Empowerment of Minorities in the 12th Plan (2012 - 2017)
Empowerment of MinoritiesStrategies for the 12th Five Year Plan and Beyond
For discussion only Current StatusIndian Constitution is committed to the ideas ofequality and protection of rights of minorities.(18.4 % of the population in 2001).Five Religious Minority communities covered are:Muslims (13.4%)Christians (2.3%)Sikhs (1.9%)Buddhists (0.8%) andZoroastrians (Parsis)(0.0069%). Planning Commission - SCM4 backbone doc - 14 Oct 2011.pptx 2
For discussion onlyCurrent Status High economic growth and development in recent years, has not benefited all religious communities and social groups (SRCs). Among these, the Muslims, the largest minority in the country, are seriously lagging behind on all human development indices.Planning Commission - SCM4 backbone doc - 14 Oct 2011.pptx 3
For discussion only Challenges for the Empowerment of MinoritiesThe empowerment of minorities in the Twelfth Plan isenvisaged through their active participation in thedevelopmental process as participants and not aspassive recipients of developmental benefits.In order to remove perception of discrimination andalienation innovative steps are needed such asexpanding facilitators in Muslim concentration villagesand towns to act as interfaces between the communityand the state institutions.. Planning Commission - SCM4 backbone doc - 14 Oct 2011.pptx 4
For discussion only Challenges for the Empowerment of Minorities • The Twelfth Plan vision for faster, more inclusive and sustainable growth mandates that bold and creative affirmative action must be undertaken to ensure inclusion of different socio-religious communities and ensure fulfillment of their social, economic and political needs. • The inclusion and empowerment of different socio-religious communities should not be viewed as a welfare measure undertaken as a consequence of economic growth, but as a critical development imperative to ensure inclusion of different socio- religious communities and to ensure fulfillment of their social, economic and political needs. Cont.Planning Commission - SCM4 backbone doc - 14 Oct 2011.pptx 5
For discussion only Challenges for the Empowerment of Minorities The importance of educational empowerment assumes special importance in the context of minorities, especially Muslims, who have been lagging behind the rest. (Reports of the Sachar Committee and the Ranganath Mishra Commission have dealt at length with the educational status of the minorities, particularly Muslims.)Planning Commission - SCM4 backbone doc - 14 Oct 2011.pptx 6
Educational Levels among Different CommunitiesCommunity Secondary Sr. Graduation Unclassified Level Secondary levelAll 14.13 6.74 6.72 0.02ReligionsHindus 14.25 6.92 7.01 0.01Muslims 10.96 4.53 3.6 0.05Christians 17.48 8.7 8.71 0.01Sikhs 20.94 7.57 6.94 0.02Buddhists 14.09 7.65 5.7 0.01Others 11.24 4.55 4.35 0.01Source: Working Group Report on the Empowerment of Minorities,Twelfth Five Year Plan.
Percentage Distribution of Workers by CategoryName of Percentage of Total WorkersReligion Cultivators Agricultural Household Other Labourers Industry WorkersHindus 33.1 27.6 3.8 35.5Muslims 20.7 22.0 8.7 49.1Christian 29.2 15.3 2.7 52.8Sikhs 32.4 16.8 3.4 47.3Buddhists 20.4 37.6 2.9 39.2Other 49.9 32.6 3.2 14.3religionsIndia 31.7 26.5 4.2 37.6Source: Census 2001.
Vision of the Twelfth Five Year PlanThe vision for the 12th Five Year Plan consists of the series of the bold and creativemeasures that build upon, but also go beyond the achievements of the 11th Five YearPlan • INCREASED ALLOCATION • DIRECTLY TARGET MINORITIES: Re-vamp the design, expand the scope and strengthen implementation structures of key initiatives like the MsDP and 15 PP such that minority settlements and people are directly targeted; • INSTITUTIONALISE ROBUST MONITORING: Create internal accountability and impact-based monitoring systems. Cont.
• DEVELOP TRANSFORMATIVE LEADERSHIP: Build transformative leadership, through training and capacity building schemes, among minority communities on a large scale, especially among minority women and youth.• FOCUS ON SKILL BUILDING FOR EMPLOYABILITY: Develop skills to generate employability among minority youth in all MsDP blocks and towns through direct linkages with the National Skill Development Mission.• INITIATE PILOT SCHEMES FOR MINORITIES:
PRIME MINISTER’S NEW 15 POINT PROGRAMMEPrime Minister’s 15 Point Programme was launched in 2005 with theaim of allocating 15 per cent of specified Centrally Sponsored Schemesfor Minorities. The 12th Five Year Plan has suggested that in order toensure adequate funds and benefits reach the minorities, theexisting guidelines of earmarking ‘15 per-cent of funds whereverpossible’ should be revised to ‘15 per cent and above’ in proportionto the size of the minority population.
Multi-sectoral Development Programme in identified minority concentrated districts• The population criteria is proposed to be brought down from 25% to 15% and the block will become the unit of development.• In order to provide the best quality education, the endeavour in the Twelfth Plan will be towards having one Residential School along the lines of Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya and Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya.• Norms in these schools need to ensure admission to at least 50 per cent children belonging to minorities.
Monitorable targets of Twelfth Five Year Plan (2012-17)• Eliminate gender and social gap in school enrolment (that is, between girls and boys, and between SCs, STs, Muslims and the rest of the population) by the end of Twelfth Five Year Plan.• The literacy rate of religious minorities should be increased as quickly as possible to be at par with the national average, wherever applicable.• The participation of religious minorities in graduate and post graduate studies should be proportionate to their population (2011), with special focus on the economically weaker sections.• IMR, MMR, Institutional Deliveries, Child Immunisation and Vaccination of religious minorities should be brought at par with the national average, with special focus on the economically weaker and the socially marginalised sections.
• Work participation rate of religious minorities in the organised sector should be increased to be at par with other communities.• Representation of religious minorities in all forms of Government employment should be increased in proportion to their population (2011).• Share of total number and total amount of bank loans given to all religious minorities, with special focus on Muslims and other economically weaker and socially marginalised groups, should be increased to be at par with that of the general population.• There should be 100 per cent financial inclusion, including access to sources of formal credit and finance for all eligible persons belonging to religious minorities.
Budget AllocationAllocation for the XII Five Year Plan (2012-17) Rs. 17323.00 croreBudget Estimate for 2013-14 Rs. 3511.00 croreBudget Estimate for 2012-13 Rs. 3135.00 croreRevised Estimate for 2012-13 Rs. 2200.00 crore