SlideShare a Scribd company logo
Public Participation
College of Engineering, Pune
History of Public Participation (Global front)
 Karl Mannhiem’s in his book “Man and Society in an Age of Reconstruction
(1940)”; first emphasised the importance of Public Participation in its
crudest form.
 He proposed the power quotient for the government and Action for the
citizens.
 Frederick Hayek lead an opposition against the authoritative role of
government in Mannheim’s theories.
 Planning was then defined in two context—the process (e.g. organizing
public participation) or the content (e.g. designing policy to control
sprawl). Evolution of Advocacy Planning.
Advocacy Planning..
Advocacy planning is about the development of.
An Overall Change Strategy
 long-term plan that embodies vision and reflects where we are,
where we want to go and how we can get there.
A Campaign
 medium-term plan with activities aimed at influencing the policy
environment and public opinion.
Tactics, Actions, or Activities
 short-term activities within a larger change strategy, designed for
a specific moment and opportunity.
Advocacy planning is a continual process. If some groups have not been
involved in the initial stages of planning, they can be included later when
plans are being reviewed and modified.
Indian contextual Public Participation..
 During British Regime: Indian Leaders pressed for Autonomy at National
Level..
 After Independence: ‘Directive in article 40’ instated State to take steps to
organise Village Panchayats (Unit of Self Govt.)
 Rajeev Gandhi’s initiative: Notwithstanding cause Local units not
functioning as units of representative democracy, elections not held for
several years.
 Until constitutional Amendment act: Municipalities functioned as agencies
of civil services. Panchayats functioned as agencies of rural development
schemes.
 Micro level planning and Development required.
Amendments towards Public Participation
73rd
Amendment Act, 1992 (Rural)
 Hierarchy in administration (3 tier system): Village panchayat, District
Panchayat and Intermediate (Janpad Panchayat)..
 Plans for economic development and social justice. Power to impose taxes,
dutys, tolls.. Grant in aid to Panchayats.
 Election Commission: Gram Sabha.
74th
Amendment Act, 1993 (Urban)
 Hierarchy in administration (3 tier system): Nagar Panchayat for transitional
areas, Municipal councils for smaller urban areas, Municipal Corporation for
metropolis.
 Town Planning: Regulation of land use and control of Buildings.
 Slum improvement and upgradation.
 Planning Committee: DP for Metropolitan areas
 District Planning Committee for draft DP of District areas.
 State Finance Commission.
Current Scenario.. (Indian Context)
 Setting up of Ward Committees.
 Rural areas: Panchayat Raj Institutions.
 Community Participatory Law (CPL) mandated under JnNURM.
 Ward Committees in Mumbai
 MoUD: 12 States have enacted CPL.
 Viz. AP, Assam, Gujarat, Haryana, Kerala, MP,
MH, Rajasthan, Bihar, Tripura, UP and WB.
 Proposal for Sabha areas.
What is Public Participation
 Political principle or practice, and may also
recognised as a right.
 Practice of stakeholder engagement and popular
participation.
 Seeks and facilitates the involvement of those
potentially affected by or interested in a decision.
 The people affected by a decision have a right to
be involved in the decision-making process.
 The public's contribution will influence the
decision.
 Part of “people centred” or "human centric"
principles.
 Way of empowerment and as vital part of
democratic governance.
Methods for involving citizens
 Citizens must be given the opportunity and encouragement to participate.
 Many citizens do not possess the skills necessary to act effectively on their
own.
Merits Of Public Participation..
 Improve qualities of decision.
 Minimizing cost and delays
 Increase ease of implementation.
 Avoiding worst case of
confliction.
Importance of Public Participation..
 Opportunities for mutual education of everyone involved.
 Decision makers, in a relatively short amount of time, often can get
additional information, technical expertise, creativity .
 Taking part in effective public participation encourages civic and
community responsibility in meaningful ways.
Public Policy..
 In few countries public participation has become a central principle of public
policy making.
 Large-scale consultations, focus group research, online discussion forums, or
deliberative citizens' juries.
 A tool, intended to inform planning, organising or funding of activities.
 In the USA proposed rules are subject to public comment for a specified
period of time.
 Statutes or agency policies may mandate public hearings during this period.

More Related Content

What's hot

LAP Project Concept
LAP Project ConceptLAP Project Concept
LAP Project Concept
CEPT University
 
Meaning and Need of Urban Planning
Meaning and Need of Urban Planning Meaning and Need of Urban Planning
Meaning and Need of Urban Planning
Ravi Varma reddy
 
Urban planning in india
Urban planning in indiaUrban planning in india
Urban planning in india
RISHABH SHARMA
 
Urban Management & Governance Structures in India
Urban Management & Governance Structures in IndiaUrban Management & Governance Structures in India
Urban Management & Governance Structures in India
Ravikant Joshi
 
rural planning
rural planningrural planning
rural planning
Muhammad Sohrab
 
Architecture Town And Planing Lecture
Architecture Town And Planing LectureArchitecture Town And Planing Lecture
Architecture Town And Planing Lecture
MUST,Mirpur AJK,Pakistan
 
Urban morphology
Urban morphologyUrban morphology
Urban morphology
PETER NAIBEI
 
Ppt public participation
Ppt public participationPpt public participation
Ppt public participation
James Kunni Dido
 
