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Energy Sector - 12th Plan (2012 - 2017)

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Energy Sector - 12th Plan (2012 - 2017)

  1. 1. Energy  Security  and  Energy  Access  Strategies  for  Energy  Sector  in  India  in  the  12th  Five  Year  Plan  and  Beyond  
  2. 2. The   Integrated   Energy   Policy   approved   by   Government   in   Dec.   2008   covers   following   major  recommendations  facilitating  sustainable  energy  security  Pricing   policy   for   different   energy   sources-­‐Price   of   all   tradable   energy   should   be   at     trade  parity   Ø  Enhancing  exploitation  of  domestic  energy  potential   Ø  Sectoral  Initiatives  in  Petroleum,  Coal,  Power  &  Nuclear  Energy   Ø  Renewable  Energy   Ø  Energy  EfCiciency   Ø   Boosting  energy  Related  R&D   Ø  Household  Energy  Security   Ø  An  enabling  environment  for  competition  &  Climate  change  concerns  
  3. 3. Power  Sector  Indicators  –  World  (2010)   Per    capita  consumption   Electricity   Energy  Country   (kWh)   (toe)  USA   13,361   7.15  Germany   7,217   4.00  Brazil   2,384   1.36  China   2,942   1.81  India   818.8  *   0.59  India  2031-­‐32  #   2470   1.5  Per  capita  consumption  of  energy  in  India  is  one  of  the  lowest  in  the  world.  India  consumed  0.59  toe  per  person  of  primary  energy  in  2010  compared  to  1.81  toe  in  China.  The  consumption  in  US  was  7.15  toe  per  person                Source:  1.  Key  World  Energy  Statistics  2012,                                              #.  Estimates  of  Integrated  Energy  Policy  2007                                                *.  CEA    2010-­‐11  (  Provi.)  
  4. 4. }  Current  share  of  global  energy  consumption  –  3.5%  }  Share  to  increase  to  about  10%  by  2031  }  Per  capita  energy  consumption  1/3rd  of  world  average.  }  Consumption  growth  to  meet  the  development  targets  }  Providing  energy  to  rural  areas  }  EfZicient  use  of  energy  to  improve  energy  intensity   16000   14220   14000   12000   10000   7650   8000   6000   4000   2810   1482   1925   1760   2000   527   650   0   India   China     USA   World   Per  Capita  Energy  Cons.(Kgoe)   Electricity  Cons  (kwh)  
  5. 5. (in  MTOE) 2000-01 2006-07 2011-12 2016-17 2021-22 Actual Actual (Provi) Proj. Proj.DOMESTIC PRODUCTIONCoal 130.61 177.24 222.16 308.55 400Lignite 6.43 8.76 10.64 16.80 29Crude Oil 33.4 33.99 39.23 42.75 43Natural Gas 25.07 27.71 42.79 76.13 103Hydro Power 6.4 9.78 11.22 12.90 17Nuclear Power 4.41 4.91 8.43 16.97 30Renewable Energy 0.13 0.87 5.25 10.74 20Total Domestic commercial Energy 206.45 263.28 339.72 481.84 642.00 153.28 174.20 187.66 202.16Non-commercial Energy 1 136.64 (1.93) (2.6%) (1.5%) (1.5%) Total 343.09 416.56 513.92 669.50 844.16 IMPORTSCoal 11.76 24.92 54.00 90.00 150.00Petroleum Products 77.25 98.41 129.86 152.44 194.00LNG 0 8.45 12.56 24.80 31.00Hydro power 0 0.26 0.45 0.52 0.6Total Net Imports 89.01 132.04 196.87 267.76 375.60Total Commercial Energy (growth 396.32 536.59 749.60 1017.60 295.46over previous 5 years) (5.01%) (6.25%) (6.91%) 6.30%) 549.60 710.79 937.26 1219.76Total Primary Energy 432.01 (4.09%) (5.28%) (5.69%) (5.41%)Source: Planning Commission: Figures in brackets are annual average growth rates over theprevious 5 years period
  6. 6. Capacity  Addition  (Plan-­‐wise)  –  Sector  Wise   (  in  MW)     9th  Plan   10th    Plan   11th    Plan   12th  Plan  Sector   Actual   Actual   Actual   Target  Central   4504   12165   15220   26181.6  State   9450   6244.6   16732   15530.0  Private   5061   2670.6   23012   46825.0  Renewable   6761   14267   30000.0  All  India   19015   27,841   69,231   118536.6  
  7. 7. Capacity Addition (Plan-wise) - Mode-Wise (  in  MW)     9th  Plan   10th    Plan   11th    Plan   12th  Plan   13th  Plan  Mode-­‐Wise   Actual   Actual   Actual   Provi.   Scenario  Thermal   13,597   12,114   48,540   72,340   49,200  Hydro   4,538   7,886        5,544   10,897   12,000  Nuclear          880   1,080            880   5,300   18,000  Renewable   6761   14267   30,000   30,500    Total   19,015   27,841   69,231   118537   1,09,700  
  8. 8. }  Expanding   Oil   &   gas   exploration   coverage   under   New   Exploration   Licensing  Policy  }  Expanding  Pipeline  network  for  natural  gas  &  LNG.  }  Developing  policy  for  shale  gas  production  }  Increasing   clean   cooking   fuel   (LPG)   coverage   from   current   55%   to   75%   largely  in  rural  areas  to  reduce  use  of  biomass  }  Developing  New  LNG  import  capacity  }  Promoting  use  of  bio-­‐fuels.    }  Developing  city  gas  network  in  200  cities  for  supply  of  CNG,  domestic  and   commercial  gas  to  reduce  dependence  on  liquid  fuels  &  reduce  emissions.
