Copyright 2010 Phillips Bio-Industries Inc. is focused on international alternative energy production of biodiesel, biofuels and the ability to respond to changes in the laws and/or governmental controls thus creating favorable conditions in the energy industry opportunities worldwide. The company strives to be one of the top biodiesel oil producers in this bio-green technology and other alternative energy industry, helping the country achieve energy self-sufficiency and sustainability through the exploration and production of natural indigenous energy resources. Phillips Bio-Industries shall become one of the foremost bio fuel companies in the US, Mexico and throughout the world, seeking an equilibrium between the current bio fuel technologies and utilizing long term partnership by harnessing the involvement of private groups, local government and host communities, to achieve constant profitability thus rendering its contribution to the delight of its shareholders, investors, clienteles, customers, its employees, as well as the environment. Phillips Bio-industries The Fuel of Today INC.
Copyright 2010 Flowering and Fruiting Habit The trees are deciduous, shedding the leaves in the dry season. Flowering occurs during the wet season and two flowering peaks are often seen. In permanently humid regions, flowering occurs throughout the year. The seeds mature about 3 months after flowering. Early growth is fast and with good rainfall conditions, nursery plants may bear fruits after the first rainy season and direct sown plants after the second rainy season. The flowers are pollinated by insects especially honey bees. Jatropha Curcas grows almost anywhere, even on gravelly, sandy, and saline soils. It can thrive on the poorest, stony soil. It can grow even in the crevices of rocks. The leaves shed during the winter months form mulch around the base of the plant. The organic matter from the shed leaves enhance earthworm activity in the soil around the root-zone of the plants, which improves the overall fertility of the soil. Phillips Bio-industries The Fuel of Today INC.
Jatropha curcas is a non-edible fuel stock. Growing and using jatropha will not affect the price of food stock, such as corn, grain, and sugar, all of which are currently being used to fuel cars. If the United States was to consider using edible food stock to fuel the 800 million cars the 2 billion people in worlds poorest nations would suffer due to the rise in food prices. When Brazil started using sugar for fuel in 2005, the price of sugar doubled in just 18 months. Crude oil prices are getting close to $100.00 a barrel and are expected to hit $150.00 a barrel within the next few years. Copyright 2010 The use of biodiesel is helping to ease the pain in some American wallets. Sales of bio-fuels have jumped from 2 million gallons a year in 2000 to 250 million gallons in 2006. More and more government agencies, private companies, corporations, and private citizens are joining in the use of the renewable resource. Phillips Bio-Industries The Fuel of Today INC.
Copyright 2010 Jatropha Jatropha is a small but versatile bush/tree from the Euphorbiaceae family. The tree flowers and produces clusters of about 10-15 fruits with a seed containing high concentrations of oil. Jatropha Curcas L . is gaining a lot of attention as a potential feedstock for biodiesel production due to its high oil content and ability to grow in less than ideal conditions. Because jatropha likes heat and requires very little rainfall to flourish, making it drought-resistant, it puts no demand on local water sources and can still provide a source of income when other cash crops are affected by any kind of drought. Phillips Bio-Industries The fuel of Today INC.
Copyright 2010 Under the right conditions, jatropha seeds can contain up to 47% oil which can be used to produce cheap renewable biodiesel from a plant that can live up to 45 years and is known to live 60 + years. Another use for the plant is biomass which can be burned, similar to coal, to produce energy. The oil can even be used raw to produce heat for an oil burning heat system. A byproduct of biodiesel production is glycerin which can be used to make an organic soap. Current diesel engines can be run on this environmentally friendly fuel with little or no modifications. Engines that run a 20% mixture will usually require no modifications, where as using 100% biodiesel will require changing of some rubber parts. Biodiesel has even been shown to clean an engine and help it run more smoothly. Although studies have shown some power loss may occur from using biodiesel, about 2-10 hp, jatropha has been shown to be one of the most efficient oils to use in the production of biofuel. Phillips Bio-Industries The Fuel of Today INC.
