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MOSBY’S REVIEW for the
Pharmacy
Technician
Certification
Examination
MOSBY’S REVIEW for the
Pharmacy
Technician
Certification
Examination
JAMES J. MIZNER, Jr., MBA, BS, RPh
Panacea Solutions ...
3251 Riverport Lane
St. Louis, Missouri 63043
MOSBY’S REVIEW FOR THE PHARMACY TECHNICIAN
CERTIFICATION EXAMINATION, THIRD ...
v
Margaret Bush, PhD, RPh
Pharmacy Technician Instructor
Durham Technical Community College
Durham, North Carolina
Anthony...
vii
Preface
Pharmacy technicians have become a major asset for
both pharmacies and pharmacists in the world today.
With an...
viii Preface
examination. Mosby’s Review for the Pharmacy Techni-
cian Certification Examination is to be used to augment
...
Mosby’s Review for the Pharmacy Technician Certification Examination is dedicated
to my wife, Mary, and son, Andrew. They ...
xi
Contents
PRETEST 1
PHARMACY TECHNICIAN CERTIFICATION 
EXAMINATION TEST-TAKING SKILLS 9
	 1	 Pharmacology for Technician...
1 front cover-preface and table of contents
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1 front cover-preface and table of contents

Review for the Pharmacy Technician Certification Examination

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1 front cover-preface and table of contents

