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utomatic dentification echnology Headquarters, U. S. Marine Corps HQMC (LPV) I A T
Agenda <ul><li>What is AIT? </li></ul><ul><li>AIT Organization </li></ul><ul><li>AIT Media </li></ul><ul><li>Where We Are ...
Automatic Identification Technology – Definition <ul><li>“ AIT is a suite of technologies that  enable the automatic captu...
<ul><li>Benefits </li></ul><ul><li>AIT improves Naval logistics and enhances war fighting capability by: </li></ul><ul><ul...
OSD/Joint Staff AIT Organization OUSD (AT&L) AIT Senior Steering Group        JSJ4 DoD AIT Office (DLA) Army (Administe...
Marine Corps AIT Organizational Chart DC, I&L (LP) Logistics Plans, Policies, & Strategic Mobility Division MARCORSYSCOM A...
Responsibilities as Service AIT POC <ul><li>Primary POC for Service-wide AIT policy, procedures, instrumentation, and    i...
Funding Profile 0 0 0 0 0 0 Passive RFID 7.2 6.2 12.8 10.3 7.4 5.5 Active RFID 4.1 3.8 3.7 3.5 3.4 3.3 Legacy  11.3 10 16....
<ul><li>Coordination: </li></ul><ul><li>NLI </li></ul><ul><li>OSD/JSJ4/COCOMs </li></ul><ul><li>DoD AIT Office </li></ul><...
Information Flow Hierarchy Presentation Layer Process Layer Data Layer MDSS II AMS-TAC CMOS Source Data Collection Mission...
<ul><li>Barcodes: Linear </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Code 3 of 9 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>DoD adoption of commercial stand...
<ul><li>Barcodes: 2D </li></ul><ul><ul><li>PDF417 - EDI and manifesting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Can carry large amo...
AIT Media <ul><li>Optical Memory Card (OMC) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CD-ROM in a card format </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>C...
AIT Media <ul><li>Integrated Circuit Card (ICC) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>PC on a card </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Types: M...
<ul><li>Active RFID: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Standard: evolving; manufacturers’ proprietary systems/protocols </li></ul></ul...
<ul><li>Passive RFID: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Standard: evolving; uses back scatter technology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ra...
<ul><li>Contact Memory Button (CMB) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Highly versatile, EEPROM-based storage device </li></ul></ul><ul...
What Are We Doing Today With AIT Policy :  DoD 4000.25-1-M; Military Standard  Requisitioning and Issue Procedures  (MILST...
What Are We Doing Today With AIT Policy :  None Requirement : Provide requisition and transportation data for multipack an...
Active RFID The Beginning: USCENTCOM 311340ZJUL02 required all air pallets, containers, and commercial sustainment moving ...
Active RFID DoD Mandate: DoD Components will immediately resource and implement the use of high data capacity active RFID ...
Active RFID Local ITV Workstation Local ITV Workstation Local ITV Workstation Local ITV Workstation CONUS Kuwait Node Node...
Active RFID <ul><li>Asset level detail is the most fundamental of information necessary to describe an item and a mandator...
<ul><li>Content Level Detail includes those data elements that describe the asset  plus  the following additional required...
 
 
 
Active RFID Jul 03 – Received $4M from HQMC P&R to being to re- engineer our business process to incorporate RFID HQMC pri...
Active RFID <ul><li>Operational Support (OIF II): </li></ul><ul><li>HQMC designated I MEF SMU as focus of effort </li></ul...
Active RFID <ul><li>Operational Support – Operation Secure Tomorrow: </li></ul><ul><li>RFID Tag requirement for USSOUTHCOM...
Active RFID <ul><li>Operational Support – OIF IIB and III </li></ul><ul><li>Focus turns to II MEF   •  Deployment will inc...
Active RFID <ul><li>Systems Modifications: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MDSS II ver. 7.1 will write unit move RFID tags with Jan ...
Active RFID <ul><li>RFID Road To III MEF: </li></ul><ul><li>Limited RFID equipment procured – 2000 RFID tags with    some ...
Active RFID <ul><li>MPS: </li></ul><ul><li>Conduct initial business process analysis (30 Nov – 2 Dec 04)   </li></ul><ul><...
Passive RFID <ul><li>DoD Mandate: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>RFID will be mandatory on solicitations   issued on or after 1 Oct...
Passive RFID <ul><li>Basics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Interrogator/Reader </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tag </li></ul></ul><ul><u...
Passive RFID <ul><li>Scanning Limitations: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cannot scan Passive RFID tags and build an active   RFID ...
