THE CHALLENGES OFMULTIGRADETEACHING By: Richlyn F. Vicente, BEEd – GenSci MAED – GenEd, Ph. D. Ed.
WHY MULTIGRADE CLASSES EXIST? Multigrade classes were organized as a matter of necessity for remote barangays where the number of children enrolled could not meet the required number to organize a single grade class and assign the necessary teacher for each class. Distance of the barrio and small number of students for each class. Shortage of funds teachers and school buildings.
WHAT ARE THE ADVANTAGES AND CHALLENGESOF A MULTIGRADE CLASSES? Learner Advantages Maximum social interaction between/among peers. Cooperative learning is predominant. Will learn to be independent, self-directed learners can learn to be more resourceful. Prepared for real life – situations where there is constant interaction between people of different ages, varied skills and abilities. Can learn to assume leading or supporting role as needed in different work situations.
Stigma associated with failure and repetition is removed. Girlswho are often expected to stay home or at least close to home to take care younger siblings or the household will have more chances to go to school since schools are located within the community.
CHALLENGESRequires more discipline, greaterconcentration and more focus in order tobenefit from effective strategies e.g peerteaching, group work, self directed learning.Less reliance on direct supervision byteacher.Requires more initiative and resourceful tofunction effectively in a multigrade class.May receive less individual attention from aless experienced teacher or one who is notwell-trained in multigrade teaching.
TEACHERSAdvantages Challenges Requires more preparation Can make the most of inter-age, multi-level of curriculum learning materials. situation to facilitate learning processes. Requires more careful study of learner’s developmental Can get to know characteristics across the students more and age levels involved in the carefully asses their class, approaches and needs and adopt strategies that are effective appropriate teaching and viable within a strategies. multigrade class.
Can innovate and More investment in experiment with different organization of the age groups and deal with classroom as learning curriculum content across subject areas. environment. Shares responsibility for More meticulous and facilitating learning with systematic record keeping pupils, parents, other to keep track of student community members. progress, curriculum development and More opportunities for implementation is activity – centered, experience – based required. approaches rather than whole group, lecture/drill/rote methods of teaching.
Community and School SystemAdvantages1. Efficient means of providing educational services to thinly populated areas and remote communities.2. Efficient means of using limited educational resources such as trained teachers, classrooms, and materials.3. Maintaining small barrio schools help to build and sustain the identity of the community and the cultural life of the people in the community.
Challenges Student achievement may be poor if programsdo not have the required resources and teachersare not properly trained. Requires investment in training of teachers,supervisors and administrative personnel toprepare them for the demands of multigradeteaching and administration of multigrade schools.
WHAT DOES EFFECTIVE MULTIGRADE TEACHING INVOLVE? Systematic, well-organized and plannedinstructional delivery and grouping. A well – managed classroom that is conduciveto learning because the necessary resources areavailable and the necessary discipline among thestudents has been developed so that they canfocus on learning. A cooperative learning environment where self-directed learning is balanced with teacher –directed activities, peer teaching and group work.
A teacher who is well – prepared to actually serveas a FACILITATOR of learning rather than as the onlysource of knowledge in the classroom and who is well –prepared to apply a variety of instructional strategiesand techniques to suit the varied needs of learners. A well – designed curriculum that allows for andencourages integration of subject matter areas and avariety of activities as learning experiences for thestudents.
BASIC PRINCIPLES OF MULTIGRADE TEACHING Children are unique. Children can learn best from experience. Children can and do learn well from one another. The role of teacher in a classroom involves setting – up and managing a learning environment that will be conducive to learning and teaching. The implementation of the school curriculum must take into consideration the varied abilities, levels and interests within particular group.
The value of any educational program will be judged according to how well it is able to achieve the goals of the program – whether the children actually learn what they are expected to learn and how well they have learned. Inter – aging or the combination of children of different ages is more respectful of individual needs of learners and reflects real – life.