Part 2 - Urban planning history, theories, and concepts
Part 2 - Urban planning history, theories, and conceptsPart 2 - Urban planning history, theories, and concepts
Part 2 - Urban planning history, theories, and concepts
EnP Ragene Andrea Palma
 
Urban Planning and Policies
Urban Planning and PoliciesUrban Planning and Policies
Urban Planning and Policies
safdarali abbas
 
Introduction to town and Urban planning
Introduction to town and Urban planningIntroduction to town and Urban planning
Introduction to town and Urban planning
Waleed Liaqat
 
Regional planning ppt
Regional planning pptRegional planning ppt
Regional planning ppt
shradha arun
 
local area plan, Vasna ward, Ahmedabad
local area plan, Vasna ward, Ahmedabadlocal area plan, Vasna ward, Ahmedabad
local area plan, Vasna ward, Ahmedabad
Pratham Pincha
 
Urbanism
UrbanismUrbanism
Urbanism
Mehul Kanodia
 
Defination and types of slums
Defination and types of slumsDefination and types of slums
Defination and types of slums
jadabmunda
 
Politics and Urban Planning Process
Politics and Urban Planning ProcessPolitics and Urban Planning Process
Politics and Urban Planning Process
ASRufai
 
Strategies for metropolitan planning
Strategies for metropolitan planningStrategies for metropolitan planning
Strategies for metropolitan planning
ASRufai
 
Lectures 5 rup 2185 roles of planners
Lectures  5 rup 2185 roles of planners Lectures  5 rup 2185 roles of planners
Lectures 5 rup 2185 roles of planners
MARKZIMUNYA
 
Theories of Urban Growth Hierarchy and stages of Urban development
Theories of Urban Growth Hierarchy and stages of Urban developmentTheories of Urban Growth Hierarchy and stages of Urban development
Theories of Urban Growth Hierarchy and stages of Urban development
Somesh Siddharth
 
Urban sociology
Urban sociologyUrban sociology
Urban sociology
Ammar Farooq
 

What's hot (20)

LAP Project Concept
LAP Project ConceptLAP Project Concept
LAP Project Concept
 
Meaning and Need of Urban Planning
Meaning and Need of Urban Planning Meaning and Need of Urban Planning
Meaning and Need of Urban Planning
 
Urban planning in india
Urban planning in indiaUrban planning in india
Urban planning in india
 
Urban Management & Governance Structures in India
Urban Management & Governance Structures in IndiaUrban Management & Governance Structures in India
Urban Management & Governance Structures in India
 
rural planning
rural planningrural planning
rural planning
 
Architecture Town And Planing Lecture
Architecture Town And Planing LectureArchitecture Town And Planing Lecture
Architecture Town And Planing Lecture
 
Urban morphology
Urban morphologyUrban morphology
Urban morphology
 
Ppt public participation
Ppt public participationPpt public participation
Ppt public participation
 
Part 2 - Urban planning history, theories, and concepts
Part 2 - Urban planning history, theories, and conceptsPart 2 - Urban planning history, theories, and concepts
Part 2 - Urban planning history, theories, and concepts
 
Urban Planning and Policies
Urban Planning and PoliciesUrban Planning and Policies
Urban Planning and Policies
 
Introduction to town and Urban planning
Introduction to town and Urban planningIntroduction to town and Urban planning
Introduction to town and Urban planning
 
Regional planning ppt
Regional planning pptRegional planning ppt
Regional planning ppt
 
local area plan, Vasna ward, Ahmedabad
local area plan, Vasna ward, Ahmedabadlocal area plan, Vasna ward, Ahmedabad
local area plan, Vasna ward, Ahmedabad
 
Urbanism
UrbanismUrbanism
Urbanism
 
Defination and types of slums
Defination and types of slumsDefination and types of slums
Defination and types of slums
 
Politics and Urban Planning Process
Politics and Urban Planning ProcessPolitics and Urban Planning Process
Politics and Urban Planning Process
 
Strategies for metropolitan planning
Strategies for metropolitan planningStrategies for metropolitan planning
Strategies for metropolitan planning
 
Lectures 5 rup 2185 roles of planners
Lectures  5 rup 2185 roles of planners Lectures  5 rup 2185 roles of planners
Lectures 5 rup 2185 roles of planners
 
Theories of Urban Growth Hierarchy and stages of Urban development
Theories of Urban Growth Hierarchy and stages of Urban developmentTheories of Urban Growth Hierarchy and stages of Urban development
Theories of Urban Growth Hierarchy and stages of Urban development
 
Urban sociology
Urban sociologyUrban sociology
Urban sociology
 

Viewers also liked

Public Participation in Preparation of Development Plans
Public Participation in Preparation of Development PlansPublic Participation in Preparation of Development Plans
Public Participation in Preparation of Development Plans
Shubhranshu Upadhyay
 
community participation and techniques ofr it oct 2014
community participation and techniques ofr it oct 2014community participation and techniques ofr it oct 2014
community participation and techniques ofr it oct 2014
chauhan25
 
The advantages and disadvantages of the participatory approach
The advantages and disadvantages of the participatory approachThe advantages and disadvantages of the participatory approach
The advantages and disadvantages of the participatory approach
Ryan Esponilla
 
