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Global Attitudes Toward China and
the U.S.
Richard Wike
Director, Global Attitudes Research September 19, 2017
2
Pew Research Center
• Established 1996
• Funded by the Pew Charitable Trusts, foundations
• Non-profit, non-partisan fac...
3
Methodology
• Survey conducted across 38 countries (including the U.S.) from February 16
to May 8, 2017, totaling 41,953...
4
Global Attitudes Spring 2017 Survey
CONFIDENCE IN PRESIDENT TRUMP
& U.S. FAVORABILITY
5
6
Note: Percentages are global medians based on 37 countries. Obama presidency medians are based on the most recently avai...
7
Obama Received Much Higher Ratings at the End of His
Presidency Than Trump Gets Today
Confidence in the U.S. President t...
8
Merkel Gets Higher Ratings Globally Than Xi, Putin or Trump
Note: Percentages are global medians based on 37 countries. ...
9
11%
18
23
9
43
48
51
15
27
31
40
52
51
53
59
62
60
52
84%
78
75
57
49
48
48
43
73
63
61
50
46
45
43
37
35
31
41
Vietnam
...
10
18%
64
61
79
82
20
20
25
29
26
30
38
38
35
35
47
44
65
81%
34
27
18
15
69
59
57
55
54
53
51
51
50
47
39
35
30
Israel
Le...
U.S. Favorability Down Across World, but Up in Russia
Percentage point change in favorable view of U.S. from 2014-2016 to ...
TRUMP’S POLICIES & CHARACTER
12
13
Widespread Disapproval of Trump’s Signature Policy Proposals
__ of U.S. President Donald Trump’s proposed policy to…
No...
14
Global View of Trump’s Characteristics
% saying they think of Donald Trump as …
75%
65
62
55
39
26
23
Arrogant
Intolera...
AMERICAN SOFT POWER
15
16
Mixed Ratings for American Soft Power
Note: Percentages are global medians based on 37 countries.
58%
65
54
43
38
26%
2...
RELATIONS WITH THE U.S.
17
18
South Koreans, Japanese Say U.S. Would Come to Their Aid in
Conflict with North Korea
7%
13
91%
82
Would use
military f...
19
26%
17
15
11
8
27%
41
46
35
51
27%
38
32
33
37
Africa
Asia-Pacific
Latin America
Middle East
Europe
Get worseStay about...
CHINA AND THE BALANCE OF POWER
20
21
Views of China Vary Across Regions
Unfavorable Favorable
32%
40
36
61
41
83
88
40
47
40
42
37
52
43
29
49
45
53
59
24
6...
22
33%
22
43
60
54
13
10
15
21
24
32
25
25
29
28
33
23
26
63%
63
53
35
33
72
64
63
54
49
45
61
52
52
51
43
43
41
Lebanon
T...
Overall, More Publics Name U.S. Than China as World’s Leading
Economic Power
23
Top choice for world’s leading economic po...
According to Europeans, China Again Surpasses U.S. as
Leading Economy
24
44 45
40
37
28
33 34
39
40
34
29 28
44
47
57
53
4...
25
Do Governments of U.S., China Respect Personal Freedoms?
87%
84
73
69
56
54
42
The government of the U.S. respects the
...
U.S. VIEWS OF CHINA
26
27
Economics, Cyberattacks, Environmental Issues Top
Americans’ List of Concerns about China
60%
55
53
53
44
47
32
22
29%
...
28
Declining Concerns in U.S. About Economic Threats from
China, But Rising Worries about Cyberattacks
__ is a very seriou...
29
Republicans More Concerned About Economic Tensions With
China, Democrats Worried About Environmental Impact
Note: Stati...
30
All Pew Research Center reports are available
online at www.pewresearch.org
Richard Wike
Director, Global Attitudes Res...
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Global Attitudes Toward China and the U.S.

