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Shea chapter 7

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Shea chapter 7

  1. 1. 7The Presidency
  2. 2. Video:The Big Picture http://media.pearsoncmg.com/ph/hss/SSA_SHARED_MED IA_1/polisci/presidency/Shea_Ch07_The_Presidency_Seg1 _v2.html 7
  3. 3. Video:The Basics http://media.pearsoncmg.com/ph/hss/SSA_SHARED_MED IA_1/polisci/presidency/Seg2_The_Presidency_v2.html 7
  4. 4. President and the Constitution  Powerful Executive  Debate at the Convention  Article II and Ratification 7.1
  5. 5. Powerful Executive  Locke, Hobbes, Montesquieu  Prerogative power  Articles of Confederation  Washington the war hero 7.1
  6. 6. Debate at the Convention  Legislative versus executive power  Virginia Plan  New Jersey Plan 7.1
  7. 7. Article II and Ratification  Debate between opponents and proponents of ratification  Cato  Alexander Hamilton  President ≠ king 7.1
  8. 8. Prayer at Valley Forge 7.1
  9. 9. 7.1 People were wiling to ratify the Constitution because a. the president would play a strong role. b. Washington would be the first president. c. the president’s role was clearly described. d. they were persuaded by Alexander Hamilton’s arguments in the Federalist Papers. 7.1
  10. 10. 7.1 People were wiling to ratify the Constitution because 7.1 a. the president would play a strong role. b. Washington would be the first president. c. the president’s role was clearly described. d. they were persuaded by Alexander Hamilton’s arguments in the Federalist Papers.
  11. 11. Video: In Context http://media.pearsoncmg.com/ph/hss/SSA_SHARED_MED IA_1/polisci/presidency/Seg3_Presidency_v2.html 7.1
  12. 12. Evolution of the Presidency  Models of Presidential Power  Institutional Changes  Transformation of the Vice Presidency 7.2
  13. 13. Models of Presidential Power  Strong early presidents:  George Washington  Thomas Jefferson  Andrew Jackson  Abraham Lincoln  Whig model 7.2
  14. 14. Models of Presidential Power  Stewardship model  Theodore Roosevelt 7.2
  15. 15. Theodore Roosevelt 7.2
  16. 16. Models of Presidential Power  Stewardship model  Woodrow Wilson  Modern presidency  FDR and the New Deal 7.2
  17. 17. Institutional Changes  Cabinet  Members of inner cabinet have more access to president 7.2
  18. 18. TABLE 7.1: Departments of the President’s Cabinet 7.2
  19. 19. Cabinet 7.2
  20. 20. Institutional Changes  Executive Office of the President (EOP)  National Security Council (NSC)  National Security Adviser  Office of Management and Budget (OMB)  Council of Economic Advisers (CEA) 7.2
  21. 21. TABLE 7.2: Executive Office of the President in 2012 7.2
  22. 22. Institutional Changes  White House Office  Chief of staff  Ramifications of staffing changes  Institutional presidency  Political as well as policy advice 7.2
  23. 23. Hillary Clinton 7.2
  24. 24. Transformation of theVice Presidency  Insignificant office  “I do not propose to be buried until I am dead”  Modern vice presidents  Albert Gore  Richard Cheney  Joseph Biden 7.2
  25. 25. Vice President Joe Biden 7.2
  26. 26. 7.2 Which of the following is part of the Executive Office of the President? a. National Security Council b. Department of Homeland Security c. Department of Education d. Department of Justice 7.2
  27. 27. 7.2 Which of the following is part of the Executive Office of the President? 7.2 a. National Security Council b. Department of Homeland Security c. Department of Education d. Department of Justice
  28. 28. Informal Powers of the President  Power to Persuade  Political Context  First Ladies 7.3
  29. 29. Power to Persuade  Presidential Power by Richard Neustadt = bedside reading for presidents  Personality and political skills  Going public  Using media, technology 7.3
  30. 30. Political Context  Political order or context  Skowronek’s 4 eras:  1789-1832  1832-1900  1900-1973  1973-Present 7.3
  31. 31. Video:Thinking Like a Political Scientist http://media.pearsoncmg.com/ph/hss/SSA_SHARED_MED IA_1/polisci/presidency/Seg4_Presidency_v2.html 7.3