Passive RFID <ul><li>Electronic Product Code (EPC) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Will be applied to all products – unique number f...
Passive RFID <ul><li>Labeling </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A scanned tag yields what? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Binary </li>...
Passive RFID CLNC ISSA DDSP Susquehanna Edge Services Edge Services Information exchange (ASN)  & acknowledgement Edge ser...
Passive RFID <ul><li>Current efforts associated with II MEF experiment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>DDSP tags all case/pallets </...
Use of  Alien Interrogators at Camp Lejeune
Passive RFID <ul><li>EDI Transactions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Marine Corps legacy systems are designed to accept 80   card-c...
Passive RFID <ul><li>How can the Marine Corps take advantage of Passive RFID   now? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Requires databas...
UID
UID <ul><li>DoD Policy : Mandatory for contracts issued on or after January 1, 2004 for the following items: </li></ul><ul...
UID <ul><li>Additional UID Marking Policy   </li></ul><ul><li>Government Furnished Property </li></ul><ul><ul><li>January ...
<ul><li>Cradle to grave tracking history </li></ul><ul><li>Utilize in AISs in support of    business processes </li></ul>U...
<ul><li>DoD considers the implementation of unique identification to be a  strategic imperative , necessary to efficiently...
Compliance Indicator [)> R S Data Identifier Format Header 06 G S CAGE  17V 12345 G S   Serial Number  S 5513HGR1313 G S P...
* UID Construct 2 will be modified (Construct 2A) to include lot or batch number in  the UID. This will enable unique mark...
<ul><li>Required:  Data Matrix Bar Code </li></ul><ul><li>If Real Estate Permits: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Preferred: Data ma...
<ul><li>Program Manager </li></ul><ul><li>The design activity shall specify the actual method(s) to be    used in applying...
UID <ul><li>Primary requirement dictates need for a 2 Dimensional Data Matrix Reader </li></ul><ul><li>Where possible: </l...
<ul><li>Accurate product information </li></ul><ul><li>Enhanced maintenance management </li></ul><ul><li>Enhanced material...
<ul><li>Specify where on a part to apply UID symbol </li></ul><ul><li>Specify how big to make the UID symbol </li></ul><ul...
UID Using UID Today? <ul><li>In most  cases—No  </li></ul><ul><li>I nitial focus of UID initiative should be on getting it...
UID GCSS-MC Integration Depot/Joint Integration SDE  FDP&E Planning Order Management Maintenance Management Fulfillment Ma...
UID Which Needs to Deploy First?
67¢ UID An Analogy: June 26, 1974  First product with a bar code was scanned at a grocery store in Troy, Ohio. September 1...
UID Basic overall reference:  www.acq.osd.mil/uid/   Commercial site:  www.uidsupport.com Defense Acquisition University: ...
Passive RFID Tag Integrating AIT into our business process The Challenge Container/Pallet Identification Shipping Containe...
Way Ahead <ul><li>Providing Educational Briefs </li></ul><ul><li>Developing Implementation Plans and MCOs on    AIT </li><...
Questions Questions………..
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utomatic dentification echnology Headquarters, U. S. Marine Corps

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utomatic dentification echnology Headquarters, U. S. Marine Corps

  1. 1. utomatic dentification echnology Headquarters, U. S. Marine Corps HQMC (LPV) I A T
  2. 2. Agenda <ul><li>What is AIT? </li></ul><ul><li>AIT Organization </li></ul><ul><li>AIT Media </li></ul><ul><li>Where We Are Today </li></ul><ul><li>Policy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) Active & Passive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unique Identification (UID) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Way Ahead </li></ul>
  3. 3. Automatic Identification Technology – Definition <ul><li>“ AIT is a suite of technologies that enable the automatic capture of source data , thereby enhancing the ability to identify, track, document and control deploying and redeploying forces, equipment, personnel and sustainment cargo.” </li></ul><ul><li>-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- </li></ul><ul><li>Satellite Tracking </li></ul><ul><li>Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) </li></ul><ul><li>Contact Memory Button </li></ul><ul><li>Optical Memory Card (OMC) </li></ul><ul><li>2D bar codes </li></ul><ul><li>Integrated Circuit Card (Smart Card) </li></ul><ul><li>Linear bar codes </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Benefits </li></ul><ul><li>AIT improves Naval logistics and enhances war fighting capability by: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Improving source data capture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Speeding data processing and transmission </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improving data accuracy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Facilitating decision making </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Supporting material accountability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contributing to total asset visibility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Providing portable data file capability </li></ul></ul>What AIT Does for Us AIT is not a system
