 77,38 1,065 Greece 0,853 40,5 74,03 0,076
  16. 16. Diachronic analysis for Greece 35.0 36.0 37.0 38.0 39.0 40.0 41.0 42.0 43.0 44.0 45.0 2012 2013 2014 2015 Index of Social Welfare
  17. 17. Conclusions • New indicator of Social Welfare (quantitative and qualitative aspects) • Calculated for 4 countries (2015) and for Greece for 4 consecutive years(2012-2013-2014-2015) • Exploitation of open public data • Index can be calculated for many countries(If there are available and credible raw data) • Dynamic (Weighting can be altered depending on the users’ needs)
  18. 18. Thank you for your attention Questions?

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