Bible overview (part 1)


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A beginner’s guide to understanding the Bible. This study is intended to show how the Old Testament fits together. For more information please check out my blog.

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Bible overview (part 1)

  1. 1. Understanding the Bible A Beginner’s Guide
  2. 2. The Bible is made up of 66 books
  3. 3. It covers thousands of years
  4. 4. How does it fit together?
  5. 5. Before we startThe Bible is the Word of God “All Scripture is God-breathed and is useful for teaching, rebuking, correcting and training in righteousness, so that the man of God may be thoroughly equipped for every good work.” (2 Timothy 3:16-17)
  6. 6. Before we startWe should study it “Do your best to present yourself to God as one approved, a workman who does not need to be ashamed and who correctly handles the word of truth.” (2 Timothy 2:15)
  7. 7. Before we startIt shows us salvation “But as for you, continue in what you have learned and have become convinced of, because you know those from whom you learned it, and how from infancy you have known the holy Scriptures, which are able to make you wise for salvation through faith in Christ Jesus.” (2 Timothy 3:14-15)
  8. 8. Before we startIt shows us Jesus / he is the key “You diligently study the Scriptures because you think that by them you possess eternal life. These are the Scriptures that testify about me.” (John 5:39)
  9. 9. Before we startIt shows us how to live “These things happened to them as examples and were written down as warnings for us, on whom the fulfillment of the ages has come.” (1 Corinthians 10:11)
  10. 10. It’s divided into Old and New Testaments
  11. 11. In the NewTestament, almosteverything takes placebetween 30-70 AD
  12. 12. In the OldTestament, over90% takes placebetween1500-400 BC
  13. 13. What is the Old Testament Story?• Creation – God made everything• Fall – Humans messed everything up• Flood – God judged the world but saved a family• Babel – God separated people into nations• Patriarchs (fathers) – God called individuals• Egypt – God’s people spent 400 years in Egypt• Exodus and Conquest – God rescued his people and brought them into a land he had promised• Judges (leaders) – no king but God raised leaders• United Kingdom – 3 kings led God’s people• Divided Kingdom – 2 nations, the south bad, the north even worse• Exile – after years of sin both nations fell• Restoration – God in mercy brought his people home
  14. 14. Old TestamentIt’s arranged sothat the differentstyles of writingare placedtogether
  15. 15. Old Testament History Poetry & Wisdom Prophets
  16. 16. Different types of writing(sometimes in the same passage as here)In still another battle, which took place at Gath, there was a huge man withsix fingers on each hand and six toes on each foot—twenty-four in all. Healso was descended from Rapha.When he taunted Israel, Jonathan son of Shimeah, David’s brother, killedhim.These four were descendants of Rapha in Gath, and they fell at the hands ofDavid and his men.David sang to the LORD the words of this song when the LORD deliveredhim from the hand of all his enemies and from the hand of Saul.He said:“The LORD is my rock, my fortress and my deliverer;my God is my rock, in whom I take refuge,my shield and the horn of my salvation.He is my stronghold, my refuge and my saviour—from violent men you save me.I call to the LORD, who is worthy of praise,and I am saved from my enemies.
  17. 17. Examples of different types of writingHistory PoetryThen King David said, “Call in Blessed is the manBathsheba.” So she came into the who does not walk in the counsel ofking’s presence and stood before the wickedhim.The king then took an oath: “As or stand in the way of sinnerssurely as the LORD lives, who has or sit in the seat of mockers.delivered me out of every trouble, But his delight is in the law of theI will surely carry out today what I LORD,swore to you by the LORD, the and on his law he meditates day andGod of Israel: Solomon your son night.shall be king after me, and he willsit on my throne in my place.”Then Bathsheba bowed low withher face to the groundand, kneeling before theking, said, “May my lord KingDavid live forever!”
  18. 18. HistoryThen King David said, “Call in • The passage simply tellsBathsheba.” So she came intothe king’s presence and stood the story of past eventsbefore him. • The first part of the bible isThe king then took an oath: “Assurely as the LORD lives, who like this from Genesis tohas delivered me out of every Esthertrouble,I will surely carry out today • It’s almost half of the biblewhat I swore to you by the • It tells the story fromLORD, the God of Israel:Solomon your son shall be king Creation until the peopleafter me, and he will sit on my of God were brought backthrone in my place.”Then Bathsheba bowed low into their own landwith her face to the ground • Almost all of it is about theand, kneeling before theking, said, “May my lord King Jewish peopleDavid live forever!”
  19. 19. How does it all fittogether?
  20. 20. It is pretty much inorder although 1&2Chronicles overlapother books
  21. 21. The beginning of Genesis (chapters 1-11) records the events that have shaped the world• Creation – God made everything• Fall – Humans messed everything up• Flood – God judged the world but saved a family• Babel – God separated people into nations
  22. 22. Patriarchs (fathers)• 75% of Genesis deals with one family Abraham Isaac Jacob• Their descendants would become Israel• Genesis ends with Jacob’s family living in Egypt
  23. 23. • Exodus tells the story of God rescuing his people from Egypt and bringing them into the desert• Leviticus records God’s laws• Numbers charts the wanderings in the desert• Deuteronomy gives us the words of Moses as he prepared the people for the promised land
  24. 24. • Joshua records the conquest of Canaan• The Judges were seven leaders that God raised to lead his people often at time of crisis• Ruth was a foreigner who married an Israelite and became part of what would become the royal family
  25. 25. • United Kingdom Saul David Solomon• Divided Kingdom Israel – Northern Kingdom Judah – Southern Kingdom
  26. 26. United Kingdom – a golden age• Saul – rejected by God because of disobedience• David – a man after God’s heart. The founder of the dynasty• Solomon – known for his wisdom, a great builder. Drifted into sin
  27. 27. Divided Kingdom – a long decline• Israel 19 Kings, all bad Samaria fell 722 BC• Judah 19 Kings, 8 good, 11 bad Jerusalem fell 586 BC
  28. 28. Notice the unbroken lineof succession from David
  29. 29. • Ezra returned from captivity and rebuilt the temple• Nehemiah returned and rebuilt the walls of Jerusalem• Esther was a Jewish woman chosen to marry the Persian King
  30. 30. • There are five books of wisdom and poetry in the middle of the Bible• They are written in the form of Hebrew poetry
  31. 31. • Job – tells the story of one man’s suffering. It asks a question that is as relevant today as when it was written; ‘If God is in charge why do things go so wrong’. Most Christians believe it is set at the time of the Patriarchs
  32. 32. • Psalms is a book consisting of songs and prayers . Many were written by David
  33. 33. • The Book of Proverbs is a collection of wisdom statements many were written by Solomon
  34. 34. • Ecclesiastes consists of wisdom statements from Solomon.
  35. 35. • Song of Songs is a collection of love poems by Solomon
  36. 36. • The Prophets wrote mostly in a poetic form• They challenged God’s people• Many spoke of future events• Some spoke of the Messiah
  37. 37. • The major prophets are Isaiah, Jeremiah (he also wrote Lamentations), Eze kiel and Daniel• They are major because the books are bigger
  38. 38. • There are twelve minor prophets• All of the Prophets spoke from the end of the united kingdom until the restoration
  39. 39. • It fits together• It makes sense