  5. 5. OSD/Joint Staff AIT Organization OUSD (AT&L) AIT Senior Steering Group    JSJ4 DoD AIT Office (DLA) Army (Administers HW Contract) Navy (OPNAV/NAVSUP) Marine Corps Air Force COCOMs, Defense Agencies, Others ADUSD L&MR Supply Chain Integration (RFID) Dir, Defense Procurement (UID) Mr. Estevez Ms. Sumpter Co-chair Co-chair OPNAV N4 HQMC DC I&L
  6. 6. Marine Corps AIT Organizational Chart DC, I&L (LP) Logistics Plans, Policies, & Strategic Mobility Division MARCORSYSCOM AIT Project Officer HQMC (DC, I&L) is responsible for oversight of USMC AIT Implementation DC, I&L LPV Other LP Codes Involved. LOGCOM MARFORs Supporting Establishment
  7. 7. Responsibilities as Service AIT POC <ul><li>Primary POC for Service-wide AIT policy, procedures, instrumentation, and implementation in support of the MARFORs and Supporting Establishment. </li></ul><ul><li>Lead and support for Service POM issues to include external agencies such as OSD and the Joint Staff. </li></ul><ul><li>Coordination of AIT pilots, testing, and evaluation with all functional advocates to ensure full AIT integration across the business enterprise. </li></ul><ul><li>Coordination of those AIT business processes outside the functional lines (i.e., installation of RFID at a base/station) to include long-term maintenance. </li></ul><ul><li>Development and review of architectural requirements for future AIS under GCSS-MC, which includes Log C2 </li></ul><ul><li>Coordination with TECOM for AIT insertion into MOS training packages. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Funding Profile 0 0 0 0 0 0 Passive RFID 7.2 6.2 12.8 10.3 7.4 5.5 Active RFID 4.1 3.8 3.7 3.5 3.4 3.3 Legacy 11.3 10 16.5 13.8 10.8 8.8 AIT POM FY11 FY10 FY09 FY08 FY07 FY06 ($M)
  9. 9. <ul><li>Coordination: </li></ul><ul><li>NLI </li></ul><ul><li>OSD/JSJ4/COCOMs </li></ul><ul><li>DoD AIT Office </li></ul><ul><li>Services </li></ul><ul><li>MARFORs/SEs </li></ul>Technology Business Process Integration (Retail & Wholesale) AIT Integration Policy Media POM Technical Data Syntax & R&D • Linear Bar Codes Specifications Data Identifiers • 2D Bar Codes - PDF417 (MSL/IRRD) - Datamatrix (UID) • Optical Memory Card (AMS) • Contact Memory Button • Integrated Circuit Card (CAC) • RFID - Active (SAVI) - Passive (Alien/Matrix) <ul><li>Working Groups </li></ul><ul><li>DoD AIT IPT </li></ul><ul><li>AIT Technical Working Group </li></ul><ul><li>DoD RFID IPT </li></ul><ul><li>- RFID Technical Working Group </li></ul><ul><li>- RFID Business Process Working Group </li></ul><ul><li>- RFID Implementation Working Group </li></ul><ul><li>UID Working Group </li></ul><ul><li>Tradeshows </li></ul><ul><li>Frontline Expo </li></ul><ul><li>Air Force Symposiums </li></ul><ul><li>Navy AIT Steering Group </li></ul>Policy <ul><li>Acquisition/ </li></ul><ul><li>Contracting Supply Distribution Transportation Maintenance Others </li></ul><ul><li>UID • IRRD • IRRD • MSL • UID • Ammo </li></ul><ul><li>RFID • RFID • RFID • RFID • Aviation </li></ul><ul><li>MSL • OMC • OMC • PEIs/SecReps </li></ul><ul><li>• Garrison Prop </li></ul><ul><li>• Wholesale </li></ul>POM <ul><li>AIT Integrator </li></ul><ul><li>POM </li></ul><ul><li>HW Acq </li></ul><ul><li>Sys Integration </li></ul><ul><li>Data Standards </li></ul><ul><li>HW Maint </li></ul><ul><li>Technical SME </li></ul>
  10. 10. Information Flow Hierarchy Presentation Layer Process Layer Data Layer MDSS II AMS-TAC CMOS Source Data Collection Mission Applications Global Information Applications Battlespace Situational Awareness GCSS-MC UID/RFID policy, DTR, MILSTDs 129/130, etc. GCSS-MC satisfies JTAV, DRID 54, GCSS Capstone Document GCSS-MC SDE Satisfies CoCOM 129, TAV, ITV AIT Integration TAV SDE Marking 6 GCCS COP Combat Support Enabled JTAV GTN JOPES GCSS-MC SDE
  11. 11. <ul><li>Barcodes: Linear </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Code 3 of 9 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>DoD adoption of commercial standard </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>capacity: 40 ASCII character set </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>durability: susceptible to sunlight, moisture </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>widely used, common </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>license plate information linked to database record </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>read with linear/2D/Charged Coupled Device (CCD) scanner </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>reproduced on specialty/laser printers </li></ul></ul></ul>AIT Media “ Easy, reliable, cost effective”
  12. 12. <ul><li>Barcodes: 2D </li></ul><ul><ul><li>PDF417 - EDI and manifesting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Can carry large amounts of data within a symbol on shipping cartons and documents, where there is typically more room to carry information </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MaxiCode - sortation and parcel tracking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Can be quickly located by high speed sortation equipment due to its built-in “bulls-eye” pattern </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DataMatrix - direct item marking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Can carry data in a small area, a silicon wafer for example </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>DoD has specified for UID </li></ul></ul></ul>AIT Media
