Educ200(2ndsem2013 2014) topic 2 research problem

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  • Why study research?Research is a field of endeavor which is often overlooked and neglected.-Most of our student has this misconception that to do research is to do library work, that is to copy facts and information related to research topic-others have certain pages of the book photocopied and they called it research.People do not seem to understand the importance of research, the things around us today are all product of research without research there will be no development.-Education is a continuous process of searching for better methods and strategies to upgrade the quality of education. Innovations are also made in areas of science and technology; politics and economics; business and industry; marketing and management; and others.
  • Novelty –A research topic must be new which focuses on current needs. Interesting – The researcher needs to consider problems which attract his attention. If a researcher is not interested in the topic, it will be difficult on his part to put his heart and spirit in it.Relevant – A research problem to be conducted should address the needs and problems of the people. Additionally, the research problem must give contribution and is worth investigating. Feasible – This means that a problem be completed within the allotted time desired (without undue amount of time, money or effort). Feasibility of research also implies the researcher’s competence or expertise in the conduct of the study. Researchable – A research problem must be SMART.S – Specific. It answers specific questionsM - Measurable. It can be measured for meets the standard of objectivity and verifiability. A – Achievable. It must possess the needed data that are within his reach R – Realistic. It can give practical, valid and reliable results.T -Time bound. It can be accomplished within a reasonable period of time. Ethical – A problem is regarded as “ethical” when it does not infringe the rights of the sources’ information. Additionally, it must not harm, hurt or risk the subjects or respondents.
  • Novelty –A research topic must be new which focuses on current needs. Interesting – The researcher needs to consider problems which attract his attention. If a researcher is not interested in the topic, it will be difficult on his part to put his heart and spirit in it.Relevant – A research problem to be conducted should address the needs and problems of the people. Additionally, the research problem must give contribution and is worth investigating. Feasible – This means that a problem be completed within the allotted time desired (without undue amount of time, money or effort). Feasibility of research also implies the researcher’s competence or expertise in the conduct of the study. Researchable – A research problem must be SMART.S – Specific. It answers specific questionsM - Measurable. It can be measured for meets the standard of objectivity and verifiability. A – Achievable. It must possess the needed data that are within his reach R – Realistic. It can give practical, valid and reliable results.T -Time bound. It can be accomplished within a reasonable period of time. Ethical – A problem is regarded as “ethical” when it does not infringe the rights of the sources’ information. Additionally, it must not harm, hurt or risk the subjects or respondents.
  • Novelty –A research topic must be new which focuses on current needs. Interesting – The researcher needs to consider problems which attract his attention. If a researcher is not interested in the topic, it will be difficult on his part to put his heart and spirit in it.Relevant – A research problem to be conducted should address the needs and problems of the people. Additionally, the research problem must give contribution and is worth investigating. Feasible – This means that a problem be completed within the allotted time desired (without undue amount of time, money or effort). Feasibility of research also implies the researcher’s competence or expertise in the conduct of the study. Researchable – A research problem must be SMART.S – Specific. It answers specific questionsM - Measurable. It can be measured for meets the standard of objectivity and verifiability. A – Achievable. It must possess the needed data that are within his reach R – Realistic. It can give practical, valid and reliable results.T -Time bound. It can be accomplished within a reasonable period of time. Ethical – A problem is regarded as “ethical” when it does not infringe the rights of the sources’ information. Additionally, it must not harm, hurt or risk the subjects or respondents.
  • Educ200(2ndsem2013 2014) topic 2 research problem

    1. 1. 4
    2. 2. TOPIC 2: Research Problem 5
    3. 3. TOPICS Definition of Research Problem Elements of Research Problems Guidelines in selecting Research Problems Sources of Research Problems Characteristics of Good Researhc Problems How to formulate Research Problems 6
    4. 4. Where does idea come from? 7 Courtesy of youtube
    5. 5. RESEARCH PROBLEM Problem is any (1) significant, perplexing and challenging situation, real or artificial, the solution of which requires reflective thinking (2) a perplexing situation after it has been translated into a question or series of questions that help determine the direction of subsequent inquiry Dewey as cited by Good ( ). A problem that someone would like to research. A problem that a person finds unsatisfactory or unsettling, a difficulty of some sort, a state of affairs that needs to be change. RESEARCH PROBLEM
    6. 6. ELEMENTS OF RESEARCH PROBLEMS WHY? Aim or purpose of the problem for investigation. WHAT? The subject matter or topic to be investigated. WHERE? WHEN? WHO? The place or locale where the research is to be conducted. The period or time of the study during the data are to be gathered. Population or universe from whom the data are to be collected.
    7. 7. Guidelines in Selection of Problem The research problem or topic must be chosen by the researcher himself. GUIDELINE IN THE SELECTION OF RESEARCH PROBLEM It must be within the interest of the researcher. It must be within the specialization of the researcher. It must be within the competence of the researcher to tackle. It must be within the ability of the researcher to finance; otherwise he must be able to find funding for research. It is researcher and manageable that is,
    8. 8. Characteristics of Research Problem Novelty Systematic Ethical Interesting CHARACTERISTICS OF GOOD RESEARCH Researchabl e (SMART) Relevant Feasible 11
    9. 9. Sources of Research Problems ( Calmorin & Calmorin, 2007) Specialization of the researcher • The field of speicalization of the researcher is an impetus towards conduct of research Cxurrent and Past Researches • Current and past are rich sources of RP Recommendations from Theses and research journals Original and creative ideas of the researcher based on problems met in locality 12
    10. 10. TIPS IN WRITING RESEARCH TITLE (Bermudo et.al., 2010) It must grab the attention and makes you want to read further It must be intriguing, thought-provoking It must include the 5Ws It must be brief and concise with a maximum of 20 words and writen in inverted pyramid and in capital letters It must avoid a study of, an investigation of , an analysis,,, It must follow the format required by institution. 13
    11. 11. Formulating Research Problem The general statement of the problem and the specific sub-problems or questions should be formulated first before conducting the research. Answers to each specific question must contribute to the development of the whole research problem or topic. Summing up the answers to all specific questions will give a complete development of the entire study Answers to each specific question can be interpreted apart from the answers to other specific questions. The number of specific questions should be enough to cover the development of the whole research problem or study. It is customary to state specific sub-problems (specific questions) in the interrogative form. Each question must be based upon known facts and phenomena. Each specific questions must be clear and unequivocal (one meaning) Each specific question is researchable apart from the other questions, which are answers to specific questions can be found even without considering the other questions. There should be a general statement of the problem and then should be broken up into as many sub-problems or specific questions as necessary
    12. 12. ENRICHMENT ACTIVITY 15
    13. 13. ENRICHMENT ACTIVITY 16
    14. 14. 17

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