Presentation [1.63MB]


Published on

Published in: Business, News & Politics
1 Like
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • Are we ready for China‘s growth ? with cross-border coach and speed ferries
  • Presentation [1.63MB]

    1. 1. Use of RFID for Automatic Baggage Handling & Reconciliation at HKIA Y F Wong Technical Services and Procurement Airport Authority Hong Kong
    2. 2. Hong Kong International Airport <ul><li>2 runways </li></ul><ul><li>1 PTB </li></ul><ul><li>75 airlines, 143 destinations </li></ul><ul><li>More than 700 flights per day </li></ul>
    3. 3. Airport Profile <ul><li>41 M passengers (2005) over 110,000 per day </li></ul><ul><li>20M departure baggage (2005) </li></ul><ul><li>3.4M ton cargo (2005) </li></ul><ul><li>2 Runways; single largest terminal building </li></ul><ul><li>55,000 staff work for over 240 organisations </li></ul><ul><li>AA staff - 950 </li></ul>
    4. 4. HKIA RFID Project - Background <ul><li>In 2003, HKIA adopted to apply RFID t echnology to improve the Baggage Handling and Management System </li></ul><ul><li>In mid 2004, RFID equipment installation commenced at baggage handling areas </li></ul><ul><li>In Aug 2005, RFID mode operation in service </li></ul>
    5. 5. RFID Components Chips Inlay / Label Reader, Antenna
    6. 6. Type of RFID Tags - Wal-Mart HKIA Octopus User Small Small Moderate Size ~1.5m ~ 5 m < 0.7m Read Range Fast Fast Moderate Read Speed 13.56MHz HF 860 – 960MHz UHF 2.45GHz Frequency UHF(2) Type
    7. 7. Comparison of UHF RFID Tags √ √ Low cost √ Access security √ √ Kill security √ √ Reads > 500 tags / sec √ Dense-reader operation Proprietary √ Class 0 + Proprietary Class 1 √ Standardization √ Read Write Gen2 Feature
    8. 8. RFID benefits <ul><li>Customers </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce mishandling of bags </li></ul><ul><li>Airports </li></ul><ul><li>Lower baggage management cost </li></ul><ul><li>Enhanced security </li></ul><ul><li>Airlines </li></ul><ul><li>Lower loss baggage costs </li></ul><ul><li>Greater visibility of baggage </li></ul>
    9. 9. Hong Kong International Airport Business Case of RFID <ul><li>Lower cost for ABRS </li></ul><ul><li>(Phase 1 – Read Only RFID) </li></ul><ul><li>Delay expansion of baggage system </li></ul><ul><li>(Phase 2 – R/W RFID) </li></ul>
    10. 11. BHS Capacity Check-in Transfer primary sorters Early bag store Early bag Baggage Handling System secondary sorters Bag to Lateral 60% Early Bag 15% No-read Bag 25% Laterals No-read
    11. 12. Automatic Baggage Reconciliation System (ABRS) <ul><li>BHS – sort bags to lateral + x-ray screening </li></ul><ul><li>ABRS – baggage management </li></ul><ul><ul><li>All screened bags delivered to the loading lateral </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Baggage loading locations recorded by RF readers automatically </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Baggage manifest produced using data captured within ABRS </li></ul></ul>
    12. 13. Transfer (at Belt A) Primary Sorter No Read MCS Secondary Sorter Lateral Baggage Flow with RFID Gen 2 Tag Barcode Reader RF Reader Stick RF Gen 2 Label Check-in Barcode Reader RF Reader CTF MCS Track baggage loading into ULD Barcode Reader RF reader Read LPN Encode in Gen2 Label RF Printer to print LPN in baggage tag with Gen2 inlay X-ray Read Barcode or RF tag For sorting bag
    13. 14. Lateral Operation RFID readers Containers RFID Readers at Lateral RFID Reader at Lateral
    14. 15. Dual Mode Handheld Terminal
    15. 16. RFID System Configuration <ul><li>RF Readers and Antenna </li></ul><ul><ul><li>200+ Readers : Symbol AR400 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>500+ Antennas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>200+ Dual Mode Handheld Terminal : Symbol MC9600 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Operated with 4 watts power level (HK OFTA) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>RFID read only tag </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Class 0 tag with 96 bits pre-encoded UID </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adopts frequency band 920 ~ 925 MHz </li></ul></ul>
    16. 17. RFID Performance Data <ul><li>RFID operation started at 1-Aug-05 </li></ul><ul><li>20M Class 0 RFID label used per year </li></ul><ul><li>95% - 97% RFID read rate at Induction units </li></ul><ul><li>92% RFID read rate at Laterals </li></ul>
    17. 18. Challenges <ul><li>Standardization of airline bag tag </li></ul><ul><li>Ways to affix RFID label on bag </li></ul><ul><li>Tag quality </li></ul><ul><li>RF power tuning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cross read </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>RF interference between RF readers </li></ul></ul>
    18. 19. Challenge – RF Power Tuning <ul><li>Different RF Coverage caused by type of ULD </li></ul><ul><li>Absorbed RF reflection in Filled ULD </li></ul>
    19. 20. Challenges (Cont’) <ul><li>Old label from multi-trips (additional reader required) </li></ul><ul><li>Bag content/design i.e. metal, water </li></ul><ul><li>Learning curve of operator </li></ul><ul><li>RF health issue </li></ul>
    20. 21. Phase 2 Implementation – Gen2 RFID <ul><li>Implement an “open standards” encoding solution using Gen-2 R/W RFID tag </li></ul><ul><li>Adopt IATA RP1740c, ISO 18000-6C (Gen2) and ISO/IEC 15961 and 15962 </li></ul><ul><li>Improving the overall RF performance </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing the overall baggage delivery throughput </li></ul>
    21. 22. Phase 2 – Stage 1 Transfer <ul><li>Use 2”x4” Gen2 RFID with label </li></ul><ul><li>Barcode scanner scans LPN and passes to RFID reader to encode </li></ul><ul><li>Manual Coding Station to re-encode LPN for exception case </li></ul><ul><li>RFID readers reads both Class 0 & Gen 2 (memory bank 01 only) RFID tags </li></ul><ul><li>Operation by Jun-06 </li></ul>
    22. 23. Phase 2 – Stage 1
    23. 24. Phase 2 – Stage 2 Local Check-in <ul><li>Use Gen2 RFID integrated baggage tag </li></ul><ul><li>Standardize baggage tag as CUSS standard (21” in length) </li></ul><ul><li>RF Printers encode the LPN & Date </li></ul><ul><li>RFID readers are operating with all Gen 2 (with memory bank 01 only) RFID tags. </li></ul><ul><li>Operation by Dec-06 </li></ul>
    24. 25. Phase 2 – Stage 3 User Data <ul><li>Use Gen2 RFID integrated baggage tag </li></ul><ul><li>Standardize airlines Pectab </li></ul><ul><li>RF Printers encode the LPN, Date & User Data </li></ul><ul><li>Integrated with X-Ray to encode security screening result </li></ul><ul><li>RFID readers are operating with all Gen 2 (with memory bank 11 field) RFID tags. </li></ul><ul><li>Operation by Mar-07 </li></ul>
    25. 26. Future Direction <ul><li>More added values services for passengers and airlines using RFID </li></ul><ul><li>Cooperation with airport and airlines </li></ul><ul><li>Bulk purchase of RFID tags </li></ul>
    26. 27. Thank You