  13. 13. AIT Media <ul><li>Optical Memory Card (OMC) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CD-ROM in a card format </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Capacity: Up to 4.1 MB </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Durability: Acrylic overcoat provides 1,000 times more durability than a PVC credit card </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Characteristics: Credit card size; flexible; capable of multiple technologies (magnetic stripe, IC chip); supports embedded holograms and other security options </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Read/write: Write once, read many (WORM) technology allows data to be added until capacity is reached; requires dedicated, fixed reader </li></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 14. AIT Media <ul><li>Integrated Circuit Card (ICC) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>PC on a card </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Types: Memory cards – just store data (up to 8k bits) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Microprocessor cards – mini- computers w/OS and ‘hard disk’ (up to 64k bytes) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Interfaces: Contact – require physical contact w/reader </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Contactless – embedded antenna eliminates need for physical contact w/reader </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Characteristics: Credit card size; flexible; capable of multiple technologies (magnetic stripe, IC chip); microprocessor cards very secure w/data encryption, PKI & biometrics </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Read/write: Capable of up to 75,000 reads </li></ul></ul></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>Active RFID: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Standard: evolving; manufacturers’ proprietary systems/protocols </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Range: up to 300 feet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Characteristics: small tag with internal power cell mounted to item; interrogator queries tag, uploads/downloads data; data capacities vary </li></ul></ul>AIT Media “ Increased range and data”
  16. 16. <ul><li>Passive RFID: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Standard: evolving; uses back scatter technology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Range: typically measured in “inches,” industry working toward “feet” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Characteristics: requires choke point, data capacity limited (license plate data) </li></ul></ul>AIT Media “ Automated Operation” Tag
  17. 17. <ul><li>Contact Memory Button (CMB) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Highly versatile, EEPROM-based storage device </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>capacity: up to 8 MB </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>durability: hermetically sealed, various casing options survive almost all forms of environmental exposure including xray/Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>characteristics: 16mm x 5mm, or 5mm x 3mm footprints, numerous mounting techniques, “battery-less”, limitless data retention </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>read/write: via portable or RS232 devices; data transfer rates in milliseconds </li></ul></ul></ul>“ Compact, durable, abundant storage” AIT Media
  18. 18. What Are We Doing Today With AIT Policy : DoD 4000.25-1-M; Military Standard Requisitioning and Issue Procedures (MILSTRIP) Requirement : Requires a 2D IRRD to be printed for all requisitions Legacy systems capability: STRATIS, ROLMS, Optimized-NALCOMIS Policy : DoD 4500.9-R-Part 2/3, Defense Transportation Regulation Requirement : Requires a 2D MSL for sustainment shipments and unit move equipment entering the organic distribution system Legacy systems capability: CMOS, MDSS II, AMS-TAC Military Shipping Label Issue Release/Receipt Document
  19. 19. What Are We Doing Today With AIT Policy : None Requirement : Provide requisition and transportation data for multipack and container shipments from DLA to facilitate in-check process of materiel Legacy systems capability: AMS-TAC Policy : None Requirement : Equipment label used to account and track unit move and Maritime Preposition Ship (MPS) equipment Legacy systems capability : MDSS II LOGMARS Label Optical Memory Card
  20. 20. Active RFID The Beginning: USCENTCOM 311340ZJUL02 required all air pallets, containers, and commercial sustainment moving to/from the theater and intra-theater movements to be tagged with RFID at origin for asset and in-transit visibility tracking in the AOR. Organizations that cannot implement RFID tagging must establish procedures that enable content level detail to be entered into GTN and JTAV manually within the timeliness standards. RFID offers the best potential for immediate In-Transit Visibility
  21. 21. Active RFID DoD Mandate: DoD Components will immediately resource and implement the use of high data capacity active RFID in the DoD operational environment. DoD Components must ensure that all consolidated shipments ( sustainment/ retrograde, unit move, ammunition, and preposition ) moving to, from, or between overseas locations are tagged, including retrograde, and must expand the active RFID infrastructure to provide global intransit visibility (30 Jul 2004).
