SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 45
E_English Grammar Course  Chapter VII The Simple Sentence (cont.)
Negation ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],4 4/1
Negation ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],4 4/2 See more in 7.33 - 7.42
Negation 4 4/3 ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Any Anyone Anywhere In any way At all Yet Much Either Far Very Long Some Someone Somewhere Somehow To some extent Already A great deal Too A long way Too A long time Non-assertives Assertives
Negation 4 4/4 Negative Intensification  = ways to give emotive intensification  to a negative. I found nothing  at all  the matter with him.  I have no excuse  whatever . I'll never,  never  go there again.  I've never  in all my life  seen such a crowd. She has never spoken to me  even a single word .
Negation 4 4/5 Alternative Negative Elements  (Instead of the verb, another  element may be negated) An honest man would not lie ->  No honest man  would lie.  I didn't see any birds -> I saw  no birds .
Negation 4 4/6 Scope of Negation Normally extends  from the negative word itself to the end of the clause . E.g. I definitely didn’t speak to him. (It’s definite that I did not.) I  didn’t definitely speak to him. (It’s not definite that I did.) = The stretch of language  over which the negative  meaning operates
Negation 4 4/7 Focus of Negation 1.' JOHN  doesn’t love Mary. Somebody  loves Mary but it’s not John. 2. John doesn’t ' LOVE  Mary. John  likes  Mary but it’s not love. 3. John doesn’t love ' MARY .  John loves  somebody else  but it’s not Mary.  The contrastive nuclear stress falling on a particular part of a clause indicates that the contrast of meaning implicit in the negation is located at that spot and the rest of the clause can be understood in a positive sense.
Negation 4 4/8 Scope & Focus of Negation I didn’t LISTEN all the time. (I listened none of the time.) I didn’t listen ALL the time. (I listened some of the time.) The scope must include the focus, and by the position of the focus we can realize the extent of the scope
Negation 4 4/10 Main verb negation  vs . Auxiliary negation Auxiliary Negation Main Verb Negation
Negation 4 4/11 The scope of negation  includes the meaning of the auxiliary itself Main verb negation  vs . Auxiliary negation Auxiliary Negation Main Verb Negation
Negation 4 4/12 ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Main verb negation  vs . Auxiliary negation Auxiliary Negation Main Verb Negation
Negation 4 4/13 2. Needn’t You needn’t pay that fine. (You are not obliged to…) It needn’t be my fault. (it is not necessary that…) Main verb negation  vs . Auxiliary negation Auxiliary Negation Main Verb Negation
Negation 4 4/14 3. May not ( = permission) You may not go swimming. (You are not allowed to…) Main verb negation  vs . Auxiliary negation Auxiliary Negation Main Verb Negation
Negation 4 4/15 ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Main verb negation  vs . Auxiliary negation Auxiliary Negation Main Verb Negation
Negation 4 4/16 Main verb negation  vs . Auxiliary negation Main Verb Negation Will not/ won’t Shall not/ shan’t Must not/ mustn’t Ought not/ oughtn’t
Negation 4 4/17 Don’t worry. I won’t interfere (I’m willing not to interfere.) He won’t do it (He insists on not doing it.) They won’t have arrived yet (I predict that they’ve not arrived yet.) Main verb negation  vs . Auxiliary negation Main Verb Negation Will not/ won’t Shall not/ shan’t Must not/ mustn’t Ought not/ oughtn’t
Negation 4 4/18 Don’t worry, you shan’t lose your reward. (I’m willing to see that you don’t lose your reward.) Main verb negation  vs . Auxiliary negation Main Verb Negation Will not/ won’t Shall not/ shan’t Must not/ mustn’t Ought not/ oughtn’t