Copyright 2009 Jatropha Curcas (tuba-tuba) is primarily a deciduous plant from the family Euphorbiaceae. It was initially used as valuable hedge plant and was exported from central America to Asia and Africa by Portuguese traders. Here in the United States, jatropha plant has well known medicinal properties and used for curing different ailments. The mature jatropha trees bear male and female inflorescence and can grow to a height of three meters.. Processed oil from crushed mature seeds can be used in existing diesel engines while the residue can also be processed into biomass as fuel for electricity generating plants. The seed cake, a by-product of oil production can be used as a natural organic fertilizer rich in nitrogen, Phillips bio-industries The Fuel of Today INC.
Copyright 2009 Here either in the same screw press – two-stage pressing is carried out or prepressed cake from first stage screw press in sent for second pressing to other screw press. Any kind of oil-bearing seed can be processed in oil mill, preparatory equipments are recommended prior to expelling. Pressed cake can be sold after recovering the max. Oil Hence, double pressing system is recommended. We need to know that there is going to be a good market for what we produce. We are very keen to build that confidence and promote Jatropha and other non-food oil crops cultivation by assisting planting, buying the seeds for refining and providing the refining technology. Phillips Bio-Industries The Fuel of Today INC.
Copyright 2010 The process of converting vegetable oil into biodiesel fuel is called Transesterification and is luckily less complex then it sounds. Chemically, Transesterification means taking a triglyceride molecule, or a complex fatty acid, neutralizing the free fatty acids, removing the glycerin, and creating an alcohol ester. This is accomplished by mixing methanol with sodium hydroxide to make sodium methoxide. This liquid is then mixed into the vegetable oil. After the mixture has settled, Glycerin is left on the bottom and methyl esters, or biodiesel is left on top and is washed and filtered. Phillips Bio-industries The Fuel of Today INC.
Copyright 2010 Lower Cost of Production – Jatropha has a lower cost of production than many other oils because its chemical make-up is so close to diesel. The energy needed to produce Jatropha oil is less than 10 percent of the oil obtained. Because Jatropha can be produced inexpensively, it can be sold at prices lower than gasoline. Many industry experts predict that in the next 10 years Jatropha will become the major biodiesel oil feedstock other than soybeans and canola (rapeseed). Better than Diesel – At the same power output, Jatropha oil consumption and efficiencies are higher than diesel fuel (2000-2006 University of Orleans study). Better than Gasoline – At maximal load conditions, Jatropha gives better results than gasoline because of its high oxygen content. Phillips bio-Industries The Fuel of Today INC.
Copyright 2010 ACHIEVABLE JATROPHA YIELDS Based on 2,500 plants per hectare Beginning to yield after 6 months 1st year seed yield/Ha 6,000kg 2nd year seed yield/Ha 12,000Kg 3rd year seed yield/Ha 18,000Kg 4th year seed yield/Ha 20,000Kg 5th+ year seed yield/Ha 24,000Kg The plant has a known economic lifespan of over 45 years without replanting. There are many examples of trees over 60 years producing more than 120kg of seed, per year. Phillips Bio-Industries The Fuel of Today INC.
Copyright 2010 Continental Airlines (CAL.N) ran a two-hour test flight in January of a Boeing (BA.N) 737 passenger plane powered with a mix of jatropha and algae-based biodiesel, following the lead of Japanese and New Zealand airline companies. "The biofuel mix actually ran more efficiently and burned less fuel in total than the conventional (jet-fuel powered) engine," Phillips Bio-industries The Fuel of Today INC. Steve Lott, a spokesman for the International Air Transport Association, or IATA, said. The airline industry will consume 67 billion gallons of fuel this year, or 6 percent of the world's oil, a concern for environmentalists as well as airline budgets, especially after the spike in gas prices last year, Lott said. The IATA wants all its members to use 10 percent renewable fuels by 2017. The challenge will be to ramp up output of green fuels at a rate fast enough to meet growing demand.
Copyright 2010 The Carbon dioxide released into the atmosphere when biofuel is burned is recycled by growing plants, which are later processed into fuel. Thus, the CO2 emission of Jatropha oil can be assumed almost zero. For this reason, a project which aims to exploit the potential of Jatropha Curcas as energy crop owns all requisites to be eligible within the CDM The study concluded that biodiesel yields 3.2 units of fuel product energy for every unit of fossil fuel consumed while petroleum diesel yields 0.83 units. Additionally, the study concluded that, over a lifecycle, that biodiesel reduces net CO2 emissions by 78%. Phillips Bio-industries The Fuel of Today INC.