  22. 22. Active RFID Local ITV Workstation Local ITV Workstation Local ITV Workstation Local ITV Workstation CONUS Kuwait Node Node Node Node Logistics Node Depot/ Camp/ DLA/ POE Feed Tag Point of Origin To PACOM To CONUS PACOM JTAV GTN USAREUR Asset Visibility User Queries WWW for Multiple Data Requirements
  23. 23. Active RFID <ul><li>Asset level detail is the most fundamental of information necessary to describe an item and a mandatory requirement in obtaining visibility. The following data elements are the minimum required, as applicable, to describe the physical and identification characteristics of a single asset: </li></ul><ul><li>National Stock Number (NSN) Nomenclature/Description Condition Code Item Weight Item Cube Line Item Number (LIN)/Package Identification (PKGID) Ammunition Lot Number Department of Defense Identification Code (DODIC) Hazardous Cargo Descriptor Codes (to include ammo/ hazardous materiel). </li></ul>Tag Content – Asset Level Detail
  24. 24. <ul><li>Content Level Detail includes those data elements that describe the asset plus the following additional required data elements necessary to minimally identify each level of a complete shipment entity (a single shipment unit or a consolidated shipment). The following required data elements represent the minimum necessary to provide Content Level Detail visibility for each shipment unit and are contained in the requisition documents, the Transportation Control and Movement Document (TCMD), the commercial carrier transactions, and the Consolidated Shipment Information transactions that describe the shipment and shipment movement characteristics: </li></ul><ul><li>Requisition Document Number , Required Delivery Date (RDD) or expedited shipment and handling codes, Project Code, Asset (item) Quantity , Unit of Issue (U/I), ’From’ Routing Indicator Code (RIC) (for DOD shipments), Inventory Control Point (ICP) RIC (for contractor/vendor shipments), Shipment Transportation Control Number (TCN) – for single shipment unit, Intermediate TCN – for a multi-level consolidated shipment, Conveyance (lead) TCN – for a consolidated shipment, Commercial Carrier Shipment Tracking Identifier, Transportation Priority, Sender (Consignor) DODAAC/CAGE Code, Ship Date, Point of Embarkation (POE) Code, Point of Debarkation (POD) Code, Shipment Total Pieces, Shipment Total Weight, Shipment Total Cube, Oversize Length/Width/Height, Receiver (Consignee) DODAAC, Commodity Class, Commodity Code (air/water), Special Handling Code (air/water), Water Type Cargo Code, Net Explosive Weight (NEW), Unit Identification Code (UIC), Unit Line Number (ULN) , Operation/Exercise Name, Hazardous Material (HAZMAT) Shipping Characteristics, United Nations Identification Number (UN ID), Class or Division Number, Package Group, Compatibility Group. </li></ul>Active RFID Tag Content – Content Level Detail
  25. 28. Active RFID Jul 03 – Received $4M from HQMC P&R to being to re- engineer our business process to incorporate RFID HQMC priority of RFID implementation: #1 Sustainment/Distribution #2 Unit Move #3 Prepo
  26. 29. Active RFID <ul><li>Operational Support (OIF II): </li></ul><ul><li>HQMC designated I MEF SMU as focus of effort </li></ul><ul><li>Use of RFID tags applied to SMU Class IX accompanying supplies (sustainment cargo) only </li></ul><ul><ul><li>AMS-TAC (TMO in-check system) provided RFID tags write capability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SAVI Active Tags used with existing RFID infrastructure to gain nodal visibility of shipments down to unit level </li></ul></ul>
  27. 30. Active RFID <ul><li>Operational Support – Operation Secure Tomorrow: </li></ul><ul><li>RFID Tag requirement for USSOUTHCOM Haiti OPS </li></ul><ul><li>RFID tag write capability installed at Camp LeJeune with S&R Platoon using AMS-TAC </li></ul><ul><li>RFID Interrogators placed at Triangle Gate and Lot 201 (Container Lot) at Camp LeJeune, APOE at Cherry Point, CSSD20 in Haiti </li></ul><ul><li>Satellite tracking (IRIDIUM and VISTAR) placed on sustainment channel ship OLYMPOS and Haiti patrol boats </li></ul>