  9. 9.  }  Coal  production  planned  to  increase  to  meet  the  power  requirement  }  Plans  to  expand  the  underground  coal  resources  }  Developing  new  coal  washeries  to  improve  the  coal  quality  }  Plan  for  corresponding  expansion  of  rail  and  port  capacity  }  Focus  on  clean  coal  technology,  promoting  Underground  coal  gasiZication,  coal   mine  methane  extraction  }  2  Coal  Blocks  awarded  for  Coal  to  Liquid  project  }  Acquiring  coal  assets  overseas  
  10. 10. Coal  Demand  :  12th    Plan   (  in  MT  )
  11. 11. Coal  Production   (  in  MT  )
  12. 12. Demand-­‐Supply  Gap  in  2016-­‐17   (  in  MT  )
  13. 13. Maximizing development of renewable energy during 12th planv  Solar  Mission  for  22,000  MW  by  2022  launched  v  1000  MW  Solar  capacity  to  be  implemented  by  2013.  v  Policy  on  Biodiesel  &  Ethanol  Use  under  implementation.      v  State  Power  Regulators  prescribed  use  of  1–10%  Renewable  energy  v  Incentives  provided  to  promote  wind  power  generation  v  Promoting  use  of  biomass  for  its  efZicient  use  v  Energy  plantation  to  produce  electricity  from  fuel-­‐wood  v  Maximizing  co-­‐generation  in  sugar  mills  from  bagasse    v  Power  projects  on  rice  husk,  municipal  solid  waste  taken  up  v  Estimating  onshore  and  offshore  wind  potential  
  14. 14. v  4780  MW    capacity  added  by  the  end  of  11th  plan,  5300  MW  Planned  capacity   added    during  12th  Plan  v  First    500  MW  prototype  Fast  breeder  reactor  (FBR)  to  be  commissioned  by   2012  v  Feasibility  for  2  Units  of  500  MW  each  for  FBR  being  developed  v  Success  of  fast  breeder  will  enhance  capacity  to  50,000  MW  and    v  JV  agreements  signed  to  develop  nuclear  power  by  NPCIL  v  Nuclear  act  to  be  amended  to  bring  private  participation    
  15. 15. HOUSEHOLD  ENERGY  SECURITY          Electricity,  LPG/Natural  Gas  or  Bio  Gas  &  Kerosene  should   be   available   with   ease   to   all.     Only   possible   with   market   pricing.      •  Initiatives  Taken   v Under   RGGVY,   electricity   to   all   villages.   Of   balance   112795   villages,     104,496   villages  (92.6%)  covered   v Against  2.75  crore  BPL  households,  1.94  Crore  (70.6%)  covered   v 10.25  crore  LPG  connections  given.     v Expanding  LPG  supply  in  rural  areas   Areas  IdentiCied   v  RGGVY  connections  be  complemented  by  Zlow  of  reasonable  power   v  EfZicient  administration  of  cooking  gas/electricity  subsidy   v  Replacing  kerosene  with  LPG   15
  16. 16. ENERGY  SECURITY  •  Initiatives  Taken   v  Oil  blocks  under  NELP  Rounds,  production  from  small  &  marginal  oil  Zields   v  Expanding  capacity  of  LNG  import  from  18  to  27  MMTPA  by  2012.     v  Private   investments   in   developing   hydro   power   in   Arunachal   Pradesh,   Sikkim   &   Uttarakhand   v  5  million  tonnes  oil  storages  at  Visakh,  Mangalore  &  Padur   v  2  coal  blocks  awarded  for  Coal  to  Liquid  (CTL)  •  Areas  IdentiCied   v  Private  exploration  of  coal  blocks  on  NELP  pattern   v  Acquisition  of  coal  assets  abroad     v  Evacuation  of  Power  from  North  Eastern  Region   v  Shale  Gas,  Underground  Coal  GasiZication,  Gas  hydrates   v  Developing  strategic  storages  for  natural  gas   16
  17. 17. MITIGATING CO2 EMMISSIONS CO2 EMMISSIONS BY COUNTRIES•    India’s   emissions   currently   are   amongst   the   lowest   and   6000 would   be   increasing   with   the   c o n s u m p t i o n   g r o w t h   5000   4000• The   Energy   Policy   proposing   h i g h   s h a r e   o f   n o n   3000 5975 5429 conventional   energy   and   2000 efCiciency   measures   would   help   in   mitigating   the   CO2   1000 1699 e m i s s i o n s .   1192 1250   0 India Japan Russia USA China CO2 Emmissions (MMT CO2)
