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How has populism disrupted the left right divide in western europe

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Director of Global Attitudes Research Richard Wike presented findings addressing the question of “How has populism disrupted the left-right divide in Western Europe?” in July 2018 at public events in Berlin, Brussels, and Madrid. The presentation is based on an in-depth Pew Research Center survey in eight European nations and is available on the Center’s website.

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How has populism disrupted the left right divide in western europe

  1. 1. How has populism disrupted the left-right divide in Western Europe? Richard Wike Director, Global Attitudes Research
  2. 2. 2 Pew Research Center • Established 1996 • Funded by The Pew Charitable Trusts, foundations • Non-profit, non-partisan fact tank in Washington • Since 2002, we have surveyed in 109 countries • www.pewresearch.org
  3. 3. 3 Methodology • Survey conducted across 8 European countries from October 30 to December 20, 2017 • 16,114 total respondents • Based on telephone interviews with nationally representative samples of adults 18 and older • The margin of sampling error for the completed set of weighted data is ±2.6% - ±2.9%
  4. 4. 4 Global Insights Fall 2017 Survey
  5. 5. IDEOLOGY AND POPULISM 5
  6. 6. Six Key Groups 6 Groups based on left-right ideology and support for populist views
  7. 7. 7 Distribution of Groups by Country Source: Survey of eight Western European countries conducted Oct. 30-Dec. 20, 2017. Adults who are populist and mainstream on the left, center and right
  8. 8. 8 Distribution of Groups by Country Adults who are populist and mainstream on the left, center and right Source: Survey of eight Western European countries conducted Oct. 30-Dec. 20, 2017.
  9. 9. THE ECONOMY 9
  10. 10. 10 Very Different Economic Assessments in Western Europe The current economic situation in our country is … Source: Survey of eight Western European countries conducted Oct. 30-Dec. 20, 2017. 10% 11 13 14 56 64 71 82 35 87% 87 86 85 41 33 28 17 63 Sweden Denmark Netherlands Germany UK France Spain Italy MEDIAN GoodBad
  11. 11. 11 Populist Groups Less Positive About the Economy The current economic situation in our country is good Source: Survey of eight Western European countries conducted Oct. 30-Dec. 20, 2017.
  12. 12. 12 Most Support Government Economic Assistance Source: Survey of eight Western European countries conducted Oct. 30-Dec. 20, 2017. 22% 29 40 38 42 37 45 57 39 74% 63 58 55 54 53 49 35 55 Italy Spain Netherlands France Denmark Sweden UK Germany MEDIAN Individual's responsibility Government’s responsibility It is the individual’s responsibility to earn a decent standard of living OR it is the government’s responsibility to ensure a decent standard of living for all?
  13. 13. 13 Ideological Divides on Government Providing Standard of Living It is the government’s responsibility to ensure a decent standard of living for all Source: Survey of eight Western European countries conducted Oct. 30-Dec. 20, 2017.
  14. 14. VIEWS OF INSTITUTIONS 14
  15. 15. 15 Majorities in Just Three Countries Trust Parliament Adults who __ parliament Source: Survey of eight Western European countries conducted Oct. 30-Dec. 20, 2017. 28% 31 43 49 62 62 82 84 56 71% 68 55 50 36 33 16 16 43 Sweden Netherlands Germany Denmark UK France Italy Spain MEDIAN TrustDistrust
  16. 16. 16 People with Populist Views Trust Parliament Less Adults who trust parliament Source: Survey of eight Western European countries conducted Oct. 30-Dec. 20, 2017.
  17. 17. 17 European Publics Split on Trustworthiness of Banks Adults who __ banks and financial institutions Source: Survey of eight Western European countries conducted Oct. 30-Dec. 20, 2017. 35% 37 44 46 46 60 71 82 46 65% 62 56 54 52 39 29 18 53 Netherlands Sweden Denmark UK Germany France Italy Spain MEDIAN TrustDistrust
  18. 18. 18 Those With Populist Views Trust Banks Less Adults who trust banks and financial institutions Source: Survey of eight Western European countries conducted Oct. 30-Dec. 20, 2017.
  19. 19. 19 Distrust of News Media Common in Many Nations Adults who __ the news media Source: Survey of eight Western European countries conducted Oct. 30-Dec. 20, 2017. 32% 34 36 52 64 67 69 71 58 67% 64 64 47 35 32 31 29 41 Netherlands Sweden Germany Denmark France UK Spain Italy MEDIAN TrustDistrust
  20. 20. 20 Mainstream Groups More Likely to Trust News Media Adults who trust the news media Source: Survey of eight Western European countries conducted Oct. 30-Dec. 20, 2017.
  21. 21. July 26, 2018 21 Most Say EU Membership Has Been Good for Their Economy Source: Survey of eight Western European countries conducted Oct. 30-Dec. 20, 2017. 17% 19 24 26 22 31 35 48 25 76% 76 72 69 63 62 55 46 66 Germany Denmark Netherlands Spain Sweden UK France Italy MEDIAN Good thingBad thing EU membership has been a ___ for our country’s economy
  22. 22. July 26, 2018 22 Those with Populist Views Less Likely to Say EU Helps Economy Membership in the EU has been a good thing for our country’s economy Source: Survey of eight Western European countries conducted Oct. 30-Dec. 20, 2017.
  23. 23. IMMIGRATION 23
  24. 24. 24 Do Immigrants Increase Terror Risk? Source: Survey of eight Western European countries conducted Oct. 30-Dec. 20, 2017. Immigrants __ the risk of terrorist attacks in our country 42% 46 52 49 54 55 61 58 53 51% 50 44 43 43 38 34 33 43 Germany Italy Netherlands Sweden Denmark UK Spain France MEDIAN IncreaseDo not increase
  25. 25. 25 Right Populists Most Concerned about Immigration and Terrorism Immigrants increase the risk of terrorist attacks in our country Source: Survey of eight Western European countries conducted Oct. 30-Dec. 20, 2017.
  26. 26. RATING POLITICAL PARTIES 26
  27. 27. 27 Relatively Low Ratings for Populist Parties Source: Survey of eight Western European countries conducted Oct. 30-Dec. 20, 2017. Favorable view of…
  28. 28. Relatively Low Ratings for Populist Parties 28 Source: Survey of eight Western European countries conducted Oct. 30-Dec. 20, 2017. Favorable view of…
  29. 29. 29 Right Populist Parties Get Highest Ratings from Right Populists Adults with favorable views of … Source: Survey of eight Western European countries conducted Oct. 30-Dec. 20, 2017.
  30. 30. 30 Left Populists Most Favorable of Left Populist Parties Adults with favorable views of … Source: Survey of eight Western European countries conducted Oct. 30-Dec. 20, 2017.
  31. 31. 31 Populist Groups View Italy’s Five Star More Positively Adults with favorable views of Five Star Movement Source: Survey of eight Western European countries conducted Oct. 30-Dec. 20, 2017.
  32. 32. DIRECT DEMOCRACY 32
  33. 33. 33 Those Who Favor Populist Parties View Direct Democracy Positively A democratic system where citizens, not elected officials, vote directly on major national issues to decide what becomes law would be a good way of governing our country Note: Only statistically significant differences shown. Source: Spring 2017 Global Attitudes Survey. Among those with a/an …
  34. 34. 34 All Pew Research Center reports are available online at www.pewresearch.org Richard Wike Director, Global Attitudes Research @RichardWike

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