  28. 31. Active RFID <ul><li>Operational Support – OIF IIB and III </li></ul><ul><li>Focus turns to II MEF • Deployment will include Unit Move and accompanying supplies (sustainment) RFID tagging </li></ul><ul><li>• II MEF RFID requirements being developed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(CONUS and Deployed) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>• Interrogator already installed at Lot 201 Container Lot </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>• Preparing to install interrogators at various locations at Camp LeJeune (several gates, railhead, LMCC lot); Cherry Point (main gate, APOE); New River (main gate) </li></ul></ul>
  29. 32. Active RFID <ul><li>Systems Modifications: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MDSS II ver. 7.1 will write unit move RFID tags with Jan 05 fielding (Government Acceptance Testing being conducted) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>AMS-TAC will write sustainment formatted RFID tags </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CMOS available Nov 04 with RFID tag write capability for TMO outbound shipments </li></ul></ul>
  30. 33. Active RFID <ul><li>RFID Road To III MEF: </li></ul><ul><li>Limited RFID equipment procured – 2000 RFID tags with some interrogators and scanners shipped in Sep 04 </li></ul><ul><li>Fixed Infrastructure: </li></ul><ul><li>Over 40 site survey’s completed (North Carolina, California, Hawaii, Japan); installation to being Nov 04 </li></ul><ul><li>Albany survey being conducted today </li></ul>
  31. 34. Active RFID <ul><li>MPS: </li></ul><ul><li>Conduct initial business process analysis (30 Nov – 2 Dec 04) </li></ul><ul><li>Provide hardware to test and develop POA&M </li></ul><ul><li>Identify MMC to begin tagging </li></ul>
  32. 35. Passive RFID <ul><li>DoD Mandate: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>RFID will be mandatory on solicitations issued on or after 1 Oct 04 for delivery of materiel after 1 Jan 05 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Passive Tags will be applied to the Case , Pallet and item packaging for UID items. </li></ul></ul>
  33. 36. Passive RFID <ul><li>Basics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Interrogator/Reader </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tag </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Server linked to appropriate database </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tag range and memory capacity is primary difference between Passive and Active RFID </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Range for Passive: Approx three meters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Memory” for Passive is a 96-bit binary code </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consistent with Electronic Product Code (EPC) </li></ul></ul>
  34. 37. Passive RFID <ul><li>Scanning Limitations: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cannot scan Passive RFID tags and build an active RFID tag </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cannot scan from a distance greater than a few meters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scan only provides license plate data – must link to data- base </li></ul></ul>
  35. 38. Passive RFID <ul><li>Electronic Product Code (EPC) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Will be applied to all products – unique number for each </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>96-Bit binary associated with Passive RFID (below) </li></ul></ul>
  36. 39. Passive RFID <ul><li>Labeling </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A scanned tag yields what? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Binary </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>To get beyond the binary you must link to a database </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Currently there is no database tied to legacy systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>At this point it’s impractical to establish Passive RFID to A2P, SASSY, STRATIS </li></ul></ul></ul>
  37. 40. Passive RFID CLNC ISSA DDSP Susquehanna Edge Services Edge Services Information exchange (ASN) & acknowledgement Edge servers used as EDI transactions cannot take place on legacy systems.