Public Participation in Urban Transport Projects: Lessons from China
Public Participation in Urban Transport Projects: Lessons from ChinaPublic Participation in Urban Transport Projects: Lessons from China
Public Participation in Urban Transport Projects: Lessons from China
WRI Ross Center for Sustainable Cities
 
Local Governments and Decentralisation in India
Local Governments and Decentralisation in IndiaLocal Governments and Decentralisation in India
Local Governments and Decentralisation in India
AI_2014
 
The social teachings of the catholic church
The social teachings of the catholic church The social teachings of the catholic church
The social teachings of the catholic church
johnlorenz540
 
C7_D11 Community Participation and Empowerment_Rabindra Nath Sabat
C7_D11 Community Participation and Empowerment_Rabindra Nath SabatC7_D11 Community Participation and Empowerment_Rabindra Nath Sabat
C7_D11 Community Participation and Empowerment_Rabindra Nath Sabat
ocasiconference
 
Political leadership and community participation
Political leadership and community participation  Political leadership and community participation
Political leadership and community participation
csip.org > slide ความปลอดภัยในเด็ก
 
The Role of Communities in Community Safety Promotion
The Role of Communities in Community Safety Promotion The Role of Communities in Community Safety Promotion
The Role of Communities in Community Safety Promotion
csip.org > slide ความปลอดภัยในเด็ก
 
Participatory rapid appraisal
Participatory rapid appraisalParticipatory rapid appraisal
Participatory rapid appraisal
ronelcana
 
Catholic Social Teaching Solidarity
Catholic Social Teaching SolidarityCatholic Social Teaching Solidarity
Catholic Social Teaching Solidarity
Missionaries of the Sacred Heart USA Province
 
Catholic Social Teaching
Catholic Social TeachingCatholic Social Teaching
Catholic Social Teaching
Catholic Social Service
 
Catholic Social Teaching Ppt
Catholic Social Teaching PptCatholic Social Teaching Ppt
Catholic Social Teaching Ppt
West Livaudais
 
Community Participation In Primary Health Care
Community Participation In Primary Health CareCommunity Participation In Primary Health Care
Community Participation In Primary Health Care
cphe
 
Community Planning: Principles, Methods and Strategies
Community Planning: Principles, Methods and StrategiesCommunity Planning: Principles, Methods and Strategies
Community Planning: Principles, Methods and Strategies
Nick Wates
 
New community participation
New community participationNew community participation
New community participation
Sudharshini Subramaniam
 
Community participation
Community participationCommunity participation
Community participation
collinschimuti
 
Hearing loss ppt final
Hearing loss ppt finalHearing loss ppt final
Hearing loss ppt final
Centennial College
 
Urban Planning theories and models
Urban Planning theories and modelsUrban Planning theories and models
Urban Planning theories and models
Geofrey Yator
 

Viewers also liked (19)

Public Participation in Preparation of Development Plans
Public Participation in Preparation of Development PlansPublic Participation in Preparation of Development Plans
Public Participation in Preparation of Development Plans
 
community participation and techniques ofr it oct 2014
community participation and techniques ofr it oct 2014community participation and techniques ofr it oct 2014
community participation and techniques ofr it oct 2014
 
The advantages and disadvantages of the participatory approach
The advantages and disadvantages of the participatory approachThe advantages and disadvantages of the participatory approach
The advantages and disadvantages of the participatory approach
 
Public Participation in Urban Transport Projects: Lessons from China
Public Participation in Urban Transport Projects: Lessons from ChinaPublic Participation in Urban Transport Projects: Lessons from China
Public Participation in Urban Transport Projects: Lessons from China
 
Local Governments and Decentralisation in India
Local Governments and Decentralisation in IndiaLocal Governments and Decentralisation in India
Local Governments and Decentralisation in India
 
The social teachings of the catholic church
The social teachings of the catholic church The social teachings of the catholic church
The social teachings of the catholic church
 
C7_D11 Community Participation and Empowerment_Rabindra Nath Sabat
C7_D11 Community Participation and Empowerment_Rabindra Nath SabatC7_D11 Community Participation and Empowerment_Rabindra Nath Sabat
C7_D11 Community Participation and Empowerment_Rabindra Nath Sabat
 
Political leadership and community participation
Political leadership and community participation  Political leadership and community participation
Political leadership and community participation
 
The Role of Communities in Community Safety Promotion
The Role of Communities in Community Safety Promotion The Role of Communities in Community Safety Promotion
The Role of Communities in Community Safety Promotion
 
Participatory rapid appraisal
Participatory rapid appraisalParticipatory rapid appraisal
Participatory rapid appraisal
 
Catholic Social Teaching Solidarity
Catholic Social Teaching SolidarityCatholic Social Teaching Solidarity
Catholic Social Teaching Solidarity
 
Catholic Social Teaching
Catholic Social TeachingCatholic Social Teaching
Catholic Social Teaching
 
Catholic Social Teaching Ppt
Catholic Social Teaching PptCatholic Social Teaching Ppt
Catholic Social Teaching Ppt
 
Community Participation In Primary Health Care
Community Participation In Primary Health CareCommunity Participation In Primary Health Care
Community Participation In Primary Health Care
 
