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Pew Research Center 2015 U.S.-Germany Presentation

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This presentation examines American and German attitudes toward each other and their respective geopolitical roles. This report is based on telephone surveys in the United States and Germany. In the U.S., interviews were conducted February 26 to March 1, 2015 among a national sample of 1,003 persons, 18 years of age or older. In Germany, interviews were conducted February 24-25, 2015 among a national sample of 963 persons, 18 years of age or older.

Published in: News & Politics
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Pew Research Center 2015 U.S.-Germany Presentation

  1. 1. Germany and the United States: Reliable Allies With Differences
  2. 2. May 6, 2015 2www.pewresearch.org Methodology • Survey in the U.S. from February 26 to March 1, 2015 of 1,003 respondents • Survey in Germany from February 24-25, 2015 of 963 respondents • Based on nationally representative telephone interviews with adults 18 and older conducted under the direction of Princeton Survey Research Associates International and TNS Emnid • The margin of sampling error for the U.S. is ±3.7% and for Germany is ±4.7%
  3. 3. KEY TAKEAWAYS May 6, 2015 3www.pewresearch.org
  4. 4. May 6, 2015 4www.pewresearch.org An Overview of the German-American Relationship 72% 59 54 50 62% 26 25 41 U.S. Germany U.S./Germany is a reliable ally U.S.-EU free trade deal is a good thing EU is not tough enough with Russia on Ukraine Germany should play a more active military role
  5. 5. RECENT HISTORY IN THE AMERICAN AND GERMAN CONSCIOUSNESS May 6, 2015 5www.pewresearch.org
  6. 6. May 6, 2015 6www.pewresearch.org WWII Most Important Event For Americans in U.S.-German Relations; Fall of Berlin Wall for Germans Which one of these events is most important to U.S.-German relations over the last 75 years? 47% 28 8 7 3 20% 34 8 12 20 U.S. Germany World War II & Holocaust Marshall Plan Disagreements over Iraq War U.S. monitoring of Merkel's phone Fall of the Berlin Wall
  7. 7. World War II & Holocaust Most Important Events For about Half of Young Americans May 6, 2015 7www.pewresearch.org Which one of these events is most important to U.S.-German relations over the last 75 years? Total 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ % % % % % World War II & Holocaust 47 51 47 49 40 Fall of the Berlin Wall 28 24 30 27 28 Disagreements over Iraq War 8 5 10 6 8 U.S. monitoring of Merkel's phone 7 11 6 5 6 Marshall Plan 3 1 2 6 5
  8. 8. German Generational Differences on U.S.-German History May 6, 2015 8www.pewresearch.org Which one of these events is most important to U.S.-German relations over the last 75 years? Total 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ % % % % % Fall of the Berlin Wall 34 29 32 36 38 World War II & Holocaust 20 25 20 18 17 Marshall Plan 20 13 15 24 27 U.S. monitoring of Merkel's phone 12 20 14 12 5 Disagreements over Iraq War 8 5 14 7 4
  9. 9. THE U.S.-GERMAN RELATIONSHIP TODAY May 6, 2015 9www.pewresearch.org
  10. 10. May 6, 2015 10www.pewresearch.org Americans, Especially Older Ones, See Germany as a Reliable Ally Germany is a very/somewhat reliable ally 72% 75 69 66 77 71 69 Total Men Women 18-29 65+ Democrat Republican
  11. 11. May 6, 2015 11www.pewresearch.org German Men, SPD Adherents Most Likely to See the U.S. as a Reliable Ally U.S. is a very/somewhat reliable ally 62% 68 56 58 63 66 59 74 66 Total Men Women 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ SPD CDU/CSU
  12. 12. May 6, 2015 12www.pewresearch.org Americans, Germans Differ on Britain as a Reliable Ally Percent saying __ is a very/somewhat reliable ally U.S. Germany Britain France % % % % Americans – 72 85 69 Germans 62 – 55 78