  38. 41. Passive RFID <ul><li>Current efforts associated with II MEF experiment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>DDSP tags all case/pallets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Information fed to Edge Server at DDSP </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shares info w/ Edge Server at CLNC </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>When RFID tags interrogated at CLNC receipt signal sent </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Greatest “value” to DoD in metrics – this will link to all Services eventually. </li></ul>
  39. 42. Use of Alien Interrogators at Camp Lejeune
  40. 43. Passive RFID <ul><li>EDI Transactions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Marine Corps legacy systems are designed to accept 80 card-column (MILS) transactions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>RFID falls into an (American Standards Committee) ASC X12 protocol </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>With GCSS-MC inbound it’s impractical to change legacy systems to ASC X12 protocol / XML </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>GCSS-MC was purchased with ASC X12 protocol included. </li></ul></ul>
  41. 44. Passive RFID <ul><li>How can the Marine Corps take advantage of Passive RFID now? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Requires database for tag information to be held </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Edge or other servers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No funding identified to support additional implementation unitl 2007 </li></ul></ul>
  42. 45. UID
  43. 46. UID <ul><li>DoD Policy : Mandatory for contracts issued on or after January 1, 2004 for the following items: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Acquisition cost of $5,000 or more </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Serial managed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mission essential </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Controlled </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reparable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If item has a UID equivalent—e.g. a VIN </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>As designated by Program Managers </li></ul></ul>
  44. 47. UID <ul><li>Additional UID Marking Policy </li></ul><ul><li>Government Furnished Property </li></ul><ul><ul><li>January 1, 2006 and after: (Dates changed recently from Jan 05 to Jan 06) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Government furnished property provided to contractors must be marked. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Government furnished property that is in the possession of a contractor must be marked if the item is moved or delivered to a different location with a different enterprise identifier. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Legacy Item Marking (Depot Maintenance, Inventory and Operational Use) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>FY 2007 All existing serialized assets should be entered into the UID registry and UID marking capabilities are established for all existing items and embedded assets such that marking can commence as applicable equipment are returned for maintenance. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>December 31, 2010 Complete UID marking of items and all embedded assets within existing items. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Additional guidance on Virtual UID alternative forthcoming. </li></ul></ul>
  45. 48. <ul><li>Cradle to grave tracking history </li></ul><ul><li>Utilize in AISs in support of business processes </li></ul>UID Purpose:
  46. 49. <ul><li>DoD considers the implementation of unique identification to be a strategic imperative , necessary to efficiently move supplies to warfighters. UID will: </li></ul><ul><li>Enhance logistics, contracting, and financial business transactions supporting U.S. and coalition troops </li></ul><ul><li>Enable DoD to consistently capture the value of items it buys, control these items during their use, reduce operating costs and combat counterfeiting of parts </li></ul><ul><li>Enable DoD to make appropriate entries into its property accountability, inventory, and financial management information systems toward achieving compliance with the Chief Financial Officers Act. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lower costs of managing and ownership of assets </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Increase business intelligence </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Achieve clean audit opinion </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lower asset management infrastructure costs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Increase systems/equipment operational availability </li></ul></ul></ul>UID Payoffs UID Strategic Outcomes:
  47. 50. Compliance Indicator [)> R S Data Identifier Format Header 06 G S CAGE 17V 12345 G S Serial Number S 5513HGR1313 G S Part Number 1P 6574867635009 G S UID - 2D Data Matrix Bar Code UID is - 123455513HGR13136574867635009 UID Current Requirement: UID Registry <ul><li>End Item Data (15) </li></ul><ul><li>UID (concatenated) </li></ul><ul><li>Descriptive data </li></ul><ul><ul><li>UID data elements (5) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Item description </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unit of measure </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Acquisition data </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Contractor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contract number </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CLIN/SLIN/ELIN </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Price </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Acceptance code (identifies acceptor) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Acceptance date </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ship to code </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Embedded Items of End Items (10) </li></ul><ul><li>UID (concatenated) </li></ul><ul><li>Descriptive data </li></ul><ul><ul><li>UID data elements (5) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Item description </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unit of measure </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Parent UID as of delivery date </li></ul>WAWF Acquisition Jan 2004 Jan 2006 Gov’t Furnish Prop Jan 2010 Legacy
