Location Industry Footloose

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Location Industry Footloose

  1. 1. The changing location of industry. <ul><li>Aim: </li></ul><ul><li>To discover what the original locational factors were for industry </li></ul><ul><li>To find out what a footloose industry is and carry out a study into the M4 Corridor. </li></ul>
  2. 2. Iron & Steel Works – South Wales
  3. 3. <ul><li>Changing location of UK industry </li></ul><ul><li>FWW Page 105 – produce a table to show how industry has changed in at least FIVE of the UK regions </li></ul><ul><li>Boardworks – industrial change in South Wales </li></ul><ul><li>FWW Pages 106-7 </li></ul><ul><li>Heading: Industrial change in South Wales </li></ul><ul><li>Draw 2 spider diagrams to show the situation in 19 th century and 1990’s </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Where are the steelworks located now? Why? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What is an integrated steelworks? </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Factors affecting old industrial location Read fig A on page 106 – Wider World. Copy the information onto your worksheet add a suitable title. Give an example of a location, its raw materials and main industry.
  5. 5. What is a footloose industry? Footloose industries have a greater freedom to choose their locations. Footloose industries have a low demand for raw materials and don’t need big sites for their factories. The final product is always high in value and /or low in weight and can be transported anywhere by road. The new factories have pleasant locations on the outskirts of towns with lots of greenery around .
  6. 6. Example
  7. 7. Case Study Hi-tech industry along the M4 corridor (UGG Page 188-89) New industrial regions in Britain have tended to grow up along main communication routes. The best example of this is the “Sunrise Strip”, which takes in the area around motorways such as the M11, M23, M3 and, most importantly, the M4. These industries are described as being footloose. They are not tied to the supply raw materials.
  8. 8. <ul><li>The M4 and Western Crescent </li></ul><ul><li>M4 Corridor - Area of development for Hi-Tech industry along the M4 Motorway spanning from London to Bristol (South Wales). </li></ul><ul><li>Location factors : </li></ul><ul><li>Accessibility </li></ul><ul><li>Good road links (M4) </li></ul><ul><li>Good railway links </li></ul><ul><li>Heathrow Airport provides links to Europe and the rest of the World </li></ul><ul><li>Research opportunities </li></ul><ul><li>Close to science parks and Universities </li></ul><ul><li>Footloose - therefore they can locate freely </li></ul><ul><li>Government Incentives </li></ul><ul><li>Attractive Countryside </li></ul><ul><li>Marlborough Downs - attractive environment favoured by educated people employed in Hi-Tech industry. </li></ul>UGG Page 188 Do Activity 1b Do Activity 2
  9. 9. Case Study: Worton Grange Industrial Estate in READING UGG Page 189 Do Activities 2 a, b and 3 a, b Skills practice opportunity

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