Reform Movements Of The 1800s

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Expansion and Reform Unit

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  • What does it mean to reform something?
  • Why were these movements closely allied with each other? What did they have in common?
  • Reform Movements Of The 1800s

    1. 1. Reform Movements of the 1800s Womens’ and children’s rights; temperance movement; abolitionist movement What does it mean to reform something?
    2. 2. Women’s Rights <ul><li>In the nineteenth century, some people began to speak out for social changes in America. Women began to speak out for more equal treatment – leaders like Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton helped champion this cause </li></ul>
    3. 3. Susan B. Anthony
    4. 4. Elizabeth Cady Stanton
    5. 5. Womens’ Movement <ul><li>Anthony and Stanton argued strongly for granting women the right to vote </li></ul><ul><li>They met with many other people (most women, some men) at a Convention in Seneca Falls, NY in 1848. They met to discuss many issues of inequality between men and women in society. </li></ul>
    6. 6. Womens’ Movement <ul><li>Federal law did not allow women to vote until 1920, when the 19 th amendment to the U.S. Constitution was passed (some states passed their own laws allowing women to vote before 1920). Anthony and Stanton died before 1920. </li></ul>1848-1920? Why did it take so long?
    7. 7. Other Reform Movements <ul><li>There were other social movements that were allied closely with the womens’ movement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Temperence movement: argued for the banning of alcoholic beverages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Abolitionist movement: argued for the complete end of slavery </li></ul></ul>Why?
    8. 8. New Jersey and Reform <ul><li>1776 New Jersey state constitution allowed voting rights to all white males, and unmarried women and black males who owned property. </li></ul><ul><li>1844 – state constitution was amended to restrict voting rights to while males only </li></ul>

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