Copyright 2010 <ul><li>Reduction of carbon dioxide (CO2) exhaust emissions by up to 80%, a greenhouse gas that contributes significantly to global warming </li></ul><ul><li>100% less sulfur dioxide than petroleum based diesel and sulfur dioxide is the major component of acid rain. </li></ul><ul><li>Reduction of exhaust smoke (particulates) emissions by up to 75%, a contributor to respiratory infections . </li></ul><ul><li>Reduction in volatile organic compounds (VOCs), chemicals which have potential adverse health effects </li></ul>Phillips bio-Industries The Fuel of Today INC. Biodiesel, a clean burning, renewable diesel fuel replacement made from vegetable oils especially jatropha oil can be used as a pure fuel or blended with petroleum in any percentage. B5 is a blend of 5% Biodiesel and 95% by volume of petroleum diesel. B20 is a blend of 20 percent by volume Biodiesel with 80 percent by volume petroleum diesel. Biodiesel has a very similar energy value per gallon as diesel, so there is no reduction in vehicle performance when using this alternative fuel.
Copyright 2010 President George W. Bush signed into law the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) on December 19, 2007. The legislation was designed to reduce U.S. dependence on foreign oil by increasing the supply of alternative fuels. EISA requires increased biofuel production, 36 billion by 2022, and must be met, in part, from biodiesel. Demand for the eco-friendly fuel could grow now that U.S. President Barack Obama has promised to invest $150 billion over 10 years in renewable energy infrastructure . Phillips Bio-Industries The Fuel of Today INC. Mexican President Felipe Calderon recently announced a $85 million pilot project to produce biodiesel from non-food crops like jatropha and castor oil plant so as not to avert food crops from the mouths of its hungry populace, EcoAméricas reports. Cost is a major factor here: as the cost of convention diesel has increased to 60 cents a liter ($2.30 a gallon) in Mexico, jatropha is suddenly looking pretty good at 50 cents a liter ($1.90 a gallon). The government will require the state-owned oil monopoly, Petróleos Mexicanos, known as Pemex, to buy biodiesel from small-scale producers to boost the market and streamline alternative fuels into its distribution system.
Copyright 2010 Global production of biofuels is growing steadily and will continue to do so despite financial slowdown. The world biofuel market’s value is likely to attain a CAGR of around 14.7% during 2006-2016. The rapid development of the global biodiesel industry has been closely observed by countries interested in stimulating economic growth, improving the environment and reducing dependency on imported oil. Phillips Bio-Industries The Fuel of Today INC. Auto giant DaimlerChrysler has been researching, planting and testing jatropha and a biodiesel derived from its oil for the past three years in Gujarat, in northwest India. The project has created a jatropha-euphoria in the poverty-stricken region, with the local farmers who participated seeing a great future in the energy crop.
Copyright 2010 Demand for biodiesel is expected to continue to grow. However, the anticipated expansion of existing feedstock supplies in the short term has the potential to produce at least 1.8 billion gallons of biodiesel by 2012. If the development of longer-term feedstock prospects is realized, the potential supply of biodiesel feedstock will keep pace with future demand for biodiesel. Phillips Bio-Industries The Fuel of Today INC. A study by the Freedonia Group Inc. says that demand for biofuels throughout the world will grow by 20 percent a year to 92 million metric tons in 2011.
Copyright 2010 America’s biodiesel industry will add $24 billion to the U.S. economy between 2005 and 2015, assuming biodiesel growth reaches 650 million gallons of annual production by 2015. Biodiesel production will create a projected 39,102 new jobs in all sectors of the economy. Additional tax revenues from biodiesel production will more than pay for the federal tax incentives provided to the industry. It will keep $13.6 billion in America that would otherwise be spent on foreign oil. This total impact of biodiesel on the economy includes the temporary impacts of construction, the permanent impacts of annual production and the direct value of biodiesel and co-products (glycerin). Phillips Bio-industries The Fuel of Today INC.
