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Place Qualities: Section 3 of Introduction to Placemaking

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This PPT identifies the key qualities in the places we like. More information available at http://www.placefocus.com/Place-Qualities/place-qualities.html

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Place Qualities: Section 3 of Introduction to Placemaking

  1. 1. PROGRAM – SESSION 3 1 Urban Design + Placemaking 101 2 Place Values 3 Place Qualities 8 Outcomes 4 Place Typology 5 Place process 6 Place roles 7 Toolkit - placemaking ideas 9/10 Links+ conclusions Aussie tour of our bonza places Portside Markets, Hercules Street, Brisbane, Queensland, AUS
  2. 2. Anster St – Adelaide, SA, AUS PLACEMARK: SITE VISIT Prosperity Excite Our legacy People Livability Exercise Public realm Legibility WAlkable Context Environment Safety Management Art of Placemaking Kindle Innovation N desig(n) G enablin(g)
  3. 3. DRIVERS OF GOOD PLACES ▸ Character: sense of place and history ▸ All sites have intrinsic environmental qualities, community use and site characteristics. ▸ We create authenticity by enriching these unique qualities. ▸ This is a key ingredient for successful places. ▸ “Do designers destroy the story” D Engwicht The Front Walk – Rottnest Island, WA
  4. 4. DRIVERS OF GOOD PLACES ▸ But cities change... and so do people ▸ We have also inherited aspirations for a better future, and a tradition of cultural vitality ▸ Good urban design: ▸ is attentive to the past ▸ adopts a critical stance toward the status quo ▸ explores possible destinies ▸ and imagines and fulfils visions The Esplanade, St Kilda, Melbourne, AUS
  5. 5. DRIVERS OF GOOD PLACES ▸ An example of character guidance ▸ Recognise sub-regions ▸ Respect topography ▸ Diversify the built environment ▸ Consider local character and design ▸ Integrate with nature ▸ Acknowledge informality ▸ Use vegetation ▸ Ensure open space diversity ▸ Incorporate access to open space ▸ Design for water ▸ Develop outdoor centres ▸ Develop outdoor meeting places
  6. 6. DIVERSITY Affordable Housing, Hartopp Lane, KGUV – Brisbane ▸ Choice ▸ Adaptability ▸ Drivers of diversity ▸ public buildings ▸ density ▸ small street blocks ▸ small lots ▸ day and night time activity ▸ building diversity ▸ affordable housing
  7. 7. DRIVERS OF GOOD PLACES
  8. 8. ACCESSIBILITY ▸ Connectivity and permeability ▸ D Engwicht Secret 4 – focus on exchanges not mobility ▸ Walk Score Ormeau Town Centre Concept Plan (Deicke Richards)
  9. 9. ANIMATORS ▸ Active ▸ Safe ▸ Comfort ▸ Interesting ▸ Management ▸ Anchoring presence ▸ Lingering nodes Swanston St, Melbourne, VIC
  10. 10. DRIVERS OF GOOD PLACES Swanston St, Melbourne, VIC
  11. 11. Hay St, Port Macquarie, NSW, AUS FIT AND FUNCTION ▸ Power of 10 (PPS) ▸ Create the potential ▸ Public realm is a means to an end not the end itself ▸ “infinite possibilities not future destination” D Engwicht
  12. 12. Edinburgh Gardens, Fitzroy North, VIC, AUS FIT AND FUNCTION
  13. 13. DRIVERS OF GOOD PLACES The Strand - Townsville, QLD, AUS
  14. 14. Rue de Rivoli, Paris, France CONTINUITY AND ENCLOSURE ▸ streets and open spaces overlooked by buildings ▸ relationship between public and private space ▸ avoiding gaps ▸ enclosing with buildings and trees ▸ no leftover spaces unused and uncared for
  15. 15. Main Street, Rouse Hill Town Centre, Sydney, NSW, AUS CONTINUITY AND ENCLOSURE
  16. 16. Hitchcock Ave - Barwon Heads, VIC, AUS CONSISTENCY + VARIETY ▸ Order and diversity ▸ Avoid confusion and stimulate the senses ▸ One condition benefits from the other ▸ “Great places celebrate inherent contradictions” D Engwicht
  17. 17. LEGIBILITY Dean St, Albury, NSW, AUS ▸ Landmarks ▸ Focal points ▸ Views ▸ Clear routes ▸ Gateways ▸ Lighting ▸ Works of art and craft ▸ Signage and waymarkers
