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Shea chapter 8

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Shea chapter 8

  1. 1. 8Bureaucracy
  2. 2. Video: The Big Picture http://media.pearsoncmg.com/ph/hss/SSA_SHARED_MED IA_1/polisci/presidency/Shea_Ch08_Bureaucracy_Seg1_v 2.html 8
  3. 3. Video: The Basics http://media.pearsoncmg.com/ph/hss/SSA_SHARED_MED IA_1/polisci/presidency/Seg2_Bureaucracy_v2.html 8
  4. 4. The Federal Bureaucracy  The Federal Bureaucracy  Organization of the Federal Bureaucracy  Changes since the 1960s 8.1
  5. 5. 8.1 Air Quality Standards
  6. 6. The Federal Bureaucracy  Development of the Federal Bureaucracy  The First Departments  The New Deal and its Aftermath  A Response to Poverty  Growth in the Federal Bureaucracy 8.1
  7. 7. FIGURE 8.1: Growth in the size of the federal bureaucracy 8.1
  8. 8. 8.1 Works Progress Administration
  9. 9. Organization of Federal Bureaucracy  Departments  Large organizations; broad policy realm  Independent Agencies  Specific policy issues  Independent Regulatory Commissions  Government Corporations 8.1
  10. 10. TABLE 8.1: Cabinet Departments and Examples of other Agencies 8.1
  11. 11. Changes since the 1960s  Department of Energy  Followed energy crisis of 1973  Department of Veterans Affairs  Aging WWII veterans needed care  Department of Homeland Security  Response to September 11, 2001 attacks 8.1
  12. 12. Lyndon B. Johnson 8.1
  13. 13. 8.1 Which organization has a narrow focus on a specific policy issue? a. Departments b. Independent Agencies c. Independent Regulatory Commissions d. Government Corporations 8.1
  14. 14. 8.1 Which organization has a narrow focus on a specific policy issue? a. Departments b. Independent Agencies c. Independent Regulatory Commissions d. Government Corporations 8.1
  15. 15. Departments and Independent Agencies  Departments  Political Appointees in the Bureaucracy  Independent Agencies, Independent Regulatory Commissions, and Government Corporations 8.2
  16. 16. Video: Thinking Like a Political Scientist http://media.pearsoncmg.com/ph/hss/SSA_SHARED_MED IA_1/polisci/presidency/Seg4_Bureaucracy_v2.html 8.2
  17. 17. Departments  The President’s Cabinet  Members are generally Department Heads  Policy divisions  Smaller agencies housed within departments  Size and Scope  Variation among Departments 8.2
  18. 18. National Park Ranger 8.2
  19. 19. TABLE 8.2: Departments in the executive branch of the federal government with selected subunits and total number of employees, 2012 8.2
  20. 20. FIGURE 8.2: Organization of the Department of Homeland Security 8.2
  21. 21. Political Appointees in the Bureaucracy  Policy Expertise  Varies among political appointees  Political Loyalty  Rewards for service to the president  Confirmation process  Cabinet heads need Senate approval 8.2
  22. 22. Video: In Context http://media.pearsoncmg.com/ph/hss/SSA_SHARED_MED IA_1/polisci/presidency/Seg3_Bureaucracy_v2.html 8.2
  23. 23.  Independent Agencies  Narrower scope and mission than departments  Independent Regulatory Commissions  More autonomy  Government Corporations  Independent boards; run like a business 8.2 Organizational Entities in the Federal Bureaucracy
  24. 24. TABLE 8.3: Examples of Independent Agencies, Independent Regulatory Commissions, and Government Corporations, by Type. 8.2
  25. 25. 8.2 Which best describes the policy realm of Departments? a. Provide a specific service in a manner similar to a private business b. Regulatory authority over a specific issue c. Broad expanse of policy area d. Narrower field of policy area 8.2
  26. 26. 8.2 Which best describes the policy realm of Departments? a. Provide a specific service in a manner similar to a private business b. Regulatory authority over a specific issue c. Broad expanse of policy area d. Narrower field of policy area 8.2