  18. 18. ENERGY  EFFICIENCY  Ø  Need  to  improve  energy  efZiciency  by  20%  per  unit  of  GDP  over  next  10   years  Ø  Initiatives  Taken   v Power   generation   plants   being   mandated   to   improve   efZiciency   from  current    by  deploying  super  critical  technology.   v Star   categories   for   truthful   labeling   in   10   electrical   equipments/ appliances.     v SpeciZic  energy  consumption  norms  notiZied  in  9  industries   v Energy  Conservation  Building  Code  launched  by  Ministry  of  Power   v Providing  CFL/LED  lamps  too  reduce  power  consumption   18
  19. 19. ENERGY  EFFICIENCY-­‐Contd…  •  Need   to   improve   energy   efCiciency   by   20%   per   unit   of   GDP   over   next  10  years  §  Areas  IdentiCied   v  Government   procurements   on   life-­‐cycle   cost   of   energy   equipments.       v  Minimum  fuel  efZiciency  standards  for  transport  vehicles   v  Fiscal  incentives  for  public  transport  system   v  Development   of   energy   efZicient   Transport   System   :   promoting   coastal   movement,   inland   water   ways   &   increased   share   of   rail   transport   v  Dedicated  Freight  Transport  Corridor   19
  20. 20. BEE Proposed Schemes : 12th Plan§   Energy  Conservation  Building  Code  (ECBC)  in  new  building  and  energy          efZiciency    improvements  in  existing  buildings  (Phase-­‐II)        Avoided  capacity  addition  of  928  MW      §     Municipal  Demand  Side  management  (MuDSM)  Programme          Avoided  capacity  addition  of  120  MW    §   Energy  EfZiciency  and  Technologies  Up-­‐gradation  in  Small  and  Medium            enterprises      Avoided  capacity  addition  of  131  MW    § Standard  &  Labeling  Scheme  (S&L)      Avoided  capacity  addition  of  7766  MW     Total  Saving  @  5  Cr  /MW    will  be  Rs  44725  Crore   Source:  Bureau  of  Energy  efZiciency  
  21. 21. Ø  National   Mission   on   Enhanced   Energy   EfCiciency   is   one   of   8   missions  under  National  Action  Plan  on  Climate  Change.  Ø  The   measures   include   labelling   of   consumer   durables   for   energy  efCiciency,  imposing  targets  for  reducing  energy  use  in   energy   intensive   industries,   introducing   energy   efCiciency   in   buildings.  The  areas  taken  up  are;     v Standards  and  Labeling  of  Equipment  &  Appliances   v Energy  EfZiciency  in  Buildings   v Residential  Lighting   v Energy  EfZiciency  in  Agricultural  Pump  sets   v   Use  of  super  critical  and  ultra-­‐super  critical  technologies  in  power  generation   v Improving  efZiciency  standards  for  vehicles,  promoting  battery  based  vehicles   v Shift  in  modes  of  transport  from  roads  to  railways  in  the  case  of  freights   v Larger  use  of  public  transport,  developing  metro’s  in  major  cities  
  22. 22. Gaps  in  the  Integrated  approach  • Need   for   a   coordinated   approach   to   harness   energy   sources   with   technology  sharing  concept  by  different  stakeholders.  • Coordinated  approach  for  Clagship  schemes  like,  RGGVY,  RGGLVY  &  RVE  &   subsidized  kerosene  supply  in  different  states  • Policy   for   LPG/clean   cooking   fuels   supply   in   rural   areas   in   view   of   80%   households  using  biomass  for  cooking  • Need   for   EfCicient   use   of   biomass   for   manure   production   or   cooking   and   creating  a  institutional  framework  • Coordinated   approach   for   deep   seated   exploration   for   oil   &   gas,   coal,   uranium  &  other  mineral  resources  • Exploitation  of  CBM,  underground  coal  gas,  shale  gas  in  existing  acreages.   22
  23. 23. THANK  YOU   23

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