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Organization of Law Enforcement Agencies


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Organization of Law Enforcement Agencies

  1. 1. Organization and Administration of law enforcement agencies
  2. 2. Organizations <ul><li>Two or more people who cooperate to accomplish an objective. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Larger organizations can become bureaucracies <ul><li>Rules </li></ul><ul><li>Specialization </li></ul><ul><li>Chain of Command </li></ul><ul><li>Unity of Command </li></ul><ul><li>Span of Control </li></ul>
  4. 4. Specialization As organizations grow larger, people tend to specialize in tasks.
  5. 5. Chain of Command <ul><li>The line of authority and responsibility along which orders are passed. </li></ul><ul><li>The line will generally go from a higher ranked who gives the order, i.e. an captain, lieutenant or sergeant down to a lower rank. </li></ul><ul><li>In general, personnel give orders to only those directly below them in the chain of command, and receive orders from only those directly above them. For example, an officer who has a problem with carrying out an order is likely to get disciplined for not observing the chain of command if he skips the officer who is in direct command of him, and directly appeals to a higher ranked officer in his chain of command. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Unity of Command <ul><li>Everyone has only one person who gives them instructions – </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In an emergency situation this is especially helpful in avoiding contradictory orders. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Span of Control <ul><li>The number of people who can be effectively supervised. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Communication <ul><li>Horizontal and Vertical (Downward and Upward) </li></ul><ul><li>Communication scheme </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Encoding – to convey we translate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transmission – What we say </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Medium – how we choose to transmit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reception – Must be heard </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Decoding – interpretation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Feedback. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Types of Downward Communications <ul><li>Job Instructions </li></ul><ul><li>Job Rationale </li></ul><ul><li>Procedures and Practice </li></ul><ul><li>Feedback. </li></ul><ul><li>Indoctrination </li></ul>
  10. 10. Horizontal <ul><li>Conversations with peers. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Inside and outside organizations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Another watch </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Another Jurisdiction </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exchange of official information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exchange of personal information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rumors </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Law Enforcement Pyramid <ul><li>Administrators – chiefs </li></ul><ul><li>Mid-level Managers (Captains and Lieutenants) </li></ul><ul><li>First Line supervisors </li></ul><ul><li>Police Officers </li></ul>
  12. 12. Organizational Structure (Line Operations) <ul><li>Primary or Secondary. </li></ul><ul><li>Patrol is backbone, primary </li></ul><ul><li>Investigations and youth, etc are secondary </li></ul>
  13. 13. Organizational Structure (Support Functions) <ul><li>Staff </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Recruitment, training, personnel </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Auxiliary (Technical) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Jail, property, evidence, communications, records </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Policy and Procedure. <ul><li>Policies are statements of organizational expectations about outcome; </li></ul><ul><li>Procedures are step-by-step instructions; </li></ul><ul><li>Rules are about behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Regulations are about things </li></ul>
  15. 15. Sheriff <ul><li>Typical Duties: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Elected </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Correctional (less than year, waiting for trial) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Subpoenas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Policing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bailiffs </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. First Line Supervisors <ul><li>Most direct influence over patrol officers. </li></ul><ul><li>Ten Tasks ( Page 121) </li></ul><ul><li>Four types </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Traditional – Law enforcement orientated. Expect cops to work. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>innovative – look for officers to form relationships with community </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Supportive – Developing good relationships with cops. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Active – P4s </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Organization and Administration of law enforcement agencies Find out more about leadership at