Negation 4 4/19 I shan’t know when you return (I predict that I shall not know…) Main verb negation  vs . Auxiliary negation Main Verb Negation Will not/ won’t Shall not/ shan’t Must not/ mustn’t Ought not/ oughtn’t
Negation 4 4/20 You mustn’t make noise. (It is obligatory that you don’t make noise) Main verb negation  vs . Auxiliary negation Main Verb Negation Will not/ won’t Shall not/ shan’t Must not/ mustn’t Ought not/ oughtn’t
Negation 4 4/21 You oughtn’t to keep us waiting (obligation) He oughtn’t to be long (necessity) Main verb negation  vs . Auxiliary negation Main Verb Negation Will not/ won’t Shall not/ shan’t Must not/ mustn’t Ought not/ oughtn’t
Let's check ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Let's check ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Questions, Commands & Exclamation 5 5/1 See more in 7.43 - 7.66 Types of simple sentences Statements Questions Commands Exclamations
Questions, Commands & Exclamation 5 5/2 ,[object Object],[object Object],Types of simple sentences Statements Questions Commands Exclamations
Questions, Commands & Exclamation 5 5/3 Yes – No Questions Wh - Questions Alternative Questions Types of simple sentences Statements Questions Commands Exclamations
Questions, Commands & Exclamation 5 5/4 Questions Yes – No Questions Wh - Questions Alternative Questions
Questions, Commands & Exclamation 5 5/5 General Yes – No questions Has the boat left? Yes-no questions with positive orientation: Has the boat left already? Yes-no questions with negative orientation: Has the boat left yet? Questions Yes – No Questions Wh - Questions Alternative Questions
Questions, Commands & Exclamation 5 5/6 ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Questions Yes – No Questions Wh - Questions Alternative Questions
Questions, Commands & Exclamation 5 5/7 Declarative Questions You’ve bought a new car? He didn’t finish it?  Questions Yes – No Questions Wh - Questions Alternative Questions
Questions, Commands & Exclamation 5 5/9 ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Questions Yes – No Questions Wh - Questions Alternative Questions
Questions, Commands & Exclamation 5 5/10 ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Questions Yes – No Questions Wh - Questions Alternative Questions
Questions, Commands & Exclamation 5 5/11 Would you like tea, coffee, or milk? Which ice cream would you like. Chocolate, vanilla, or strawberry? Questions Yes – No Questions Wh - Questions Alternative Questions
Questions, Commands & Exclamation 5 5/12 ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Types of simple sentences Statements Questions Commands Exclamations
Questions, Commands & Exclamation 5 5/13 Commands Without subject With subject With ‘let’
Questions, Commands & Exclamation 5 5/14 Commands Without subject With subject With ‘let’ ,[object Object],[object Object]
Questions, Commands & Exclamation 5 5/15 Commands Without subject With subject With ‘let’ ,[object Object],[object Object]
Questions, Commands & Exclamation 5 5/16 Commands Without subject With subject With ‘let’ ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Questions, Commands & Exclamation 5 5/17 Commands Without subject With subject With ‘let’ ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Questions, Commands & Exclamation 5 5/18 ,[object Object],[object Object],Commands Without subject With subject With ‘let’
Questions, Commands & Exclamation 5 5/19 Full exclamation Short exclamation Types of simple sentences Statements Questions Commands Exclamations
Questions, Commands & Exclamation 5 5/20 Full exclamation Short exclamation What an enormous crowd came! How delightful her manners are! Types of simple sentences Statements Questions Commands Exclamations
Questions, Commands & Exclamation 5 5/21 Full exclamation Short exclamation What a book! How wonderful! Types of simple sentences Statements Questions Commands Exclamations
Let's check ,[object Object]
Homework ,[object Object],[object Object]