Community Planning: Principles, Methods and Strategies
Community Planning: Principles, Methods and StrategiesCommunity Planning: Principles, Methods and Strategies
Community Planning: Principles, Methods and Strategies
 
New community participation
New community participationNew community participation
New community participation
 
Community participation
Community participationCommunity participation
Community participation
 
Hearing loss ppt final
Hearing loss ppt finalHearing loss ppt final
Hearing loss ppt final
 
Urban Planning theories and models
Urban Planning theories and modelsUrban Planning theories and models
Urban Planning theories and models
 

Similar to 104 Public Participation I

4. com h org and dev unit 4
4. com h org and dev unit 44. com h org and dev unit 4
4. com h org and dev unit 4
Upendra Raj Dhakal
 
Citizen Engagement - A Catalyst for Effective Local Government
Citizen Engagement - A Catalyst for Effective Local GovernmentCitizen Engagement - A Catalyst for Effective Local Government
Citizen Engagement - A Catalyst for Effective Local Government
Lucy Hulford
 
Citizen engagement final project
Citizen engagement final projectCitizen engagement final project
Citizen engagement final project
Hassan Danguguwa
 
Day 2 rule of law & civic & stakeholder engagement
Day 2   rule of law & civic & stakeholder engagementDay 2   rule of law & civic & stakeholder engagement
Day 2 rule of law & civic & stakeholder engagement
Zohaib Amjad
 
105 Public Participation II
105 Public Participation II105 Public Participation II
105 Public Participation II
CoEP
 
015402768.pdf
015402768.pdf015402768.pdf
015402768.pdf
EidTahir
 
Participatory approach
Participatory approachParticipatory approach
Participatory approach
Athira Shynne
 
Writing Sample 2 -Bridging the Divide: Enhancing Public Engagement in Urban D...
Writing Sample 2 -Bridging the Divide: Enhancing Public Engagement in Urban D...Writing Sample 2 -Bridging the Divide: Enhancing Public Engagement in Urban D...
Writing Sample 2 -Bridging the Divide: Enhancing Public Engagement in Urban D...
Rahsaan L. Browne
 
Community participation the arnstein ladder
Community participation the arnstein ladderCommunity participation the arnstein ladder
Community participation the arnstein ladder
Tim Curtis
 
Transforming Governance
Transforming GovernanceTransforming Governance
Transforming Governance
Nicole Cabral
 
Public Administration Essay
Public Administration EssayPublic Administration Essay
Public Administration Essay
Paper Writing Service Superiorpapers
 
Innovating Public Service Delivery Through Crowdsourcing: What Role for The T...
Innovating Public Service Delivery Through Crowdsourcing: What Role for The T...Innovating Public Service Delivery Through Crowdsourcing: What Role for The T...
Innovating Public Service Delivery Through Crowdsourcing: What Role for The T...
CSCJournals
 
Social Accountability_Jeff Thindwa_10.16.13
Social Accountability_Jeff Thindwa_10.16.13Social Accountability_Jeff Thindwa_10.16.13
Social Accountability_Jeff Thindwa_10.16.13
CORE Group
 
Public Policy Essay
Public Policy EssayPublic Policy Essay
Public Policy Essay
Cheap Paper Writing Services
 
Rothman’s three models of Community Organisation
Rothman’s three models of Community OrganisationRothman’s three models of Community Organisation
Rothman’s three models of Community Organisation
Dr. Sreenivasa Reddy. D
 
Penganggaran Partisipatif (Participatory Budgeting)
Penganggaran Partisipatif (Participatory Budgeting)Penganggaran Partisipatif (Participatory Budgeting)
Penganggaran Partisipatif (Participatory Budgeting)
Fahrul Azmi
 
Community-Organizing-Participatory-Action-Research.docx
Community-Organizing-Participatory-Action-Research.docxCommunity-Organizing-Participatory-Action-Research.docx
Community-Organizing-Participatory-Action-Research.docx
urgfhehe
 
Participatory development
Participatory developmentParticipatory development
Participatory development
Marijane Reyes
 
The Next Form of Democracy - Santa Rosa presentation
The Next Form of Democracy - Santa Rosa presentationThe Next Form of Democracy - Santa Rosa presentation
The Next Form of Democracy - Santa Rosa presentation
Matt Leighninger
 
16.particepatory rural development projects
16.particepatory rural development projects16.particepatory rural development projects
16.particepatory rural development projects
Mr.Allah Dad Khan
 

Similar to 104 Public Participation I (20)

4. com h org and dev unit 4
4. com h org and dev unit 44. com h org and dev unit 4
4. com h org and dev unit 4
 
Citizen Engagement - A Catalyst for Effective Local Government
Citizen Engagement - A Catalyst for Effective Local GovernmentCitizen Engagement - A Catalyst for Effective Local Government
Citizen Engagement - A Catalyst for Effective Local Government
 
Citizen engagement final project
Citizen engagement final projectCitizen engagement final project
Citizen engagement final project
 
Day 2 rule of law & civic & stakeholder engagement
Day 2   rule of law & civic & stakeholder engagementDay 2   rule of law & civic & stakeholder engagement
Day 2 rule of law & civic & stakeholder engagement
 
105 Public Participation II
105 Public Participation II105 Public Participation II
105 Public Participation II
 
015402768.pdf
015402768.pdf015402768.pdf
015402768.pdf
 
Participatory approach
Participatory approachParticipatory approach
Participatory approach
 
Writing Sample 2 -Bridging the Divide: Enhancing Public Engagement in Urban D...
Writing Sample 2 -Bridging the Divide: Enhancing Public Engagement in Urban D...Writing Sample 2 -Bridging the Divide: Enhancing Public Engagement in Urban D...
Writing Sample 2 -Bridging the Divide: Enhancing Public Engagement in Urban D...
 
