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OECD Forum 2018 Thought Leader Survey

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At the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development’s annual Economic Forum on May 29, 2018, Director of Global Economic Attitudes Bruce Stokes presented findings from a Pew Research Center survey of OECD Economic Forum attendees. The invitation-only online survey, which focused on views of economic conditions, faith in the multilateral system and the future of work, was completed by 269 Forum attendees between April 26 and May 22, 2018. Some of the results from this survey of thought leaders were compared to results from surveys of the public, which were conducted in 32 countries as part of the 2017 Global Attitudes Survey.

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OECD Forum 2018 Thought Leader Survey

  1. 1. OECD Thought Leader Survey Bruce Stokes Director, Global Economic Attitudes May, 2018
  2. 2. June 4, 2018 2 • Established 1996 • Funded by the Pew Charitable Trusts, foundations • Non-profit, non-partisan fact tank in Washington • Research topics: U.S. politics Media & news Social trends Internet & tech Religion Science Hispanics Global attitudes and migration • www.pewresearch.org Pew Research Center 2
  3. 3. June 4, 2018 3 Methodology • Results of online survey of 269 registered OECD Forum attendees conducted from April 26 to May 22, 2018 • Results of survey of 34,788 respondents conducted February 16 to April 28, 2017 in 32 countries. Additional results of a survey of over 38,000 respondents conducted July to October 2002 in 44 countries 3
  4. 4. THE ECONOMIC, SOCIAL AND GOVERNANCE CONTEXT June 4, 2018 4 4
  5. 5. June 4, 2018 55 Many Believe Life Has Improved, But Widespread Pessimism for Children’s Financial Future 26% 57% 58 55% 42% 34 Life today is __ than it was 20 years ago for people in your country When children today in your country grow up, they will be __ financially than their parents Worse Better Worse off Better off OECD Forum attendees Median of 19 OECD publics OECD Forum attendees Note: “About the same” responses not shown. Source: 2018 Pew Research Center survey of OECD Forum attendees. Spring 2017 Global Attitudes Survey.
  6. 6. 30% 47 70% 51Median of 13 OECD publics, 2002 Do not like Like I __ the pace of modern life OECD Forum attendees June 4, 2018 66 Large Majority of Thought Leaders Enjoy the Pace of Modern Life Source: 2018 Pew Research Center survey of OECD Forum attendees. Summer 2002 Global Attitudes Survey.
  7. 7. 15% 84% Bad Good Thought Leaders View Increased Diversity as a Positive June 4, 2018 7 7 Note: “No change” and “don’t know” responses not shown. Source: 2018 Pew Research Center survey of OECD Forum attendees. Thinking about the ethnic, religious and racial makeup of your country, over the past 20 years your country has become … 6% 83% Less diverse More diverse Among those who responded “more diverse,” this is a __ thing
  8. 8. Agreement Among Thought Leaders that Equality Between Men and Women has Increased and is a Good Thing June 4, 2018 8 8 7% 77% Decreased Increased 1% 98% Bad Good Over the past 20 years, equality between men and women has __ in your country Among those who responded “increased,” this is a __ thing Note: “No change” and “don’t know” responses not shown. Source: 2018 Pew Research Center survey of OECD Forum attendees.
  9. 9. Among Thought Leaders, Concern about Weakening Family Ties June 4, 2018 9 9 61% 9% Weaker Stronger 88% 8% Bad Good Over the past 20 years, family ties in your country have become … Among those who responded “weaker,” this is a __ thing Note: “No change” and “don’t know” responses not shown. Source: 2018 Pew Research Center survey of OECD Forum attendees.
  10. 10. 9% 15 46% 49 91% 80 54% 44 Bad Good Bad Good OECD Forum attendees OECD Forum attendees Median of 19 OECD publics Median of 19 OECD publics Strong Thought Leader Support for Representative Democracy, Far Less Backing for Rule by Experts June 4, 2018 10 10 Source: 2018 Pew Research Center survey of OECD Forum attendees. Spring 2017 Global Attitudes Survey. A democratic system where representatives elected by citizens decide what becomes law would be a __ way of governing your country Experts, not elected officials, making decisions according to what they think is best for the country would be a __ way of governing your country
