Disaster Alert and Resource Management in Rajkot, Gujarat.

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The Department of Administrative Reforms & Public Grievances, Government of India, organized the 2nd 'District Collectors Conference', which took place on the 6th & 7th of September in New Delhi. Over 30 district collectors participated, making presentations on best practices to overcome challenges faced in the sectors of rural development, education, urban development, law & order, and disaster management. 



The Planning Commission is providing these presentations for the public to see examples of the good work being done by young IAS officers in the field, and to promote cross-learning and innovation.

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Disaster Alert and Resource Management in Rajkot, Gujarat.

  1. 1. Presented by Dr Rajender Kumar, IAS Collector & DM Rajkot
  2. 2.  Profile of Rajkot District: ◦ 3rd most advanced district of Gujarat ◦ 43711 registered industry units ◦ 14 talukas, 846 villages ◦ Population of 37,99,770 with an area of 11203 sq. km. ◦ Main rivers: Machu, Bhadar and Aji; 29 dam ◦ Average rainfall of 540mm to 600mm  Vulnerability to Disasters ◦ Falls into seismic zone III ◦ Risk to chemical and other industrial hazards ◦ History of drought, flood, cyclone 9/12/2013 2 An Overview of DARMAT
  3. 3. Indian Subcontinent: among the world’s most disaster prone areas  54% of land vulnerable to Earthquakes  8% of land vulnerable to Cyclones  5% of land vulnerable to Floods Earthquakes • 12% land is liable to severe earthquakes (intensity MSK IX or more)· • 18% land is liable to MSK VIII (similar to Latur / Uttarkashi) • 27% land is liable to MSK VII (similar to Jabalpur quake)
  4. 4.  Machhu Honarat in Rajkot  Cyclone1998&1999  Drought:1998,1999,2001,2002 &2003  Earthquake:2001  Flood:1998,2003,2004,2005,&2006 Earthquake Hazard Map Cyclone Hazard Map
  5. 5.  Prevention and Reduction of disaster risk  Mitigation of the disaster’s impacts  Mitigation of the disaster’s impacts  Preparation for effective response to disaster to save lives,  Minimize loss and property damage  Quick recovery from disaster’s impacts
  6. 6.  Incident response System  Responsible Officer  Incident Commander  Incident Response Teams  Incident Command Post  Evacuation Plan  Search & Rescue Teams
  7. 7.  Lack of Trained manpower  Lack of planning  Lack of resource mapping  Lack of awareness in community
  8. 8.  Lack of data base.  Lack of management tools.  Lack of Communication system.  Lack of ready hazard & Rescore map.
  9. 9. • Need for a proactive, comprehensive and sustained approach to tackle disasters or disaster like situation • Using science technology for prevention and management of catastrophic events in future • Developed in collaboration with BISAG, Gandhinagar • An extensive GIS with detailed information and mapping of all the vital resources serving as information repository • A mobile alert system to prevent damage to life and property at the time of flood 9 9/12/2013 An Overview of DARMAT
  10. 10.  Facilitation of services for prevention of disasters and designing efficient management plans in times of disasters  GIS will work as an information repository for the government  Maps the areas prone to various disasters and villages in the catchment areas of the dams 10 9/12/2013 An Overview of DARMAT
  11. 11.  For each of the selected dam, one can view the respective affected villages for the amount of water being discharged  It classifies the areas as; needing immediate evacuation, ready for evacuation and villages on alert  Indicates river flow through the whole of district  The application offers a range of tools which provide features like zooming the desired location, labelling if required and printing the map. 11 9/12/2013 An Overview of DARMAT
  12. 12. The DARMAT Home page provides navigations for DAM Site- includes the boundaries of the Corporation and ward, Polling booth Revenue Administration - include boundaries of the District, Nagarpalika, Ward.
  13. 13. DAM Site: This page displays the District map of Gujarat state.
  14. 14. On selecting any dam from dropdown list of Dam site you will get location of Dam. You can also navigate from map area by clicking on any Dam.
  15. 15. On selecting any discharge from dropdown list of Discharge site you will get affected villages of that dam.
  16. 16. Revenue Administration: This page displays the District map of Gujarat state.
  17. 17. On selecting any district from dropdown list of District you will get Dam site of that Rajkot District. You can also navigate from map area by clicking on any District.
  18. 18. On selecting any Taluka from dropdown list of Taluka you will get Taluka boundary, Dam location of that Rajkot District .You can also navigate from map area by clicking on Taluka.
  19. 19. On selecting any Village from dropdown list of Village you will get Village boundary of that Village .
  20. 20. Category Sub-Categories Administrative Boundaries District-wise, Taluka-wise and Village-wise clear demarcation of boundaries. Apart from that locations of corporations, nagarpalikas, taluka headquarters, district headquarter and all the location with settlements. Infrastructure Mapping of Railway Lines, Road Routes, Helipads, Gas and Oil Pipelines; GAIL, GSPC, GSPL Vital Installations Airports, Nearest Ports, Government Offices in Talukas, Radio Stations, Doordarshan Kendras, MHU units, Substations. Information regarding Mobile Towers and Telephone Exchanges to added Natural Resources River Flow across the District 21 9/12/2013 An Overview of DARMAT
  21. 21. Category Sub-Categories Amenities •Health: Primary health Centres, Community Health Centres, Location of Ambulances, Blood Banks and Hospitals •Schools: Location of schools at village level •Police Stations, GIDC •Water Facility: Presence/Absence of Water Schemes •ST Depot, Railway Stations and FCI Godowns Hazards Talukas divided into low, average and high risk areas with respect to Chemical Hazards, Cyclone, Earthquake, Flood and Drought Affected Villages Flood prone villages with differentiated highlighting viz. Red for those who need immediate evacuation at times of flood, blue for those who need to get ready for evacuation and yellow for those who will be put on alert and villages in the catchment area of the dams 22 9/12/2013 An Overview of DARMAT
  22. 22.  The information can help in finding alternate routes, detecting hazardous areas, leaks if any and take necessary actions timely  Helpful in speedy communication as and when required to the desired areas  Helpful in gauging the risk, the surrounding areas may have in times of disasters like flood, earthquake etc.  Better understanding of the inter-connectivity via rail and road which will be helpful in defining a proper transportation channel during time of disaster  Helpful in efficient inter-developmental coordination 23 9/12/2013 An Overview of DARMAT
  23. 23.  Mobile alert system for help in broadcasting speedy messages during the time of flood  Access to all the dam in-charges who are given android phones with this application installed  Extensive database with information about the dams and associated villages  Information about the areas that will be affected at the time when a particular amount of water will be discharged from the gates of a particular dam 24 9/12/2013 An Overview of DARMAT
  24. 24.  One can select the dam and the amount of water to be discharged through the gates  A database is maintained where one can check the villages that would be affected and need an alert  An alert message can be sent to some selected officials of the villages in danger with 30 seconds through an internet gateway  Selected village personnel can be sarpanch, aaganwadi workers, paramedical staff, school principal etc.  Message will also be received by that other officials like collector of the district, additional collector, revenue commissioner etc. 25 9/12/2013 An Overview of DARMAT
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  30. 30.  Speedy and timely communication for reducing damage that can be caused to the life and property  Help in taking necessary actions  Devising efficient management plans to control the situation  Help in prevention of the damage or lowering its extent  MIS for mobile alert system ◦ Mobile numbers can be added and removed along with their designation on the link dmrajkot.gov.in 31 9/12/2013 An Overview of DARMAT
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