  48. 51. * UID Construct 2 will be modified (Construct 2A) to include lot or batch number in the UID. This will enable unique marking of an ammunition item that requires a UID without negatively impacting current business practices. UID <ul><li>Composition: </li></ul><ul><li>When constructing the UID: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Spaces will be deleted </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Special characters will be deleted from the Enterprise Identifier </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Special characters will not be deleted from the part number or serial number </li></ul></ul>UID Construct #1 UN194532636786950 EID Serial No. Current Part No. Other 5678 UID Construct #2 UN1945326361234786950 EID Serial No. Current Part No. Other 5678 Original Part No. 12V194532636 12V194532636 18S786950 EID Serial No. EID Serial No. Original Part No. UID Construct #1 UID Construct #2* IAC IAC 18S786950 1P1234
  49. 52. <ul><li>Required: Data Matrix Bar Code </li></ul><ul><li>If Real Estate Permits: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Preferred: Data matrix + Human Readable + Linear </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Next Best: Data matrix + Human Readable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Next Best: Data matrix </li></ul></ul>What Needs to be Marked on the Item? UID
  50. 53. <ul><li>Program Manager </li></ul><ul><li>The design activity shall specify the actual method(s) to be used in applying markings </li></ul><ul><li>Basic Marking Methods: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ink Jet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Laser Marking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dot Peening/Pin Stamping </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Electro-Chemical Etching </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other Methods </li></ul></ul><ul><li>MIL-STD-130L governs the marking of items </li></ul>Who Decides How and Where to Mark? UID
  51. 54. UID <ul><li>Primary requirement dictates need for a 2 Dimensional Data Matrix Reader </li></ul><ul><li>Where possible: </li></ul><ul><li>Linear Bar Code Backup </li></ul><ul><li>Nomenclature and data written out in human readable format </li></ul><ul><li>Contact Memory Buttons if desired </li></ul>Reading:
  52. 55. <ul><li>Accurate product information </li></ul><ul><li>Enhanced maintenance management </li></ul><ul><li>Enhanced material management </li></ul><ul><li>Historical maintenance information </li></ul><ul><li>Frequency of repair </li></ul><ul><li>Failure and problem item identification </li></ul><ul><li>Mechanic’s proficiency </li></ul><ul><li>Contractor performance </li></ul><ul><li>Identification of poor performing or problem items </li></ul><ul><li>Warranty enforcement </li></ul><ul><li>Tracking O&M costs </li></ul><ul><li>Decrease in premature disposal of items </li></ul><ul><li>Capture of data that drives reliability improvement </li></ul><ul><li>Management of specific warranty requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Primary key to relational databases </li></ul>UID Potential Benefits:
  53. 56. <ul><li>Specify where on a part to apply UID symbol </li></ul><ul><li>Specify how big to make the UID symbol </li></ul><ul><li>Specify the UID construct for an enterprise doing marking </li></ul><ul><li>Specify the marking technology to use for each part </li></ul><ul><li>Revise drawings for all affected items </li></ul><ul><li>Specify which parts need UID </li></ul><ul><li>Specify when and how UID data is to be used </li></ul><ul><li>Specify what data is to be collected along with UID </li></ul><ul><li>Determine if existing databases or information systems need to be modified or new ones need to be developed to accommodate UID data </li></ul><ul><li>Select and procure marking and reading equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Train personnel </li></ul><ul><li>Develop marking, reading, and data entry procedures or modify existing procedures to accommodate UID data collection </li></ul><ul><li>Prior to marking, generate the specific UID character string for a part </li></ul><ul><li>Apply UID marks to outgoing items </li></ul><ul><li>Read UID marks on incoming items </li></ul><ul><li>Enter UID data into information systems </li></ul>UID Implementation Challenges:
  54. 57. UID Using UID Today? <ul><li>In most cases—No </li></ul><ul><li>I nitial focus of UID initiative should be on getting items marked and entering the data into the UID Registry. </li></ul><ul><li>When “sufficient” amount of UID data are available it might make business sense to modify some AISs to accept and formulate UID data in support of business processes. </li></ul><ul><li>Marking items and modifying AISs will be a long-term evolutionary process. </li></ul>
  55. 58. UID GCSS-MC Integration Depot/Joint Integration SDE FDP&E Planning Order Management Maintenance Management Fulfillment Management Service Fulfillment Purchasing/ Procurement Personnel Management Portal DSS AL Combat Engineers Data Warehouse Transportation Warehousing Distribution Inventory Control Resource Management Asset Management UID Registry
  56. 59. UID Which Needs to Deploy First?
  57. 60. 67¢ UID An Analogy: June 26, 1974 First product with a bar code was scanned at a grocery store in Troy, Ohio. September 1, 1981 DoD adopted bar code for all products sold to DoD. “Build it and they will come.” Bar code use essentially universal today.
  58. 61. UID Basic overall reference: www.acq.osd.mil/uid/ Commercial site: www.uidsupport.com Defense Acquisition University: www.dau.mil DoD Logistics AIT Office: www.dodait.com Wide Area Workflow: https://wawf.eb.mil References:
  59. 62. Passive RFID Tag Integrating AIT into our business process The Challenge Container/Pallet Identification Shipping Container Contact Memory Button Maintain Maintenance And Configuration Data Military Shipping Label Mailing Label UID Unique Serial Number SAVI Active Tag Point-in-time-Tracking Optical Memory Card Cargo Manifest Satellite Tracking Real-time Tracking Issue/Release Receipt Document Materiel Release Document SAVI Active Tag Point-in-time-Tracking
  60. 63. Way Ahead <ul><li>Providing Educational Briefs </li></ul><ul><li>Developing Implementation Plans and MCOs on AIT </li></ul><ul><li>Energizing Functional Advocates to develop requirements for AIT and incorporate into existing and/or planned policy documents </li></ul><ul><li>Supporting GCSS-MC functional requirements for AIT </li></ul>
  61. 64. Questions Questions………..

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