Topic 5 research in the era of globalization by simbulan
REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES MINDANAO STATE UNIVERSITY GENERAL SANTOS CITY COLLEGE OF EDUCATIONContemporary Issues and Trends for secondary teachers 3 A Presentation Presented to the class of: Dr. Maria Theresa Pelones Presented by: Farrah Mae E. Inamarga Maryrose L. Biongan Michelle Gladys A. Pason 7/24/2012 1
Higher Education Research in the ERA of Globalization: Dilemmas and challenges of Alternative Research Roland G. Simbulan
“ Man can find meaning in life, short and perilous as it is, Only thru devoting himself to society.” –Albert Einstein- ACRONYMS APCHER – Asia-Pacific Conference on highereducation Research IMF – International Monetary Fund SAPS – Structural Adjustment Programs
Globalization & its ImplicationsThe process manifest itself mainly through the intensification of activities in the following areas:1. International trade in goods and services;2. Capital flows;3. The role of multinational enterprises;4. The reorganization of production networks on an international scale; and5. The adoption of new technology , including information technology.
Vocabulary wordsGlobalization- it is comprehensive term for the emergence of a global society in which economic, political, environmental, and cultural events in one part of the world quickly come to have significance for people in other parts of the world. Globalization is the result of advances in communication, transportation, and information technologies.Implication-something that is implied or involved as a natural consequence of something
Income generation- to improve the economicwell-being of communities is a fundamentalgoal. Revenue enhancement- an increase inrevenues, especially by way of increased taxes.Revenue enhancement includes reducingtaxpayer deductions and eliminating tax credits.
Health Research Some of the highlight of the study concerning the health research: 1. In the Government’s budget in 1990- 1998, health resources accounted for 19% while R & D resources accounted for less than 1%. 2. Out of the total R & D resources, only 17% was allotted for health research and only about 1% of the overall health resources.
3. The respondents to the survey conductedsaid that a large chunk of health R & D fundscame from the private sector. (45%) led byprivate hospitals and pharmaceuticalcompanies.4. In terms of fund user, around 65% wereutilized by private research organizationsand the remainder by the government.
The university of the Philippines as a ResearchUP University - one of the recognize Research University in the Philippines - published 182 research articles last2003, which appeared in the ISI-indexed journals.
Problem and dilemma for many academic researchers today. The Seduction of the Academia In this Era of globalization, many scientist are being seduced by big research contracts or wooed for example, by drug companies and biotech firms. threatened with the loss of their grant money if they will going to oppose big companies. Loss of contract and other “market – driven ” corporate funding. “The value of research then becomes defined by how much money it brings in, not by its ultimate value to the public. ”
Corporate effects: Deleterious impact on the Universities: Losing subsidy in an increasing unequal and market- driven atmosphere; Altered academic priorities; Reduce the importance of teaching; Degrade the integrity of academic journals; Determine what research is conducted at universities; Lowered quality education; A reduction in academic freedom; and A covert transfer of resources from the public or
Corporate influence: Greatest impact on the Universities: Determine what issues university researchersstudy and whether findings are publicly reported. Funding has reduced the independence ofuniversity researchers, undermining the credibilityof reported research results.
Intellectual ProstitutionImpact of corporate funding in the universities Influence on professional ethics. Professors become servants to their corporate patrons Publish articles that promotes their benefactors interest Beginning to produce a downward spiral in educational quality. Due by forcing professors back into classrooms and out of so-called researchers.
STEPS IN REVERSING THE DOWNWARD EDUCATIONAL SPIRAL: Enactment of regulations that require professors at state universities to teach a minimum number of courses, e.g. four, each semester. All professors –including including department chairs, endowed professors, and grant-funded researchers-should be required to teach the minimum. Mandate that teaching, not research contracts and grant-getting, be given the greatest weight in the tenure and promotion process.
Only ground - breaking research that reallycontributes to knowledge and improves andstrengthens teaching-not-impedes it- should beallowed. Thus, professors who have neglected theirclassroom responsibilities for consultingcontract, and other corporate work or consultancywould be penalized, rather than rewarded.
Commodification of the Research Function The commodification of the research function ofthe university: Transformed into commercially-viable productsthat could be owned; Transforming courses into courseware, can bebought, owned, sold; Market-driven research becoming more and morepredominant.
Alternative Networks andAgendaCollaboration of different agencies for a common goal: National Institutes for Health (NIH) Department of Health (DOH) Philippine Council for Health Research Development- Department of Science and Technology
Common Research AgendaNational Health Research System - Local research network -includes: Biomedical Health services and policy researchers
With the (NIH) as the National Think Tank Formalized last February 2004 Focus On the improvement of the blueprint and strategies for health intervention, policies and service delivery. ROLES PCHRD-DOST DOH -prioritizes the generation of -identifies health service researchescompetitive product researchers and such as health care financing, health services systems and health organization.
Other agencies collaborate forthe development of mankind: Ibon Research Foundation Asia Regional Exchange for New Alternatives (ARENA) Asia Pacific Research Network (APRN)