  11. 11. 60% 39% 26 39% 61% 67 OECD Forum attendees Median of 19 OECD publics OECD Forum attendees Do no better Do a better job Bad Good Thought Leaders Do Not Believe Ordinary People Would Do a Better Job Solving Problems, Yet Majority Backs Direct Democracy June 4, 2018 11 11 Source: 2018 Pew Research Center survey of OECD Forum attendees. Spring 2017 Global Attitudes Survey. A democratic systems where citizens, not elected officials, vote directly on major national issues to decide what becomes law would be a __ way of governing your country Ordinary people would__ solving the country’s problems than elected officials
  12. 12. VIEWS ON THE MULTILATERAL SYSTEM June 4, 2018 12 12
  13. 13. Thought Leaders Say Common Values Bring Nations Together June 4, 2018 13 13 67% 32% Common problems Common values When thinking about the international system, __ are more important for bringing nations together Source: 2018 Pew Research Center survey of OECD Forum attendees.
  14. 14. Overwhelming Majority of Thought Leaders Believe Multilateral System Has Positively Impacted Domestic Economies June 4, 2018 14 14 10% 89% Institutions within the multilateral system have had a __ impact on the domestic economies of individual countries Negative Positive Source: 2018 Pew Research Center survey of OECD Forum attendees.
  15. 15. June 4, 2018 1515 16% 22 24 54 56 83% 77 76 45 43 Promote peace Promote prosperity Are transparent No Yes Are efficient Promote democratic values Institutions that currently anchor the multilateral system … Thought Leaders Say Multilateral Institutions Promote Peace, But Are Not Efficient and Are Not Transparent Source: 2018 Pew Research Center survey of OECD Forum attendees.
  16. 16. June 4, 2018 16 16 47% 48 4 Major reform Minor reform No reform at all The institutions that currently anchor the international system are in need of … 77% 20 1 Engage more with citizens than they do today Engage with citizens at the current level Engage less with citizens than they do today Institutions should … Support for Reform of Multilateral Institutions, Backing for More Engagement with Citizens Source: 2018 Pew Research Center survey of OECD Forum attendees.
  17. 17. VIEWS ON THE FUTURE OF WORK June 4, 2018 4 17
  18. 18. Strong Confidence in the Future of Automation June 4, 2018 18 14% 17% 86% 83% In the next 50 years, robots and computers will __ do much of the work currently done by humans Robots and computers doing much of the work currently done by humans is a __ thing for your country Probably NOT Probably Bad Good Source: 2018 Pew Research Center survey of OECD Forum attendees.
  19. 19. Thought Leaders Think Workplace Changes Driven by Automation are Likely and Positive June 4, 2018 19 If robots and computers were able to do much of the work currently being done by humans, the following is likely to happen Source: 2018 Pew Research Center survey of OECD Forum attendees. 77% 72 72 64 61 57 Ordinary people would have a hard time finding jobs Inequality between rich and poor would be much worse than it is today The economy would be much more efficient People would find their jobs more meaningful and fulfilling since machines would mostly be doing things that people find unappealing There would be new, better-paying jobs People would be able to focus less on work and more on the things that really matter to them in life
  20. 20. June 4, 2018 20 Schools Seen as Having the Greatest Responsibility for Insuring Future Workers Have the Right Skills 85% 71 71 57 32 10% 25 21 38 38 95% 96 92 95 70 Schools Governments Individuals themselves Employers Labor unions A lot of Some TOTAL The following should have __ responsibility in making sure your country’s workforce has the right skills and education to be successful in the future Note: “Not much” and “none” not shown. Source: 2018 Pew Research Center survey of OECD Forum attendees.
  21. 21. All Pew Research Center reports are available online at www.pewresearch.org Bruce Stokes Director, Global Economic Attitudes @bruceestokes

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