Why Named Asia?
could have originated
from the Aegean
root Asis which means
“muddy and silty‟‟
derived from the
root Asu, which
means “rising” or “light,”
which refers to the
sunrise, Asia thus meaning
mythology, “Asia” a
goddess of Lydia
Fact 1 - Definition: Asia is the largest continent with 60% of the earth's
Fact 2 - Asia covers 29.9% of the land area of the earth
Fact 3 - There are approx 4 billion people who live in Asia
Fact 4 - There are 49 countries in Asia
Fact 5 - Asian people include Chinese, Japanese, Indians, and Arabs.
Fact 6 - The largest cities include
Tokyo, Seoul, Jakarta, Dehli, Mumbai, and Shanghai.
Fact 7 - The population of India is more than the overall population of
North, Central and South America
Fact 8 - Bangladesh is the most densely inhabited country in Asia
Fact 9 - Asian Religions include
Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam, Jainism, Christianity.
Fact 10 - Great Asian landmarks which are man-made include the Great
Wall of China and Taj Mahal
Asia is the World's largest continent -
43,810,582 km² covering approximately
30% of the Earth's land and 8.66% of
the Earth's surface.
It is bordered by the Ural Mountains
to the east, the Arctic Ocean to the
north, the Pacific Ocean to the west
and the Indian Ocean to the south.
The highest point in the World, is
Mount Everest (8,848 m), situated in
the Tibetan region of the Himalayas.
The longest river in Asia and third
longest in the World is the Yangtze
(6,211 km) which flows through China.
The largest desert in Asia is the
REGIONS & SEASONS
Asia is broadly divided into six
regions as shown on the map right.
Asia lies almost entirely in the
northern hemisphere and the seasons
of all are similar. The seasons of
southern and south-east Asia vary
slightly because of the monsoons.
Northern Asia, Central Asia, Eastern
Spring - March, April, May
Summer - June, July, August
Autumn - September, October, Nov.
Winter - December, January, February
Southern Asia, South-East Asia
Spring - December, January, February
Summer - March, April, May
Autumn - June, July, August
Winter - September, October,
There are 49countries
in Asia including Russia
and Turkey which lie in
both Europe and Asia
and Taiwan which is
technically a part of
China and not officially
recognized as a country
by the United Nations.
Asia is the most
containing around 60% of
the World's population.
The population of Asia is
growing with a growth rate
of approximately 2%.
Eastern, southern and
south-east Asia are the
most populated while the
desert, mountain and
tundra regions are the
The countries with the highest
populations (to the nearest million) are:
China - 1,384 million
India - 1,046 million
Indonesia - 227 million
Bangladesh - 133 million
Japan - 127 million
China, India and Japan are the most
economically developed countries.
The large oil producing nations -
Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia
and the United Arab Emirates are also
Economic growth in Asia has
improved living standards for millions of
people, but there remains a huge
poverty problem and the gap between
rich and poor is growing. According to
World data records around 60% of the
world's poorest people live in Asia.
Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and
Kyrgyzstan, Afghanistan, Mongolia and the western regions
China, Hong Kong, Macao, North Korea, South
Korea, Japan, Mongolia. Any other areas associated with the Far
East, such as Taiwan. Southeast Asia has been included in East
Asia on some occasions.
The Asian part of the Russian Federation (Siberia).
Myanmar (Burma), Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Malaysia
Philippines, Singapore, Indonesia.
Afghanistan Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Cyprus, Georgia, Iraq, Isr
ael, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Palestinian Oman, Qatar, Saudi
Arabia, Syria, Turkey, United Arab Emirates, Yemen
Pakistan, India, Maldives, SriLanka, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh and
PHYSIOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS OF ASIA
3)PLAIN, STEEPE AND DESERT
THE HIMALAYA MOUNTAINS extend
for about 2,500
kilometers, separating the Indian
subcontinent from the rest of Asia.
The Himalayas cover more than
kilometers, passing through the
northern states of India and
making up most of the terrain of
Nepal and Bhutan.
The Himalayas are so vast that
they are composed of three
different mountain belts. The
northernmost belt, known as the
Great Himalayas, has the highest
average elevation at 6,096 meters
This belt includes the highest
mountain summit in the
world, Mount Everest, which
THE URAL MOUNTAINS run
for approximately 2,500
kilometers (1,550 miles) in an
indirect north-south line from
Russia to Kazakhstan.
The Ural Mountains are
some of the world’s oldest, at
250 million to 300 million years
Millions of years
of erosion have lowered the
mountains significantly, and
today their average elevation is
between 914 and 1,220 meters
(3,000 to 4,000 feet).
