Clay Shirky on Wikis UNI presentation


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Presentation on a chapter of Clay Shirky's book, Here Comes Everybody

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Clay Shirky on Wikis UNI presentation

  1. 1. Personal Motivation Meets Collaborative Production<br />Clay Shirky – Here Comes Everybody: The Power of Organizing Without Organizations<br />
  2. 2. On the author & the book<br />Clay Shirky is a key thinker on the social and economic effects of the Internet. <br />Key quote ‘the internet is run on love’<br />Referred to as ‘New media’s favorite cheerleader’<br />Most recent publication: Cognitive Surplus: Creativity and Generosity in a connected age (2010) <br />Here Comes Everybody: The Power of Organizing Without Organizations (2008)<br />Overview: Here Comes Everybody- gives a thorough analysis of how people collaborate when given the tools to work together – free from traditional organisational structures<br />
  3. 3. Defining a few key terms<br />Wiki: is a website that allows the creation and editing of any number of interlinked web pages via a web browser using a simplified markup language or a WYSIWYG text editor. (Wikipedia: Wiki retrieved 13.05.2011)<br />In general – a wiki is a website with user generated content <br />The word Wiki is the Hawaiian word for ‘fast’. <br />Wikipedia: is a free, webbased, collaborative, multilingual encyclopedia project supported by the non-profit Wikimedia Foundation. (Wikipedia: About retrieved 13.05.2011) <br />Mass collaboration: is a form of collective action that occurs when large numbers of people work independently on a single project, often modular in its nature (Wikipedia : Mass Collabroation retrieved 13.05.2011)<br />
  4. 4. Summary<br />A brief history of Wikipedia<br />On Wikipedia<br />On Wikipedia Content<br />Division of Labor<br />Motivation for contribution<br />On vandalism and quality<br />On wiki love and criticisms<br />Discussion questions and activity<br />* Note – anything in grey is data that has been updated since Shirky wrote this book or it is information from external sources<br />
  5. 5. A brief history of Wikipedia<br />The failure of Nupedia<br />Exclusive to experts <br />Article creation process – 7 steps to completion<br />Less than 20 articles in 9 months<br />Ward Cunningham – creator of the first wiki<br />The birth of Wikipedia 2001 – 2003WikiMediaFoundation <br />
  6. 6. On Wikipedia – key (up-to-date) facts and figures<br />Number of content pages 3,640,423<br />All pages (including talk pages, redirects etc) 23,985,572<br />Number of page edits since Wikipedia was set up 462,875,551<br />Number of registered users: 14,584,277 <br />Ranks the worlds 7th most popular website<br />Wikipedia is available in 280 languages<br />Taken from Wikipedia statistics 13.05.2011<br />
  7. 7. An image estimating the size of a printed version of Wikipedia as of August 2010. (using volumes of Encyclopædia Britannica)<br /><br />
  8. 8. On Wikipedia Content<br />More than just a free user-generated encyclopedia – it is aslo a news source (Shirky gives example of London Bombings pg. 116-116)<br />Example: Wikipedia article on Death of Osama bin Laden<br />Total revisions 3811<br />Average time between edits 0.44 days<br />252 ‘watchers’<br />Number of edits made by the top 10% of active users 2442 (68%)<br />
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  11. 11. (spontaneous) division of labor<br />How does Wikipedia work?<br />Creating new articles<br />Editing existing articles<br />‘A Wikipedia article is a process, not a product, and as a result, it is never finished’ Shirky pg. 119<br />
  12. 12. (spontaneous) division of labor<br />‘Chaos’ - Jimmy Wales<br />Predicable balance<br />2 main types of Wikipedians<br />One off editors<br />Dedicated Wikipedians – Community Portal<br />‘The majority of contributors [to Wikipedia] edit only one article, once, while the majority of the effort comes from a much smaller and more active group.’Shirky, p.121<br />
  13. 13. What motivates Wikipedians?<br />Shirky 3 main motivations<br />Doing something with what you know<br />Get recognised<br />Be part of something for the greater good<br />How does Wikipedia foster this?<br />Name of editor (signed in) displayed on page history<br />The community spirit – Wikipedians and Wikipedia events<br />Barnstars<br />
  14. 14. On vandalism & quality<br />How does Wikipedia survive vandalism?<br />Publish then filter – key attribute to Wiki success but also dangerous<br />‘Openness, division of labor & multiple motivations…’ (Shirky pg. 135)<br />A vandal can spend hours damaging an article and it takes one simple ‘revert’ to undo the vandal's damage<br />A wiki can only survive vandalism if people care about it<br />Real-time peer review<br />
  15. 15. Quality <br />‘The type of people who are drawn to writing an encyclopedia for fun are generally pretty smart’ Jimmy Wales, TED talk, 2005<br />Locked articles<br />Neutrality <br />‘It is a product not of collectivism but of unending argumentation’ Shirky pg. 139<br />
  16. 16. On wiki-love & criticisms <br />Shirky – Ise Shrine is rebuild every few decades – it exists as an act of love – Wikipedia exists for the same reasons.<br />A wiki can only survive if it is loved by the community who create and maintain it.<br />Criticisms of Shirky<br />Collaboration and the digital divide<br />Wikinomics – the wiki model can be applied to businesses<br />The wiki platform – a place where everyone is equal (Wikiprogress – bridging the gap between policy makers and citizens)<br />
  17. 17. Conclusions <br />A wiki is a hybrid of tool and community. Shirky Pg 136<br />Wikinomics is a new force or movement that is bringing people together on the net to create a giant brain. Anthony Williams, Wikinomics<br />Jimmy Wales on Wikipedia – imagine a world in which every single person on the planet is given access to the sum of all knowledge – that’s what we’re doing. TED Talk, 2005 <br />
  18. 18. Discussion question & Activity<br />What is the relationship between openness and mass collaboration?<br />Do you agree with Shirky that the wiki model of organisation can not be applied to business or do you agree with Williams that ‘Wikinomics’ is the new way forward? <br />Update the Wikipedia article on Clay Shirky with your knowledge from this weeks reading. <br />