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Kel Smith - Innovations in Accessibility

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"Innovations in Accessibility: Improving Communication for Digital Outcasts" was presented at the Center for Health Literacy Conference 2011: Plain Talk in Complex Times by Kel Smith, Digital Practice Lead of Euro RSCG Life Catapult/Havas Drive and Principal, Anikto LLC.

Description: Participants of this session will explore emerging technologies (mobile apps, video games, virtual worlds, etc) as they apply to the creation of barrier-free digital products that can be used by people with disabilities. Practical examples will include case studies involving blindness/low vision, long-term rehabilitation, oncology, physical therapy, cognitive disorders (such as autism) and opioid-free pain management.

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Kel Smith - Innovations in Accessibility

  1. 1. Innovations in Accessibility Improving Communication for Digital Outcasts
  2. 3. What’s the answer?
  3. 4. What’s the question?
  4. 9. http://www.boing boing.net/2010/04/02/why-i-wont-buy-an-ipad-and-think-you-shouldnt-either.html
  5. 11. ~ Glenda Watson Hyatt Author of “I’ll Do It Myself” blog http://www.doitmyselfblog.com/2010/the-ipad-as-an-affordable-communicator-initial-review/ “ I feel like technology is finally catching up with what I truly need.”
  6. 12. ~ Gareth White, University of Sussex Author of “Toward Accessible 3D Virtual Environments for the Blind and Visually Impaired” Retrieved May 20, 2008 courtesy the authors from http://blindsecondlife.blogspot.com/2008/09/paper-publication.html “ Digital Outcasts”
  7. 13. "Human beings exist along continuums of competence. Success is based upon adapting oneself to the needs of the surrounding environment." ~ Thomas Armstrong Author of “The New Field of Neurodiversity: Why ‘Disabilities’ Are Essential to the Human Ecosystem” Retrieved July 28, 2010 from http://www.alternet.org/story/147107
  8. 16. Niche Construction ~ Thomas Armstrong, from the article The New Field of Neurodiversity: Why ‘Disabilities’ Are Essential to the Human Ecosystem http://www.alternet.org/story/147107 Modifying one’s surroundings according to one’s unique needs, in order to ensure success in life
  9. 18. http://articles.philly.com/2011-01-03/news/26356248_1_haptics-cane-immersion-corp
  10. 19. http://mobileasl.cs.washington.edu/ MobileASL
  11. 20. http://www.theage.com.au/digital-life/smartphone-apps/autism-iphone-breakthrough-from-tantrums-to-appy-days-20100416-sjjl.html
  12. 21. “ My daughter is capable of a three- hour tantrum that leaves your ears ringing. With the phone showing exactly what she has requested, we see a huge reduction in (her) frustration." ~ Lisa Domican Creator of the Grace app for iPad and iPhone http://www.theage.com.au/digital-life/smartphone-apps/autism-iphone-breakthrough-from-tantrums-to-appy-days-20100416-sjjl.html
  13. 22. "Mia is cognitively alert but unable to communicate. [iComm] has given her a voice for the first time and allowed us to understand her so much better." ~ Martin Brooks Creator of the iComm app for iPhone http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-1276195/Father-creates-iPhone-app-gives-voice-severely-disabled-daughter.html
  14. 23. iPhone Money Reader http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lvfDnGMPrkI ~ LookTel Products http://www.looktel.com/products
  15. 24. iPhone Money Reader http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lvfDnGMPrkI ~ LookTel Products http://www.looktel.com/products
  16. 25. Texting for the Blind DrawBraille Haptic Phone ~ Shikun Sun Sheffield Hallam University http://technabob.com/blog/2011/08/29/drawbraille-phone-concept/
  17. 26. Touchscreens for the Blind Omnifer Braille iPad Case ~ Jayson D’Allessandro Auburn University http://www.tecca.com/news/2011/08/12/omnifer-braille-ipad-case/
  18. 27. http://www.heraldsun.com.au/news/more-news/ipad-becomes-the-apple-of-hollys-eye/story-fn7x8me2-1226083773188 “ Holly’s enthusiasm to read has grown so much, and it’s definitely increased her independence.” ~ Fiona Bligh Mother of Holly Bligh, a 9-year old with albino nystagmus
  19. 28. iPad and the Blind http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QEDzitE2w_0
  20. 29. iPad and the Blind http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QEDzitE2w_0
  21. 31. » “We’re living in a high-tech, low-touch society.” ~ Profiled occupational therapist, May 2010
  22. 32. 5B
  23. 33. 5B 2B http://www.nahc.org/facts/homecareStudy.html
  24. 34. of home health patients return to the hospital due to lack of risk assessment Medicare Statistic http://www.phd1.idaho.gov/homehealth/homehealthprofile.cfm 28%
  25. 35. ~ Dr. Gustavo Saposnik Director of the Stroke Outcomes Research Unit, St. Michael’s Hospital at the University of Toronto http://dailycontributor.com/playing-wii-can-help-stroke-patients-recover-faster/13017/ 30% improvement * Based on 20 patients recovering from stroke with average age of 61, undergoing eight 60-minute sessions over a period of two weeks
  26. 36. Kinect Therapy http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GCWYFo7HesA
  27. 37. http://www.nytimes.com/2010/11/23/science/23avatar.html?_r=1
