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Capítulo I:História e Fontes históricas (História, cultura e tempo).

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Slide sobre o tema: História e Fontes históricas.

Referências:
BOULOS JÚNIOR, Alfredo. História sociedade & cidadania. Edição reformulada, 6º ano. 2º Edição. São Paulo: FTD, 2012.

Published in: Education
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Capítulo I:História e Fontes históricas (História, cultura e tempo).

  1. 1. UNIDADE1 CAPÍTULO1
  2. 2.  A História estuda as mudanças e permanências ocorridas nas sociedades.  Essas mudanças ou permanências podem ser no campo da tecnologia, da moda, alimentação, lazer, comportamento, construção de moradias, leis. Figura 1 - Construção grega em Atenas, Grécia. Fonte: MorgueFile - Disponível em: <http://www.morguefile.com/archive/display/94 8727> Acesso em: 21 de Abril, 2015. Fonte: MorgueFile – Disponível em: <http://www.morguefile.com/archive/display/152717> Acesso em: 21 de Abril, Figura 2 - Mannequin. Figura 3 -Telefone Fonte: MorgueFile – Disponível em: <http://www.morguefile.com/archive/disp lay/152717 >Acesso em: 21 de Abril, 2015.
  3. 3.  A História procura entender o modo como as pessoas viviam em tempos anteriores e como vivem hoje, como também, a relação entre o antigo e o atual. Portanto, a disciplina histórica é o estudo dos seres humanos no tempo. Figura 5 - A clipart of a timeline. Figura 4 - Timeline. Fonte: Openclipart – Disponível em: <https://openclipart.org/detail/193015/timeline > Acesso em: 21 de Abril, 2015 Fonte: Freepik – Disponível em: <,http://www.freepik.com/free- vector/timeline- infographic_774158.htm#term=timeline&page=1&position=2 > Acesso em: 21 de Abril, 2015
  4. 4.  O historiador investiga e interpreta criticamente os acontecimentos, procurando resgatar a memória e compreender a condição da humanidade.  Seu trabalho, tem como base, a pesquisa de documentos, como manuscritos, impressos, gravações, filmes, objetos e fotos. Após essa pesquisa, classifica e relaciona os dados levantados em bibliotecas, arquivos, entrevistas ou estudos arqueológicos, confere autenticidade e analisa sua importância e significado para a construção do conhecimento historiográfico. Figura 6 - Study hour 2. Rgbstock. Figura 7 - History book. Morguefile. Fonte: Rgbstock – Disponível em: <http://www.rgbstock.com/photo/mgyUjpw/study+hour+2 > Acesso em: Fonte: MorgueFile – Disponível em: <http://www.rgbstock.com/photo/mgyUjpw/study+hour+2 > Acesso em: 21 de Abril, 2015.
  5. 5.  Esse conhecimento histórico é elaborado com auxílio de outras áreas do conhecimento como a Arqueologia, Geografia, Economia, Antropologia.  Assim como um detetive, o historiador utiliza os vestígios e pistas deixados pelos seres humanos, para auxiliá-lo a construir o conhecimento sobre a História. Esses vestígios são chamados pelos profissionais da disciplina de Fontes Históricas. Figura 8 - Detetive. Fonte: MorgueFile – Disponível em: < http://www.morguefile.com/archive/display/719176> Acesso em: 21 de Abril, 2015.
  6. 6.  As fontes da História podem ser: ESCRITAS VISUAIS ORAIS CULTURA MATERIAL Figura 9 - Law books. Figura 10 - Pintura Rupestre. Figura 12 - Diver Statue. Fonte: Rgb Stock. Disponível em: http://www.rgbstock.com/ph oto/ojWZ4XK/Ancient+Rock +Paintings > Acesso em: 21 de Abril, 2015 Fonte: Morgue File – Disponível em: <http://www.morguefile.com/arc hive/display/891537 >Acesso em: 21 de Abril, 2015. Fonte: Morgue File – Disponível em: <http://www.morguefile.com/archive/di splay/919298 >Acesso em: 21 de Abril, 2015. Figura 11 – Música. Fonte: Morgue File. Disponível em: <http://www.morguefile.com/archive /display/139357 > Acesso em: 21 de Abril, 2015
  7. 7.  O sujeito histórico pode ser individual (professor/a, prefeito, aluno) ou coletivo (instituições sociais como, Câmera dos Deputados, Igreja, Escola, ONGs, Movimento Feminista; grupos como, mulheres, idosos, soldados) Figura 13 – Clipart Igreja. Fonte: Open Clipart. Disponível em: < https://openclipart.org/detail/212572/small -church-with-cross> Acesso em: 21 de Abril, 2015 Figura 14 – Exército. Fonte: Morgue File. Disponível em: < https://openclipart.org/detail/212572/sm all-church-with-cross> Acesso em 21 de Abril, 2015. Figura 15 – Pessoas. Fonte: Morgue File. Disponível em: < http://www.morguefile.com/archive/displ ay/948482> Acesso em: 21 de Abril, 2015.
  8. 8.  Boulos Junior, Alfredo. História sociedade & cidadania – Edição reformulada, 6º ano. 2 e.d. – São Paulo: FTD, 2012. p. 11-19.  Só História. Profissão: Historiador. Disponível em: < http://www.sohistoria.com.br/ef2/profissao/> Acesso em: 21 de Abril, 2015.

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