  18. 18. LEGIBILITY Brunswick St, Fitzroy North, VIC, AUS ▸ Landmarks ▸ Focal points ▸ Views ▸ Clear routes ▸ Gateways ▸ Lighting ▸ Works of art and craft ▸ Signage and waymarkers
  19. 19. PLACE DRIVER Given Tce, Paddington, Bne, QLD, AUS
  20. 20. Bendigo, VIC, AUS STRUCTURE ▸ Centres ▸ Routes of movement ▸ Street patterns ▸ Network of public spaces ▸ Shapes of land parcels ▸ A city is more than the sum of these parts ▸ Connections make a coherent, functioning whole
  21. 21. FEATURES The Esplanade, Cairns, QLD, AUS ▸ Encourage play (Engwicht Secret 10) ▸ 8-80
  22. 22. Russell St, South Bank, QLD, AUS SOCIAL FABRIC ▸ Events, activities and cultural infrastructure ▸ The quality of the public realm is a means to an end not the end itself ▸ The places we like are not only created, designed and delivered - they also need to be maintained
  23. 23. Fringe Festival, Adelaide City, SA, AUS SOCIAL FABRIC ▸ Events, activities and cultural infrastructure ▸ The quality of the public realm is a means to an end not the end itself ▸ The places we like are not only created, designed and delivered - they also need to be maintained
  24. 24. Allen St, South, Townsville, QLD, AUS SUSTAINABILITY ▸ Environmentally, socially and economically ▸ Celebrate the environment in cities
  25. 25. QUALITIES OF GOOD PLACES 1. Character 2. Diversity 3. Accessibility 4. Fit + function 5. Animators 6. Continuity + enclosure 7. Consistency + variety 8. Legibility 9. Structure 10. Features 11. Social Fabric 12. Sustainability PlaceDrivers 13. Quality of the public realm 14. Safety 15. Creativity 16. Sensory pleasure PlacePreferenceNZ Urban Design Protocol VIC Urban Design Charter Councillor’s Guide to Urban Design (Urban Initiatives, 2003). Lochiel Park – Adelaide, SA, AUS
  26. 26. Tutanekai St, Rotorua, New Zealand ▸ Well-used and well-loved ▸ Generally safe, comfortable, varied and attractive ▸ Distinctive ▸ Variety, choice and fun ▸ Meet the needs and aspirations of users ▸ Engwicht Secret 1 – Make people feel at home ▸ “You can create a house with money but not a home” QUALITY OF THE PUBLIC REALM
  27. 27. Whickham Tce, Fortitude Valley, QLD, AUS SAFETY ▸ Help us understand risk to support safe behaviour ▸ Support human abilities of perception ▸ see potential threats ▸ judge risks ▸ escape if a threat is perceived ▸ seek assistance ▸ give aid if needed.
  28. 28. Ballarat Street, Yarraville, VIC, AUS QUALITIES OF GOOD PLACES 1. Character 2. Diversity 3. Accessibility 4. Fit + function 5. Animators 6. Continuity + enclosure 7. Consistency + variety 8. Legibility 9. Structure 10. Features 11. Social Fabric 12. Sustainability PlaceDrivers 13. Quality of the public realm 14. Safety 15. Creativity 16. Sensory pleasure PlacePreference NZ Urban Design Protocol VIC Urban Design Charter Councillor’s Guide to Urban Design (Urban Initiatives, 2003).
  29. 29. HOW TO MAKE AN ATTRACTIVE CITY
  30. 30. Peel St, Tamworth, NSW, AUS HOW TO MAKE AN ATTRACTIVE CITY 1. Not too chaotic, not too ordered 2. Visible life 3. Compact 4. Orientation and mystery 5. Scale 6. Make it local
  31. 31. Rundle St Mall – Adelaide, SA, AUS QUALITIES OF GOOD PLACES ▸ Engwicht Secret 3 – break the rules ▸ “Learn the rules like a pro, so you can break them like an artist.”― Pablo Picasso ▸ Seek the inherent contradictions ▸ Everything we design should have multiple or conflicting implications
  32. 32. Old Belvidere Prom - East Perth, WA, AUS QUALITIES – IMPLEMENTATION? ▸ Performance ▸ Prescription ▸ Expectations (Hamilton NZ)
  33. 33. Currie St, Nambour, QLD, AUS PLACEMARK AUDIT Public realm: buildings and infrastructure support the place Legibility: navigable and still interesting WAlkable: people before private vehicles Context: celebrate unique characteristics Environment: sustain and enhance Safety: help us understand risk to support safe behaviour

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