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US-China Transportation Forum Slides April 2018


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Ensuring safe road testing of self-driving cars.
Also see my PA AV forum slides for a longer version

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US-China Transportation Forum Slides April 2018

  1. 1. Ensuring Safe Road Testing of Self-Driving Cars Prof. Philip Koopman U.S.-China Transportation Forum April 26, 2018 Beijing, China
  2. 2. 2 Autonomous Vehicles promise to save lives BUT On-road testing resulted in a pedestrian death What happens next? Tempe Arizona Mishap Elaine Herzberg Pre-impact dashcam image Tempe Police Dept. March 18, 2018
  3. 3. 3 Must ensure testing safety  Good engineering  Simulation  Test tracks  Safe on-road testing Software will fail during testing!  That’s why we have a safety driver But … is a safety driver enough? Need Testing To Mature AV Technology National Transportation Safety Board/Handout via REUTERS
  4. 4. 4 Humans “drop out” when monitoring machines  Even trained professionals  Even a pair of humans “Hire better safety drivers” won’t be enough  All humans find it challenging to monitor machines  AV testing requires very fast reactions to unexpected events Humans Struggle To Monitor Machines 2009
  5. 5. 5 1. Ensure humans are attentive  Select & train safety drivers carefully  Real-time alertness monitoring 2. Give human time to react  Humans take time to notice a problem  AV must leave margin for recovery 3. Ensure override mechanism is safe  Requires special safety engineering procedures An Approach for Safe AV Testing