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U.S. Bellows Expansion Joint Presentation


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U.S. Bellows Expansion Joint Presentation

  1. 1. Piping Technology & Products, Inc.
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>PT&P acquired U.S. Bellows in 1997 during a major plant expansion of 200,000 sq. ft. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Applications ▪ Research & Development ▪ Refinery ▪ Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Service ▪ HVAC Building Heating & Cooling Systems ▪ Furnace Sealing Bags ▪ Geothermal Power Plants ▪ Marine Piping & Exhaust ▪ Environmental Applications ▪ Kilns ▪ Steam Distribution ▪ Heavy Metal ▪ Solid Waste Incineration ▪ U.S. Navy ▪ Gas Turbines ▪ Truck Exhaust ▪ Waste Water Treatment ▪ FCC Units ▪ District Energy ▪ Aerospace Turbo Engine Exhaust ▪ Municipal Water Districts ▪ Heat Exchangers ▪ Power ▪ Pulp & Paper ▪ Stationary Engine Exhaust ▪ Chemical & Petrochemical ▪ Fossil Fuel Power Plant
  4. 4. Bellows Basics <ul><li>Bellows Material Types </li></ul>Inconel 625 316L S/S Hastelloy C-276 Inconel 600 316 S/S Incoloy 825 Monel 400 304L S/S Incoloy 800/800H 321 S/S 304 S/S
  5. 5. Types of Movement Torsional Movement Angular Movement Lateral Movement Axial Movement
  6. 6. Cyclic Deflections & Cycle Life Cycle Test on a 12 &quot; diameter A240-321SS Bellows with 8 convolutions. The bellows has met the EMJA cycle life calculation of 1,000 cycles and failed in the root of the convolutions at 1,285 cycles. Temperature Change Repetitive Mechanical Movements Vibrations Stresses
  7. 7. Expansion Joint Failure <ul><li>Common Bellows Material Failures </li></ul>Failure Mode Typical Source Stress Corrosion Chlorides (austenitic stainless steels) Caustics, High Temp. Sulfurous Gas (nickel alloys) Fatigue Vibration Carbide Precipitation Unstabilized Materials at High Temperatures Squirm & Rupture Over Pressurization * Squirm is the phenomena whereby the centerline of a straight bellows develops a sideways or lateral bow.
  8. 8. Accessories <ul><li>Protective Covers & Internal Liners </li></ul>
  9. 9. Accessories <ul><li>Purge Connector </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Used for systems where sediments collect between outside of the internal liner and the inside of the bellows element </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Injected clear gas or liquid periodically or continuously blows collected material out </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Accessories <ul><li>Limit Rods </li></ul>
  11. 11. Types of Expansion Joints <ul><li>Single Expansion Joint </li></ul>12 &quot; diameter single tied expansion joints with an overall length of 12 &quot; , fabricated from stainless steel
  12. 12. Types of Expansion Joints <ul><li>Universal Expansion Joint </li></ul>66 &quot; Metallic Tied Universal Expansion Joint
  13. 13. Types of Expansion Joints Tied Universal Expansion Joint Tied Universal Expansion Joint with Stainless Steel Flanges Universal Expansion Joint Single Expansion Joints
  14. 14. Types of Expansion Joints <ul><li>Hinged Expansion Joint </li></ul>Two 43” hinged expansion joints with 5” thick refractory lining, manufactured to be part of FCC stand-pipes in a synfuels plant
  15. 15. Types of Expansion Joints <ul><li>Gimbal Expansion Joint </li></ul>55 &quot; O.D. Double Gimbal Universal Expansion Joint for an FCC Unit. The expansion joint is equipped with floating rings and Inco 625 LCF bellows.