  1. 1. MOSBY’S REVIEW for the Pharmacy Technician Certification Examination
  2. 2. MOSBY’S REVIEW for the Pharmacy Technician Certification Examination JAMES J. MIZNER, Jr., MBA, BS, RPh Panacea Solutions Consulting Reston, Virginia Third Edition
  3. 3. 3251 Riverport Lane St. Louis, Missouri 63043 MOSBY’S REVIEW FOR THE PHARMACY TECHNICIAN CERTIFICATION EXAMINATION, THIRD EDITION ISBN: 978-0-323-11337-3 Copyright © 2014, 2010, 2006 by Mosby, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Details on how to seek permission, further information about the Publisher’s permissions policies and our arrangements with organizations such as the Copyright Clearance Center and the Copyright Licensing Agency, can be found at our website: www.elsevier.com/permissions. This book and the individual contributions contained in it are protected under copyright by the Publisher (other than as may be noted herein). Notices Knowledge and best practice in this field are constantly changing. As new research and experience broaden our understanding, changes in research methods, professional practices, or medical treatment may become necessary. Practitioners and researchers must always rely on their own experience and knowledge in evaluating and using any information, methods, compounds, or experiments described herein. In using such information or methods they should be mindful of their own safety and the safety of others, including parties for whom they have a professional responsibility. With respect to any drug or pharmaceutical products identified, readers are advised to check the most current information provided (i) on procedures featured or (ii) by the manufacturer of each product to be administered, to verify the recommended dose or formula, the method and duration of administration, and contraindications. It is the responsibility of practitioners, relying on their own experience and knowledge of their patients, to make diagnoses, to determine dosages and the best treatment for each individual patient, and to take all appropriate safety precautions. To the fullest extent of the law, neither the Publisher nor the authors, contributors, or editors, assume any liability for any injury and/or damage to persons or property as a matter of products liability, negligence or otherwise, or from any use or operation of any methods, products, instructions, or ideas contained in the material herein. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Mizner, James J., Jr., author.   Mosby’s review for the pharmacy technician certification examination / James J. Mizner, Jr. —    Third edition.    p. ; cm.   Review for the pharmacy technician certification examination   Includes bibliographical references and index.   ISBN 978-0-323-11337-3 (pbk. : alk. paper)   I. Title. II. Title: Review for the pharmacy technician certification examination.   [DNLM: 1. Pharmacy—Examination Questions. 2. Pharmacists’ Aides—Examination Questions.    QV 18.2]   RS122.95   615.1076—dc23 2013021245 Vice President and Publisher: Andrew Allen Executive Content Strategist: Jennifer Janson Senior Content Development Specialist: Jennifer Bertucci Publishing Services Manager: Catherine Jackson Senior Production Editor: Carol O’Connell Designer: Ashley Eberts Printed in the United States of America Last digit is the print number:  9  8  7  6  5  4  3  2  1
  4. 4. v Margaret Bush, PhD, RPh Pharmacy Technician Instructor Durham Technical Community College Durham, North Carolina Anthony Guerra, PharmD, RPh Chair, Pharmacy Technician Program Des Moines Area Community College Ankeny, Iowa Joshua J. Neumiller, PharmD, CDE, CGP, FASCP Assistant Professor, College of Pharmacy Washington State University Spokane, Washington Carrie Wamer, CPhT Pharmacy Technician Instructor Choffin Career and Tech Center Youngstown, Ohio Reviewers
  5. 5. vii Preface Pharmacy technicians have become a major asset for both pharmacies and pharmacists in the world today. With an increasing population, longer life spans, patients taking multiple medications, and managed care playing a major role, pharmacies are seeing a major increase in processed prescriptions. A phar­ macy cannot be successful in providing medications without knowledgeable pharmacy technicians assist­ ing the pharmacists. The Bureau of Labor Statistics predicts the growth of pharmacy technicians to be very strong, with a growth of 32% between now and 2020. State Boards of pharmacy realize the importance of pharmacy technicians in the drug delivery process and are com­ mitted to ensuring that pharmacy technicians pos­ sess the necessary skills to work in a pharmacy. By 2020, all new pharmacy technicians entering the workforce will be required to have obtained a phar­ macy technician education from an approved ASHP program. Presently there are two organizations that certify pharmacy technicians, the Pharmacy Technician Cer­ tification Board (PTCB) and the National Health­ Career Association (NHA). Both organizations are accredited by the National Commission for Certify­ ing Agencies (NCCA). The PTCB has certified over 480,000 pharmacy technicians, and its examination is approved by 45 state boards of pharmacy. The NHA is recognized by 32 state boards of pharmacy. In 2012, the Pharmacy Technician Certification Board conducted a Job Analysis Study that involved over 25,000 pharmacy technicians. As a result of this study, it was announced that in second half of 2013 the arrangement of the material would change. How­ ever, the length of the test (90 questions to be com­ pleted in 1 hour and 50 minutes) and the multiple- choice format would not change. The new blueprint organizes content into nine knowledge domains, called “knowledge areas” in the table below, each with a number of sub-domains. This organization gives the new blueprint a knowl­ edge focus, and conveys more information about the type and relative amount of content in the exam. The vast majority of knowledge statements in the current blueprint are covered by one or more of the knowledge areas in the new blueprint. By extension, this means that the new PTCE content will be very similar to what is covered in the current exam. As a result of these changes, Mosby’s Review for the Pharmacy Technician Certification Examination, third edition, is arranged to review the content based upon the nine domains. Each chapter is focused on one of the domains covered on the examination followed by questions. The pretest and the seven practice tests attempt to mirror the actual certification examination by adhering to the percentage of questions for each domain. The questions have been scrambled to make the test realistic. Many of the questions may cover material from multiple domains. As in the previous two editions, rationales are provided with the an­ swers. Domains are also included with the rationales. Mosby’s Review for the Pharmacy Technician Certifica- tion Examination has been written to assist a phar­ macy technician preparing for the PTCB or the NHA NEW PTCE BLUEPRINT DOMAINS KNOWLEDGE DOMAINS DOMAIN DESCRIPTION % OF PTCE CONTENT KNOWLEDGE AREAS 1 Pharmacology for Technicians 13.75 6 2 Pharmacy Law and Regulations 12.50 15 3 Sterile and Non-sterile Compounding 8.75 7 4 Medication Safety 12.50 6 5 Pharmacy Quality Assurance 7.50 5 6 Medication Order Entry and Fill Process 17.50 7 7 Pharmacy Inventory Management 8.75 5 8 Pharmacy Billing and Reimbursement 8.75 5 9 Pharmacy Information Systems Usage and Application 10.00 2
  6. 6. viii Preface examination. Mosby’s Review for the Pharmacy Techni- cian Certification Examination is to be used to augment either a formalized pharmacy technician training program or on-the-job training, not replace it. This review text has been designed to review the compe­ tencies covered on the PTCB exam and material on the NHA exam. Enhancements to the third edition of Mosby’s Review for the Pharmacy Technician Certification Exami- nation include: • The inclusion of new drug entities that have been approved by the FDA since the second edition • An update on laws affecting the practice of pharmacy • An in-depth discussion on USP ,797. • Seven multiple-choice paper-based practice tests • Ten multiple-choice computer-based tests • Flashcards that focus on the content of the domains • Instructor aids, such as lesson plans, test banks, and PowerPoint slides, to assist in the pharmacy technician’s review for the examination The pharmacy technician should use Mosby’s Review for the Pharmacy Technician Certification Exami- nation as a guide to determine which topics he or she may need additional assistance in studying for either the PTCB or ExCPT examination. Good luck on the test and in your new career. James J. Mizner, Jr., MBA, BS, RPh
  7. 7. Mosby’s Review for the Pharmacy Technician Certification Examination is dedicated to my wife, Mary, and son, Andrew. They have been very supportive of me through my life and are my source of inspiration. A special thanks to Jennifer Janson and Jennifer Bertucci, who provided both advice and direction to me during this revision. Finally, thanks to Drs. Margaret Bush, Anthony Guerra, Joshua Neumiller, and Carrie Wamer, who were instru- mental during the review phase of the book.
  8. 8. xi Contents PRETEST 1 PHARMACY TECHNICIAN CERTIFICATION EXAMINATION TEST-TAKING SKILLS 9 1 Pharmacology for Technicians 11 2 Pharmacy Law and Regulations 79 3 Sterile and Nonsterile Compounding 113 4 Medication Safety 149 5 Pharmacy Quality Assurance 163 6 Medication Order Entry and Fill Process 177 7 Pharmacy Inventory Management 189 8 Pharmacy Billing and Reimbursement 201 9 Information System Usage and Application 209 10 Practice Examinations 219 APPENDIXES A Pharmacy Technician Certification Examination Information 271 B Drug Nomenclature: Stems Used by the U.S. Adopted Names Council 277 C Top 200 Prescription Drugs 283 D Vitamins 287 E Common Over-the-Counter Products 289 F Institute for Safe Medication Practices List of Error-Prone Abbreviations, Symbols, and Dose Designations 291 G Pharmaceutical Abbreviations 295 ANSWERS 299 INDEX 363

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