Integrated transboundary flood risk management, following the principles of the EU Flood Risk Management Directive 15 partners, 12 countries 6 river basins: Bug, Elbe, Meuse, Rur, Somes, Sotla (Sava)
We do this cross border, because: Unbalanced strategies along the border lead to: Disproportional flooding Harm of ecological functions Cooperation: Complete comprehension of future effects (climate, population) Integrated strategies Adapted approaches
Lack of accurate hydrologic and hydraulic information and up-to-date data Outer EU border: example Bug Elbe upstream – downstream Conflict of interest: Maas and Sava: vaarweg en natuur For example the river may be functioning as a major waterway in the downstream country but only forms a relatively small and economically less important stream in the upstream country. EU-non-EU: Bug: kennis en kunde aanwezig, maar onvoldoende relaties om uit te wisselen. EU Regels gelden niet
In all rivers joint assessment of flood risk has been executed, and transboundary flood hazard and flood risk maps for various scenarios were developed. Attention has been paid to economic, ecologic and social/cultural values in de areas involved. The assessment and maps are a good basis for the determination of flood risk management and adaptation strategies Joint catalogue of objectives and measures based on FRMC Spatial planning Builiding law Disaster and emergency planning Water management Agriculture and forestry Nature conservation Stakeholders Insurers Hydraulic interventions are difficult to define because of lack of common model. Already planned are dike relocations and removing, inundation areas and the realizxation of a retention polder. The consequences of these measures are cross border and have been elaborated in the spatial planning in both the States Brabdenburg and Berlin. The states agreed upon Disaster management, but local action is required Generic cross border measures between Brandenburg and Saxony: data exchange, information management, joint modelling etc. Czech republic: joint flood risk assessment and hazard and risk maps are being developed. Flood risk management plans are bridge too far within this project. Difficulty is that the Czech organizational and administrative structure doesn’t fit with the German structures. Complex to find the right partners.
Common model: at the start there was nothing. Data and detailed maps are absent because of military status of Belarussioan area. For determination of measures a commo0n approach will be followed, based on the Polish example. Inundation zones have been determined for various scenarios. Local authorities have been committed to prevent from building in inundation zones. Because of the starting point at the beginning of the project, the main focus is information exchange, building relations and cross border contacts. Maximum river basin runoff estimated and calculated in the frame of the FLOOD-WISE Project for development of the FHMs and FRMs can be used for assessment of possible future climate change impact on maximum runoff; Flood Risk Maps and Flood Hazard Maps are important and necessary part of information needed for the development of the measures to possible climate change adaptation; Measures on adaptation to climate change should taking into account measures of the Flood Risk Management Plan; Combination of climate change adaptation measures with flood protection measures and restoration measures (including of nature development and other goals) can be improve of water regime and ecological situation in river basin.
Presentation FLOOD-WISE at UNECE
Towards joint flood risk management in transboundary basins Preliminary results of FLOOD-WISEBart Swanenvleugel
C o nte nts•Introduction of the FLOOD-WISE project•Obstacles to flood risk management in transboundaryregions•Achievements in FLOOD-WISE – Elbe – Bug – Others…•Preliminary results of FLOOD-WISE
1. F L O O D -W I S E a p p r o a c h3 phases addressing 3 different flood riskmanagement tools:6.Flood risk assessment7.Flood risk maps8.Flood risk management plans
2 . O b s t a c le s t o f lo o d r is k m a n a g e m e n t in• Howa nyoub o uwhether your area g at risk,s the t r do s know n d a r y r e is i o n if flood comes from abroad?• Upstream should not shift it’s problems downstream• Measures in other country are more cost effective• It is difficult to have an overview of all institutions involved on the other side of the border• Conflicts of interests across borders• EU / non-EU borders
3 . A c h ie v e m e n t s t o w a r d s c r o s s b o r d e r f lo o d r is k m a n a g e m e n t – E lb e Layer Area of action Objectives Measures FRMC Precautionary Flood adapted planning, construc- Flood adapted planning, construc- tion and renovation tion and renovation of public build- building Prevention Flood proof storage of water haz- ings and infrastructure ardous substances Raising awareness, information, Architectural, engineering and ar- advice programmes tisanal service Conversion from oil to gas heating Training programmes Natural water re- increase natural retention Site-appropriate agriculture and recovery of lost floodplains and forestry tention retention areas Restoration of water bodies Recovery of floodplains Rainwater infiltration and use Technical Flood Reduce flood discharge to target Construction of systems for the level retention of flood water (continua- Protection Protection tion, acceleration, expansion) Flood protection Safeguard/improve discharge ca- Excavation in alluvial zones Pilot area Mühlberg: pacity Floodgates, impounding dams Dikes, flood protection walls, dams Keeping clear flood discharge cross sections Physical protec- tion of buildings Flood protection for individual prop- erties and sites at flood risk Measures for physical protection Raising awareness, information, advice programmes •Joint catalogue of objectives and Information Flood information and forecasting Timely information and forecasts on flood, water levels Issue warning as early as possible Set up or improve flood information and forecast service Establish/improve local warning measures •Hydraulic interventions -> lack of systems Flood warning Hazard prevention Detailed contingency planning Updating contingency plan and civil protection Resource planning Organization of resources common model Targeted preparation and instruction Trainings/practice exercises to minimize damage, targeted Preparedness measures to prepare affected com- munities Deploy competent rescue workers Provide resources and rescue work- ers training programmes and regular training civil military cooperation •Disaster management -> local action required Precautionary be- Raising awareness of flood risk publication of hazard and risk maps haviour Preparation for flood events information via the media, publica- tion of information materials (Public awareness raising awareness, advice and preparedness) Protection against Financial protection Practice exercises for flood events Raising awareness, information, advice •Generic cross border measures With Czech Republic: risk Insurance Flood response Further improve flood aftercare Aftercare planning Priority area for preventive flood protection Review and evaluation of flood Emergency •Joint maps Response (HQ100-IST) events Identification of responsibilities and tools Priority area for preventive flood protection Development and publication of (planned relocation of dikes out of HQ100-IST) manuals Recovery Further improve flood preparedness Review and evaluation of flood events Recovery Reserved area for preventive flood protection Identification of responsibilities and tools Development and publication of manuals
3 . A c h ie v e m e n t s t o w a r d s c r o s s b o r d e r f lo o d r is k ma na g e me nt – B ug Pilot: Joint FRMP Belarus – Poland – Ukraine •Development common model •Focus on calamity management and early warning •Determination of possible inundation zones, dike improvement, cleaning of the flood plain Combining adaptation-, flood protection- and restoration measures will improve water regime and ecological status in river basin
3 . A c h ie v e m e n t s t o w a r d s c r o s s b o r d e r f lo o d r is k• Implementation of ‘upstream rule’ n t ma na g e me• Joint transboundary flood risk and flood hazard maps for different scenarios• Meuse - development of 1 climate model for 1 river• Somes: • Joint transboundary inspections and flow measurements, increased data exchange • Mutual assistance in flood protection • Harmonization of legislation
4 . P r e lim in a r y r e s u lt s o f F L O O D -W IS EProject statement withrecommendations for transboundaryflood risk management Open platform with good practices of transboundary flood risk management (www.wise-rtd.info) Serious Game about transboundary cooperation in water resources management
F in a l F L O O D -W IS E c o nfe re nc e October, 22-24 2012 in Maastricht Presentation of all 6 River Basin Flood Risk Managements Plans, including the Flood Hazard and Flood Risk Maps and determination of Measures to be taken.Lectures and discussions about transboundary flood risk management You are all invited to attend!!