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Urban morphology


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urban Morphology(formation, form and transformation)

Published in: Education, Technology, Real Estate

Urban morphology

  2. 2. CONCEPTS 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. `Morphology`-is as “the study of form and process, growth and form, form and function”. urban morphology (U.M) -is the study of the form of human settlements and their formation & transformation. urban form-is the study of the physical characteristics of towns/cities resulting from an evolutionary process of urban activities and planning action. Human settlements-is the totality of the human community whether city, town, or settlementsvillage with all the social, material, organizational spiritual and cultural element that sustain it. Urban fabric The physical aspect of urbanism, emphasizing building types, thoroughfares, open space, frontages, and streetscapes but excluding environmental, functional, economic and sociocultural aspects Urban structure... its the physical complexity of various scale, from individual building, plots, street-blocks, and the street pattern. urban texture the geometrical structure formed by the spatial distribution of urban elements expressed as coarse or fine.
  3. 3. OBJECTIVES 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Comfort-reduction of stress such as noise, pollution Accessibility-movement, transport and communication Adequacy-basic facilities and services Diversity and choice- variation of facilities and activities. Adaptability and stability-resilience Aesthetics and imageability-pleasantness Interaction and participation-citizen for a, social contact. Growth and continuity-physical and functional without disconnect from the related/complimentary functions/areas. TOOLS OF ANALYSIS Transect analysis Visual survey Zoning Texture analysis Space syntax analysis Concentric ring SPSS analysis METHODS OF DATA COLLECTION GIS data Remote sensing Direct observation Literature review Visual survey
  4. 4. DRIVING FORCES •NEEDS •DEMANDS •EXPECTATION FORMATION OF SETTLEMENTS resources for housing and fuel natural resources such as fresh water supply Reliable food sources Suitable land for agriculture Trade areas Transport corridors FUNCTIONS OF SETTLEMENT FORM OF SETTLEMENTS •The shape and structure •Mode of existence •Design of the settlement •Basic nature •Shaping of the settlement. •Ordering(hierarchy) •Arrangement •The conception-abstract idea/mental symbol. URBAN MORPHOLOGY SETTLEMENT PATTERNS 1.Dispersed 2.Linear 3.Nucleated LAYOUT/STRUCTURE Regular. Irregular TRANSFORMATION OF SETTLEMENTS Rapid urbanization, Population Growth Non-organized settlements Primitive organized settlements Static urban settlements Dynamic urban settlements Universal city TYPES Hamleted villages Urban agglome…
  5. 5. 2. FORM • Refers to the shape and arrangement of human settlement while structure is the way they are organized. Form may be of: AS A PRODUCT (state of being) AS A PROCESS(state of becoming) 1. 2. 3. 4. The shape and structure Mode of existence Design of the human settlement Basic nature 1. 2. 3. 4. • DESCRIPTIVE ASPECTS OF FORM Shaping of the human settlement. Ordering(hierarchy) Arrangement The conception-abstract idea/mental symbol. • Size, Density, Grain(coarse or fine), shape, pattern and focal organization. • 1. 2. 3. 4. SETTLEMENT PATTERNS Dispersed Linear Nucleated planned
  6. 6. LAYOUT/STRUCTURE OF HUMAN SETTLEMENT • • • • Regular. Irregular Grid Radial centric DETERMINANTS OF SETTLEMENT FORM,STRUCTURE AND PATTERN PHYSICAL CONTROL FUNCTION AL FRAME SOCIAL MILIEU CULTURAL ECONOMIC FACTORS FACTORS NATURAL Topography Climate Geological factors MANMADE Service distr. Networks, transportatio n systems, housing, government policy • Linkages • Channels • Size of space • Quality of space functions • Type of developm ent • Level of social interactio n • institution s • Groups • Social amenities and serv. • Populatio n • Common values • Religious /cultural connotati on POLITICAL AFFLUENCE Economic • Degree of linkages such dominance as trading • Command centres, btw infrastructure ppl/area • Regionalis m
  7. 7. SETTLEMENTS HIERACHY/ Name of settlement Size Services Hamlet Very small Post office or perhaps none Village Small Church, post office, school, small shops Town Quite large Several shops and churches, doctors/ dentist, bank, high school, supermarket City Very large Large railway station, shopping centre, cathedral, large hospital, museum, etc
  8. 8. DETERMINANTS OF SETTLEMENT FORM,STRUCTURE AND PATTERN Type of development relief Linkages/networks /connectivity Social factors e.g. population density Water supply and uses
  10. 10. 3. VARIABLES MACRO- SCALE NEIGHBOURHOOD SCALE MICRO SCALE •cultural production and from of the city, Covers plot, block, urban form, Central Business District, lot, neighborhood form and typo morphology. Related to function, form, urban elements, urban solid and void, aesthetic, pattern, street, square, open land, urban structure and volume. • political control and town form. • incremental nature of urban morphology and regional change. • cultural context and orientation of contemporary urban planning. . Usually these are within the town/city scale Generally these concepts are a transition between macro and micro scales. They focused on the district/ neighbourhoods level of the urban form. This kind of concepts more related to street, square and open spaces.
  11. 11. CONCLUSION 1.        Urban Morphology is not and end-state by itself rather: It has forces against which it acts. It’s a regulator of function and this the morphology orientation has a set aim to achieve. It is one of the important variables as a determinant of the urban pattern, urban form and urban space components. While the urban form and structure consisted of various compositions of physical and spatial elements, urban morphology inquires these forms and relations between causes and effects of the social forces within. Expects to explore the differentiation of urban morphological approaches in different urban space. It tries to understand the physical or built fabric of urban form, and the people and process shaping it . To help predict urban changes i.e. small-scale variations and peculiarities in the urban fabric e.g. new infrastructure.