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Richard Wike, Director of Global Attitudes Research, presented Pew Research Center findings on America’s global image, as well as views about China and the global balance of power at a recent event organized by Global Policy Link. The presentation is based on data from the Center’s 2017 Global Attitudes Survey, and it highlights declining ratings for the United States around the world, as well as shifting views about the balance of economic power between the U.S. and China.

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Global Attitudes Toward China and the U.S.

  1. 1. Global Attitudes Toward China and the U.S. Richard Wike Director, Global Attitudes Research September 19, 2017
  2. 2. 2 Pew Research Center • Established 1996 • Funded by the Pew Charitable Trusts, foundations • Non-profit, non-partisan fact tank in Washington • Research topics: Global public opinion and migration U.S. politics Media and the news Social trends Religion Internet and technology Science Hispanics • www.pewresearch.org
  3. 3. 3 Methodology • Survey conducted across 38 countries (including the U.S.) from February 16 to May 8, 2017, totaling 41,953 respondents • Based on telephone and face-to-face interviews with samples of adults 18 and older • The margin of sampling error for the completed set of weighted data is ±3.0% - ±5.7%
  4. 4. 4 Global Attitudes Spring 2017 Survey
  5. 5. CONFIDENCE IN PRESIDENT TRUMP & U.S. FAVORABILITY 5
  6. 6. 6 Note: Percentages are global medians based on 37 countries. Obama presidency medians are based on the most recently available data for each country between 2014 and 2016. Low Global Confidence in Trump Leads to Lower Ratings for U.S. Confidence in U.S. president Views of U.S.
  7. 7. 7 Obama Received Much Higher Ratings at the End of His Presidency Than Trump Gets Today Confidence in the U.S. President to do the right thing regarding world affairs Note: Obama presidency figures are based on the most recently available data for each country between 2014 and 2016.
  8. 8. 8 Merkel Gets Higher Ratings Globally Than Xi, Putin or Trump Note: Percentages are global medians based on 37 countries. Xi not asked in Turkey. How much confidence do you have in __ to do the right thing regarding world affairs? 42% 28 27 22 31% 53 59 74 18% 20 11 8 Angela Merkel Xi Jinping Vladimir Putin Donald Trump Confidence No confidence Don't know
  9. 9. 9 11% 18 23 9 43 48 51 15 27 31 40 52 51 53 59 62 60 52 84% 78 75 57 49 48 48 43 73 63 61 50 46 45 43 37 35 31 41 Vietnam Philippines South Korea Japan India Indonesia Australia Canada Poland Hungary Italy UK France Sweden Greece Netherlands Germany Spain Russia Views of the U.S. Vary Across Regions Unfavorable Favorable 39
  10. 10. 10 18% 64 61 79 82 20 20 25 29 26 30 38 38 35 35 47 44 65 81% 34 27 18 15 69 59 57 55 54 53 51 51 50 47 39 35 30 Israel Lebanon Tunisia Turkey Jordan Nigeria Ghana Tanzania Senegal Kenya South Africa Colombia Peru Brazil Venezuela Chile Argentina Mexico Views of the U.S. Vary Across Regions Unfavorable Favorable
  11. 11. U.S. Favorability Down Across World, but Up in Russia Percentage point change in favorable view of U.S. from 2014-2016 to 2017 11
  12. 12. TRUMP’S POLICIES & CHARACTER 12
  13. 13. 13 Widespread Disapproval of Trump’s Signature Policy Proposals __ of U.S. President Donald Trump’s proposed policy to… Note: Percentages are global medians based on 37 countries.
  14. 14. 14 Global View of Trump’s Characteristics % saying they think of Donald Trump as … 75% 65 62 55 39 26 23 Arrogant Intolerant Dangerous Charismatic A strong leader Well-qualified to be president Caring about ordinary people Note: Percentages are global medians based on 37 countries.