The highest peak is Mount
Narodnaya at 1,895 meters
TIBETAN AND DECCAN PLATEAU IRANIAN PLATEAU
Asia is home to many plateaus, areas of relatively level
The Iranian plateau covers more than 3.6 million
square kilometers (1.4 million square miles),
encompassing most of Iran, Afghanistan, and Pakistan.
The plateau also has two large deserts, the Dasht-e
Kavir and Dasht-e Lut.
The Deccan Plateau makes up most of the southern
part of India. The plateau’s average elevation is about
600 meters (2,000 feet).
It is bordered by three mountain ranges: the Satpura
Range in the north, and the Eastern and Western Ghats
on either side. The plateau and its main waterways—the
Godavari and Krishna rivers—gently slope toward the
Eastern Ghats and the Bay of Bengal.
The Tibetan Plateau is usually considered the
largest and highest area ever to exist in the history
of Earth. Known as the “Rooftop of the World,” the
plateau covers an area about half the size of
theUnited States and averages more than 5,000
meters above sea level.
The Tibetan Plateau is extremely important to
the world’s water cycle because of
its tremendous number of glaciers. These glaciers
contain the largest volume of ice outside
the poles. The ice and snow from these glaciers
feed Asia’s largest rivers. Approximately 2 billion
people depend on the rivers fed by the plateau’s
The West Siberian Plain,
located in central Russia,
is considered one of the
world’s largest areas of
It extends from north to
south about 2,400
kilometers (1,500 miles)
and from west to east
about 1,900 kilometers
The plain contains some
of the world’s
largest swamps and flood
STEPPES OF CENTRAL ASIA
Central Asia is dominated by a steppe landscape, a large area of
flat, unforested grassland.
Mongolia can be divided into different steppe zones: the
mountain forest steppe, the arid steppe, and the desert steppe.
These zones transition from the country’s mountainous region in
the north to the Gobi Desert on the southern border with China.
GOBI DESERT is on the southern border with China. The Gobi
Desert is the largest desert in Asia, covering 500,000 square miles.
Extending from northern China into Mongolia, the Gobi Desert
receives an average of 7 inches of rainfall each year because the
Himalaya mountains block rain clouds from reaching the region.
TAKLA MAKAN DESERT China's largest desert extends over
123,550 square miles. Taklamakan is one of the largest sandy
deserts in the world. Despite the inhospitable and unpredictable
nature of the desert sands, the Chinese government erected a road
across the desert in the mid-1990s. This feat of structural and
environmental engineering involved planting millions of trees to
keep the sand from covering the road and setting up families along
the road to water the trees.
THAR DESERT covering 77,000 square miles in India and
Pakistan, the Thar Desert is Asia's only subtropical desert. Primarily
occupying the Indian state Rajasthan, the Thar has a high
population density for a desert. Thar inhabitants subsist on livestock
and agriculture. The western portion of the desert receives up to 20
inches of rain per year, primarily during the monsoon period from
July to September, and most crops are grown during this rainy
Lake Baikal, located in southern Russia, is the deepest lake in the
world, reaching a depth of 1,620 meters (5,315 feet).
The lake contains 20 percent of the world‟s
unfrozen freshwater, making it the largest reservoir on Earth. It is also
the world‟s oldest lake, at 25 million years old.
The Yangtze is the longest river in Asia and the third longest in the
world (behind the Amazon of South America and the Nile of Africa).
Reaching 6,300 kilometers (3,915 miles) in length, the Yangtze
moves east from the glaciers of the Tibetan Plateau to the
river‟s mouth on the East China Sea. The Yangtze is considered the
lifeblood of China.
It drains one-fifth of the country‟s land area, is home to one-third of
its population, and contributes greatly to China‟s economy.
DECIDUOUS FOREST –
Four distinct seasons with
warm summers and cold,
wet winters. The trees shed
their leaves in autumn.
Also known as Taiga, cold
and dry with snowy winters
and warmer summers.
Cold, windy and snowy. It is
winter from October to May
with temperatures below
freezing, while summer is
from June to September
where the temperature can
reach 15 C.
High temperatures and high
rainfall throughout the year.
Warm to high temperatures
with very little rainfall.
This area is characterized by
a layer of permafrost (soil that
has remained below freezing
for at least two years. Winters
are very cold, summers are
warm and there is little
GRASSLAND-Hot summers and cold winters with above
SAVANNA - Very high temperatures all year and rain during
the summer season only.