  27. 27. Explore the Simulation: You Are Head of FEMA http://media.pearsoncmg.com/long/long_longman_media _1/2013_mpsl_sim/simulation.html?simulaURL=9 8.2
  28. 28. The Nature of Bureaucracy  The Image of Bureaucracy  The Advantages of Government Bureaucracy  The Problems of Government Bureaucracy  The Reform of Bureaucracy 8.3
  29. 29. Waiting for government services 8.3
  30. 30. The Image of Bureaucracy  Bureaucratic “Entitlements”  Patronage System (Spoils System)  Civil Service System  “Red tape”  Negative Perception 8.3
  31. 31. The Advantages of Government Bureaucracy  Standardization and Expertise  Services handled in a consistent fashion  Accountability and Coordination  Services run more smoothly when there are budget limits and clearly defined roles  Elimination of Spoils System  Civil Service System ensures fairness and employee protections 8.3
  32. 32. TABLE 8.4: The Hatch Act of 1939 8.3
  33. 33. The Problems of Government Bureaucracy  Increases in size and scope  Citizens further removed from decision makers  Generous employee protections  Difficult to remove incompetent workers  Initiative implementation  Slow reaction times 8.3
  34. 34. TSA officers 8.3
  35. 35. Reform of the Bureaucracy  Decentralization  Greater independence given to regional offices  Privatization  Private businesses contracted to perform government services  Senior Executive Service (SES)  Outstanding leaders train others in the bureaucracy 8.3
  36. 36. 8.3 Supporters of this method of reform say smaller agencies can be more responsive. a. Privatization b. Patronage c. Civil Service System d. Decentralization 8.3
  37. 37. 8.3 Supporters of this method of reform say smaller agencies can be more responsive. a. Privatization b. Patronage c. Civil Service System d. Decentralization 8.3
  38. 38. Video: In the Real World http://media.pearsoncmg.com/ph/hss/SSA_SHARED_MED IA_1/polisci/presidency/Seg5_Bureaucracy_v2.html 8.3
  39. 39. Explore the Bureaucracy: What Puts the "Big" in Big Government? http://media.pearsoncmg.com/long/long_shea_mpslld_4/p ex/pex8.html 8.3
  40. 40. The Lobbying Pathway and Policymaking  The Bureaucracy and Legislation  The Bureaucracy and Information  Regulations and Quasi-Judicial Processes  Oversight and Accountability 8.4
  41. 41. The Bureaucracy and Legislation  Iron Triangle  “Revolving Door”  Issue Networks  Also called Policy Communities 8.4
  42. 42. Transportation Secretary Ray LaHood with President Obama 8.4
  43. 43. The Bureaucracy and Information  Information delivered  Intended for Congress to use to craft and approve legislation  Information withheld  Appointees withhold information in order to further president’s agenda  Whistleblowers  Protection for those who speak out 8.4
  44. 44. Regulations and Quasi- Judicial Processes  Regulations  Agency-created laws  Rule-making  Describes how the regulations will be enforced  Hearings  Examine evidence 8.4
  45. 45. TABLE 8.5: Applying for Social Security Disability Benefits 8.4
  46. 46. Oversight and Accountability  Presidential Oversight  Supervisory authority of political appointees  Legislative Oversight  Gather information  Signal displeasure  Budgetary controls 8.4
  47. 47. EPA Administrator Lisa Jackson 8.4
  48. 48. 8.4 Which policy-making structure evolved following the decline of the Iron Triangle? a. Quasi-Judicial Processes b. Revolving Door c. Issue Network d. Regulations 8.4
  49. 49. 8.4 Which policy-making structure evolved following the decline of the Iron Triangle? a. Quasi-Judicial Processes b. Revolving Door c. Issue Network d. Regulations 8.4
  50. 50. Video: So What? http://media.pearsoncmg.com/ph/hss/SSA_SHARED_MEDIA _1/polisci/presidency/Shea_Ch08_Bureaucracy_Seg6_v2.ht ml 8.4

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