THE COMPONENT OF A MULTIGRADE CLASSROOMTeacher Facilitator Instruction ManagerObserver EvaluatorPlanner
HOW CHILDREN LEARN BEST AND HOW TEACHERS TEACH EFFECTIVELY Methods Teachers Frequently Use Lecture Recitation Discussion Direct Instruction Individualized Instruction and independent Study Grouping as an Instructional Strategy Self Directed Learner Peer Teaching
CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT PRACTICES AS BEST STRATEGIES FOR AN EFFECTIVE MULTIGRADE TEACHINGInstructions Provides different lesson in every subject for the two grade level. Plans learning activities to suit pupils’ ability and interest. Divide class into small group and individual group within a day. Time management is shown by alternating whole group periods with small group activities and individual work within a day. Prepares different sets of test by grade.
Provides pupils with necessary materials to work independently after whole group or small group instruction. Allows one grade to work or read independently or in group while discussing lessons to other grade level. Treats two grade level as one in the class with different activities suited to their level.
Pupil Management Assign seats for individual whole group activity. Schedules classroom routine such as flag ceremony, attendance taking, and classroom maintenance activity. Provides attendance chart to be filled up by pupils as soon as they arrive in class. Prepares daily/weekly job chart for the children to accomplish. Establish clear class routines such as passing of papers, falling in line and doing individual/group works. Provide an access to all pupils. Involve children in classroom maintenance by using the “Job Chart”. Allows pupils to sit by grade level facing to their own blackboard. Schedules daily routines and activities.
Discipline 1. Sets classroom rules and regulations for thechildren to follow. 2. Talks privately to the disruptive pupils. 3. Explains classroom rules clearly. 4. Imposes rules in passing or checking papers,quizzes and assignments. 5. Treats pupils with justice and fairness. 6. Assign pupil secretary to monitor class behavior. 7. Requires pupils to fall in line before entering andleaving the classroom. 8. Checks then accomplishments for daily routinaryactivities. 9. Treats pupil with justice and fairness.
CLASSROOM ATMOSPHERE Blackboards are in opposite walls of the classroom. Classroom lay out is flexible to cater indoor game. Desks/chairs are lighter capable to be moved and can be moved freely for group activities. Furniture and equipments are in movable type capable for arranging and rearranging. Learning materials are properly arranged and prepared by teachers. Provides a variety of arrangements throughout the year.
Arranges furniture in such a way it provide for convenient flow. Labels the areas of the classrooms and containers of materials for the children to easily learn its usage and function. Classroom is attractively and neatly arranged. Maintain cleanliness and orderliness inside the classroom. All parts of the room are well ventilated
“WHAT IS THAT IN YOURHAND? “THE LORD ASKS.” “AN OLD ROD,” MOSESANSWERS. “THEN, TAKE THAT ROD WITHWHICH YOU SHALL DO SIGNS,AND GREAT MIRACLES WILL BEACCOMPLISHED,” SAYS THELORD.AND MOSES OBEYS THELORD, THAT WHAT IS TOLD.
THE LORD THIS TIME ASKS AMULTIGRADE TEACHER. “WHAT ISIN YOUR HAND?”“TIME, RESOURCES ANDABILITIES.”“ WHAT IS THAT YOU ARE IN?”“A SCHOOL,” ANSWERS THEA MULTIGRADE TEACHER“WHY ARE YOU THERE?” THELORD ASKS AGAIN.“I WAS THERE TO GUIDECHILDREN.”
“AND WHO ARE THAT CHILDREN?”“THE CHILDREN ARE THEFUTURE, AND I AM THEPRIVILEGED MULTIGRADETEACHER WHO IS ALLOWED TOSPEND DAYS WITH THE FUTURE.IN THIS PLACE I BUILD LOVE,TRUTH AND JUSTICE. THIS IS THEPLACE THAT CREATES ASTRUCTURE THAT LASTS NOTONLY FOR A CENTURY BUTFOREVER.”
THE LORD SMILES ANDGIVES THE MULTIGRADETEACHER THE SIGN OF BLESSINGS.
FINALLY THE LORD IN HIS TENDER VOICESAID:“GO AND CONTINUE SERVING WITH: LOVE, UNDERSTANDING, JOY,HOPE AND OPTIMISMAREN’T YOU GLAD TO BEPRIVILEGED MULTIGRADE TEACHER?
Thank You , Good Luck! God bless!!!!!See you in the workforce in the near future………………