  15. 15. AMERICAN SOFT POWER 15
  16. 16. 16 Mixed Ratings for American Soft Power Note: Percentages are global medians based on 37 countries. 58% 65 54 43 38 26% 29 39 46 54 Views of Americans Entertainment Respect Democracy Customs spread Favorable Unfavorable Like Dislike Does Does not Like Dislike Good Bad I ___ American music, movies and television I ___ American ideas about democracy It's ___ that American ideas and customs are spreading here U.S. govt ___ respect the personal freedoms of its people ___ view of Americans
  17. 17. RELATIONS WITH THE U.S. 17
  18. 18. 18 South Koreans, Japanese Say U.S. Would Come to Their Aid in Conflict with North Korea 7% 13 91% 82 Would use military force Would not use military force South Korea Japan 30 64 If our country and North Korea got into a serious military conflict, do you think the U.S. would or would not use military force to defend our country? If one of our allies in Asia got into a serious military conflict with North Korea, do you think we should or should not use military force to defend them? Should not use military force Should use military force U.S.
  19. 19. 19 26% 17 15 11 8 27% 41 46 35 51 27% 38 32 33 37 Africa Asia-Pacific Latin America Middle East Europe Get worseStay about the sameGet better Will Relations With U.S. Get Better, Worse or Stay the Same? Now that Donald Trump is the U.S. President, over the next few years relations between our country and the U.S. will … Note: Europe median does not include Russia.
  20. 20. CHINA AND THE BALANCE OF POWER 20
  21. 21. 21 Views of China Vary Across Regions Unfavorable Favorable 32% 40 36 61 41 83 88 40 47 40 42 37 52 43 29 49 45 53 59 24 64% 55 55 34 26 13 10 48 44 50 49 45 44 43 42 41 38 34 31 70 Australia Philippines Indonesia South Korea India Japan Vietnam Canada U.S. Greece Netherlands UK France Spain Poland Sweden Hungary Germany Italy Russia
  22. 22. 22 33% 22 43 60 54 13 10 15 21 24 32 25 25 29 28 33 23 26 63% 63 53 35 33 72 64 63 54 49 45 61 52 52 51 43 43 41 Lebanon Tunisia Israel Jordan Turkey Nigeria Senegal Tanzania Kenya Ghana South Africa Peru Brazil Venezuela Chile Colombia Mexico Argentina FavorableUnfavorable Views of China Vary Across Regions
  23. 23. Overall, More Publics Name U.S. Than China as World’s Leading Economic Power 23 Top choice for world’s leading economic power
  24. 24. According to Europeans, China Again Surpasses U.S. as Leading Economy 24 44 45 40 37 28 33 34 39 40 34 29 28 44 47 57 53 49 41 35 46 0 80 2008 2011 2014 2017 China % U.S. Note: Percentages are five-country medians based on France, Germany, Poland, Spain and the UK. Medians across five European nations saying __ is the world’s leading economic power
  25. 25. 25 Do Governments of U.S., China Respect Personal Freedoms? 87% 84 73 69 56 54 42 The government of the U.S. respects the personal freedoms of its people 39% 18 52 9 56 12 25 The government of China respects the personal freedoms of its people Vietnam South Korea Philippines Japan Indonesia Australia India
  26. 26. U.S. VIEWS OF CHINA 26
  27. 27. 27 Economics, Cyberattacks, Environmental Issues Top Americans’ List of Concerns about China 60% 55 53 53 44 47 32 22 29% 30 32 31 37 32 41 44 89% 85 85 84 81 79 73 66 Total The large amount of American debt held by China Cyberattacks from China China's impact on the global environment The loss of U.S. jobs to China The U.S. trade deficit with China China's policies on human rights Territorial disputes between China and its neighbors Tensions between China and Taiwan Very serious Somewhat serious How serious of a problem is…
  28. 28. 28 Declining Concerns in U.S. About Economic Threats from China, But Rising Worries about Cyberattacks __ is a very serious problem for the U.S.
  29. 29. 29 Republicans More Concerned About Economic Tensions With China, Democrats Worried About Environmental Impact Note: Statistically significant differences in bold. __ is a very serious problem for the U.S.
  30. 30. 30 All Pew Research Center reports are available online at www.pewresearch.org Richard Wike Director, Global Attitudes Research @RichardWike

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