NSF Climate Research Investment


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A broad description of program development and strategy at NSF for FY10 climate research, based on guidance so far from NRC & NSB, focused on programs of interest to the US National Committee on Quaternary Research at the Academies of Science

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  • From USGCRP Poster at Copenhagen CoP-15 meeting
  • Climate Research In FY 2010, we will make a major investment in NSF’s new Climate Research effort. NSF proposes an integrated approach that includes: modeling of basic natural and human processes; fundamental research to support paradigm development and predictive understanding; environmental observation; inquiry-based studies of integrated natural and human systems; and research on the environmental significance of adaptation and mitigation strategies. Specific emphases include: • Modeling: Enhance scalability of climate and ecosystem models to move climate modeling from the global to the regional scale; move ecological modeling from the local to the regional scale; and improve predictability at multiple scales to inform decision makers; • Fundamental Research: Support a broad research portfolio in carbon cycling, biodiversity, and ecological systems and expand the Nation’s workforce trained to address complex environmental challenges; • Observation: Improve, upgrade and deploy critical environmental observing platforms and systems (Long Term Ecological Research and the National Ecological Observatory Network) and partner with the USDA to establish a set of Urban Long Term Research Areas. The long-term goal of this program is to assert U.S. leadership in providing and communicating the fundamental knowledge base on climate change.
  • Image courtesy Stephen Young, Salem State
  • Image from NSF/OCE image library
  • Image courtesy NCAR
  • Image from Lee & Jetz/UCSD, 2008
  • Image credit: Alejandra Restrepo-Correa/Florida Institute of Technology, 2007
  • Image credit: Nicolle Rager Fuller, National Science Foundation Ecological theory predicts that biological systems are influenced by and influence earth system processes at regional to continental scales. These processes constrain the responses of biological systems to drivers of change and cascade through the systems structure and function, often in unexpected ways. To understand the response of the biosphere to climate change, the emergence of infectious diseases, the future of biodiversity, or the services the biosphere provides requires a quantitative understanding of these regional to continental scale dynamics.
  • Image credit: The Glosten Associates, Inc. http://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?org=NSF&cntn_id=114796
  • Image credit: Center for Environmental Visualization, University of Washington http://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?org=NSF&cntn_id=115444
  • NSF Climate Research Investment

    1. 1. Paul Filmer, NSF/GEO January 8, 2010 U.S. National Committee for Quaternary Research The National Academies
    2. 2. So far: High-level Community Committees & Senior Agency Management Future: OSTP recommendations on USGCRP, Congress, & community feedback
    3. 3. <ul><li>Integrated scientific-societal issues </li></ul><ul><li>Interactions among the climate, human, and environmental systems </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. climate observing system including physical, biological, and social observations </li></ul><ul><li>Coupled Earth system models </li></ul><ul><li>Adaptation </li></ul>
    4. 4. <ul><li>NSB offers the following specific guidance to NSF: </li></ul><ul><li>“ Strengthen systems approaches in research programs.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Develop and strengthen interdisciplinary systems approaches for research programs in the natural and social sciences that focus on environmental, social, and economic issues fundamental to the future energy economy.” </li></ul>
    5. 5. Copenhagen CoP-15 schematic for USGCRP (follows): Focus on “NOW, what do we do about climate change?”
    6. 6. USGCRP 2009
    7. 7.
    8. 8. <ul><li>Modeling , scaling, complexity </li></ul><ul><li>Fundamental research </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental observation </li></ul><ul><li>Adaptation </li></ul>
    9. 9. <ul><li>Must be interdisciplinary </li></ul><ul><li>Approaches are creative and high risk </li></ul><ul><li>Research involves problems that cannot be undertaken in the core programs </li></ul><ul><li>Research support is shared across multiple directorates </li></ul>
    10. 10.
    11. 11.
    12. 12. <ul><li>Need to understand: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the nature, extent and impact of ocean acidification on oceanic environments in the past, present and future </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>how processes at the organismal level impact the structure and function of ecosystems </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Efforts will encourage development of interdisciplinary partnerships and capacity building </li></ul>
    13. 13.
    14. 14.
    15. 15. <ul><li>Paleoclimate </li></ul><ul><li>Sedimentary Geology and Paleobiology </li></ul><ul><li>Marine Geology & Geophysics </li></ul>
    16. 16.
    17. 18. <ul><li>Science Imperatives: </li></ul><ul><li>Arctic Impacts on Global Climate Change </li></ul><ul><li>Ocean productivity </li></ul><ul><li>Arctic ice reduction & Impacts </li></ul><ul><li>Paleoclimate and cultural anthropology </li></ul><ul><li>Geologic and seismic events </li></ul><ul><li>Science education and outreach </li></ul>
    18. 19. <ul><li>Cyber-linked sensors in critical areas, measuring chemical, physical and biological properties 24/7 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Carbon cycling & ocean acidification </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ocean circulation & climate change </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coastal ecosystem health </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Deep methane fluxes to ocean </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cascadia margin geodynamics & seismic processes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Education & public engagement </li></ul></ul>
    19. 20. <ul><li>Dr. Paul Filmer </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Geosciences Directorate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>National Science Foundation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>+1 (703) 292-7858 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Twitter: @pffli, @NSF, @NSF_GEO, @NSF_ERE </li></ul></ul>