Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Development Journalism in African Context


Published on

Presentation by Mr. Jonas Boateng, Lecturer in journalism, Ghana Institute of Journalism

Published in: Education, News & Politics
  • Be the first to comment

Development Journalism in African Context

  1. 1. Development Journalism: The African Context Lecturer Kodwo Jonas Anson Boateng Mass Communication Ghana Institute of Journalism
  2. 2. Focus of Lecture <ul><li>Try to understand the concept of Development and Journalism </li></ul><ul><li>The Historical setting of Development Journalism </li></ul><ul><li>Expectations of Development Journalism </li></ul><ul><li>Current Practice & impeding challenges </li></ul><ul><li>The Way Forward </li></ul>
  3. 3. Two Critical Concepts <ul><li>What and how is development conceived/perceived? </li></ul><ul><li>What is our understanding of journalism? </li></ul>
  4. 4. Development <ul><li>Development has varied definitions </li></ul><ul><li>Prominent: Development is there4 defined as “consisting of deliberate efforts aimed at progress on the part of various agencies, including gov’ts, all kinds of organizations and social movements”. (G. Thomas 1989) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Development <ul><li>The process by which Third World societies could become more like Western developed societies in terms of political system, economic growth and educational levels (Inkeles & Smith 1974). </li></ul><ul><li>Development equated to political democracy, rising levels of productivity and industrialization, high literacy rates, longer life expectancy. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Development Considered <ul><li>Also considered as </li></ul><ul><li>“ a process of enlarging people’s choices” </li></ul><ul><li>“… . enhancing participatory democratic processes” </li></ul><ul><li>“… .. the ability of the people to have a say in the decisions that shape their lives” </li></ul><ul><li>“… .. of providing human beings with the fullest potential” </li></ul><ul><li>“…… of enabling the poor, women and free independent peasants to organize for themselves…..” </li></ul>
  7. 7. Role of Journalism <ul><li>Traditionally journalism seen as: </li></ul><ul><li>Collector of information </li></ul><ul><li>Distribution & disseminator of information </li></ul><ul><li>Intermediary between a source & a receiver </li></ul><ul><li>Journalists are professional agents who collect, collate, process and disseminate a appropriate & relevant information and messages between parties and or entities in a given community. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Historical Background to Development Journalism <ul><li>Dev’t Journalism born out of idea of dev’t: </li></ul><ul><li>Devt facilities the process of modernization & westernization </li></ul><ul><li>Devt equated to liberal demoracy </li></ul><ul><li>In 1950s & 60s media regarded as essential agent in dev’t process </li></ul><ul><li>Media products in Africa mainly imported from West or from colonial masters </li></ul>
  9. 9. 5 Major Principles of Development Journalism <ul><li>Development Journalism places certain demands & expectations on the journalist: </li></ul><ul><li>Dev’t Journalists should be aware of the processes and contradictions between dev’t & underdev’t </li></ul><ul><li>Dev’t Journalism should help break dependency on colonialism </li></ul><ul><li>Dev’t Journalism must help in global struggle against imperialism & global inequalities </li></ul>
  10. 10. 5 Major Principles of Dev’t Journalism <ul><li>4. Dev’t Journalism should help new independent states achieve nation-hood </li></ul><ul><li>5. Dev’t Journalist should be a Pan-Africanist </li></ul>
  11. 11. Role of Media <ul><li>Media collaborate with gov’t for socio-economic & cultural dev’t </li></ul><ul><li>Media as tool for national modernization </li></ul><ul><li>Media used a nation-builder </li></ul><ul><li>Create national consciousness & patriotism </li></ul><ul><li>Political & Social Mobilizer for national cohesion </li></ul>
  12. 12. Criticisms <ul><li>Too much attachment to gov’t </li></ul><ul><li>Mouthpiece of gov’t - Political amplifier or loudspeaker. </li></ul><ul><li>Neglect its ‘ Watchdog ’ role, becomes political & social ‘ Gatekeeper ’. </li></ul><ul><li>Gov’t Control increases </li></ul><ul><li>Presents issues of dev’t not impact of dev’t </li></ul><ul><li>Dev’t Journalism becoming obsolete due to liberal/market oriented media </li></ul>
  13. 13. Moving Dev’t Journalism Forward <ul><li>Re-examine the idea of DEVELOPMENT </li></ul><ul><li>Re-examine idea of DEMOCRACY (Participatory/Inclusiveness) </li></ul><ul><li>Dev’t Journalism must empower the ordinary person/communities not state </li></ul><ul><li>Deve’t Journalism must report about people not about issues </li></ul><ul><li>Must promote different forms of life experiences </li></ul>
  14. 14. Moving Forward <ul><li>Media should be community owned & operated </li></ul><ul><li>Dev’t Journalism must promote REVOLUTION IN THINKING </li></ul><ul><li>Challenge traditional/dominant ideas/paradigms. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Finally ! <ul><li>In his book Pedagogy of the Oppressed Paulo Freire argues for: </li></ul><ul><li>A shift from the dominant approach of [development journalism] to a community-based development approach that recognizes grassroots efforts and a radical/revolutionary change for the oppressed and marginalized people to take control of power politics. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Kiitos & Hyva Joulua