More Related Content

What's hot

Week 5 syntactic and semantic role of clause elements (with key)
Week 5   syntactic and semantic role of clause elements (with key)Week 5   syntactic and semantic role of clause elements (with key)
Week 5 syntactic and semantic role of clause elements (with key)
Pham Van van Dinh
 
Week 4 complex noun phrase
Week 4 complex noun phraseWeek 4 complex noun phrase
Week 4 complex noun phrase
Pham Hong Thanh
 
Lex bài tập
Lex bài tậpLex bài tập
Lex bài tập
Nana D
 
Unit 2: Sentences, Utterances, and Propositions
Unit 2: Sentences, Utterances, and PropositionsUnit 2: Sentences, Utterances, and Propositions
Unit 2: Sentences, Utterances, and Propositions
Ashwag Al Hamid
 
Unit 11 Sense Relations (2)
Unit 11   Sense Relations (2)Unit 11   Sense Relations (2)
Unit 11 Sense Relations (2)
Ashwag Al Hamid
 
Bài tập Ngữ pháp lý thuyết (tiếng anh) có đáp án.pdf
Bài tập Ngữ pháp lý thuyết (tiếng anh) có đáp án.pdfBài tập Ngữ pháp lý thuyết (tiếng anh) có đáp án.pdf
Bài tập Ngữ pháp lý thuyết (tiếng anh) có đáp án.pdf
Man_Ebook
 
Unit 6 - Predicates, Referring Expressions, and Universe of Discourse
Unit 6 -  Predicates, Referring Expressions, and Universe of DiscourseUnit 6 -  Predicates, Referring Expressions, and Universe of Discourse
Unit 6 - Predicates, Referring Expressions, and Universe of Discourse
Ashwag Al Hamid
 

What's hot (20)

Week 5 syntactic and semantic role of clause elements (with key)
Week 5   syntactic and semantic role of clause elements (with key)Week 5   syntactic and semantic role of clause elements (with key)
Week 5 syntactic and semantic role of clause elements (with key)
 
Week 4 complex noun phrase
Week 4 complex noun phraseWeek 4 complex noun phrase
Week 4 complex noun phrase
 
Lex bài tập
Lex bài tậpLex bài tập
Lex bài tập
 
Đề và đáp án Linguistic 2
Đề và đáp án Linguistic 2Đề và đáp án Linguistic 2
Đề và đáp án Linguistic 2
 
Unit 2: Sentences, Utterances, and Propositions
Unit 2: Sentences, Utterances, and PropositionsUnit 2: Sentences, Utterances, and Propositions
Unit 2: Sentences, Utterances, and Propositions
 
Presentation3. peter roach intonation
Presentation3. peter roach intonationPresentation3. peter roach intonation
Presentation3. peter roach intonation
 
Chapter 7 the simple sentence
Chapter 7 the simple sentenceChapter 7 the simple sentence
Chapter 7 the simple sentence
 
Semantics p2
Semantics  p2Semantics  p2
Semantics p2
 
Unit 4 - Referring Expressions
Unit 4 -  Referring ExpressionsUnit 4 -  Referring Expressions
Unit 4 - Referring Expressions
 
Morphology by To Minh Thanh
Morphology by To Minh ThanhMorphology by To Minh Thanh
Morphology by To Minh Thanh
 
Unit 11 Sense Relations (2)
Unit 11   Sense Relations (2)Unit 11   Sense Relations (2)
Unit 11 Sense Relations (2)
 
Noun Phrase
Noun PhraseNoun Phrase
Noun Phrase
 
M1 lesson 3
M1 lesson 3M1 lesson 3
M1 lesson 3
 
Ngữ âm âm vị (phụ âm)
Ngữ âm âm vị (phụ âm)Ngữ âm âm vị (phụ âm)
Ngữ âm âm vị (phụ âm)
 
Phrasal verb
Phrasal verbPhrasal verb
Phrasal verb
 
Unit 5 - Predicates
Unit 5 - PredicatesUnit 5 - Predicates
Unit 5 - Predicates
 
Semantics: Predicate, Predicators and Degree of Predicate
Semantics: Predicate, Predicators and Degree of Predicate Semantics: Predicate, Predicators and Degree of Predicate
Semantics: Predicate, Predicators and Degree of Predicate
 
Bài tập Ngữ pháp lý thuyết (tiếng anh) có đáp án.pdf
Bài tập Ngữ pháp lý thuyết (tiếng anh) có đáp án.pdfBài tập Ngữ pháp lý thuyết (tiếng anh) có đáp án.pdf
Bài tập Ngữ pháp lý thuyết (tiếng anh) có đáp án.pdf
 
Unit 6 - Predicates, Referring Expressions, and Universe of Discourse
Unit 6 -  Predicates, Referring Expressions, and Universe of DiscourseUnit 6 -  Predicates, Referring Expressions, and Universe of Discourse
Unit 6 - Predicates, Referring Expressions, and Universe of Discourse
 
Type of Meaning (Semantics)
Type of Meaning (Semantics)Type of Meaning (Semantics)
Type of Meaning (Semantics)
 

Similar to Week 6 the simple sentence (p2) - edited

Preposition, adjective, adverb
Preposition, adjective, adverbPreposition, adjective, adverb
Preposition, adjective, adverb
Breeze Brinks
 
