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Overview of Executive Function and Working Memory for Kids

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Dr. Jack Muskat, Ph.D., presented at the GTA Parents of Kids with Attention and Organization Challenges Meetup in Toronto on January 28th, 2015. His topic was how Executive Function and Working Memory are factors for kids with attention and organization challenges.

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Overview of Executive Function and Working Memory for Kids

  1. 1. W E L C O M E G TA PA R E N T S O F K I D S W I T H A T T E N T I O N A N D O R G A N I Z A T I O N A L C H A L L E N G E S
  2. 2. A G E N D A • Our Mission • Our Sponsors • Executive Function & Working Memory - Dr. Jack Muskat • Top Parenting Tips for Attention & Organizationally Challenged Kids - Andrea Del Vecchio • Questions, discussion
  3. 3. G R O U P M I S S I O N To help Attention & Organizationally Challenged Kids Succeed by providing parents with: • Learning opportunities • Mutual Support • Connections
  4. 4. BrightLane http://brightlane.ca Pizzeria Libretto
 http://pizzerialibretto.com Brili http://brili.co O U R S P O N S O R S
  5. 5. E X E C U T I V E F U N C T I O N A N D W O R K I N G M E M O RY D R . J A C K M U S K A T, P H . D . S C H O O L & C L I N I C A L P S Y C H O L O G I S T
  6. 6. 1. Goal setting 2. Planning & organizing 3. Impulse control 4. Initiating 5. Holding a plan in mind 6. Flexibility 7. Self-monitoring 8. Task monitoring W H AT I S E X E C U T I V E F U N C T I O N ?
  7. 7. W H Y I S E X E C U T I V E F U N C T I O N I M P O R TA N T ? • School Readiness • Self-Discipline • Social Relationships
  8. 8. A I R T R A F F I C C O N T R O L E X E C U T I V E F U N C T I O N I S T H E B R A I N ’ S • Inhibitory Control • Working Memory • Cognitive Flexibility
  9. 9. E X E C U T I V E F U N C T I O N I S L I K E A M U S C L E • Improves with practice • Effortful to use • Impacted by available energy • Depleted by usage • Increases throughout development
  10. 10. W O R K I N G M E M O RY T H E R O L E O F • Stores information long enough to use it • Concentration • Following instructions
  11. 11. PA R T O F O U R M E M O RY S Y S T E M S E N S O RY M E M O RY S H O RT- T E R M M E M O RY L O N G - T E R M M E M O RY R E H E A R S A L W O R K I N G M E M O RY
  12. 12. T H E W O R K I N G M E M O RY S Y S T E M C E N T R A L E X E C U T I V E V E R B A L - A U D I T O RY M E M O RY V I S U A L - S PAT I A L S C R AT C H PA D ABC | 123
  13. 13. 7 T H I N G S F O R 7 S E C O N D S T H E W O R K I N G M E M O RY 7 4 7 R U L E
  14. 14. E M O T I O N A L S T R E S S R E D U C E S W O R K I N G M E M O RY C A PA C I T Y
  15. 15. C R E AT I V I T Y W O R K I N G M E M O RY I S N E E D E D T O C O N N E C T I D E A S A N D F O R
  16. 16. W O R K I N G M E M O RY • Needed to make sense of things that unfold over time • Needed for multitasking
  17. 17. C O M M O N W O R K I N G M E M O RY P R O B L E M S • Losing track of information or directions • Difficulty multitasking or remembering procedures on tasks • Appearing inattentive
  18. 18. M E M O RY I M P R O V E M E N T S T R AT E G I E S • Short, frequent sessions
 (5-10 mins max) • Quiz after 1 day, self testing • Flash cards, playing cards • Reducing interference • Visual grids and verbalizing
  19. 19. Q U E S T I O N S ? D R . J A C K M U S K A T, P H . D .

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