"Ontologies" : De la sémantique à l'éthique

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Keynote presentation by François Rastier at PhiloWeb 2012 (WWW2012).

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"Ontologies" : De la sémantique à l'éthique

  1. 1. « Ontologies » : De la sémantique à l’éthique • François Rastier • Directeur de recherche • frastier@gmail.com • www.revue-texto.net
  2. 2. Catégories ontologiques• l’être le faire• la substance les accidents• l’unicité la multiplicité• l’intemporalité la temporalité• l’invariance la variation
  3. 3. Un réseau sémantique ANIMAL is-a is-a is-a PERSON DOG COW eatsis-a is-a gives owns MEAT KAZUO FIDO
  4. 4. Des synonymes à l ’hypéronyme Hyperonyme Hypo 1 Hypo 2Syn 1 Syn 2 Syn 3 Syn 4
  5. 5. Cerises à l’alcool, Griottes au kirsch,Pruneaux au cognac, Fruits à l’alcool
  6. 6. Relations sémantiques en corpusrelations/corpus c ologie ec onomie reglementation techniquehyperonymie 759 57 111 2141mmronymie 43 -- -- 211synonymie 494 389 35 255antonymie 21 5 -- 4
  7. 7. EuroWordNet Top Ontology (excerpts) First order entities Substance : all stuff without boundary or fixed shape, consideredfrom a conceptual point of view not from a linguistic point of view; e.g. mass, material, water, sand, air. Opposed to Object. Part : Any concrete entity which is contained in an object, substance or a group; head, juice, nose, limb, blood, finger, wheel, brick, door. Second order entities Any Static Situation (property, relation) or Dynamic Situation, which cannot be grasped, heart, seen, felt as an independent physical thing. They can be located in time and occur or take place rather than exist; e.g. continue, occur, apply.

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