Sports in IndiaStrategies in the 12th Five Year Plan
Introduction• India’s Youth Population ( 10-35 years) at 563 million calls for a concerted efforts development of Sports & Games as a matter of physical fitness and also achieving excellence in sporting events.• The mandate for the sector is to broad base sports and games through – participation of students in schools and higher education institutions, and achieve excellence in the national and international competitive sports to bring glory and pride to the nation.
National Sports Institutions• The vision with regard to Sports & Games are pursued through various institutions under the Department of Sports: i) Sports Authority of India (SAI) ii) Netaji Subhash Institute of Sports, Patiala (NSIS) iii) Laxmibai National College for Physical Education, Gwalior (LNCPE) iv) National Anti-Doping Agency (NADA) v) National Dope Test Laboratory (NDTL)
Recent Developments• Successful conduct of CWG-2010 New Delhi, brought- world class infrastructure,- increase in medal tally from 50 in 2006 CWG to 101 and- medals in swimming, gymnastics & athletics• India increased its medal tally from 53 in 2006 Asian games to 64 in 2010 and from 3 in 2008 Olympics to 6 in 2012.• Broad basing of sports, mass participation & creation of competition structure at Sub-state levels through PYKKA with coverage of 51759 villages (21%) and 1538 Blocks during 11th Plan.
Recent Developments – contd…• Opening for development of school sports.• Integration of physical education with school education.• Increasing importance of National Games and funding of sports infrastructure by States.• Formation of National Playfield Associations.• Initiation of legislation for development of sporting bodies and support to sports person.• Long Term Plan for Development of Talent in Olympic Sports through Schools.
Sports :Objectives of 12th Plan• Restructuring Sports schemes.• Broad basing of sports for achieving excellence.• A Composite Sarva Krida Abhiyan includes – Panchayat Yuva Khel aur Krida Abhiyan (PYKKA) National Physical Fitness Programme (NPFP) Support to Sports in Higher Education Institutions Support for Sports Infrastructure
New Schemes of 12th Plan• National Institute of Sports Science Medicine.• National Institute of Sports Coaching, Patiala• Scheme of Sports Schools at District level.• Preparation of Teams for Mega Sports
Challenges• Realization of full sporting potential of the country.• Identifying talent through grass-root competition.• Inadequate infrastructure for sports and . low priority in funding Sports.• Increasing female participation in Sports.
Action Plan: Interventions• Developing School playgrounds by converging PYKKA with MGNREGA and State schemes.• Opening up the playgrounds of NVs and KVs for neighborhood schools.• Promoting School adoption by National/ International sports stars and corporate bodies.• Developing a national sporting calendar to make sports an integral part of the annual calendar.• Providing a full time sports teacher under RMSA and part-time sports instructor under SSA
Action Plan: Interventions – contd…• Dovetailing Urban Sports Infrastructure Scheme (USIS) with JNNURM.• Establishing State Playing Fields Associations by State Governments• Taking necessary steps for preservation, protection and development of playfields.• Enhancing award money for mega sporting events/championships.• Introducing a system of cash awards to personal coaches, who have trained the champion athletes for a substantial period.
Expected Outcomes• Promotion of sports culture and creation of atmosphere and facilities for achieving excellence.• Creating sports Infrastructure and other requisite Institutional arrangements for coaching, training, medical facilities etc.• Establishing a network of district sports centers and advanced training centers at the regional level for nurturing sports talent.
Expected Outcome• Creating space for sports in overall economic activity in the country by –- Providing better employment opportunities and career progression to promising sportspersons,- Commercializing and developing certain aspects of sports development and marketing to attract private sector participation and capital investment.- Involvement of Corporate Sector in promotion of sports through their CSR.- Preservation and conservation of open spaces/playfields for public.
Expected Outcome• Long Term Plan for Development of Talent in Olympic Sports.• Increase in the Olympic medal tally from 6 in 2012 to 20 in 2016 and 30 in 2020 and be in the first 10 countries.• Raising the Asian Games medal tally from 64 in 2010 to 75 in 2014 and 100 in 2019 and be amongst first 3 countries.
Additional InformationOther Priority Sectors chapter, 12th Five Year Plan (Chapter 19)http://planningcommission.nic.in/plans/planrel/12thplan/vol_2.pdfPlanning Commissionhttp://planningcommission.nic.in/http://www.facebook.com/PlanComIndiaMinistry of Youth Affairs and Sportshttp://yas.nic.in/Sports Authority of Indiahttp://sportsauthorityofindia.nic.inMinistry of Health and Family Welfarehttp://mohf.nic.in/Ministry of HRDhttp://mhrd.gov.in