  16. 16. Types of Expansion Joints <ul><li>In-line Pressure Balanced Expansion Joint </li></ul>24 &quot; In-line Pressure Balanced Expansion Joints designed for 175 PSIG and 610  F for a petrochemical plant in Venezuela
  17. 17. Types of Expansion Joints <ul><li>Pressure Balanced Elbow Expansion Joint </li></ul>Pressure Balanced Elbow Expansion Joints designed for 150 PSIG and 450  F for a 42 &quot; steam line
  18. 18. Types of Expansion Joints 54 &quot; Pressure Balanced Elbow Turbine Crossover Expansion Joint (Refurbished) 36 &quot; Pressure Balanced Elbow Expansion Joints
  19. 19. Types of Expansion Joints <ul><li>Externally Pressurized Expansion Joint </li></ul>* Pressure is applied externally to the bellows * Ability to absorb large mounts of axial travel
  20. 20. Types of Expansion Joints <ul><li>Stable at high pressures </li></ul><ul><li>Absorbs small amounts of movement </li></ul>Clamshell Bellows Expansion Joint Toroidal Bellows Expansion Joint (Omega Bellows Expansion Joint)
  21. 21. Types of Expansion Joint <ul><li>Refractory Lined Expansion Joint </li></ul>44 &quot; Universal Refractory Lined Expansion Joint designed for 30 PSIG and 1400  F 36 &quot; Double Hinged Expansion Joint designed for 50 PSIG and 1000  F 70 &quot; Tied Universal Expansion Joint designed for 51 PSIG and 1460  F
  22. 22. 80&quot; Diameter, FCU, Expansion Joint in Fab Shop Types of Expansion Joint
  23. 23. Types of Expansion Joints 108 &quot; Diameter Thick Wall Expansion Joint (with 2 convolutions) 71&quot; x 143&quot; Round Corner Regular Expansion Joint for an oil refinery in India 78 &quot; I.D. x 100&quot; O.D. Thick Wall Expansion Joint Rectangular Metallic Expansion Joint 240&quot; x 80&quot; and 157&quot; x 65&quot; Rectangular Expansion Joint Thick Wall Metallic Expansion Joint
  24. 24. Types of Expansion Joints 30 &quot; Slip Type Expansion Joint (Designed for hydrocarbon flaring system ) 21 ' x 14 ' I.D. Fabric Expansion Joint (Power plant in Puerto Rico) 30 &quot; Diameter Rubber Expansion Joint (EPDM reinforced tube & cover, telescoping linear and A516-70 flanges) 59 &quot; Diameter Neoprene Expansion Joint (Carbon Steel Angle flanges and Stainless Steel Clamp Rings) Rubber Expansion Joint Fabric Expansion Joint Slip Type Expansion Joint
  25. 25. Fabric Expansion Joints High-Temp 23 ¼ &quot; I.D. Fabric Expansion Joint Stitching the fabric belt on the 1 st layer 128 &quot; x 229 &quot; Rectangular Fabric Expansion Joint (Includes a Three Layer Belt)
  26. 26. Project Experience Thick Wall Flanged and Flued Head Expansion Joint
  27. 27. Project Experience 54 &quot; Pressure-Balanced Elbow Turbine Crossover Refurbished Expansion Joint
  28. 28. Project Experience Tied Universal Expansion Joint
  29. 29. Value-added Services Burst Test <ul><li>Hydrostatic Testing </li></ul><ul><li>Magnetic Particle </li></ul><ul><li>Ultrasonic </li></ul><ul><li>Cycle Test </li></ul><ul><li>Burst Test </li></ul><ul><li>Helium Leak Detection </li></ul><ul><li>Liquid Penetrant </li></ul><ul><li>Inspection </li></ul><ul><li>Radiography Test </li></ul><ul><li>Positive Material </li></ul><ul><li>Identification (PMI) Test </li></ul><ul><li>Pneumatic Testing </li></ul><ul><li>Spring Rate Testing </li></ul><ul><li>Fatigue Testing </li></ul>Dye Penetration Testing Performance Assurance Program
  30. 30. Value-added Services <ul><li>Performance Assurance Program </li></ul>Hydro Test Cycle Test
  31. 31. Value-added Services <ul><li>24x7 Field Services </li></ul><ul><li>Installation guidance </li></ul><ul><li>Field survey and inspection </li></ul><ul><li>Problem resolution and repair </li></ul><ul><li>Replacement expansion joints for any quick-turn or emergency situation </li></ul><ul><li>Available 24x7 to fulfill any emergency/quick-turn requirement that might arise </li></ul>
  32. 32. Value-added Services Friday, 5:30pm Saturday Sunday 24x7 Emergency/Quick-turn Services for a 48&quot; dia expansion joint 24x7 Web-based Emergency Services
  33. 33. Emergency Response Same-Day Emergency Service on an 8 &quot; Single Expansion Joint
  34. 34. Inventory of Stock Bellows
  35. 35. Technical Capabilities <ul><li>Engineering and Design </li></ul><ul><li>PDS Collaboration + “Catalog” of supports </li></ul>Finite Element Analysis of a Gimbal Expansion Joint
  36. 36. Technical Information <ul><li> </li></ul>Fatigue Testing Pressure Balanced Expansion Joints Heat Exchanger Shell Bellows High Temp Furnace Seal Bag
  37. 37. Conclusion <ul><li>U.S. Bellows is a diverse manufacturer of a wide variety of high-quality, competitively priced expansion joints </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. Bellows has focused experience in supplying expansion joints to petrochemical plants, chemical plants and power generation plants around the world. </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. Bellows for all your expansion joint needs… </li></ul>