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Pew Research Center 2015 U.S. Japan survey presentation

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Americans, Japanese: Mutual Respect 70 Years After the End of WWII

By Bruce Stokes, Director, Global Economic Attitudes, Pew Research Center

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Pew Research Center 2015 U.S. Japan survey presentation

  1. 1. Americans, Japanese: Mutual Respect 70 Years After the End of WWII
  2. 2. April 28, 2015 2www.pewresearch.org Methodology • Survey in the U.S. from February 12-15, 2015 of 1,000 respondents. • Survey in Japan from January 30 to February 12, 2015 of 1,000 respondents. • Based on nationally representative telephone interviews with adults 18 and older conducted under the direction of Princeton Survey Research Associates International. • The margin of sampling error for the U.S. is ±3.6% and ±3.2% for Japan.
  3. 3. April 28, 2015 3www.pewresearch.org Americans, Japanese Trust Each Other, Both Wary of China, Differ on Japan’s Military Role
  4. 4. COMPARATIVE VIEWS OF HISTORY April 28, 2015 4www.pewresearch.org
  5. 5. April 28, 2015 5www.pewresearch.org Americans: WWII, Tsunami Most Important Events in U.S.- Japan Relations 31% 31 23 8 20% 17 36 14 U.S. Japan 2011 earthquake & tsunami in Japan World War II U.S.-Japan military alliance since World War II U.S.-Japan “trade wars” of the 1980s & early 1990s Which one of these events is most important to U.S.-Japan relations over the last 75 years?
  6. 6. April 28, 2015 6www.pewresearch.org More than Half of Americans and Japanese Put WWII Behind Them 37% 48 29% 28 24% 15 U.S. Japan Yes, Japan has apologized sufficiently No, Japan has not apologized sufficiently No apology necessary Has Japan apologized sufficiently for its actions during World War II? Note: 2013 question wording asks about Japan’s “military actions during the 1930s and 1940s.” Source: Japan data from Spring 2013 GlobalAttitudes survey.
  7. 7. April 28, 2015 7www.pewresearch.org But Japanese, Americans Disagree on Bombing of Hiroshima, Nagasaki 56% 14 34% 79 U.S. Japan Justified Not justified Using the atomic bomb on Japanese cities in 1945 was … Note: Full question wording: “As you may know, the United States dropped atomic bombs on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in August 1945 near the end of WorldWar II. Looking back, would you say using the atomic bomb on Japanese cities in 1945 was justified or was it not justified?”
  8. 8. BROAD, MUTUAL RESPECT April 28, 2015 8www.pewresearch.org
  9. 9. April 28, 2015 9www.pewresearch.org Widespread American Trust in Japan U.S. can trust Japan a great deal/fair amount 68% 76 59 73 56 75 60 67 69 56 75 Total Men Women White Non-white 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ At least some college High school or less
  10. 10. April 28, 2015 10www.pewresearch.org Japan Trusted by Republicans, Democrats, Independents U.S. can trust Japan a great deal/fair amount 69% 66 71 Republican Democrat Independent
  11. 11. April 28, 2015 11www.pewresearch.org Among Japanese Similarly Widespread Trust in the U.S. Japan can trust the U.S. a great deal/fair amount 75% 82 68 76 75 75 75 73 78 Total Men Women 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Junior college or more High school or less
  12. 12. THE U.S.-JAPAN ECONOMIC RELATIONSHIP April 28, 2015 12www.pewresearch.org
  13. 13. April 28, 2015 13www.pewresearch.org Americans Now See Japan as a Fair Trader Japan has a __ trade policy with the U.S. 1989 1993 1997 2015 ‘89-’15 Change % % % % Fair 22 14 19 55 +33 Unfair 63 72 64 24 -39 Don’t know 15 11 16 20 +5 Note: 1997 data from “America’s Place in theWorld” survey. 1993 and 1989 data from theTimes Mirror Center for the People & the Press.
  14. 14. April 28, 2015 14www.pewresearch.org Americans See Japan, Not China, as Fair Trader Japan/China has a __ trade policy with the U.S. 55% 37 24% 48 Japan China Fair Unfair
  15. 15. THE U.S., JAPAN AND CHINA April 28, 2015 15www.pewresearch.org
  16. 16. April 28, 2015 16www.pewresearch.org For Americans, China’s Rise Means Japan Relations Are More Important The rise of China as a military and economic power makes relations between the U.S. & Japan … 60% 6 29 More important Less important Makes no difference
  17. 17. April 28, 2015 17www.pewresearch.org Nevertheless, Americans Want Stronger Economic Ties with China It is more important for the U.S. to have strong economic ties with … 43% 36% 12% 9% Neither (VOL)/ Don't know China Both (VOL) Japan
  18. 18. April 28, 2015 18www.pewresearch.org And Americans Are Divided on Japan’s Future Military Role in Asia Japan should __ in helping to maintain peace and stability in regional affairs 47% 43 Play a more active military role Limit its military role
  19. 19. THE U.S.-JAPAN RELATIONSHIP THROUGH EACH OTHERS’ EYES April 28, 2015 19www.pewresearch.org
  20. 20. April 28, 2015 20www.pewresearch.org Americans, Japanese See Each Other Through Different Lenses American views of Japanese Japanese views of Americans % % Hardworking 94 25 Inventive 75 67 Honest 71 37 Intolerant 36 29 Aggressive 31 50 Selfish 19 47 Which characteristics do you associate with __
  21. 21. April 28, 2015 21www.pewresearch.org For Americans, the First Thing about Japan that Comes to Mind Is … What is the first thing that comes to mind when you think of Japan? Out of 1,000 Americans surveyed, number saying … Note:These are the numbers of respondents who offered each of the top responses.These are NOT percentages. Distinct words or phrases mentioned by at least 15 people shown.

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