Research and innovation strategies for smart
specialisation (RIS 3).
Opportunities and Constraints in Portugal
John Edward...
Structure of the Presentation
• RIS 3 - The strength of an emerging policy framework
• RIS 3 - Structuring concepts
• RIS ...
RIS 3 The strength of an emerging policy framework
• RIS 3 – “the concept has attracted a high level of attention in a sho...
• A key dimension of future Cohesion Policy of EU.
• Specialisation – non-neutral policy; concentrate resources in a few d...
• Policy momentum – engaging in development policy making, focus on innovation
and on a new context.
• Policy design – inv...
RIS 3 - Constraints for its application in Portugal
• No tradition of connecting knowledge with territory.
• No tradition ...
• Knowledge and Territory – the missing linkages (Sampaio da Nóvoa, 2013).
• Focus on (regional) assets rather than on “pr...
Portugal's RIS 3 - Policy suggestions
• Increase incentives for collective action to encourage a regional
process of disco...
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12.2.9. #2 arp_je

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12.2.9. #2 arp_je

  1. 1. Research and innovation strategies for smart specialisation (RIS 3). Opportunities and Constraints in Portugal John Edwards European Commission - Joint Research Centre Artur Rosa Pires University of Aveiro
  2. 2. Structure of the Presentation • RIS 3 - The strength of an emerging policy framework • RIS 3 - Structuring concepts • RIS 3 - A deliberately positive perspective • RIS 3 - Constraints for its application in Portugal • RIS 3 - Promising “policy” avenues • Portugal's RIS 3 - Policy suggestions 2
  3. 3. RIS 3 The strength of an emerging policy framework • RIS 3 – “the concept has attracted a high level of attention in a short time span among EU member states.” • “… elaborated by a group of innovation sholars in 2009, it quickly made a significant impact on the policy audience … The concept is now a key element of the EU 2020 innovation plan.” • “…regions in other parts of the world are now showing a major interest in the smart specialisation policy approach” • RIS 3 - An ex-ante conditionality for two thematic objectives. • A dedicated Platform of Services (JRC in Seville) to support and disseminate knowledge about smart specialisation. • A guide to design and implement RIS 3 • An international group of experts. • A multiplicity of studies, workshops, peer-review meetings, … 3
  4. 4. • A key dimension of future Cohesion Policy of EU. • Specialisation – non-neutral policy; concentrate resources in a few domains and focus efforts in the development of distinctive areas. • Smart – keeping market forces working to reveal domains and areas where priorities should be selected. • Research and Innovation – specialize in certain R+D projects and develop the ecosystem of innovation. • It is both a policy objective and a process to help policy makers. • Support is targeted to the growth of new activities (and not to whole sectors or single firms) … innovative projects that complement existing productive assets … the future economic value of a possible direction of change. • … More than a “single” technological innovation but rather a structural evolution of the whole regional economy. • A result oriented approach, the experimental nature of the policy and the need for evaluation and for an evolving portfolio of priority activities. RIS 3 – Structuring Concepts. 4
  5. 5. • Policy momentum – engaging in development policy making, focus on innovation and on a new context. • Policy design – involvement of stakeholders, entrepreneurial discovery process, new combination of ideas. • Policy content – regional strengths, knowledge processes and accessibility to markets. • Policy landscape – integration of policy instruments, coherence with other public policies, common European efforts and learning processes. • Policy trajectory – structural evolution, generating experiments and discoveries, evolving policy support. RIS 3 – A deliberately positive perspective. 5
  6. 6. RIS 3 - Constraints for its application in Portugal • No tradition of connecting knowledge with territory. • No tradition of linking science with private and public innovation projects. • No tradition of place-based sustained policy-making cooperation practices, namely those involving prospective thinking. • The dominant perception of innovation still very much focussed on high-tech and research-driven activities. • No tradition of policy (impact) monitoring, debate and collective learning processes. • No tradition of sustained management of collaborative endeavours. 6
  7. 7. • Knowledge and Territory – the missing linkages (Sampaio da Nóvoa, 2013). • Focus on (regional) assets rather than on “priority sectors” – latent resources (Hirschman, 1958) – an “inclusive” policy. • Focus on activities for future specialization and on innovative projects that complement existing productive assets – “related variety” concept. • Access to extra-regional resources (including research services) – “actor-constructed innovation system” (Kalantaridis and Bika, 2012). • Entrepreneurial discovery – “prioritization” is no longer the role of the omniscient planner but involves an interactive process including stakeholders with knowledge other than science and techniques.” Moreover, the emphasis is not on simple innovations but on “discovery”, likely to generate “imitative entry” and a desirable structural change for the region. • Experimental nature of policy – policy trajectory – more than ephemeral participation in policy making. RIS 3 – PROMISING “POLICY” AVENUES 7
  8. 8. Portugal's RIS 3 - Policy suggestions • Increase incentives for collective action to encourage a regional process of discovery. • Develop an effective multi-level governance strategy. • Strengthen the capacities of universities and the scientific system to engage with society and the economy • Support for intermediaries, especially in the absence of research infrastructure • Outward looking: policy learning, internationalisation of research, programmes involving foreign partners * The analyses and recommendations made in this paper do not represent the official policy of the European Commission 8

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