SP2_GrammarReference.pdf
SP2_GrammarReference.pdfSP2_GrammarReference.pdf
SP2_GrammarReference.pdf
RosasEli
 
Simple Modal Verbs
Simple Modal VerbsSimple Modal Verbs
Simple Modal Verbs
guest5faf31
 
INFINITIVE OR GERUND by Katie
INFINITIVE OR GERUND by KatieINFINITIVE OR GERUND by Katie
INFINITIVE OR GERUND by Katie
Aliceteacher
 
Chapter 9, Modals Part 1
Chapter 9, Modals Part 1Chapter 9, Modals Part 1
Chapter 9, Modals Part 1
zsekimoto
 

Similar to Week 6 the simple sentence (p2) - edited (20)

Spanish negatives
Spanish negativesSpanish negatives
Spanish negatives
 
Preposition, adjective, adverb
Preposition, adjective, adverbPreposition, adjective, adverb
Preposition, adjective, adverb
 
Let's switch on! unit 1
Let's switch on! unit 1Let's switch on! unit 1
Let's switch on! unit 1
 
Resumos inglês (1º teste)
Resumos inglês (1º teste)Resumos inglês (1º teste)
Resumos inglês (1º teste)
 
Infinitives
InfinitivesInfinitives
Infinitives
 
Infinitives
InfinitivesInfinitives
Infinitives
 
SP2_GrammarReference.pdf
SP2_GrammarReference.pdfSP2_GrammarReference.pdf
SP2_GrammarReference.pdf
 
Infinitive and gerund
Infinitive and gerundInfinitive and gerund
Infinitive and gerund
 
English Grammar Reference Book_Jacqueline Melvin.pdf
English Grammar Reference Book_Jacqueline Melvin.pdfEnglish Grammar Reference Book_Jacqueline Melvin.pdf
English Grammar Reference Book_Jacqueline Melvin.pdf
 
Simple Modal Verbs
Simple Modal VerbsSimple Modal Verbs
Simple Modal Verbs
 
INFINITIVE OR GERUND by Katie
INFINITIVE OR GERUND by KatieINFINITIVE OR GERUND by Katie
INFINITIVE OR GERUND by Katie
 
Adverbs grammar sem 2011
Adverbs  grammar sem 2011Adverbs  grammar sem 2011
Adverbs grammar sem 2011
 
Pert 2 Verb and Adjective
Pert 2 Verb and AdjectivePert 2 Verb and Adjective
Pert 2 Verb and Adjective
 
Magic words 0102
Magic words 0102Magic words 0102
Magic words 0102
 
Negative Questions & Tag Questions
Negative Questions & Tag QuestionsNegative Questions & Tag Questions
Negative Questions & Tag Questions
 
Phrasal Verb
Phrasal VerbPhrasal Verb
Phrasal Verb
 
Chapter 9, Modals Part 1
Chapter 9, Modals Part 1Chapter 9, Modals Part 1
Chapter 9, Modals Part 1
 
Modal verbs can...
Modal verbs can...Modal verbs can...
Modal verbs can...
 
Present Tenses Contrast (Simple vs. Continuous)
Present Tenses Contrast (Simple vs. Continuous)Present Tenses Contrast (Simple vs. Continuous)
Present Tenses Contrast (Simple vs. Continuous)
 
Tips on Using Adverbs
Tips on Using AdverbsTips on Using Adverbs
Tips on Using Adverbs
 

More from Pham Van van Dinh (17)

Over view about mba
Over view about mbaOver view about mba
Over view about mba
 
Yeu to con_nguoi
Yeu to con_nguoiYeu to con_nguoi
Yeu to con_nguoi
 
Qttc chuong 1
Qttc chuong 1Qttc chuong 1
Qttc chuong 1
 
Chuỗi giá trị
Chuỗi giá trịChuỗi giá trị
Chuỗi giá trị
 
Chapter 3quantrihiendai
Chapter 3quantrihiendaiChapter 3quantrihiendai
Chapter 3quantrihiendai
 
2 lich su_phat_trien_cac_ly_thuyet_quan_tri_2273
2 lich su_phat_trien_cac_ly_thuyet_quan_tri_22732 lich su_phat_trien_cac_ly_thuyet_quan_tri_2273
2 lich su_phat_trien_cac_ly_thuyet_quan_tri_2273
 