Community participation the arnstein ladder
Community participation the arnstein ladderCommunity participation the arnstein ladder
Community participation the arnstein ladder
 
Transforming Governance
Transforming GovernanceTransforming Governance
Transforming Governance
 
Public Administration Essay
Public Administration EssayPublic Administration Essay
Public Administration Essay
 
Innovating Public Service Delivery Through Crowdsourcing: What Role for The T...
Innovating Public Service Delivery Through Crowdsourcing: What Role for The T...Innovating Public Service Delivery Through Crowdsourcing: What Role for The T...
Innovating Public Service Delivery Through Crowdsourcing: What Role for The T...
 
Social Accountability_Jeff Thindwa_10.16.13
Social Accountability_Jeff Thindwa_10.16.13Social Accountability_Jeff Thindwa_10.16.13
Social Accountability_Jeff Thindwa_10.16.13
 
Public Policy Essay
Public Policy EssayPublic Policy Essay
Public Policy Essay
 
Rothman’s three models of Community Organisation
Rothman’s three models of Community OrganisationRothman’s three models of Community Organisation
Rothman’s three models of Community Organisation
 
Penganggaran Partisipatif (Participatory Budgeting)
Penganggaran Partisipatif (Participatory Budgeting)Penganggaran Partisipatif (Participatory Budgeting)
Penganggaran Partisipatif (Participatory Budgeting)
 
Community-Organizing-Participatory-Action-Research.docx
Community-Organizing-Participatory-Action-Research.docxCommunity-Organizing-Participatory-Action-Research.docx
Community-Organizing-Participatory-Action-Research.docx
 
Participatory development
Participatory developmentParticipatory development
Participatory development
 
The Next Form of Democracy - Santa Rosa presentation
The Next Form of Democracy - Santa Rosa presentationThe Next Form of Democracy - Santa Rosa presentation
The Next Form of Democracy - Santa Rosa presentation
 
16.particepatory rural development projects
16.particepatory rural development projects16.particepatory rural development projects
16.particepatory rural development projects
 

More from CoEP

Islamabad city planning
Islamabad city planningIslamabad city planning
Islamabad city planning
CoEP
 
Decentralization concept & city evolution
Decentralization concept & city evolutionDecentralization concept & city evolution
Decentralization concept & city evolution
CoEP
 
Globalisation
GlobalisationGlobalisation
Globalisation
CoEP
 
Plan preparation techniques
Plan preparation techniquesPlan preparation techniques
Plan preparation techniques
CoEP
 
Rational planning and Sustainability
Rational planning and SustainabilityRational planning and Sustainability
Rational planning and Sustainability
CoEP
 
Compact city
Compact cityCompact city
Compact city
CoEP
 
Garden city
Garden cityGarden city
Garden city
CoEP
 
Image of the city
Image of the cityImage of the city
Image of the city
CoEP
 
Central Place Theory
Central Place TheoryCentral Place Theory
Central Place Theory
CoEP
 
Primate city and Rank Size Rule
Primate city and Rank Size RulePrimate city and Rank Size Rule
Primate city and Rank Size Rule
CoEP
 
103 Planning Theory i
103 Planning Theory i103 Planning Theory i
103 Planning Theory i
CoEP
 
101 Planning Theory I
101 Planning Theory I101 Planning Theory I
101 Planning Theory I
CoEP
 

More from CoEP (12)

Islamabad city planning
Islamabad city planningIslamabad city planning
Islamabad city planning
 
Decentralization concept & city evolution
Decentralization concept & city evolutionDecentralization concept & city evolution
Decentralization concept & city evolution
 
Globalisation
GlobalisationGlobalisation
Globalisation
 
Plan preparation techniques
Plan preparation techniquesPlan preparation techniques
Plan preparation techniques
 
Rational planning and Sustainability
Rational planning and SustainabilityRational planning and Sustainability
Rational planning and Sustainability
 
Compact city
Compact cityCompact city
Compact city
 
Garden city
Garden cityGarden city
Garden city
 
Image of the city
Image of the cityImage of the city
Image of the city
 
Central Place Theory
Central Place TheoryCentral Place Theory
Central Place Theory
 
Primate city and Rank Size Rule
Primate city and Rank Size RulePrimate city and Rank Size Rule
Primate city and Rank Size Rule
 
103 Planning Theory i
103 Planning Theory i103 Planning Theory i
103 Planning Theory i
 
101 Planning Theory I
101 Planning Theory I101 Planning Theory I
101 Planning Theory I
 

Recently uploaded

11. Post harvest quality, Quality criteria and Judgement.pptx
11. Post harvest quality, Quality criteria and Judgement.pptx11. Post harvest quality, Quality criteria and Judgement.pptx
11. Post harvest quality, Quality criteria and Judgement.pptx
UmeshTimilsina1
 