  13. 13. May 6, 2015 13www.pewresearch.org Higher Approval for Both Obama and Merkel by Germans than by Americans Do you approve or disapprove of the way President Obama is dealing with U.S.-German relations? Do you approve or disapprove of the way Chancellor Merkel is dealing with U.S.-German relations? 40% 59 36% 31 23% 10 U.S. Germany Approve Disapprove Don't know 38% 71 27% 22 35% 7 U.S. Germany Approve Disapprove Don't know
  14. 14. GERMANY, THE U.S. AND THE WORLD May 6, 2015 14www.pewresearch.org
  15. 15. May 6, 2015 15www.pewresearch.org Half in U.S., Germany Prefer Their Country to Concentrate on Domestic Rather than Foreign Problems Our country should … 50% 50 39% 43 U.S. Germany Deal with its own problems and let other countries deal with their own problems Help other countries deal with their problems
  16. 16. May 6, 2015 16www.pewresearch.org Younger Americans and Germans Are More Parochial Our country should deal with its own problems and let other countries deal with their own problems 18-29 65+ Diff % % U.S. 57 42 +15 Germany 54 46 +8
  17. 17. May 6, 2015 17www.pewresearch.org Americans Want to See a More Active Military Role for Germany; Germans Disagree Should Germany … 37% 69 54% 25 U.S. Germany Play a more active military role Limit its military role
  18. 18. THE TRANSATLANTIC TRADE AND INVESTMENT PARTNERSHIP May 6, 2015 18www.pewresearch.org
  19. 19. May 6, 2015 19www.pewresearch.org Sharp Drop in German Support for TTIP TTIP will be __ for country 2014 2015 Change % % Germany Good thing 55 41 -14 Bad thing 25 36 +11 U.S. Good thing 53 50 -3 Bad thing 20 21 +1
  20. 20. May 6, 2015 20www.pewresearch.org Among Those Who Think TTIP Is Bad, Americans, Germans Differ on Why Of those who say TTIP will be a bad thing (21% of Americans and 36% of Germans), their reasons why a free trade agreement would be bad for their country: 50% 22 12 17% 18 61 U.S. Germany Lead to job losses and lower wages Give foreign companies unfair advantages Lowers food, auto and environmental safety standards
  21. 21. GERMANY, THE U.S. AND RUSSIA May 6, 2015 21www.pewresearch.org
  22. 22. May 6, 2015 22www.pewresearch.org Germans: Majority Prefer Strong Ties with U.S. Which is more important for Germany – to have strong ties with the U.S. or strong ties with Russia? 57% 21% 15% 7% Don't know Strong ties with U.S. Strong ties with Russia Equally close ties (VOL)
  23. 23. May 6, 2015 23www.pewresearch.org Americans Want Hard Line with Russia, Germans Disagree The U.S. is being __ in dealing with Russia on the issue of Ukraine The EU is being __ in dealing with Russia on the issue of Ukraine 54% 23 32% 35 4% 27 U.S. Germany Not tough enough About right Too tough 59% 26 22% 44 4% 18 U.S. Germany Not tough enough About right Too tough
  24. 24. DIVISIONS WITHIN GERMANY AND THE U.S. May 6, 2015 24www.pewresearch.org
  25. 25. May 6, 2015 25www.pewresearch.org East-West Divide in Germans’ Attitudes East Germany West Germany Diff % % Germany should deal with its own problems and let other countries deal with their own problems 60 47 +13 The EU is being too tough in dealing with Russia on the issue of Ukraine 27 16 +11 The fall of the Berlin Wall is the most important event in U.S.-German relations over the last 75 years 43 32 +11 Germany should limit its military role in world affairs 77 68 +9 It is more important for Germany to have strong ties with the United States rather than with Russia 44 61 -17
  26. 26. May 6, 2015 26www.pewresearch.org Partisan Differences in U.S. Over German-American Relationship Dem Rep Diff Americans % % Approve of Obama's handling of U.S.-German relations 67 16 +51 TTIP is a good thing for U.S. 59 45 +14 Germany should play a more active military role 60 51 +9 U.S. is not tough enough on Russia on the issue of Ukraine 47 69 -22

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