Sodotuduy
SodotuduySodotuduy
Sodotuduy
 
Chuong 8web
Chuong 8webChuong 8web
Chuong 8web
 
How to deal with conflicts at work
How to deal with conflicts at workHow to deal with conflicts at work
How to deal with conflicts at work
 
Cooperative
CooperativeCooperative
Cooperative
 
Ordered response options
Ordered response optionsOrdered response options
Ordered response options
 
Aj --academic-encounters---human-behaviour
Aj --academic-encounters---human-behaviourAj --academic-encounters---human-behaviour
Aj --academic-encounters---human-behaviour
 
Cae practice tests oxford university press
Cae practice tests   oxford university pressCae practice tests   oxford university press
Cae practice tests oxford university press
 
Bãi bỏ án tử hình nên hay không
Bãi bỏ án tử hình nên hay khôngBãi bỏ án tử hình nên hay không
Bãi bỏ án tử hình nên hay không
 
Rút xô nhóm 5
Rút xô   nhóm 5Rút xô   nhóm 5
Rút xô nhóm 5
 
Activities of the house of commons
Activities of the house of commonsActivities of the house of commons
Activities of the house of commons
 
Week 5 lecture notes negation of modal auxiliaries
Week 5 lecture notes negation of modal auxiliariesWeek 5 lecture notes negation of modal auxiliaries
Week 5 lecture notes negation of modal auxiliaries
 

Recently uploaded

Recently uploaded (18)

Deerfoot Church of Christ Bulletin 5 26 24
Deerfoot Church of Christ Bulletin 5 26 24Deerfoot Church of Christ Bulletin 5 26 24
Deerfoot Church of Christ Bulletin 5 26 24
 
Surah Al-Mulk: Lessons on Guidance and Mercy
Surah Al-Mulk: Lessons on Guidance and MercySurah Al-Mulk: Lessons on Guidance and Mercy
Surah Al-Mulk: Lessons on Guidance and Mercy
 
Jude: The Acts of the Apostates: Waterless Clouds (vv.8-13).pptx
Jude: The Acts of the Apostates: Waterless Clouds (vv.8-13).pptxJude: The Acts of the Apostates: Waterless Clouds (vv.8-13).pptx
Jude: The Acts of the Apostates: Waterless Clouds (vv.8-13).pptx
 
The_Chronological_Life_of_Christ_Part_101_Misordered_Priorities
The_Chronological_Life_of_Christ_Part_101_Misordered_PrioritiesThe_Chronological_Life_of_Christ_Part_101_Misordered_Priorities
The_Chronological_Life_of_Christ_Part_101_Misordered_Priorities
 
RTPM - DSHS Class of 2024 - Baccalaureate Mass
RTPM - DSHS Class of 2024 - Baccalaureate MassRTPM - DSHS Class of 2024 - Baccalaureate Mass
RTPM - DSHS Class of 2024 - Baccalaureate Mass
 
A Chronology of the Resurrection Appearances
A Chronology of the Resurrection AppearancesA Chronology of the Resurrection Appearances
A Chronology of the Resurrection Appearances
 
English - The Book of Leviticus the Third Book of Moses.pdf
English - The Book of Leviticus the Third Book of Moses.pdfEnglish - The Book of Leviticus the Third Book of Moses.pdf
English - The Book of Leviticus the Third Book of Moses.pdf
 
Life Lessons to Learn ~ A Free Full-Color eBook (English).pdf
Life Lessons to Learn ~ A Free Full-Color eBook (English).pdfLife Lessons to Learn ~ A Free Full-Color eBook (English).pdf
Life Lessons to Learn ~ A Free Full-Color eBook (English).pdf
 
Spirituality: Beyond Dogmatic Texts - Audio Book
Spirituality: Beyond Dogmatic Texts - Audio BookSpirituality: Beyond Dogmatic Texts - Audio Book
Spirituality: Beyond Dogmatic Texts - Audio Book
 
Saint Vincent de Paul and Saint Louise de Marillac Played a Central Part in t...
Saint Vincent de Paul and Saint Louise de Marillac Played a Central Part in t...Saint Vincent de Paul and Saint Louise de Marillac Played a Central Part in t...
Saint Vincent de Paul and Saint Louise de Marillac Played a Central Part in t...
 