  32. 32. FIGURE 7.1: Ups and Downs of Presidential Approval Ratings 7.3
  33. 33. First Ladies  Martha Washington  Abigail Adams  Edith Wilson  Eleanor Roosevelt  Hilary Rodham Clinton  Michelle Obama 7.3
  34. 34. Michelle Obama 7.3
  35. 35. 7.3 As a president’s time in office increases, his approval ratings a. also increase b. generally go down c. remain stable d. decline but then rise 7.3
  36. 36. 7.3 As a president’s time in office increases, his approval ratings 7.3 a. also increase b. generally go down c. remain stable d. decline but then rise
  37. 37. Roles of Modern Presidents  President as Chief of State  President as Chief Legislator  President as Chief Diplomat  President as Commander in Chief  President as Chief Executive  President’s Other Roles  Two Presidencies 7.4
  38. 38. President as Chief of State  Can any job prepare you to be president?  Ceremonial functions  “His High Mightiness”?  From levees to baseball 7.4
  39. 39. George W. Bush 7.4
  40. 40. President as Chief Legislator  FDR  Legislative Tools  State of the Union  Veto/Pocket veto 7.4
  41. 41. TABLE 7.3: Presidential Vetoes 7.4
  42. 42. FIGURE 7.2: Congressional Support for Presidential Initiatives 7.4
  43. 43. President as Chief Diplomat  More autonomy in foreign affairs  Treaties  Executive agreements  Ambassadors 7.4
  44. 44. President as Commander in Chief  President can deploy, but Congress declares war  Congress holds purse strings 7.4
  45. 45. President as Commander in Chief  War Powers Resolution (1973)  Iran-Contra Affair 7.4
  46. 46. War casualties 7.4
  47. 47. Lyndon Johnson 7.4
  48. 48. President as Chief Executive  Vague policy  Increasing size of federal bureaucracy  Executive orders  Proclamations  National security directives  Presidential decision directives  Signing statements 7.4
  49. 49. President’s Other Roles  Economist in chief  Moral leader  Head of his political party 7.4
  50. 50. Two Presidencies  Domestic policy  Often frustrated  Foreign policy  Better equipped  Integrated into dual presidency model by Aaron Wildavsky 7.4
  51. 51. 7.4 Which of the following powers is given to the president? a. Declare war b. Negotiate treaties c. Write legislation d. Declare laws unconstitutional 7.4
  52. 52. 7.4 Which of the following powers is given to the president? 7.4 a. Declare war b. Negotiate treaties c. Write legislation d. Declare laws unconstitutional
  53. 53. Video: In the RealWorld http://media.pearsoncmg.com/ph/hss/SSA_SHARED_MED IA_1/polisci/presidency/Seg5_The_Presidency_v2.html 7.4
  54. 54. Explore the Simulation:You Are a First-Term President http://media.pearsoncmg.com/long/long_longman_media _1/2013_mpsl_sim/simulation.html?simulaURL=8 7.4
  55. 55. Presidential Greatness  Personal presidency  Growing size of federal bureaucracy  Expansion of presidential powers  Use of television in campaigning 7.5
  56. 56. Lincoln 7.5
  57. 57. Presidential Greatness  What makes a president great?  Vision  Pragmatism  Consensus building  Charisma  Trustworthiness 7.5
  58. 58. TABLE 7.4: Rankings of American Presidents 7.5
  59. 59. 7.5 Presidents who are considered among the greatest a. presided during a strong economy. b. didn’t expand the powers of the office. c. served only one term. d. confronted a major crisis. 7.5
  60. 60. 7.5 Presidents who are considered among the greatest 7.5 a. presided during a strong economy. b. didn’t expand the powers of the office. c. served only one term. d. confronted a major crisis.
  61. 61. Explorer: What Influences a President’s Public Approval? http://media.pearsoncmg.com/long/long_ magleby_mpslgbp_25/pex/pex3.html 7.5
  62. 62. Discussion Question How do presidents use the “power to persuade” to implement their agenda? In what way is this power considered to be their most important? 7
  63. 63. Video: SoWhat? http://media.pearsoncmg.com/ph/hss/SSA_SHARED_MEDIA _1/polisci/presidency/Shea_Ch07_The_Presidency_Seg6_v2. html 7

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