Open and Critical Perspectives on AI in Education
Open and Critical Perspectives on AI in EducationOpen and Critical Perspectives on AI in Education
Open and Critical Perspectives on AI in Education
Robert Farrow
 
5. Postharvest deterioration of fruits and vegetables.pptx
5. Postharvest deterioration of fruits and vegetables.pptx5. Postharvest deterioration of fruits and vegetables.pptx
5. Postharvest deterioration of fruits and vegetables.pptx
UmeshTimilsina1
 
SQL Server Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat
SQL Server Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHatSQL Server Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat
SQL Server Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat
Scholarhat
 
FIRST AID PRESENTATION ON INDUSTRIAL SAFETY by dr lal.ppt
FIRST AID PRESENTATION ON INDUSTRIAL SAFETY by dr lal.pptFIRST AID PRESENTATION ON INDUSTRIAL SAFETY by dr lal.ppt
FIRST AID PRESENTATION ON INDUSTRIAL SAFETY by dr lal.ppt
ashutoshklal29
 
ASP.NET Core Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat.pdf
ASP.NET Core Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat.pdfASP.NET Core Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat.pdf
ASP.NET Core Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat.pdf
Scholarhat
 
QCE – Unpacking the syllabus Implications for Senior School practices and ass...
QCE – Unpacking the syllabus Implications for Senior School practices and ass...QCE – Unpacking the syllabus Implications for Senior School practices and ass...
QCE – Unpacking the syllabus Implications for Senior School practices and ass...
mansk2
 
Parkinson Disease & Anti-Parkinsonian Drugs.pptx
Parkinson Disease & Anti-Parkinsonian Drugs.pptxParkinson Disease & Anti-Parkinsonian Drugs.pptx
Parkinson Disease & Anti-Parkinsonian Drugs.pptx
AnujVishwakarma34
 
7. Post Harvest Entomology and their control.pptx
7. Post Harvest Entomology and their control.pptx7. Post Harvest Entomology and their control.pptx
7. Post Harvest Entomology and their control.pptx
UmeshTimilsina1
 
JavaScript Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat
JavaScript Interview  Questions PDF By ScholarHatJavaScript Interview  Questions PDF By ScholarHat
JavaScript Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat
Scholarhat
 
Introduction to Google Productivity Tools for Office and Personal Use
Introduction to Google Productivity Tools for Office and Personal UseIntroduction to Google Productivity Tools for Office and Personal Use
Introduction to Google Productivity Tools for Office and Personal Use
Excellence Foundation for South Sudan
 
Odoo 17 Events - Attendees List Scanning
Odoo 17 Events - Attendees List ScanningOdoo 17 Events - Attendees List Scanning
Odoo 17 Events - Attendees List Scanning
Celine George
 
C# Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat.pdf
C# Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat.pdfC# Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat.pdf
C# Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat.pdf
Scholarhat
 
Dot NET Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat
Dot NET Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHatDot NET Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat
Dot NET Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat
Scholarhat
 
Node JS Interview Question PDF By ScholarHat
Node JS Interview Question PDF By ScholarHatNode JS Interview Question PDF By ScholarHat
Node JS Interview Question PDF By ScholarHat
Scholarhat
 
Open Source and AI - ByWater Closing Keynote Presentation.pdf
Open Source and AI - ByWater Closing Keynote Presentation.pdfOpen Source and AI - ByWater Closing Keynote Presentation.pdf
Open Source and AI - ByWater Closing Keynote Presentation.pdf
Jessica Zairo
 
2024 Winter SWAYAM NPTEL & A Student.pptx
2024 Winter SWAYAM NPTEL & A Student.pptx2024 Winter SWAYAM NPTEL & A Student.pptx
2024 Winter SWAYAM NPTEL & A Student.pptx
Utsav Yagnik
 
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ 4 KỸ NĂNG TIẾNG ANH LỚP 12 - GLOBAL SUCCESS - FORM MỚI 2025 - ...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ 4 KỸ NĂNG TIẾNG ANH LỚP 12 - GLOBAL SUCCESS - FORM MỚI 2025 - ...BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ 4 KỸ NĂNG TIẾNG ANH LỚP 12 - GLOBAL SUCCESS - FORM MỚI 2025 - ...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ 4 KỸ NĂNG TIẾNG ANH LỚP 12 - GLOBAL SUCCESS - FORM MỚI 2025 - ...
Nguyen Thanh Tu Collection
 
Codeavour 5.0 International Impact Report - The Biggest International AI, Cod...
Codeavour 5.0 International Impact Report - The Biggest International AI, Cod...Codeavour 5.0 International Impact Report - The Biggest International AI, Cod...
Codeavour 5.0 International Impact Report - The Biggest International AI, Cod...
Codeavour International
 
3. Maturity_indices_of_fruits_and_vegetable.pptx
3. Maturity_indices_of_fruits_and_vegetable.pptx3. Maturity_indices_of_fruits_and_vegetable.pptx
3. Maturity_indices_of_fruits_and_vegetable.pptx
UmeshTimilsina1
 

Recently uploaded (20)