The Prophecy of Enoch in Jude 14-16_.pptx
The Prophecy of Enoch in Jude 14-16_.pptxThe Prophecy of Enoch in Jude 14-16_.pptx
The Prophecy of Enoch in Jude 14-16_.pptx
 
A373 true knowledge Not according to true knowledge, knowledge/true knowledg...
A373 true knowledge  Not according to true knowledge, knowledge/true knowledg...A373 true knowledge  Not according to true knowledge, knowledge/true knowledg...
A373 true knowledge Not according to true knowledge, knowledge/true knowledg...
 
Catechism_05_Blessed Trinity based on Compendium CCC.pptx
Catechism_05_Blessed Trinity based on Compendium CCC.pptxCatechism_05_Blessed Trinity based on Compendium CCC.pptx
Catechism_05_Blessed Trinity based on Compendium CCC.pptx
 
308 David Displeased the Lord 309 What Will it Take for God to Get Your Atten...
308 David Displeased the Lord 309 What Will it Take for God to Get Your Atten...308 David Displeased the Lord 309 What Will it Take for God to Get Your Atten...
308 David Displeased the Lord 309 What Will it Take for God to Get Your Atten...
 
Homosexuality and Ordination of Woman
Homosexuality and Ordination of WomanHomosexuality and Ordination of Woman
Homosexuality and Ordination of Woman
 
Codex Singularity: Search for the Prisca Sapientia
Codex Singularity: Search for the Prisca SapientiaCodex Singularity: Search for the Prisca Sapientia
Codex Singularity: Search for the Prisca Sapientia
 
Reflections and Aspirations for Wesak 2024 (Eng. & Chi.).pptx
Reflections and Aspirations for Wesak  2024  (Eng. & Chi.).pptxReflections and Aspirations for Wesak  2024  (Eng. & Chi.).pptx
Reflections and Aspirations for Wesak 2024 (Eng. & Chi.).pptx
 
2024 Wisdom Touch Tour Houston Slide Deck
2024 Wisdom Touch Tour Houston Slide Deck2024 Wisdom Touch Tour Houston Slide Deck
2024 Wisdom Touch Tour Houston Slide Deck
 