Copyright 2010 THE BIODIESEL ALLIANCE is a diverse coalition of organizations, agencies and businesses from across the nation who find common ground in their support for biodiesel fuel. Founded and managed by the National Biodiesel Board, the Biodiesel Alliance supports information sharing and opportunities to help advance the use of clean-burning, renewable biodiesel fuel that meets high industry standards. Phillips Bio-Industries The Fuel of Today INC. As a result, the Biodiesel Alliance is instrumental in helping others to recognize the benefits of biodiesel to human health, the environment, national energy security and the US economy .
Copyright 2010 Although bio-fuel is not the ultimate solution to the energy challenges currently facing the world, it is part of the overall solution. This is an especially important consideration because biodiesel fuel not only stretches finite supplies of conventional fuel, but also restores the land it initially grows on and does not displace more viable agricultural land along with requiring minimal water inputs Phillips Bio-Industries The Fuel of Today INC. The good thing about Jatropha is that you're producing a tree shrub that lives for a long time and does its job, producing oil, while it also sequesters lots of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere!
Copyright 2010 The current feedstock supply situation has sent numerous price signals to the market to invest in new technologies and methods to increase raw material supplies. Investment in new, non-edible raw materials sources such as algae, jatropha, mustard, pennycress, and halophytes continues at an aggressive rate. Phillips Bio-Industries The Fuel of Today INC. Given the realities of the biodiesel markets, a successful biodiesel business plan begins with an effective feedstock strategy from which process design flows. To make biodiesel a long-term business opportunity, attention must be to the critical issue of availability of right feedstock at right cost. Jatropha will be a vast source of biofuel and a key to reducing our dependence on fossil fuel Jatropha can bring significant environmental benefits. It can replace jet fuel and diesel from petroleum without interfering with food crops or leading to the clearing of forests .
Estimated Feedstock Supplies for the Production of Biodiesel in 2012 Feedstock Source Million Gallons Soybean Oil 780 Animal Fats & Yellow Grease 410 Expansion of Camelina Acreage 116 Expansion of Canola Acreage 100 Corn Oil from Ethanol Plants 400 EC Total near term sources 1,806 Additional near term feedstock opportunities: Diversion of soybean oil exports 300 ^ Expanded U.S. oilseed crush, Jatropha and Camelina 1500 ^ Increased oil content in soybeans 240 ^ Imports of vegetable oils (Maximum Potential) * Additional potential near term sources 2,515 *Variable dependent upon market forces and global policy ^ The extent to which these sources contribute to feedstock supplies will be dependent upon processing economics. Phillips Bio-Industries The Fuel of Today INC.
Copyright 2010 Green Jobs for the Economy The U.S. biodiesel industry is a new green industry that supports more than 21,000 jobs. It added $4 billion to the national economy in 2007 and is expected reach 200,000 by the year 2015 with $50 billion added to the national economy. Biodiesel is a good bargain for taxpayers, because the tax revenues for the industry exceed the cost of incentives for the fuel. Biodiesel production also helps the American farmer by creating additional markets, helping often the struggling family farmer and rural communities. Consider that 54 countries are poorer today than they were 15 years ago. And that almost half of the world’s people – the vast majority of them working people – live on less than two dollars per day. We have a responsibility to make renewable energy available and affordable to all…to ensure that the poorest countries in the world are not forced to choose between feeding their people and fueling their economies. Phillips Bio-Industries The Fuel of Today INC.
Copyright 2010 Generating jobs while cutting atmospheric pollution has been flagged as a major component of President-elect Barack Obama's economic recovery plan, with Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid estimating that the new green jobs component could be worth $100 billion. Phillips Bio-Industries The Fuel of Today INC. Obama is banking his presidency that supporting green industries and infrastructure - along with creating green jobs - can provide substantial and long term economic stimulus to the ailing US economy.
