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Online Harassment 2017

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Lee Rainie, director of internet and technology research at Pew Research Center, discussed recent findings about the prevalence and impact of online harassment at the Cyber Health and Safety Virtual Summit: 41% of American adults have been harassed online and 66% have witnessed harassment. The findings come from the Center’s recent report on these issues.

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Online Harassment 2017

  1. 1. Online Harassment 2017 Lee Rainie - @lrainie Director Internet and Technology Research October 11, 2017 Cyber Health and Safety Summit
  2. 2. 10/10/2017 3 41% have experienced harassment (up from 35% in 2014) 66% have witnessed it % of U.S. adults who have experienced ____ online
  3. 3. Younger adults especially likely to encounter severe forms of online harassment % of U.S. adults who say they have experienced the following types of harassment online, by age
  4. 4. October 10, 2017 5www.pewresearch.org Online harassment is subjective – some consider their experience harassment while others do not; or are uncertain Among the 41% of U.S. adults who meet the survey’s definition of online harassment, % who …
  5. 5. 73% of young men feel offensive content online is taken too seriously 43 35 50 25 45 37 51 56 64 49 73 54 61 47 All adults Men Women Men 18-29 Women 18-29 Men 30+ Women 30+ Too often excused Taken too seriously % of U.S. adults who feel that offensive content online is …
  6. 6. Harassment reasons 14% 9 8 8 5 3 3 1 Political views Physical appearance Gender Race/ethnicity Religion Sexual orientation Occupation Disability
  7. 7. Social media is the most common venue for online harassment (most recent episode)
  8. 8. October 10, 2017 9www.pewresearch.org
  9. 9. Many don’t know who is behind their harassment Among the 41% of U.S. adults who have experienced online harassment, % who say _____ was involved in their most recent incident
  10. 10. Larger share of internet users view online environment as space that facilitates harassment vs. 2014 62 92 68% 86 93 64% More anonymous More critical of others More supportive of others 2014 2017 % of internet users who say the online environment allows people to be ___ compared with their offline experiences
  11. 11. October 10, 2017 12www.pewresearch.org Americans see positive and negative effects of anonymity 89% 85 83 77 59 Enables people to be cruel or harass one another Allows discussion of sensitive topics Makes it hard to trust what people share Makes people feel more private and secure Is important to protecting freedom of speech % of U.S. adults who think that people posting online anonymously …
  12. 12. One quarter of harassment targets found most experience extremely or very upsetting 12 13 25 26 23% Extremely Very Somewhat A little Not at all
  13. 13. Online harassment causes mental or emotional stress for 13% of Americans – 24% of young adults % of U.S. adults who say they have experienced the following due to online harassment
  14. 14. Most ignore harassment; when they respond it’s likely to block or unfriend someone
  15. 15. October 10, 2017 16www.pewresearch.org 28% have chosen not to post something online after seeing harassment of others 28% 27 16 13 47 Set up or adjusted privacy settings Chosen not to post something online Changed any info in online profiles Stopped using an online service Any of these % of U.S. adults who have ____ after witnessing harassing behaviors directed toward others online
  16. 16. Americans look to online companies to address harassment on their platforms - % of U.S. adults who say people being harassed or bullied online is … % who say the most effective way to address online harassment is …
  17. 17. October 10, 2017 www.pewresearch.org 18 % who say online services …
  18. 18. Women are more concerned about harassment % of U.S. adults who say…
  19. 19. 26% of Americans have had false information posted about them
  20. 20. October 10, 2017 21www.pewresearch.org Thank you! Email: lrainie@pewresearch.org Twitter: @lrainie @pewinternet @pewresearch

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