Week 6 the simple sentence (p2) - edited

  • 1. E_English Grammar Course Chapter VII The Simple Sentence (cont.)
  • 2.
  • 3.
  • 4.
  • 5. Negation 4 4/4 Negative Intensification = ways to give emotive intensification to a negative. I found nothing at all the matter with him. I have no excuse whatever . I'll never, never go there again. I've never in all my life seen such a crowd. She has never spoken to me even a single word .
  • 6. Negation 4 4/5 Alternative Negative Elements (Instead of the verb, another element may be negated) An honest man would not lie -> No honest man would lie. I didn't see any birds -> I saw no birds .
  • 7. Negation 4 4/6 Scope of Negation Normally extends from the negative word itself to the end of the clause . E.g. I definitely didn’t speak to him. (It’s definite that I did not.) I didn’t definitely speak to him. (It’s not definite that I did.) = The stretch of language over which the negative meaning operates
  • 8. Negation 4 4/7 Focus of Negation 1.' JOHN doesn’t love Mary. Somebody loves Mary but it’s not John. 2. John doesn’t ' LOVE Mary. John likes Mary but it’s not love. 3. John doesn’t love ' MARY .  John loves somebody else but it’s not Mary. The contrastive nuclear stress falling on a particular part of a clause indicates that the contrast of meaning implicit in the negation is located at that spot and the rest of the clause can be understood in a positive sense.
  • 9. Negation 4 4/8 Scope & Focus of Negation I didn’t LISTEN all the time. (I listened none of the time.) I didn’t listen ALL the time. (I listened some of the time.) The scope must include the focus, and by the position of the focus we can realize the extent of the scope
  • 10. Negation 4 4/10 Main verb negation vs . Auxiliary negation Auxiliary Negation Main Verb Negation
  • 11. Negation 4 4/11 The scope of negation includes the meaning of the auxiliary itself Main verb negation vs . Auxiliary negation Auxiliary Negation Main Verb Negation
  • 12.
  • 13. Negation 4 4/13 2. Needn’t You needn’t pay that fine. (You are not obliged to…) It needn’t be my fault. (it is not necessary that…) Main verb negation vs . Auxiliary negation Auxiliary Negation Main Verb Negation
  • 14. Negation 4 4/14 3. May not ( = permission) You may not go swimming. (You are not allowed to…) Main verb negation vs . Auxiliary negation Auxiliary Negation Main Verb Negation
  • 15.
  • 16. Negation 4 4/16 Main verb negation vs . Auxiliary negation Main Verb Negation Will not/ won’t Shall not/ shan’t Must not/ mustn’t Ought not/ oughtn’t
  • 17. Negation 4 4/17 Don’t worry. I won’t interfere (I’m willing not to interfere.) He won’t do it (He insists on not doing it.) They won’t have arrived yet (I predict that they’ve not arrived yet.) Main verb negation vs . Auxiliary negation Main Verb Negation Will not/ won’t Shall not/ shan’t Must not/ mustn’t Ought not/ oughtn’t
  • 18. Negation 4 4/18 Don’t worry, you shan’t lose your reward. (I’m willing to see that you don’t lose your reward.) Main verb negation vs . Auxiliary negation Main Verb Negation Will not/ won’t Shall not/ shan’t Must not/ mustn’t Ought not/ oughtn’t
  • 19. Negation 4 4/19 I shan’t know when you return (I predict that I shall not know…) Main verb negation vs . Auxiliary negation Main Verb Negation Will not/ won’t Shall not/ shan’t Must not/ mustn’t Ought not/ oughtn’t
  • 20. Negation 4 4/20 You mustn’t make noise. (It is obligatory that you don’t make noise) Main verb negation vs . Auxiliary negation Main Verb Negation Will not/ won’t Shall not/ shan’t Must not/ mustn’t Ought not/ oughtn’t
  • 21. Negation 4 4/21 You oughtn’t to keep us waiting (obligation) He oughtn’t to be long (necessity) Main verb negation vs . Auxiliary negation Main Verb Negation Will not/ won’t Shall not/ shan’t Must not/ mustn’t Ought not/ oughtn’t
  • 22.
  • 23.
  • 24. Questions, Commands & Exclamation 5 5/1 See more in 7.43 - 7.66 Types of simple sentences Statements Questions Commands Exclamations
  • 25.
  • 26. Questions, Commands & Exclamation 5 5/3 Yes – No Questions Wh - Questions Alternative Questions Types of simple sentences Statements Questions Commands Exclamations
  • 27. Questions, Commands & Exclamation 5 5/4 Questions Yes – No Questions Wh - Questions Alternative Questions
  • 28. Questions, Commands & Exclamation 5 5/5 General Yes – No questions Has the boat left? Yes-no questions with positive orientation: Has the boat left already? Yes-no questions with negative orientation: Has the boat left yet? Questions Yes – No Questions Wh - Questions Alternative Questions
  • 29.
  • 30. Questions, Commands & Exclamation 5 5/7 Declarative Questions You’ve bought a new car? He didn’t finish it? Questions Yes – No Questions Wh - Questions Alternative Questions
  • 31.
  • 32.
  • 33. Questions, Commands & Exclamation 5 5/11 Would you like tea, coffee, or milk? Which ice cream would you like. Chocolate, vanilla, or strawberry? Questions Yes – No Questions Wh - Questions Alternative Questions
  • 34.
  • 35. Questions, Commands & Exclamation 5 5/13 Commands Without subject With subject With ‘let’
  • 36.
  • 37.
  • 38.
  • 39.
  • 40.
  • 41. Questions, Commands & Exclamation 5 5/19 Full exclamation Short exclamation Types of simple sentences Statements Questions Commands Exclamations
  • 42. Questions, Commands & Exclamation 5 5/20 Full exclamation Short exclamation What an enormous crowd came! How delightful her manners are! Types of simple sentences Statements Questions Commands Exclamations
  • 43. Questions, Commands & Exclamation 5 5/21 Full exclamation Short exclamation What a book! How wonderful! Types of simple sentences Statements Questions Commands Exclamations
  • 44.
  • 45.

Editor's Notes

  1. See more in 7.35
  2. See more in 3.48-3.55
  3. Inservice grammar Lecture 19