Training, Techniques, Shaping, Pressure, Rewards, and Results - Playing With Lukas


Published on Karen Murdock & Lukas, the World's Smartest Horse Friend Lukas on and Follow Lukas on

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Training, Techniques, Shaping, Pressure, Rewards, and Results - Playing With Lukas

  1. 1. PLAYING WITH LUKAS Presented by Karen Murdock
  2. 3. INTRODUCTIONS <ul><li>What will be covered today </li></ul><ul><li>My background and experience </li></ul><ul><li>How Lukas and I met </li></ul><ul><li>Lukas Media </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Inside Edition </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Associated Press </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Guinness Book of World Records </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ World’s Smartest Horse” </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 4. LUKAS’ HISTORY <ul><li>Race history </li></ul><ul><li>Training mistakes </li></ul><ul><li>Serious behavioral issues </li></ul>
  4. 5. THE TRAINING <ul><li>Recognizing the big picture </li></ul><ul><li>Importance of eliciting cooperation </li></ul><ul><li>In reality: </li></ul><ul><li>DESCRIBE, DEMONSTRATE, DISCUSS </li></ul>
  5. 6. TECHNIQUES <ul><li>How I replaced dangerous behavior with what he does now </li></ul><ul><li>Techniques - how and when to apply them, what results to expect and some problem-solving strategies </li></ul><ul><li>Discussion - Material reviewed and explored - an interactive process </li></ul>
  6. 7. TECHNIQUES CONT. <ul><li>3 Primary Elements: Shaping, Clickerless Training and Positive Reinforcement </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Shaping - the overall process but you need tools </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Clicker training and it's disadvantages, voice and whistles as click substitute </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pair click with food </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 8. SHAPING <ul><li>Shaping: introducing a behavior in a very gentle manner </li></ul><ul><li>Example: Smile </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Back to the foundation, shaping the smile </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Light touch to the muzzle, preferable on the center of the upper lip </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pause, take your finger - your touch and my touch </li></ul></ul>
  8. 9. PRESSURE <ul><li>Who cares about pressure? </li></ul><ul><li>Demanding intensity has several negative outcomes </li></ul><ul><li>The horses can also train us </li></ul><ul><li>Do less in order to achieve more </li></ul><ul><li>Why start with a heavy cue? </li></ul>
  9. 10. SHAPING CONT. <ul><li>Feather-light touch on the horse's muzzle and we.......wait </li></ul><ul><li>This is where most trainers get stuck </li></ul><ul><li>In conventional clicker training the click is an all/nothing even </li></ul><ul><li>Incorporate intermediary markers to lead the subject to target behavior </li></ul>
  10. 11. SHAPING CONT. <ul><li>Lightly touching the horse's muzzle </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Click marks the exact moment of maximum effort; the treat follows closely behind </li></ul></ul><ul><li>As soon as there is a reliable response, start expanding the response </li></ul><ul><li>Expect a bit of irritability and surprise </li></ul><ul><li>While waiting, maintain same cue pressure and positioning </li></ul>
  11. 12. SHAPING CONT. <ul><li>Light cue on the horse's muzzle. Standing in the same place and angle </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Watching and waiting </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Give the horse time </li></ul><ul><li>Watching for any lip movement (even an inclination) </li></ul><ul><li>Don't usually have to wait long, 2 in a row, several brief sessions </li></ul>
  12. 13. SHAPING IN ACTION <ul><li>Traditional punishment training which I'm sure NONE of you use </li></ul><ul><li>Example of conventional clicker training </li></ul><ul><li>Let's try mine </li></ul>
  13. 14. REWARDS <ul><li>A speech in itself </li></ul><ul><li>Continue to link click(s) </li></ul><ul><li>Steady, intermittent, random, jackpots </li></ul>
  14. 15. RESULTS
  15. 16. FINAL THOUGHTS <ul><li>Having a respectful and appreciative attitude can do wonders for training results </li></ul><ul><li>From a training perspective it just makes good sense </li></ul><ul><li>Confusing if trainer switches to J, R and whatever </li></ul><ul><li>This knowledge came to me hard-won </li></ul>
  16. 17. Visit Friend Lukas on Follow Lukas on