11. Post harvest quality, Quality criteria and Judgement.pptx
11. Post harvest quality, Quality criteria and Judgement.pptx11. Post harvest quality, Quality criteria and Judgement.pptx
11. Post harvest quality, Quality criteria and Judgement.pptx
 
Open and Critical Perspectives on AI in Education
Open and Critical Perspectives on AI in EducationOpen and Critical Perspectives on AI in Education
Open and Critical Perspectives on AI in Education
 
5. Postharvest deterioration of fruits and vegetables.pptx
5. Postharvest deterioration of fruits and vegetables.pptx5. Postharvest deterioration of fruits and vegetables.pptx
5. Postharvest deterioration of fruits and vegetables.pptx
 
SQL Server Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat
SQL Server Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHatSQL Server Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat
SQL Server Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat
 
FIRST AID PRESENTATION ON INDUSTRIAL SAFETY by dr lal.ppt
FIRST AID PRESENTATION ON INDUSTRIAL SAFETY by dr lal.pptFIRST AID PRESENTATION ON INDUSTRIAL SAFETY by dr lal.ppt
FIRST AID PRESENTATION ON INDUSTRIAL SAFETY by dr lal.ppt
 
ASP.NET Core Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat.pdf
ASP.NET Core Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat.pdfASP.NET Core Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat.pdf
ASP.NET Core Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat.pdf
 
QCE – Unpacking the syllabus Implications for Senior School practices and ass...
QCE – Unpacking the syllabus Implications for Senior School practices and ass...QCE – Unpacking the syllabus Implications for Senior School practices and ass...
QCE – Unpacking the syllabus Implications for Senior School practices and ass...
 
Parkinson Disease & Anti-Parkinsonian Drugs.pptx
Parkinson Disease & Anti-Parkinsonian Drugs.pptxParkinson Disease & Anti-Parkinsonian Drugs.pptx
Parkinson Disease & Anti-Parkinsonian Drugs.pptx
 
7. Post Harvest Entomology and their control.pptx
7. Post Harvest Entomology and their control.pptx7. Post Harvest Entomology and their control.pptx
7. Post Harvest Entomology and their control.pptx
 
JavaScript Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat
JavaScript Interview  Questions PDF By ScholarHatJavaScript Interview  Questions PDF By ScholarHat
JavaScript Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat
 
Introduction to Google Productivity Tools for Office and Personal Use
Introduction to Google Productivity Tools for Office and Personal UseIntroduction to Google Productivity Tools for Office and Personal Use
Introduction to Google Productivity Tools for Office and Personal Use
 
Odoo 17 Events - Attendees List Scanning
Odoo 17 Events - Attendees List ScanningOdoo 17 Events - Attendees List Scanning
Odoo 17 Events - Attendees List Scanning
 
C# Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat.pdf
C# Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat.pdfC# Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat.pdf
C# Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat.pdf
 
Dot NET Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat
Dot NET Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHatDot NET Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat
Dot NET Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat
 
Node JS Interview Question PDF By ScholarHat
Node JS Interview Question PDF By ScholarHatNode JS Interview Question PDF By ScholarHat
Node JS Interview Question PDF By ScholarHat
 
Open Source and AI - ByWater Closing Keynote Presentation.pdf
Open Source and AI - ByWater Closing Keynote Presentation.pdfOpen Source and AI - ByWater Closing Keynote Presentation.pdf
Open Source and AI - ByWater Closing Keynote Presentation.pdf
 
2024 Winter SWAYAM NPTEL & A Student.pptx
2024 Winter SWAYAM NPTEL & A Student.pptx2024 Winter SWAYAM NPTEL & A Student.pptx
2024 Winter SWAYAM NPTEL & A Student.pptx
 
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ 4 KỸ NĂNG TIẾNG ANH LỚP 12 - GLOBAL SUCCESS - FORM MỚI 2025 - ...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ 4 KỸ NĂNG TIẾNG ANH LỚP 12 - GLOBAL SUCCESS - FORM MỚI 2025 - ...BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ 4 KỸ NĂNG TIẾNG ANH LỚP 12 - GLOBAL SUCCESS - FORM MỚI 2025 - ...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ 4 KỸ NĂNG TIẾNG ANH LỚP 12 - GLOBAL SUCCESS - FORM MỚI 2025 - ...
 
Codeavour 5.0 International Impact Report - The Biggest International AI, Cod...
Codeavour 5.0 International Impact Report - The Biggest International AI, Cod...Codeavour 5.0 International Impact Report - The Biggest International AI, Cod...
Codeavour 5.0 International Impact Report - The Biggest International AI, Cod...
 