Copyright 2010 Phillips Bio-Industries Inc, will establish jatropha farms in Mexico, US and Internationally to grow and harvest Jatropha seeds Witch will then be processed into “Green One Bio Diesel” The first harvesting season is estimated to begin in 2010. One of the largest as well as one the most ideal and prime jatropha plantations are geographically located in Mexico, in which more than 60,000 hectares of land are already confirmed for our jatropha plantations. Phillips Bio-Industries The Fuel of Today INC. As a part of our business strategy, Phillips Bio-Industries Inc., is negotiating with various potential partners/investors like farmers cooperative/associations, landowners and oil companies for possible joint venture/partnership to transform land with aggregate area of 100,000 hectares into jatropha plantations throughout the World.
Copyright 2010 Agronomy is the science, economics, and application of soil and plant production with a strong emphasis in land management. It is the development and practical application of plant and soil sciences to produce abundant, high-quality food, feed, and fiber crops. It incorporates the basic sciences (biology, chemistry, physics, geology, microbiology, etc.) into an applied science which is the foundation for most agriculture. Phillips Bio-Industries The Fuel of Today INC. Soil science involves not only those aspects which relate to crop production but also environmental aspects of soil management. This scientific area is concerned with a wide variety of specialized topics. <ul><li>Soil analysis and modification </li></ul><ul><li>Rural and urban land utilization </li></ul><ul><li>Production of food, feed, fiber, oil, and turf crops </li></ul><ul><li>The protection of our environment </li></ul><ul><li>Selective breeding of plants </li></ul><ul><li>Irrigation </li></ul><ul><li>Plant physiology </li></ul><ul><li>Weed and pest control </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical, physical and biological properties of soils </li></ul><ul><li>Efficient production with environmental protection </li></ul>
Copyright 2009 Turnkey Establishment & Management Of Jatropha Curcas L Plantations Include: Initial Soil testing and audit Site Inspection / Assessment Nursery Establishment and Management Plantation Establishment and Management (including application of advanced pruning techniques) Financial Feasability study (capital, running costs, cashflow projections) Advanced Jatropha pruning / harvesting techniques Location and assessment of profitable biofuel investment projects Development of Bio-Diesel Refinery & Production facilities Phillips Bio-Industries The Fuel of Today INC. NEW! Labor cost savings of up to 80% with GPS Mechanical Planting, Pruning, & Harvesting technology outline are some of the key benefits obtained through the use of mechanical planting in plantation establishment.
Copyright 2009 Perfect Plant / Row Alignment This allows mechanisation of weeding, pruning, and harvesting, resulting in considerably lower labour requirements. Tree / Branch Development Exact distance between each tree means that branch development will be uniform, allowing also, consistent yield for each tree. If plantation trees are not planted exactly the same distance apart, branches of both trees can cross, causing alternation of yield where some trees produce larger amounts of branches, but less fruit, meaning lower yields. Less Damage to Plants Planting mechanically guarantees less damage to plants, which means a lower percentage of losses during the plantation establishment. GPS Mechanical Planting Technology Superior Root Development When planting is mechanically GPS guided, the machine opens a deep ditch in the soil, under the exact place where the plant will be planted. This allows a larger development of the roots as they find the earth broken, also allowing faster growth rates and better plant nutrition, hence an earlier and larger harvest. Higher Planting Speed Higher speed in planting allows plantation establishment and harvesting to be completed sooner, resulting in earlier yield and returns. Less Labour Required Lower manual labour requirement for planting, allows the planting process to be completed faster, with less human error. Phillips Bio-Industries The Fuel of Today INC.
Copyright 2010 Phillips Bio-Industries Inc. is a growing international energy company searching the US and Mexico, the Carribean , South America for opportunities to explore and to produce, market, and utilize alternative energy products such as biofuels, biogas energies. Phillips Bio-Industries Inc. is recognized to become one of the leaders in the bio green technology and other alternative energy industry, helping the country achieve energy self-sufficiency and sustainability through the exploration and production of natural indigenous energy resources. The company, through aggregation of manpower and production, intends to capitalize on economies of scale in the extraction, processing and commodities selling and trading. Phillips Bio- Industries , Inc. is committed to the implementation of sustainable green technologies to achieve fiscal strength based on the principle of Profit-People-Planet. Management continues to focus on achieving profit, while conducting business with utmost consideration and compassion for people and protection of our planet and the environment. Phillips Bio-Industries The Fuel of Today INC.