  28. 38. ~ Jeremy Bailenson Director of the Stanford University Virtual Human Interaction Lab http://www.nytimes.com/2010/11/23/science/23avatar.html?_r=1 “ In a matter of minutes, people placed in front of the virtual mirror identify strongly with their ‘body’ and psychologically inhabit it.”
  29. 39. Virtual Pain Distraction http://worlds.ruc.dk/archives/3033 http://www.ampainsoc.org/pub/bulletin/spr05/inno1.htm
  30. 40. Virtual Pain Distraction http://worlds.ruc.dk/archives/3033 http://www.ampainsoc.org/pub/bulletin/spr05/inno1.htm
  31. 41. http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/discoblog/2009/01/15/when-technology-gets-creepy-giving-birth-in-second-life/
  32. 42. http://www.newswise.com/articles/people-with-disabilities-find-improved-quality-of-life-by-visiting-virtual-world-online-free-internet-site-used-by-millions-for-entertainment-now-serves-disabled-individuals
  33. 43. http://scopeblog.stanford.edu/archives/2010/11/be-community.html BE Community for adolescent cancer patients
  34. 44. http://scopeblog.stanford.edu/archives/2010/11/be-community.html “ Patients feel empowered by support they find online and experience emotionally beneficial recognition from similar interactions.” ~ Mette Hoybye, PhD Center on Stress and Health Stanford University
  35. 46. “ I’ve always wanted to be part of a group that understood what it’s like to be me.”
  36. 47. Autism + Avatars http://www.wfaa.com/news/health/Dallas-center-uses-avatars-in-virtual-world-to-help-autistic-children-116899863.html
  37. 48. Autism + Avatars http://www.wfaa.com/news/health/Dallas-center-uses-avatars-in-virtual-world-to-help-autistic-children-116899863.html
  38. 49. Empathy
  39. 50. Making allowances for attributes a person cannot readily change Empathy
  40. 52. ~ Richard Rubenstein and Harry Hersh, from the book The Human Factor: Designing Computer Systems for People “ In the absence of detailed information we all work from assumptions ... we tend to design for ourselves, not for other people.”
  41. 53. $ 175 b 2006 U.S. Department of Labor. “Providing Quality Services to Customers with Disabilities.” www.dol.gov/odep/pubs/ek98/provide.htm
  42. 54. 4 x ~ Paul Farhi and Jennifer Frey. “Marketers Tune In to the Tween Set; New Media target a Rich Niche of Young Consumers” Washington Post . 23 May 2006. www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/05/22/AR2006052201903.html
  43. 55. ~ 2008 Information Solutions Group Survey http://www.casualgaming.biz/news/27527/20-of-casual-gamers-are-disabled 20.5% total* players 46% physical 29% mental 25% developmental *13,296 players surveyed
  44. 56. Changes in wireless Internet use by demographic groups, 2009-2010 Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$74,999 $75,000+ 35 53 63 72 46 55 67 80 +11 +2 +4 +8 April 2009 May 2010 Change ~ Pew Research Center’s Internet & American Life Project April 29-May 30 Tracking Survey N=2,252 adults 18 and older http://e-patients.net/archives/2010/07/mobile-social-health-at-the-national-library-of-medicine.html
  45. 57. Changes in wireless Internet use by demographic groups, 2009-2010 Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$74,999 $75,000+ 35 53 63 72 46 55 67 80 +11 +2 +4 +8 April 2009 May 2010 Change ~ Pew Research Center’s Internet & American Life Project April 29-May 30 Tracking Survey N=2,252 adults 18 and older http://e-patients.net/archives/2010/07/mobile-social-health-at-the-national-library-of-medicine.html Of adults living with a disability have broadband Internet access 41%
  46. 58. http://e-patients.net/archives/2010/07/mobile-social-health-at-the-national-library-of-medicine.html
  47. 59. http://e-patients.net/archives/2010/07/mobile-social-health-at-the-national-library-of-medicine.html
  48. 60. http://e-patients.net/archives/2010/07/mobile-social-health-at-the-national-library-of-medicine.html
  49. 61. 15 % http://www.npr.org/blogs/health/2011/06/09/137084239/nearly-1-in-7-people-on-earth-are-disabled-survey-finds?sc=fb&cc=fp/
  50. 62. 15% We are all digital outcasts http://www.npr.org/blogs/health/2011/06/09/137084239/nearly-1-in-7-people-on-earth-are-disabled-survey-finds?sc=fb&cc=fp/
  51. 63. What’s the answer?
  52. 64. What’s the answer? You are.
  53. 65. Picture: http://electronics.howstuffworks.com/gadgets/other-gadgets/virtual-world.htm One day …
  54. 66. ~ Electrocorticographic (ECoG) Brain Implants Wadsworth Center Lab Albany, NY http://www.nytimes.com/2011/09/18/magazine/the-cyborg-in-us-all.html?_r=1&ref=technology
  55. 67. Computer Telepathy One epilepsy patient moved a ball across a computer screen simply by imagining a sound. ~ Electrocorticographic (ECoG) Brain Implants Wadsworth Center Lab Albany, NY http://www.nytimes.com/2011/09/18/magazine/the-cyborg-in-us-all.html?_r=1&ref=technology
  56. 68. ~ William Gibson Science Fiction Author (Idoru) “ The future has already arrived. It’s just not evenly distributed yet.” http://www.flickr.com/photos/fredarmitage/1057613629
  57. 69. Waterloo Labs http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4j2kw5MJK24
  58. 70. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4j2kw5MJK24 Waterloo Labs
  59. 71. Thank you Questions & Comments
  60. 72. Thank you @ kelsmith @ digitaloutcasts

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