3. Maturity_indices_of_fruits_and_vegetable.pptx
3. Maturity_indices_of_fruits_and_vegetable.pptx3. Maturity_indices_of_fruits_and_vegetable.pptx
3. Maturity_indices_of_fruits_and_vegetable.pptx
 

104 Public Participation I

  • 2. History of Public Participation (Global front)  Karl Mannhiem’s in his book “Man and Society in an Age of Reconstruction (1940)”; first emphasised the importance of Public Participation in its crudest form.  He proposed the power quotient for the government and Action for the citizens.  Frederick Hayek lead an opposition against the authoritative role of government in Mannheim’s theories.  Planning was then defined in two context—the process (e.g. organizing public participation) or the content (e.g. designing policy to control sprawl). Evolution of Advocacy Planning.
  • 3. Advocacy Planning.. Advocacy planning is about the development of. An Overall Change Strategy  long-term plan that embodies vision and reflects where we are, where we want to go and how we can get there. A Campaign  medium-term plan with activities aimed at influencing the policy environment and public opinion. Tactics, Actions, or Activities  short-term activities within a larger change strategy, designed for a specific moment and opportunity. Advocacy planning is a continual process. If some groups have not been involved in the initial stages of planning, they can be included later when plans are being reviewed and modified.
  • 4. Indian contextual Public Participation..  During British Regime: Indian Leaders pressed for Autonomy at National Level..  After Independence: ‘Directive in article 40’ instated State to take steps to organise Village Panchayats (Unit of Self Govt.)  Rajeev Gandhi’s initiative: Notwithstanding cause Local units not functioning as units of representative democracy, elections not held for several years.  Until constitutional Amendment act: Municipalities functioned as agencies of civil services. Panchayats functioned as agencies of rural development schemes.  Micro level planning and Development required.
  • 5. Amendments towards Public Participation 73rd Amendment Act, 1992 (Rural)  Hierarchy in administration (3 tier system): Village panchayat, District Panchayat and Intermediate (Janpad Panchayat)..  Plans for economic development and social justice. Power to impose taxes, dutys, tolls.. Grant in aid to Panchayats.  Election Commission: Gram Sabha. 74th Amendment Act, 1993 (Urban)  Hierarchy in administration (3 tier system): Nagar Panchayat for transitional areas, Municipal councils for smaller urban areas, Municipal Corporation for metropolis.  Town Planning: Regulation of land use and control of Buildings.  Slum improvement and upgradation.  Planning Committee: DP for Metropolitan areas  District Planning Committee for draft DP of District areas.  State Finance Commission.
  • 6. Current Scenario.. (Indian Context)  Setting up of Ward Committees.  Rural areas: Panchayat Raj Institutions.  Community Participatory Law (CPL) mandated under JnNURM.  Ward Committees in Mumbai  MoUD: 12 States have enacted CPL.  Viz. AP, Assam, Gujarat, Haryana, Kerala, MP, MH, Rajasthan, Bihar, Tripura, UP and WB.  Proposal for Sabha areas.
  • 7. What is Public Participation  Political principle or practice, and may also recognised as a right.  Practice of stakeholder engagement and popular participation.  Seeks and facilitates the involvement of those potentially affected by or interested in a decision.  The people affected by a decision have a right to be involved in the decision-making process.  The public's contribution will influence the decision.  Part of “people centred” or "human centric" principles.  Way of empowerment and as vital part of democratic governance.
  • 8. Methods for involving citizens  Citizens must be given the opportunity and encouragement to participate.  Many citizens do not possess the skills necessary to act effectively on their own.
  • 9. Merits Of Public Participation..  Improve qualities of decision.  Minimizing cost and delays  Increase ease of implementation.  Avoiding worst case of confliction.
  • 10. Importance of Public Participation..  Opportunities for mutual education of everyone involved.  Decision makers, in a relatively short amount of time, often can get additional information, technical expertise, creativity .  Taking part in effective public participation encourages civic and community responsibility in meaningful ways.
  • 11. Public Policy..  In few countries public participation has become a central principle of public policy making.  Large-scale consultations, focus group research, online discussion forums, or deliberative citizens' juries.  A tool, intended to inform planning, organising or funding of activities.  In the USA proposed rules are subject to public comment for a specified period of time.  Statutes or agency policies may mandate public hearings during this period.

Editor's Notes

  1. An Overall Change Strategy This is usually a long-term plan that embodies our vision and reflects where we are, where we want to go and how we can get there. A Campaign This is a medium-term plan with activities aimed at influencing the policy environment and public opinion. The activities are intended to achieve some of your advocacy strategy Objectives.
  2. Public participation is a political principle or practice, and may also recognised as a right ( right to public participation ). The terms public participation may be used interchangeably with the concept or practice of stakeholder engagement and/or popular participation. Generally public participation seeks and facilitates the involvement of those potentially affected by or interested in a decision.
  3. If a community plans for a citizen participation event, say a public educational session, but fails to encourage participation, the event will not likely draw a large crowd. Likewise, encouraging people to participate without developing opportunities for their involvement will likely increase public confusion and lead to less participation. Many citizens do not possess the skills necessary to act effectively on their own—they need training. A series of educational sessions prior to the start of the comprehensive planning effort can provide orientation, build trust and develop a common level of understanding among the roader public related to planning and public involvement topics. This capacity building will help prepare citizens for the more rigorous and diffrent public involvement methods.
  4. Participation is challenging, but is necessary to help planners make better decisions and a more thoughtful community plan. The Public Participation Plan can make the most effective use of limited public budgets and the public’s valuable participation time. The Four Cornerstones provide the framework to pack the PPP with necessary information, so local planning offi cials can engage the public effectively to reach desired outcomes. The PPP must also include provisions to identify whether public participation is reaching desired goals by documenting and evaluating activities. In summary, participation conducted concurrently to the planning process, with a broad array of relevant stakeholders, using a variety of methods to achieve various tasks, and by evaluating the results, participation can be both functional for planning and meaningful to the public.